National Repository of Grey Literature 412 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The most common sports injuries of motocross riders and possibilities of their prevention
Syrový, Dominik ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Žáková, Lenka (referee)
Title: The most common injuries of motocross riders and their prevention Objectives: The aim of this diploma thesis is to assess the frequency of sports injuries sustained by motocross riders in the Czech Republic in year 2021. The thesis, based on a questionnaire survey, also discovers standards of usage of protective equipment and the impact of fitness training (including regeneration). Methods: The thesis uses the method of an anonymous non-standardized questionnaire to analyze the most frequent sports injuries as well as the frequency of usage of protective gear, forms of fitness training, and regeneration in 2021. Respondents were approached directly or via hobby communities and groups on a social network. The analysis itself was carried out in Microsoft Excel. Results: The research group was comprised of 128 respondents who were divided into three categories according to their performance level: hobby - 76, competitive - 35, professional - 17. In compliance with the survey results, the riders in 2021 suffered on average 10,6 contusions per person, 1,7 fracture per person (both predominantly of the upper limb), and 4,7 injuries of joint soft tissues or organs (predominantly in the knee area). The number of injuries, as well as aches in dorsal and cervical areas, rose with the higher level of...
Prosthetic Solutions to Transmetatarsal Traumatic Amputation
Hráček, Karel ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Černý, Pavel (referee)
Title: Prosthetic solution of traumatic transmetatarsal foot amputation Objectives: The main goal of my work is to design a prosthetic solution for a patient after a traumatic transmetatarsal amputation of the leg with the intention of restoring the function of the leg with respect to its natural appearance, maximally reducing the risk of injury to the patient so that he can use normal sports shoes. A partial goal is to increase the mechanical resistance of the prosthesis during increased physical activity and to create a production procedure that can be used by other active patients. Methods: The bachelor thesis consists of a theoretical part and a practical part. In the theoretical part I primarily draw on professional publications and articles related to the given issue. The practical part consists of the actual case study of the patient with a focus on the production of a prosthesis according to his disability, which is based on the data obtained from the analysis of posture and gait. Results: The case report was processed within two months in the non-state medical facility Proteor CZ s.r.o. Ostrava, based on the specific needs of the patient. The resulting prosthetic product met all the goals we set together with the patient. The manufactured prosthesis improved the patient's movement...
The Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Gross and Fine Motor Skills of Individuals
Purchartová, Dana ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Reckziegelová, Petra (referee)
Title: The Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Gross and Fine Motor Skills of Individuals Objectives of the thesis: The main objective of my thesis is to assess an immediate effect of alcohol on selected tasks from the area of fine and gross motor skills. First identified were the average values for selected tests in sober individuals, and then the values with an increasing level of alcohol in blood. The second objective is to differentiate whether or not are fine and gross motor skills affected upon the same alcohol level in blood. Methods: The required data were obtained on the basis of experimental measurements on 12 probands (6 women and 6 men) who were tested for fine motor skills using three non- standardized tests modified or created for the purpose of this experiment: threading beads on a string, unlocking locks and dropping coins to a moneybox. Gross motor skills were tested using stabilometric platform in a standing position with legs together and with open eyes for 30 seconds. The observed parameter in the fine motor skills test was the time, while in the stability test it was the track of COP; each fine motor skills test was performed three times in each round. In the second and in each subsequent round every proband was administered 0.3 g of alcohol per kg of weight. The total number of...
Case study of physiotherapy care of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis and after hip replacement surgery
Páleníková, Vanda ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Jarošová, Hana (referee)
Title: Case study of physiotherapy care of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis and after hip replacement surgery Author: Vanda Páleníková Aim: Summary of theoretical knowledge, performing a kinesiological analysis, design treatment and monitoring of the patient during rheumatoid arthritis, and before and after right hip replacement surgery and subsequently summation effects by therapy. Methods and abstract: This thesis was created during professional practice, which was held at the Institute of Rheumatology in Prague from 14.1. 2013 to 8.2 2013. The thesis is divided into two parts - general and special. The first (general) part deals with the theoretical knowledge of rheumatic diseases, particularly rheumatoid arthritis and hip replacement surgery and methods of treatment, including physiotherapy practice. The second (special) case report describes a patient with rheumatoid arthritis before and after total hip replacement surgery, the design and the process of therapy and its evaluation. Result: The patient's condition was improved. After the operation has been modified posture and position in right hip joint. During therapy increased muscle strength and increase range of motion in the right hip joint. Key words: case study, rheumatoid arthritis, total hip replacement, surgery of rheumatic...
The objectivization of evaluation of the dynamics of self-defense instruments
Beránek, Václav ; Šťastný, Petr (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee) ; Reguli, Zdenko (referee)
Title: The objectivization of evaluation of the dynamics of self-defense instruments Introduction: Strikes by the upper limb are key tools for the self-defense system. So far, mechanical properties have not been evaluated for a wider group of strikes without protective equipment with applications in training, injury risk assessment, forensic biomechanics and medical law. Objectives: The aim of this work is to compile and objectify the evaluation of the dynamics of a wider group of strikes by the upper limb by specifying the size of the contact area and describing the damping properties of the foam of the detection apparatus. The aim is to evaluate the impact force, the probability of exceeding the bone tissue fracture threshold, the impulse, the size of the impact surfaces and the pressure for three impact techniques, both sexes and two experience levels. Methods: The work consists of three projects. Two quasi-experiments were completed by 169 probands, men and women, experience levels beginner, advanced (n = 169, height 177.8±9.0; weight 81.6±17.8; age 27.3±8.1) within one period. Probands were measured on two devices (Kistler, Podokam), where the time, impact force of the blow was recorded and three segments of the upper limb were photographed. Probands performed 3 striking techniques, a total of...
The effect of physiotherapeutic intervention on the change in thigh muscle volume after LCA surgery.
Ragulová, Michaela ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Angerová, Yvona (referee) ; Řasová, Kamila (referee)
Title: The effect of physiotherapeutic intervention on the change in thigh muscle volume after LCA surgery Objectives: The aim of this work is to evaluate the effect of targeted physiotherapy intervention in patients after anterior cruciate ligament surgery in relation to thigh muscle volume. Methods: Twenty probands participated in the research. The criteria for the selection of the probands were determined as follows: age, first surgery on the lower limbs and bone tendon bone (BTB) surgical approach. Probands were randomly divided into two groups of ten - research and control. The research group completed eight individual physiotherapy sessions, one of which lasted 45 minutes. In the 10th postoperative week, the probands were given additional device rehabilitation - Imoove. In total, this group completed nine physical therapy sessions over 9 weeks. The control group only had group exercise twice a week for 30 minutes. In total, this group completed eight group sessions over a period of 4 weeks. In addition to individual and group therapy, the probands underwent group exercise in the pool five times, magnetotherapy for the knee joint six times, and laser therapy for the scar six times. The following procedures were used to evaluate the effect of the applied therapy: an Academia50 handheld scanner...
Current approaches in the therapy of spastic paresis after acquired brain injury in adult patients - review
Štětková, Hana ; Říha, Michal (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Current approaches in the therapy of spastic paresis after acquired brain injury in adult patients - review Objective: The goal of this diploma thesis is evaluate the most efective current physiotherapeutic procedures in the therapy of spastic paresis after acquired brain injury in adult patients with the main focus on physiotherapeutic intervention and further to find out whether the reduction of spasticity on the lower limb improves walking speed. Methodics: The diploma thesis is written as a theoretical thesis in the form of a literature review using the following electronic databases: PubMed, PEDro, MEDLINE, EBSCO, Scopus, Web of Science. The first half of the thesis summarizes the theoretical basis and knowledge dealing with spasticity assessment scales and spasticity therapy. The second half is written as a descriptive-analytic rewiev and contains an analysis of studies where therapy was used to affect spasticity with a joint assessment of walking speed without concomitant botulinum toxin treatment. Results: After conducting the search, only 6 studies that addressed the influence of spasticity after acquired brain damage in adult patients with simultaneous assessment of walking speed met the established criteria. Due to the very small number of studies and the way the studies were...
The influence of Mozart's effect on basketball shooting accuracy in professional basketball players.
Kranjčevič, Stefan ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Mozart effect on shooting accuracy of professional basketball players Aims: The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate whether the Mozart effect impacts the success rate of free throws in young premier league basketball players compared to shooting without music. Methods: As this is a pilot study, the data acquisition on this topic first started by examining the previously written text on the Mozart. The project is an experimental pilot study involving 21 probands who were randomized into three groups. The experiment is divided into 2 parts. In the first part participants are asked to shoot one hundred free throws in five blocks of twenty. In the second part, the participants are exposed to different types of acoustic stimulus during which they throw another hundred free throws. All measurements were taken after conditioning or shooting practice for the most authentic replication of the game situation. The process of the practical part was carried out in accordance with the CRISP-DM methodology, which is one of the most widely used methodologies for knowledge capture from databases (KCD). Results: The results show a borderline low correlation between shooting with and without music, according to Pearson's correlation coefficient, with a value of 0.33. The aim of using this statistical function...
Change in Blood Flow in the Paravertebral Muscles during the Application of Compression Therapy
Jandera, Tomáš ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Vláčilová, Ivana (referee)
Title: A Change in Blood Flow in the Paravertebral Muscles during the Application of Compression Therapy Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to investigate the effect of compression therapy on the blood supply to the paravertebral muscles when applying flossing tape around the trunk. The second aim is to theoretically introduce the compression methods used in practice to the readers. Methods: The study involved 33 probands who completed a questionnaire to obtain basic anamnestic information before the measurement. Furthermore, the range of motion of the lumbar spine was examined into flexion using a modified Schober distance and the electrode of the Précisé 8008 device was placed on the right paravertebral muscles at approximately the level of the Th/L transition to determine blood flow. Flossing tape was applied for 2 minutes around the trunk at the lumbar spine. After removal of the tape, the range of motion of the lumbar spine into flexion was measured again. The obtained data were processed by using descriptive statistics, paired T-test and linear model. The statistical significance for all T-tests was assessed at a critical significance level of 0.05. Results: Changes in the blood flow of the paravertebral muscles during and after the application of flossing have been proven....
Influence of Wim Hof ​​method on freediver performance
Pilušová, Viktorie ; Heller, Jan (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee)
Title: Influence of Wim Hof method on freediver performance Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to find out whether Wim Hof's method (WHM) can demonstrably improve the performance of a freediver and whether, as an added component of regeneration in his training unit, it can demonstrably contribute to the improvement of selected physiological parameters, compared to a group practicing Pranayama in combination with cold exposure and meditation and a control group without intervention. Another goal is to compare the results obtained in the individual groups for a period of two and four weeks of measurement and thus objectify the effect of the selected intervention. Methods: As part of the issue of improving the athlete's performance, selected physiological parameters of individuals engaged in freediving on the breath were observed. For the implementation, the WHM was used, which uses the connection of psychological and physical resistance to stress factors. A total of 32 healthy male subjects in the age range of 32-61 years participated in the study, who were randomly divided by lot into 3 as closely as possible groups of 10-11 members each for WHM or Pranayama training, or into a control group. The experiment consisted of an initial measurement, where input data was taken from the participants and...

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See also: similar author names
1 Pavlů, Daniel
1 Pavlů, Dobromila
2 Pavlů, Dominik
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