National Repository of Grey Literature 97 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Execution of imprisonment from the point of view of convicted men
Drahoňovský, Jan ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Dirga, Lukáš (referee) ; Nedbálková, Kateřina (referee)
PhDr. Jan Drahoňovský EXECUTION OF IMPRISONMENT FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF CONVICTED MEN 2023 Abstract The subject of this thesis is serving of prison sentences by male prisoners in standard prisons in Czech Republic. The aim is to develop a theoretical model of the social stock of knowledge of convicts, which serves them to organize their daily experience and to navigate their sentence. To do this, qualitative field research was conducted in a typical high security prison. Data was collected in the form of twelve unstructured interviews that were subsequently analyzed by reflexive thematic analysis methodology (Braun & Clarke, 2022). Based on the results of the analysis, a theoretical model was constructed. It consists of six interrelated themes that form a body of social knowledge of convicts. The results were discussed in relation to existing knowledge, the methodology used, validity and potential applications to penitentiary practice. Keywords Sociology of prison life, execution of imprisonment, convict, social constructivism, field research, reflexive thematic analysis
Divorce and juvenile delinquency
Brožová, Pavlína ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Klusáček, Jan (referee)
This bachelor's thesis examines the relationship between youth delinquency and divorce and other connections. Our aim is to describe this relationship and to test the stated hypotheses that have been formulated based on Social bond theory (Hirschi 1969/2008), Strain theory (Agnew, 1992), Power control theory (Hagan et al., 1985) and other research. The hypotheses are tested on Czech data from an International Self-Report Delinquency study (ISRD-4). The first part presents the previous findings on the association between divorce and youth delinquency. Later the hypotheses and the ISRD-4 study are introduced. The relationship between divorce and delinquency is statistically significant, however it is a weak relationship. A more significant association with youth delinquency is found for parental supervision or emotional support. Thus, the study confirms that although divorce emerges as a significant factor, other factors are more relevant for more precise prediction. However, examining the family environment in general is important. Key words divorce; youth delinquency; selfreport research; strain theory; social control; Czech Republic
The influence of teachers on student's attitudes towards school
Pínová, Ester ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Spitzerová, Markéta (referee)
This paper examines the relationship between student autonomous motivation to study science and teaching methods. The aim of this thesis, is to investigate how students' motivation to study science is related to teaching methods, based on data from the PISA 2015 survey. To test the hypotheses was used hierarchical regression analysis. The relationship between autonomy-motivating teaching methods and students' autonomous motivation to study science was investigated in this bachelor thesis. To test the stated hypotheses, hierarchical regression models were used to examine the effect most of motivating instructional method on three dependent variables: students' popularity of science learning, students' interest in science, and students' participation rates in science activities. The results confirmed our hypotheses for almost all instructional methods. Although the effects were not very strong, autonomous- motivating instructional methods had a positive effect on all variables studied. Students who showed higher levels of use of these methods in instruction showed more enjoyment of science learning, more interest in science, and also participated more actively in science activities. Among the teaching methods, the strongest predictors were student perceived feedback, inquiry-based instruction, and...
Transgenerational transmission of aggressive behavior in connection with domestic violence
Radimecká, Magdaléna ; Buriánek, Jiří (advisor) ; Podaná, Zuzana (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of domestic violence in connection with the intergenerational transmission of aggressive behaviour. The aim of this work is to test the hypotheses on data from Pilot Survey of Students from 2018. The first part of the thesis presents theories that explain the origin or reproduction of domestic violence. In addition to the theory of intergenerational transmission, it is, for example, the theory of social learning, which is often cited together with the above-mentioned theory. I also deal with methodological aspects and specifications of Pilot Survey of Students from 2018. In this part of the work also set of hypotheses for subsequent analysis is formulated. In the analytical part, the results of the analyzes are presented, their interpretation and hypotheses tested, the validity of which was confirmed through secondary data analysis. The conclusions from the conducted research thus confirmed the validity of the main thesis of my bachelor's thesis: "The intergenerational transmission of aggressive behavior has an effect on the reproduction of domestic violence". Key words: domestic violence, aggressive behavior, intergenerational transmission
The relationship between work values and age in the context of organisational culture
Novák, Matěj ; Mudd, Dana (advisor) ; Podaná, Zuzana (referee)
How to adapt the work environment to people of all ages because of the generally perceived differences in work values is a large topic in the fields of management, psychology and sociology. This bachelor thesis examines whether differences in work values do indeed occur between age groups, and if, what these differences are. In addition to the analysis of the relationship between age and work values itself, the author focuses on the concept of generation as an independent variable, but finds shortcomings when analyzing said variable. The topic is anchored in the context of corporate culture because of the tight correlation with work values. The theoretical part of the thesis, in which the author attempts to summarize the current knowledge in the field of this issue, is supported by secondary data analysis in the practical part, where the author analyzes work values of a borrowed dataset for the purpose of the bachelor thesis. In the bachelor thesis, the relationship between work values and age was established. The relationship with age was found for example for financial evaluation, career advancement, job interestingness, job security and the tendency to change jobs. The thesis also explored the view of managers as people intervening in the running of the corporate culture and how they perceive...
Is multi-year grammar school a clear choice? Two possible tertiary educated parents' reasons for keeping their children in mainstream middle schools
Absolonová, Josefína ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Sládek, Jan (referee)
Czech multi-year grammar schools (a school type for children 11-18 years old, parallel to mainstream middle schools for children 11-14 years old and to high schools including four- year grammar schools for children 15-18 years old) belong to internationally researched phenomenon called selection, meaning sorting pupils based on school performance. Those who are placed in high tracks are usually children of parents with high cultural capital. For the parents, its mean of reproduction of that capital. It could be assumed that Czech tertiary educated parents would enrol their children in multi-year grammar schools, but a noticeable part of them is not doing so, even though they don't face any obvious obstacles. This thesis conducts a secondary analysis of Pisa-L 2003-2006 data, and it has concluded that to provide children with more time for their interest clubs or hobby clubs is not a reason to keep children in middle school. It has also concluded that parents of middle schools pupils tent to have more negative attitudes towards multi-year grammar schools. It is possible that these attitudes have influenced their decision to educate them in middle schools, but this type of analysis cannot prove causality.
Gender differences in juvenile delinquency
Konopásková, Eliška ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Buriánek, Jiří (referee)
This thesis focuses on the analysis of delinquency from the point of view of R. Agnew's general strain theory, using data from the International Self-Report Delinquency Study 3 (ISRD 3), which relate to the area of strain. The aim of this thesis is to verify the connection between selected aspects of strain and delinquency and then try to identify differences between boys and girls. In the theoretical part of the thesis, attention is paid first to the general strain theory and then to its later extension that includes the perspective of gender. Hypotheses are defined based on the presented theory. In the methodological part, ISRD research is described and the self-report survey method is also introduced. In the last part, which is devoted data analysis, the proposed hypotheses are tested using regression analysis. The result is that the effect of morality is stronger for girls, but no significant differences between boys and girls are confirmed for the effect of crime in the neighborhood and also for the effect of experiencing a difficult life event. Keywords: gender differences, juvenile delinquency, ISRD-3, general strain theory
The connection between the family environment and the child's attitude towards delinquency
Hovorková, Tereza ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Novopacká, Martina (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with the topic of the family in relation to the attitude towards delinquency. The main purpose of the work is to find out the connection between the child's attitude towards delinquency and the family environment the child was raised in. Attitude towards delinquency is beeing explained by morality and the process of acquiring moral values during human's life. In the practical part I use the secondary data analysis. I test five hypotheses that relate to issues of the family environment and relate them to the attitude towards delinquency. The data comes from research focused on delinquency and victimization of youth in 9th grade of elementary schools and the corresponding grades of multi-year high schools. Powered by TCPDF (
Street Harassment and Its Reflexion in Czech Mass Media
Bajus, Peter ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Buriánek, Jiří (referee)
(in English) This thesis focuses on the phenomenon of street harassment and analyses the ways in which this phenomenon is framed in the Czech media. The theoretical part of the thesis is devoted to a comprehensive view of street harassment, its definition, its impact on harassed women or theories explaining its origin. I also look at the extent to which street harassment is widespread in the world. I also describe how the media influence the construction and perception of the world and how street harassment is presented in the world media. The main aim of this thesis is to identify media frames related to street harassment in Czech news websites. The media frames were identified using the qualitative frame analysis method, in four news servers selected on the basis of their viewership, credibility and proclaimed ideological neutrality. Thus, I conducted the analysis on the news servers Aktuálně.cz, Seznam zprávy, and Parlamentní listy. In these monitored servers, I sought answers to the research questions: how and through which frames is street harassment presented in the selected news servers over the monitored period, and are there differences in the framing of this topic between news servers? Using qualitative frame analysis, I identified a total of eight frames and four sub- frames...
Gender differences in juvenile delinquency
Konopásková, Eliška ; Podaná, Zuzana (advisor) ; Buriánek, Jiří (referee)
The main topic of this thesis youth delinquency, with focus on gender differences. Its main approach is to introduce the topic of youth delinquency using the Robert Agnew's (1992) General strain theory. Using this theory we will define and then test three hypotheses. The hypotheses will be tested on data collected within the ISRD-3 project in the Czech Republic. The structure of this thesis is divided into a theoretical part, in which we will first briefly introduce Strain theory. After that, we will focus more on introduction of the General strain theory. Then, the theoretical part will focus in more detail on the later General strain theory where gender perspective is discussed in detail. Conclusions of this gender perspective will be introduced at the end of this theoretical part. After that, three hypotheses will be defined and then we be tested in the analytical part of this thesis. Aim of this thesis is to test gender differences in juvenile delinquency. Key words: gender differences, juvenile delinquency, ISRD-3, general strain theory

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