National Repository of Grey Literature 20 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Stroke in childhood - the selected possibilities of physiotherapy as a part of a comprehensive treatment
Vitvarová, Anna ; Dvořáková, Marcela (advisor) ; Tetřevová, Lenka (referee)
Stroke and cerebrovascular disease are already amongst the top ten causes of death in childhood and are probably increasing in prevalence. This work summarizes available knowledge about development, etiology and prevalence of strokes in childhood, it deals with risk factors, describes disorders associated with ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke, and focuses on clinical presentation and the differences in the presentation of stroke in adults. The work shortly describes the most common approaches of management in acute strokes. More than a half of the children have residual motor, cognitive or senzitive deficit, so this work is concerned with possibilities of therapeutic rehabilitation, especially with various methods of physiotherapy usable to treat this disease. The thesis is supplemented by three case reports, which show the variability of stroke causes and describe individual course of physiotherapy. The case reports include simple questionnaires about the quality of life.
The incidence of thyroid in selected regions of the Czech Republic in terms of saturation with iodine
Dvořáková, Marcela ; Zamrazil, Václav (advisor) ; Topolčan, Ondřej (referee) ; Stárka, Luboslav (referee) ; Čáp, Jan (referee)
24 9. SUMMARY 1. Natural sources such as water or soil contain iodine in low amounts in the Czech Republic. 2. Clinical manifestations of iodopenia were severe and occured in certain geographical areas in the past. 3. Iodization of table salt started in the fifties of the last century as a result of extensive epidemiological research and since then it has significantly improved iodine saturation in general. 4. Further steps in iodine prophylaxis in the mid-nineties of the 20th century have improved iodine saturation according to ICCIDD/WHO criteria. 5. Resolution of iodine deficiency does not represent, however, a closed chapter. 6. Individuals at risk, such as pregnant or breastfeeding women and patients on a salt- restricted diet, are worthy of public health concern. 7. There needs to be increased awareness of chronic excess of iodine with respect to an increasing prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disorders. 8. There is a need to continue education of the general population focused on adequate iodine intake from various foods (see products, milk) and to maintain a daily iodine intake in the "optimal ranges". Based on the international criteria, the Czech Republic is iodine sufficient country. This happened due to a multidisciplinary collaboration coordinated by the Regional Iodine Deficiency Council...
Dvořáková, Marcela
This study is focused on the biotransformation of monoterpenic mixtures by in vitro cultures of higher plants. The biotransformation of monoterpenes is an area of special interest because oxygenated monoterpenes are often used as flavourings and fragrances, and their anticarcinogenic effects have been investigated. Most biotransformations are carried out by bacteria because of their rapid growth. On the other side, plants have a more complex range of enzymes which might lead to more valuable products. In this study, qualitative composition of biotransformation products of three different monoterpenic mixtures are identified and compared. The main products are myrtenol, trans-pinocarveol, trans-verbenol and verbenone. Their absolute quantitative yields are defined. This study also determines the dependance of the relative quantitative product yields on time (0-20 days), and the way this dependance alters with the changes of the initial concentration of monoterpenic mixtures (0,22 - 8,60 g/l). The enzymes which higher plants may use to transform monoterpenes are discussed. It seems most probable that monoterpenes are transformed by cytochrome P450 monooxygenase enzymes.
Influence of swimming on increasing flexibility as a component of the dexterity of basic pupils schools.
Dvořáková, Marcela ; Svobodová, Irena (advisor) ; Hájková, Jana (referee)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to observe the influence of articular mobility through swimming lessons in younger school age children. Verified articulated mobility tests are used for these findings. Testing will take place twice, at the beginning and at the end of the swimming training over the course of one half-year. Testing will be done in two groups of children. The first group consists of students who participate in compulsory swimming lessons. The second group consists of children regularly taking part in swimming training in the swimming section in Brandýs nad Labem. In addition, people divided into swimmers and non-swimmers, and into boys and girls, were tested. The theoretical part of the thesis deals with the characteristics of motor abilities with focus on flexibility, characteristics of younger school age children and swimming training and swimming. The practical part consists of a description of the experiment and analysis of the results of the individual flexibility tests. The results of the work have shown that swimming is an appropriate means of developing flexibility. Improvements in all the groups studied were confirmed. KEYWORDS motor ability, flexibility, swimming, swimming training, younger school age, motor tests, student
Evaluation of developmental dyspraxia in children with obesity
Benáková, Lucie ; Kraus, Josef (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Marcela (referee)
Bibliographic identification BENÁKOVÁ, Lucie. Evaluation of Developmental Dyspraxia in Children with Obesity. Prague: Charles University, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, 2013. 88 p. Supervisor MUDr. Josef Kraus, CSc. Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of motor skills in children with obesity using a diagnostic test Movement Assessment Battery for Children, second edition. We also wanted to determine whether there is a linear correlation between motor skills and attention in obese children. Attention was assessed using the d2 test of attention. We tested 32 children (13 girls and 19 boys), mean age 13.3 years. We found that the relative frequency of motor skill deficits in obese children were significantly different from the relative frequency of motor skill deficits in the general population. We found statistically significant difference between each motor skills in boys group assessed by MABC-2 test. Furthermore, we confirmed the existence of a statistically significant linear correlation between the level of motor skills in obese boys and percentile of Body Mass Index. In obese girls, this correlation was not demonstrated. We have not shown any significant linear correlation between levels of motor skills and attention. Keywords: motor...

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See also: similar author names
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35 DVOŘÁKOVÁ, Martina
50 DVOŘÁKOVÁ, Michaela
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13 DVOŘÁKOVÁ, Monika
3 Dvořáková, M.
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12 Dvořáková, Magdaléna
17 Dvořáková, Marie
2 Dvořáková, Marika
28 Dvořáková, Markéta
35 Dvořáková, Martina
50 Dvořáková, Michaela
2 Dvořáková, Michala
3 Dvořáková, Milena
2 Dvořáková, Miriam
7 Dvořáková, Miroslava
2 Dvořáková, Miroslava,
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