National Repository of Grey Literature 77 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Contemporary revaluation of southern local color fiction
Pegues, Dagmar ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (advisor) ; Ulmanová, Hana (referee) ; Ewell, Barbara Claire (referee)
The objective of this study is to offer an examination of the works of Kate Chopin and Grace King, representatives of the genre of Louisiana "Local Color" fiction, and to introduce a new perspective on their fiction that is equally distanced from the national/local dichotomy and the feminist interpretative framework. This study interrogates selected aspects of the category of race in the fiction of Kate Chopin and Grace King in order to reclaim the importance of race for regional Aesthetics and to offer an alternative view on the existing interpretations that emphasize the feminist themes of their fiction and, ultimately, to expand such interpretations. A replacement of the existing theoretical frameworks applied to the works of these two authors by postcolonial theory offers a new perspective on the category of race in their fiction without reducing its complexity and interconnection with the category of gender and region. As a result, the insight into the formation of region-specific racial knowledge testifies to the complexity of the issue of race within the framework of Local Color fiction. The focal point of this examination is the representation of racial stereotypes in the fiction of Chopin and King.
Ongoing Queerness: The Flourishing of Trans Women's Literature in North America
Rose, Jamie ; Veselá, Pavla (advisor) ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (referee)
(English) This master's thesis describes how, within the space of a single decade (2010-2019), transgender women's literature underwent significant development when it came to the production of novels and literary production more broadly. Written to be accessible to those unfamiliar with transgender literature and the internal workings of trans communities as possible, this thesis begins by describing in detail the socio-political changes in how trans people lived and were perceived over the past decade, with particular attention paid to the changes in the media landscape, the recent surge of people coming out as transgender and the conservative backlash. Methodologically, this thesis utilises the viewpoint of transgender studies, which focuses to the material and socio-political conditions that facilitate trans cultural production and the ways in which trans literature engages with the politics of representation through the act of self- representation. It should be noted that this thesis only considers physically published literature written by trans women - a restriction that, the author acknowledges, helps reinforce the hegemony of the publishing industry - with special attention paid to the genre of the novel, and does not view works by cisgender authors that deal with transgender themes as...
Objectivity Disguised: Ideas of Authenticity in the Novels of Thomas Pynchon and Paul Auster
Torčík, Marek ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (advisor) ; Robbins, David Lee (referee)
This thesis deals with six texts by two of the best-known contemporary American novelists, namely Paul Auster and Thomas Pynchon. The thesis analyzes three most recent novels by each writer: Invisible, Sunset Park and 4 3 2 1 by Paul Auster and Against the Day, Inherent Vice and Bleeding Edge by Thomas Pynchon. All six novels explore various modes of authenticity - a notion which in each author's work adopts specific mechanisms of establishing ways of existing within the world that are directed towards a critique of the forms of society that try to limit individuals, confine them to prescribed objective categories. Chapters I to IV establish one by one the primary approaches to understanding how authenticity works within individual novels. First two chapters explore Paul Auster's works, and emphasize their portrayal of change as an organizing leitmotif. Chapters III and IV deal with selected works by Thomas Pynchon and analyze their use of entropy and information overload within individual narratives. The final chapter then combines all these notions and provides a comparative analysis and a critical interpretation of all six works against a theoretical and critical framework. The thesis explores the differences between Auster's and Pynchon's approach to authenticity, notions of the subjective or the...
Alejandro Jodorowsky's The Holy Mountain and René Daumal's Mount Analogue: From Pataphysics to Power
Kulbashna, Darya ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (advisor) ; Vichnar, David (referee)
The thesis departs from the undetermined relation between René Daumal's unfinished novel Mount Analogue: A Novel of Symbolically Authentic Non-Euclidean Adventures in Mountain Climbing (1952) and its alleged adaptation, Alejandro Jodorowsky's 1973 film The Holy Mountain. The thesis discusses the two works from the perspective of Lacanian psychoanalysis, specifically, through the lens of the so-called Borromean knot that represents the three functions of the psyche: the Real, the Symbolic, and the Imaginary. The structure of the thesis supposes the following: the first chapter concentrates on the relevant terminology and aims to define such concepts as language and ideology for the purposes of the present thesis; the second chapter discusses the method of analysis that will be applied to Daumal's Mount Analogue and Jodorowsky's The Holy Mountain, namely, it explores the possibilities of psychoanalysis and considers the 'unscientific' approach of pataphysics that favours the particular over the general; through the concept of the sinthome the aspect of action is emphasized in the analysis of Mount Analogue, while the fourth chapter analyses The Holy Mountain from the perspective of the 'hypertrophied' Symbolic and simultaneously stresses the importance of the element of balance in the film; the final chapter,...
Getting the Picture: An Analysis of Narrative in E. L. Doctorow's The Book of Daniel
Beňadiková, Jana ; Delbos, Stephan (advisor) ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (referee)
American novelist E. L. Doctorow proclaimed in his essay, "False Documents," that there is no fiction or nonfiction, only narrative. A similar notion can be discerned also in Doctorow's novelistic oeuvre, which articulates the author's meditations on narrative. This thesis analyzes the particular manifestation of Doctorow's meditative concern for narrativity within his 1971 novel, The Book of Daniel, inspired by the case of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. The thesis argues that The Book of Daniel explores the role of narrativity in informing modes of thought and systems of interpretation of the world by deconstructing and drawing attention to the process of construing a narrative in an epistemological enquiry into its potential to impart knowledge, problematizing this notion simultaneously by exposing the inherent artificiality of every and any narrative stemming from the fact that it is always manipulated, and consciously construed a certain way. This exploration of the nature and role of narrativity is realized in the novel on the level of plot by the protagonist's epistemologically motivated deconstruction of the official historical account of the Cold War political trial of his executed parents and of other, alternative accounts surrounding the case. This deconstruction ultimately demonstrates that...
The American Notion of Freedom: Freedom as a Central Element of American History and its Reflection in Literature.
Tomášková, Barbora ; Robbins, David Lee (advisor) ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (referee)
This thesis explores the American notion of freedom and its interpretations within individual periods of American history. In the thesis, freedom is described upon the basis of historical context, and its importance is demonstrated through specific examples of the periods' literary works and documents. The work analyzes periods from 1776; the year of the U.S. establishment, and continues up to the first half of the twentieth century. For the purpose of the thesis, six particular periods characteristic of significant historical events, or, of social, literary, and philosophical movements, were chosen. Chronologically, the thesis begins with the 17th century's arrival of the first European settlers to the North American continent, followed by the founding of the United States more than a century later. The thesis then gradually focuses on movements and philosophies emerging during the 18th and 19th century, namely, transcendentalism and abolitionism, and further continues with introducing the freedom-related ideals of American anarchists and pragmatists. The work then closes with the 20th century's Beat generation. The objective of the thesis is to prove, that during American history, freedom had always been the most important value; a value which shaped the American mentality into how we know it...
The Search for Meaning in Donald Barthelme's Work
Kupková, Tatiana ; Vichnar, David (advisor) ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (referee)
The Search for Meaning in Donald Barthelme's Work Abstract Donald Barthelme is known for his fragmentary, disjointed and collage-like narratives centred around bizarre and surreal situations. Mostly associated with the American metafictional tradition prominent from the 1960s, Barthelme's work is often self-conscious, aware of its own status as fiction, examining not only the boundaries between different ontological levels of fiction and reality, but also questioning the boundaries between meaning and its absence and subsequently contemplating the status of the literary work itself. Focusing primarily on the short stories from his collections Sixty Stories (1981), Forty Stories (1987) and the novels Snow White (1967) and The Dead Father (1975), the aim of the thesis is to examine three different levels of Barthelme's texts which are concerned with meaning or its absence. On the level of content, Barthelme's characters often search for a meaning and try to interpret the fragmentary, often absurd and surreal experience they are confronted with. The intentionally awkward language often saturated with clichés seems to be deteriorating and losing its referential quality. The characters, unable to interpret signs and to find meaning in the fragmentary experience, find themselves feeling the sense of...
Mental and Ontological Simulacra: Non-Rationality and Non-Reality in Works by Philip K. Dick
Kudrna, David ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (advisor) ; Veselá, Pavla (referee)
This thesis offers a model for the underlying architecture of the narrative reality in science-fiction works by Philip K. Dick, arguing that Dick's fictional worlds are grounded in the pervasive metamorphosis - the overarching perception of the shifting - of the narrative fabric operating under the conditions of non-rationality and non-reality. The hyphenated coinages conveniently stand for the paradigms of the reality and mental configurations in PKD subverting the seemingly natural dichotomizing oppositions and hierarchies of the real/unreal and the rational/irrational. Bringing in Gilles Deleuze's ontology of difference, this thesis explains the non-rationality and non-reality of Dick's worlds in Deleuzian terms as, firstly, inducing the perception of fictional reality as realizing the innate potential of being by the perpetual becoming of being in multiplicity and, secondly, engendering - in the vein of Deleuzian simulacra - the impossibility of apprehending and categorizing fictional reality unequivocally. The thesis considers and evaluates the underlying assumptions and claims common to various approaches to the subject of reality in PKD's fictions in order to provide the essential context for the following development of the theoretical basis for non-rationality and non-reality shifting....
Labyrinths in Postmodernism: Danielewski, Pynchon, and Wallace
Šosterič, Teja ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (advisor) ; Robbins, David Lee (referee)
This thesis explores the labyrinthine nature of three primary texts: Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow, David Foster Wallace's Infinite Jest, and Mark Z. Danielewski's House of Leaves. Various labyrinthine features of the novels, such as labyrinthine narrative, language, structure on the page and labyrinths as a plot element are discussed to determine the extent to which these novels resemble mazes. Also considered are the choices readers make when reading forking, labyrinthine narratives and the level to which they become participants in guiding the narrative. Furthermore, the thesis explores what postmodern labyrinthine novels have to say about the society and our contemporary understanding of material reality. It discusses the reasons behind the shift to the increasingly complex and more sinister multicursal labyrinths that are predominant in our time, which are indicative of a crisis in society caused by excessive individualism. While the primary focus is on the aforementioned three novels, the thesis also includes other media and other forms of labyrinthine narratives to show the diversity of the form and the prevalence of mazes in our time, as well as to discuss the development of the mazy form in the future.
Emerson's Self-reliance as a Core Value of American Society
Zeimannová, Adéla ; Robbins, David Lee (advisor) ; Roraback, Erik Sherman (referee)
From the time of the establishment of American society till now, themes of self-reliance and freedom belong to the most recognized values of the U.S. Studies have shown that the values of American society, even though they adapted to political and sociological changes, share a common base with their original form. This thesis researches specifically the role of self-reliance in relation to an American essayist, writer and philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson, and his direct influence in establishing self-reliance along with freedom and individualism as one of the main values of American society. This study aims to determine how Emerson's theory of self-reliance and his ideology influence the thinking of modern America, and whether the values cultivated by him are still present in modern U.S. society. The focus of this research lies primarily on how Emerson's ideology has implanted into the minds of Americans from the time of the changing nineteenth century American society, and the birth of this ideology, to its present-day significance in modern-day America. The main source of Emerson's thinking and refinement of his theory of self-reliance is his essay entitled "Self-reliance," in which he defines his theory. His other works, primarily his other essays, Nature, "History," and his sermons and journals...

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