National Repository of Grey Literature 85 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Conflict of interest of public officials
Kapras, Jiří ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Kudrna, Jan (referee) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
1 Abstract The dissertation is focused on the topic of conflict of interest as a decision-making problem in the performance of public functions, when the public interest, which the public official has to promote or defend by virtue of his position, and his private interest come into conflict. The existing institutes of the Czech legal system, which regulate situations of conflict of interest, are divided into several groups, to which chapters of the dissertation are dedicated. Specifically, it concerns i) the pivotal and overarching duty of prevention and prioritizing the public interest over personal interest; ii) so called 'genuine incompatibility' and iii) 'non-genuine incompatibility'; iv) reporting obligations; and v) a category of other institutes focusing foremost on cooling-off period and regulation of lobbying. The dissertation focuses specifically on the following areas of problems: i) in the case of genuine incompatibility (Chapter 4) on the issue of the cumulation of the function of a member of Parliament of the Czech Republic with the function of a member of the council of territorial self-governing units and certain negative manifestations associated with it in the process of adoption of laws affecting the territorial self-governments; ii) in the case of non-genuine incompatibility (Chapter...
Evolution of the interpretation and application of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution in the context of security policy of Japan
Kraus, Lukáš ; Kysela, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee) ; Zbíral, Robert (referee)
Evolution of the interpretation and application of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution in the context of security policy of Japan Abstract The main objective of this dissertation is to analyze an important constitutional and legal issue, which is the interpretation of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution in light of the changing security policy of Japan, with particular emphasis on the passage of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's controversial legislation in 2015. In addition to historical models of governance, the thesis describes the debate over the constitutional text and shows that while Article 9 was intended to be a safeguard against the re-militarization of Japan and the recurrence of wartime horrors, with new challenges, the United States sought to rebuild Japan's armed forces. Japan's LDP-dominated governments, however, citing the Cabinet Legislation Bureau's strict interpretation of Article 9, largely resisted these pressures, leaving security to its American ally and focusing on economic development. Radical constitutional reinterpretation and constitutional revision was hindered not only by the rigidity of the constitution but also by the structure of the political system, in which the proponents of the norm of antimilitarism had a significant role to play. The end of the Cold War, however,...
Principle of separation of powers and its manifestations in European Union
Martinec, Viktor ; Grinc, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
Theses focuses on manifestations of principle of separation of powers in European Union. Aim of theses is to find manifestations of the principle of separation of powers and manifestations of forms governemnt in the horizontal distribution of powers of highest bodies in European union named in article 13 (1) of the Treaty of European Union. Theses also aims to identify factors that affect this distribution of powers. Theses is divided into chapters in which are manifestations of the principle of separation of powers in European union elaborated. Opening chapter focuses on describing separation of powers in its general meaning, different approaches of this term, historical genesis of principle of separation of powers, components of principle of separation of powers and forms of government. Next chapters focus on objective of this theses. In these chapters we analyse distribution of powers in European union, interactions between highest bodies in European union and also similarities between forms of government and the system of European union. Generally speaking this thesis offers description and analysis of distribution of powers in European union which contributes to discussions about possible changes in the horizontal distribution of powers of highest bodies of European union. Conclusion of this...
Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union
Trejbal, Jakub ; Grinc, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union ABSTRACT What are the effects of European integration on the functioning of the Parliament of the Czech Republic and how does the European law set the boundaries for the involvement of this key constitutional institution in European affairs? To what extent do the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate deal with the European agenda and engage in European Union policy-making, and are there differences between them in this respect? What is the role of both chambers in the European legislative process and what is the level of their activity compared to the activity of parliamentary chambers of other EU member states? The search for answers to these questions is the focus of this thesis. The first part of this thesis defines the concept of a parliament and its functions and powers as understood in theory, followed by a general characterisation of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, its two chambers and the constitutional basis for their involvment in European affairs. The second part introduces the major milestones in the history of European integration that have shaped the relationship between the Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union and an assessment of their impact on the functioning of national parliaments. The third part analyses...
Political groups in the Chamber of Deputies and similar groups in the lower chambers of foreign parliaments
Adamov, Jan ; Syllová, Jindřiška (advisor) ; Kudrna, Jan (referee)
Political groups in the Chamber of Deputies and similar groups in the lower chambers of foreign parliaments Abstract The aim of this paper was to present the historical development of political groups within the framework of Czechoslovak and Czech parliamentarianism, in that the emphasis was placed on the legal regulation of political groups within individual rules of procedure, taking into account their actual application in practice. Although the legal regulation of political groups was very stark and sketchy in the First Republic, it proved to be the case that it was precisely during this period that political groups were key actors in the National Assembly. While today's political groups do have an irreplaceable role in the constitutional system of the Czech Republic, they do not achieve such dominance in the lower chamber of parliament as was the case at the beginning of Czechoslovak statehood. However, the hegemony of the First Republic's political groups was brought about by a departure from certain electoral and constitutional principles, particularly as regards the free mandate. The parliamentary system in the First Republic was based on close cooperation between representatives of political parties at the National Assembly, in that this cooperation took place at the level envisaged in the rules of...
Modifications of constitutional law in relation to the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union
Dvořáková, Lucie ; Reschová, Jana (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
MODIFICATIONS OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW IN RELATION TO THE ACCESSION OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC TO THE EUROPEAN UNION ABSTRACT The accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union was certainly one of the most important moments in the development of Czech legal order. The impact of this step may be seen in every branch of law - including constitutional law. The large number of publications on this issue indicates that the changes of constitutional law are an important issue in the Czech academic society. Yet, the literature is mostly fragmentary and mainly oriented at only some of the problems. This thesis tries to gather all the important changes in the branch of constitutional law, which occurred in relation to the Czech Republic's accession to EU. As the constitutional law is a very broad topic, the focus is laid on its institutional part and on the role of member states (and its institutions) within the EU. This thesis consists of an introduction, four chapters (which are further divided with respect to the single topics), and a final conclusion. In introduction, the focus of the thesis and basic questions are defined. Chapter One briefly follows the process of the Czech Republic's accession to the EU. Chapter Two deals with the position of Member States within the EU. It touches on issues such as the...
Immunity of deputies and senators
Popelková, Eva ; Kudrna, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
The presented diploma thesis focuses on the parliamentary immunity of Deputies and Senators in the Czech Republic and consists of two not explicitly titled parts. The first one deals with the genesis of the concept of immunity; the historical course describes the origin of the concept that goes back to the 13th century. Immunity might have been described as protection given by an English monarch towards Representatives; it gradually changed in privileged status recognition of a newly emerging institution, nowadays called Parliament. This excursion back into the 800 year history is supposed to help us understand the basic idea that the immunity of deputies or senators serves as an instrument of protection of a legislative body, or rather the Parliament of the Czech Republic. As for the immunity of deputies (senators) in the Czech Republic, relevant chapters deal with the first attempts to create functional constitutions at the end of the 19th century when Bohemia was part of the Austrian empire. Significant space is dedicated to the 1920 Constitutional Act, which may be considered as a crucial document for today's concept of the immunity of deputies and senators in the Czech Republic. Finally, the first part includes also chapters dealing with later constitutions from 1948 and 1960. The second part...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 85 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
49 Syllova, Jindriska
49 Syllová, Jindřiška
49 Syllová, Jindřiška