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Wasserbauer, Vojtěch ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is description of critical situations in the electrical grid and the consequences which can be caused by these situations. Further possibilities of voltage recovery and ways how to reach the needed voltage are described. Another part is firstly about regulation electrical system and resources which are connected to this system. Secondly there is appraisal of possibility of connection new resource into distribution system 110 kV and conditions of connection new resources. The result of the thesis is description voltage recovery and the rules which have to be kept during critical situations.


Load Flow Calculation and Design of Distance Protection Relay Settings of 110 kV Overhead Line
Jasenský, Filip ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
Bachelor thesis load flow calculation and design of distance protection relay settings of 110 kV overhead line acquaints with the theory calculation of steady operation, shortcircuit conditions and a proposal setting the distance protection. The theoretical part is made an example of a simple calculation to show leadership methods of calculation. The practical part is a calculation of steady operation and shortcircuit conditions. Shortcircuit ratios are calculated for a single operation and parallel operation of transformers in Otrokovice. Calculated using the initial shock symmetrical output from the calculation of shortcircuit conditions is verified by short circuit resistance of substations. The practical section setting the distance protection ABB REL 316*4 and compensation earth faults. Calculation of steady state and shortcircuit conditions designed basic operational state of the network, for which the design of a distance protection relay settings.


Testing of Distance Protection
Holub, Martin ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Orságová, Jaroslava (advisor)
Bachelor thesis Testing of Distance Protection introduces us to the issue of distance protection and its detailed principle. It deals with its individual elements and shows us different types of impedance characteristics of measuring elements. It describes a situation that occurs during a short circuit on a homogeneous line, then introduces us to a DC component compensation and discuss the effect of distance protection degrees. Among other things, it deals with the digital distance protections and settings of their characteristics. Finally the theoretical part evaluates advantages over other protections and advantages and disadvantages of distance protections themselves. Thesis will introduce the digital distance protection REL 511 from the company ABB and characterizes its settings, parameters and connection to the testing equipment OMICRON CMC 256plus, which is used to control the protection via personal computer. Description of the programs OMICRON Test Universe and CAP 540 and their settings follows. This section can serve as a manual for future operators of REL 511 protection. The work provides a suitable methodology for measuring the operating characteristics and uses this method in practice. Given the limited version of the OMICRON Test Universe, polygonal tripping characteristics are measured in the module "Distance" with the shot test. Evaluation of measurements is summarized at the end.


The analysis of parallel operation variants of supply areas 110 kV Čebín and Sokolnice
Reiter, Martin ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on the analysis of parallel operation of Čebín and Sokolnice substations. Different variants of parallel operation are researched. A calculation of steady state by the iterative method is described in the theoretical part. The next part briefly mentions a shortcircuit and dimensioning of conductors. The possibility of overloading of lines and transformers is discussed in the last chapter of the theoretical part. The current state of the situation is described in the practical part. Main goal of the practical part of the diploma thesis is to design a configuration capable to parallel operation. Also another configuration of supply of this area is designed. There must be no direct connection between Čebín and Sokolnice substations on 110kV level in this configuration. This configuration should eliminate a transit flow of power. Each configuration has to fulfill the requirements on the steady state and on shortcircuit current capability. One of the last chapters is focused on the steps, that should by undertaken to prevent transit flow of power.


Calculation of short circuit currents in electtrical network
Reiter, Martin ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
First chapters of my bachelor´s thesis are focused on failures of networks, simple characteristics and description of their potential danger. Next chapters are thoroughly focused on the shortcircuit, on the shortcircuits graphs, on the circumstances which caused them and on their calculation. Next part is about the example, which is counted by the IEC 60909. First example is simple network. Second example is real distribution network 110kV. We are going to cogitate two involves for the real network and we are going to calculate symmetrical and asymmetrical short circuit current. There is summary of knowledge about the shortcircuits and evaluation of the real distribution network at the end of my thesis.


Load Flow Solution of a 110kV Network
Tauš, Vladimír ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Topolánek, David (advisor)
Content of this thesis is theoretic introduction to the steady state of network, theoretic analysis of methods, which serves for calculation of steady state of network such as Gauss Seidel iterative method or Newton Raphson modified method and economy in the energetics, concretely fixation of costs of the power line and calculation of the optimal time of building up the recuperative power line. This thesis includes calculation of steady state of requested network with normal troublefree network and for criterion (n1), their analysis and design of recuperative precaution.


The calculation of the shortcircuit currents and voltages of given distribution network
Vyčítal, Václav ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Toman, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with the transient phenomena in electric power systems especially short circuits. Than short circuit is classified to other types of faults in electric power system. The study also describes short circuit current as a function of time. However to complete a basic theory of short circuits, separate chapters are devoted to the causes of short circuits and to hazards connected with short circuit currents. The main part of this paper is devoted to the derivation of the formulas for calculation of short circuit currents using symetrical components and to calculation method presented in IEC 60909. In the end of this part there is a example of a simple network with calculation of symetrical and asymetrical short circuit current. In the last part of this thesis there is an example of 110 kV network with calculation of short circuits currents on busbars. The topology of the network and elekctrical equipment data are based on real part of a distribution network situated in the Czech Republic.


The impact of distributed generation on 110 kV distribution system E.ON
Hajdú, Lukáš ; Vaculík, Petr (referee) ; Orságová, Jaroslava (advisor)
This Master´s thesis deals with problematics related to the connection of new decentralized power sources into electrical power grid. Due to advantageous legislative support of these new, especially photovoltaic power sources, a massive amount of these sources have been connected into the power grid between years 2009 and 2010. For theoretical understanding of processes during a steadystate, the initial parts of this paper are focused on a procedure which solves steadystate on every power line mentioned. When we speak of decentralized power sources connection, it is necessary to mention the connected legislative. National distribution grid operators in collaboration with national regulatory commission have decided on a legislative document Rules of distribution grid operation, which puts a set of demands and requirements on applicants wishing to connect a new power source to the grid. The text of this thesis is focused mainly on demands required after the latest change in 1/2010. Practical part of this work deals with verification of new power source influence on a related power grid and meeting the legislatively required demands. The most important demands are voltage change due to new power source operation and its transfer to other voltage levels, higher harmonics injection, power output fluctuation and last, not least, changes in load flow directions. For reasons previously mentioned an analysis is made and possibilities of reducing or removing of these influences are introduced. To achieve these goals, two computer programs, Siemens Sinaut Spectrum and NetCalc are used.
