National Repository of Grey Literature 88 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.04 seconds. 
Abuse of dominance on the internet
Netrval, Daniel ; Navrátil, Petr (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
1 Abuse of dominance on the internet Abstract The topic of the thesis is the traditional competition law delict of abuse of dominant position, but on the internet. The first, theoretical, chapters of the thesis focus on the development of the concept of abuse of dominance in the European Union law during the past decades. Subsequently, they describe the digital market, its specifics and defining characteristics. The next part of this thesis uses this information to describe the specifics of competition law regulation in relation to internet services. In particular, the specifics of the definition of relevant markets and market power are analysed. The practical part of the thesis deals with a case study of two European Commission decisions. Namely, the merger decision in Case COMP/M.7217 - Facebook / WhatsApp and the abuse of dominance decision in Case AT.39740 - Google Search (Shopping). The first decision was chosen because it provides a good example of definition of the relevant markets in relation to internet services, where the Commission had to define the relevant product market based on product characteristics. The antitrust decision is then described in the light of its complexity and the judicial review that has already taken place. It also touches the issue of self-preferencing as, in principle, a...
Status of a family of EU citizens as derivative beneficiaries of the right to free movement of persons within the EU
Jirsa, Tomáš ; Tomášek, Michal (advisor) ; Forejtová, Monika (referee) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
Status of a family of EU citizens as derivative beneficiaries of the right to free movement of persons within the EU This thesis analyses the legal status of an EU citizen and his family members which are derivative beneficiaries of the right of free movement within the EU. For the purposes of analysis, comparison and understanding of the real benefits of European citizenship, the focus of my thesis is on the family members, whether they may be other EU citizens or third country nationals. The thesis also aims to highlight certain rights and general principles in the case law of the CJEU which have taken shape in the case law of the CJEU on the right of the EU citizens to move and reside freely in other Member States as well as in their home Member state. These include in particular the right to respect for private and family life, the principle of the best interests of the child, the principle of proportionality, the principle of non-discrimination and the doctrine of the genuine enjoyment of the substance of the rights attaching to the status of European Union citizen. The first chapter of my thesis serves to introduce the institution of European citizenship, its origins, its development, recalling the key case law that has shaped it, its future development considerations on its reform and...
Domestic violence legislation under European and international law
Krajíčková, Sabina ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
Domestic violence legislation under European and international law Abstract This dissertation sets out to analyse domestic violence legislation both from an international legal perspective and, above all, from the perspective of relevant European law. By analysing this legislation, we will then evaluate whether the regulations currently in force are sufficient and actually offer effective tools to protect victims of violence. As the victims of domestic violence are mostly women, the first chapter focuses on the issue of violence against women, with particular focus on the specifics of gender-based violence and its manifestations, in particular sexual violence. In doing so, we will analyse how the affirmative consent principle is applied, as well as examining the matter of sex-based killings (femicide). For this purpose, this dissertation will pick up on the results of a data survey on violence against women in individual Member States, entitled Violence against women: an EU- wide survey, which was carried out in 2012 by the Human Rights Agency. Particular emphasis is placed on the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women (the Istanbul Convention), including a description of its ratification status and insight into some of its provisions which are proving rather...
Market access approach in relation to the internal market
Machovičová, Tereza ; Kunertová, Tereza (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
The market access approach refers to a way of interpretation of the notion of restriction to free movement advanced by the Court of Justice of the European Union. The rationale behind the concept, as it emerged from the landmark judgment in Commission v. Italy (Trailers), is that any measure that hinders access to the market is prima facie considered as a restriction to free movement and is therefore held incompatible with EU law unless the Court finds it justified and proportionate. Applying the market access approach the Court seems to have departed from its previous case law as it does not require a measure to be discriminatory in any way. Instead, a measure is already found to constitute a restriction if it is liable to discourage economic operators from accessing the market of a Member State or making such access less attractive or more difficult. On one hand, this interpretation allows the Court to strengthen integration and contribute to establishing the internal market free from any obstacles. On the other hand, it considerably extends the scope of the notion of restriction to free movement and therefore the scope of EU law in general. Particularly, the market access approach allows the Court to strike down an immense amount of national measures and thus intrude into national regulatory...
Sporting nationality in the light of European Union law
Exner, Jan ; Kunertová, Tereza (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
Sporting nationality in the light of European Union law Jan Exner Abstract The aim of this master's thesis is to answer the question of how to grasp and categorize the concept of sporting nationality in the EU. Its goal is to consider compliance of the rules set up by international sporting governing bodies determining athletes' eligibility in national teams with the concrete provisions of EU law. The provisions under scrutiny are mostly those laying down the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of nationality in the fields of EU citizenship, internal market freedoms and competition. The master's thesis simultaneously aims at suggesting concrete recommendations to international sporting governing bodies in order to better adapt their rules to EU law requirements. The authors of this master's thesis first claims that rules governing athletes' eligibility in national teams fall within the scope of EU law since they have economic impact and effect. Secondly, it is submitted that these rules limit athletes' rights under EU law and constitute therefore a restriction to respective provisions of the EU legal order. That is why the question whether such a restriction to EU law may be justified is examined. In this respect, the Court of Justice provided sporting world with a useful manual on how to pass EU law...
Eligibility of Qualification Obtained in another Member State
Vlková, Lenka ; Kunertová, Tereza (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
My thesis summarizes the legal documents relating to eligibility and possibility of legal practice in another state than the home member state. European Union Law in this regard is binding for the Czech Republic since its accession to the EU in 2004. The work is divided into chapters giving comprehensive and coherent information. The introduction justifies my choice of the topic and outlines particular chapters. The first chapter is devoted to cross-border advocacy and the related terms of a European lawyer or Union element. The second chapter begins with the interpretation of the content of primary law in relation to advocates and their activity. The third chapter presents relevant legal documents of secondary union law - directives. The fourth chapter describes fundamental Czech legislation, namely the Law on Advocacy. The fifth chapter discusses the legislation in France. The sixth chapter contains two examples of Czech and EU case law. In the chapter of annexe there is a list of the professional designation of the home state set by Ministry of Justice, so it is a list of titles of persons authorized to provide legal services, and the second annexe is a bar chart showing the number of European lawyers established in the Czech Republic. The thesis provides a comprehensive set of information for...
Horizontal direct effect of the Treaty freedoms
Merjavá, Veronika ; Kunertová, Tereza (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
in English language: The statement of Angela Merkel from November 2014 that she would rather see the UK out of the EU than compromise the free movement in the EU (which as at the date of the submission of this dissertation materialized in potential Brexit) was one of the reasons which encouraged the author to analyse the reach of free movement rules, more specifically the horizontal direct effect of the Treaty freedoms, in this dissertation. The author focuses on the issues stemming mainly from the broader topic of the legitimacy of market integration which the author translated into the concept of separation of the regulatory competences between the EU and the Member States and related separation between the Treaty provisions' addressees, namely the Member States and the private entities. This dissertation focuses on the following research question: To what extent has the CJEU advanced the European market integration through the development of the principle of horizontal direct effect of the Treaty freedoms? The starting point after the establishment of the EEC was that the sole addressees of the Treaty freedoms were the Member States whereas the Treaty rules on competition only applied to private entities. However, as is demonstrated throughout this dissertation, it is nowadays generally accepted...
Vertical restraints on competition in the sector of e-commerce
Krumlová, Dita ; Šmejkal, Václav (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
This thesis deals with the selected vertical restraints on competition that occur in the sector of e-commerce, namely resale price maintenance, dual pricing and most-favoured-nation clauses. The thesis raises the research question what stance the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union, and particularly national competition authorities and courts of the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Republic, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Italian Republic, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Kingdom of Sweden take to the above-mentioned practices. The decisions of the authorities are considered in terms of their degree of strictness towards the vertical restraints in question. From a systematic point of view, the thesis is divided into eight chapters. Its subject, basic questions, aims and methods used are outlined in the introductory chapter. The second chapter, which deals with the concept of e-commerce, mainly provides the definition of the scope of the sector under consideration from a material point of view. The third chapter analyses the results of the European Commission's inquiry into the e-commerce sector, especially its conclusions on the functioning of the sector, its features and trends in this sector, particularly with regard to their...
Relocating registered office of a business corporation within the European Union
Jirková, Pavla ; Kunertová, Tereza (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
The idea of internal market is one of the basic concepts of the European integration. The internal market of the European Union is a single market in which the free movement of goods, services, capital and persons is ensured. This thesis focuses on the free movements of legal persons in the European Union, namely freedom of establishment and the possibility of cross-border transfer of a company's registered office. This business focused freedom is regulated mainly by primary law in Articles 49 a 54 TFEU and its main objective is to enable the exercise of economic activities even in the territory of other Member States. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the regulation and development of case law regarding freedom of establishment of companies and give their comprehensive analysis. Furthermore, the thesis points out the fact that the choice of company's seat and its change is often associated with advantageous conditions laid down by national legislation. Companies often choose countries which have minimum requirements for their establishment and existence. States are aware of this behavior. Consequently, some of them reduce their legal standards and try to attract companies into their territory. This may cause the battle of jurisdictions. The thesis consists of the initial and final part and...
The Dublin system regulated in terms of EU asylum law
Placzeková, Karolína ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis is dealing with crucial legislation of European Union in the area of asylum law, which came across considerable changes and undergone recently a sustainability test in form of so-called migration crisis. This phenomenon challenged (undermined) the foundations of common action of member states in field of asylum law and border control and could jeopardise the future of Dublin system. Despite the considerable resistance of member states to relocation mechanisms or in other words so-called mandatory quotas, these became one of the main instruments to resolve the current situation. The question remains, if this represents a step in the right direction and the proposed permanent relocation mechanism will help in dealing with crisis, side to side with further proposed secondary legislation in field of asylum law, or will deepen it. Vital is the evaluation of the current situation and to meet the objectives set out for the Dublin system, namely, in particular prevention of so-called asylum shopping and secondary movements of asylum seekers, equal treatment and non-discrimination and asylum law should as well lead to fairer liability distribution in accordance with adherence to principle of solidarity among member states. Thesis comprises of 3 main chapters. In the first chapter, attention is...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 88 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
7 SVOBODOVÁ, Magdalena
39 SVOBODOVÁ, Markéta
42 SVOBODOVÁ, Martina
27 SVOBODOVÁ, Michaela
4 SVOBODOVÁ, Michala
11 SVOBODOVÁ, Monika
1 Svobodová, M.
2 Svobodová, Magda
2 Svobodová, Mahulena
6 Svobodová, Marcela
1 Svobodová, Mariana
11 Svobodová, Marie
1 Svobodová, Marika
39 Svobodová, Markéta
2 Svobodová, Marta
42 Svobodová, Martina
1 Svobodová, Martina Bc.
27 Svobodová, Michaela
4 Svobodová, Michala
2 Svobodová, Milena
2 Svobodová, Miriam
2 Svobodová, Miroslava
11 Svobodová, Monika
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