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Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union
Trejbal, Jakub ; Grinc, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union ABSTRACT What are the effects of European integration on the functioning of the Parliament of the Czech Republic and how does the European law set the boundaries for the involvement of this key constitutional institution in European affairs? To what extent do the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate deal with the European agenda and engage in European Union policy-making, and are there differences between them in this respect? What is the role of both chambers in the European legislative process and what is the level of their activity compared to the activity of parliamentary chambers of other EU member states? The search for answers to these questions is the focus of this thesis. The first part of this thesis defines the concept of a parliament and its functions and powers as understood in theory, followed by a general characterisation of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, its two chambers and the constitutional basis for their involvment in European affairs. The second part introduces the major milestones in the history of European integration that have shaped the relationship between the Parliament of the Czech Republic and the European Union and an assessment of their impact on the functioning of national parliaments. The third part analyses...
Political groups in the Chamber of Deputies and similar groups in the lower chambers of foreign parliaments
Adamov, Jan ; Syllová, Jindřiška (advisor) ; Kudrna, Jan (referee)
Political groups in the Chamber of Deputies and similar groups in the lower chambers of foreign parliaments Abstract The aim of this paper was to present the historical development of political groups within the framework of Czechoslovak and Czech parliamentarianism, in that the emphasis was placed on the legal regulation of political groups within individual rules of procedure, taking into account their actual application in practice. Although the legal regulation of political groups was very stark and sketchy in the First Republic, it proved to be the case that it was precisely during this period that political groups were key actors in the National Assembly. While today's political groups do have an irreplaceable role in the constitutional system of the Czech Republic, they do not achieve such dominance in the lower chamber of parliament as was the case at the beginning of Czechoslovak statehood. However, the hegemony of the First Republic's political groups was brought about by a departure from certain electoral and constitutional principles, particularly as regards the free mandate. The parliamentary system in the First Republic was based on close cooperation between representatives of political parties at the National Assembly, in that this cooperation took place at the level envisaged in the rules of...
Modifications of constitutional law in relation to the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union
Dvořáková, Lucie ; Reschová, Jana (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
MODIFICATIONS OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW IN RELATION TO THE ACCESSION OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC TO THE EUROPEAN UNION ABSTRACT The accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union was certainly one of the most important moments in the development of Czech legal order. The impact of this step may be seen in every branch of law - including constitutional law. The large number of publications on this issue indicates that the changes of constitutional law are an important issue in the Czech academic society. Yet, the literature is mostly fragmentary and mainly oriented at only some of the problems. This thesis tries to gather all the important changes in the branch of constitutional law, which occurred in relation to the Czech Republic's accession to EU. As the constitutional law is a very broad topic, the focus is laid on its institutional part and on the role of member states (and its institutions) within the EU. This thesis consists of an introduction, four chapters (which are further divided with respect to the single topics), and a final conclusion. In introduction, the focus of the thesis and basic questions are defined. Chapter One briefly follows the process of the Czech Republic's accession to the EU. Chapter Two deals with the position of Member States within the EU. It touches on issues such as the...
Immunity of deputies and senators
Popelková, Eva ; Kudrna, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
The presented diploma thesis focuses on the parliamentary immunity of Deputies and Senators in the Czech Republic and consists of two not explicitly titled parts. The first one deals with the genesis of the concept of immunity; the historical course describes the origin of the concept that goes back to the 13th century. Immunity might have been described as protection given by an English monarch towards Representatives; it gradually changed in privileged status recognition of a newly emerging institution, nowadays called Parliament. This excursion back into the 800 year history is supposed to help us understand the basic idea that the immunity of deputies or senators serves as an instrument of protection of a legislative body, or rather the Parliament of the Czech Republic. As for the immunity of deputies (senators) in the Czech Republic, relevant chapters deal with the first attempts to create functional constitutions at the end of the 19th century when Bohemia was part of the Austrian empire. Significant space is dedicated to the 1920 Constitutional Act, which may be considered as a crucial document for today's concept of the immunity of deputies and senators in the Czech Republic. Finally, the first part includes also chapters dealing with later constitutions from 1948 and 1960. The second part...
Parliamentary immunity: Czech legal regulation in force in the European context
Částková, Eva ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee) ; Suchánek, Radovan (referee)
This rigorous thesis is dedicated to the topic of the parliamentary immunity focusing on both of its parts - i. e. irresponsibility and inviolability. Parliamentary immunity is comprehended as purely functional instrument designated for the protection of the parliament as a whole and not only of its individual members. The thesis is especially devoted to the analysis of the legal regulation of the parliamentary immunity in force laid down in the article 27 of the Constitution of the Czech Republic taking in account relevant opinions of the Czech legal law researchers and appropriate judicial decisions. It also points out the relevant parts of the legal regulation of parliamentary immunity in foreign countries for comparison as well as the practice of the European Court of Human Rights. In order to take in account all aspects of this topic, the author adverts to the historical evolution and tries to outline possible solutions of some questions connected with parliamentary immunity. Special part of the thesis focuses on the parliamentary immunity in the European Parliament. In the conclusion the author considers that parliamentary immunity has still its importance, especially the irresponsibility and consequently takes a think on de lege ferenda legal regulation.
Deployment of the armed forces with the consent of parliament
Kilián, Kryštof ; Syllová, Jindřiška (advisor) ; Kudrna, Jan (referee)
NÁZEV / TITLE: Vysílání ozbrojených sil se souhlasem parlamentu / Deployment of the armed forces with the consent of parliament Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the issue of deploying the armed forces of the Czech republic on foreign missions and similar events and with the role of parliament in the decision-making process. Its main objective is to analyze intentions of the creators of the current Constitution of the Czech republic in matters of deployment of the armed forces, but also can not omit matters that are in broader or narrower sense related to this topic, such as stays, transits or flights of the armed forces of foreign states through the territory of the Czech republic. In its first part, this diploma thesis provides a definition of basic sources and a definition of terms related to the topic of the thesis. In the next part, it discusses the historical development of the constitutional regulation in the territory of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic in the given issue and the possible influence of these historical experiences on the current form of the Constitution. Then it discusses in detail the current regulation of this topic, which means the role of the Parliament of the Czech Republic in this process and its relationship to the government's decision-making. Article 43 of the...
Methods of control over states of emergency in the Czech Republic
Mainclová, Eliška ; Kudrna, Jan (advisor) ; Syllová, Jindřiška (referee)
What are the ways of controlling extraordinary legal states in the legal system of the Czech Republic? Is parliamentary control of states of emergency sufficient and effective? Are states of emergency in the Czech legal order reviewable at the judicial level? What is the meaning and purpose of control over states of emergency? These are the questions that the author of the diploma thesis addresses using the example of a coronavirus pandemic in 2020 and 2021 as a case study. She assumes that states of emergency can be controlled and argues why and to what extent she considers it necessary in the conditions of a democratic state governed by the rule of law, to which the Czech Republic subscribes. In the first part of the thesis, the author defines the concept of a state of emergency as it is understood in theory and presents the individual states of emergency de lege lata. In the second part, the author presents a systematics of possible means of control, including parliamentary and political control, judicial review, and international supervision; she concludes the overview of legal means of control with an important addition of informal control by experts, the media, and society. At the same time, she presents research questions or hypotheses and addresses what is the aim and purpose of control of...

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See also: similar author names
49 Syllova, Jindriska
49 Syllová, Jindřiška
49 Syllová, Jindřiška
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