National Repository of Grey Literature 273 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Lymphoedema in patients after breast cancer therapy from the perspective of physiotherapy: literature review
Suchanová, Pavla ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Opatrná Novotná, Irena (referee)
Author: Pavla Suchanová Title: Lymphedema in patients after the breast cancer treatment from the view of physiotherapy: literature review Objective: The aim of the literature review was to find out which are the most used and in practice the most effective physiotherapeutic approaches which affect secondary lymphedema of the arm related to breast cancer. The purpose was also to gather the current available knowledge of this issue. Methods: The presented literature review is of the analytical-descriptive nature. It was divided into two parts. The first part is called the theoretical background and deals with the anatomy, pathophysiology, and physiotherapy of arm lymphedema after breast cancer. The second part is focused on the data collection according to the given criteria, analysis, and interpretation of the results of the research. The sources were searched for in the electronic databases of Cochrane trials, Pub Med and PEDro in the period from 2010 to 2021. Of the total number of 7379 studies, 11 randomized controlled trials, meeting the evaluation criteria, were further analyzed. Searches were performed using various keywords and synonyms connected with the research questions: breast cancer lymphedema, postmastectomy lymphedema, breast cancer lymphedema and exercise. Results: Of the searched...
Evaluation of Common Injuries and Determinants of Participation in the Programme of a Running Institution
Rejzková, Dominika ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Vomáčková, Helena (referee)
Thesis title: Evaluation of Common Injuries and Determinants of Participation in the Programme of a Running Institution. Aim of the thesis: The aim of the research is to evaluate the most common injuries for women in an amateur running organization and their possible causes. The partial goal is to evaluate key determinansts of female runners' enrollment in the training courses. Methods used: The diploma thesis contains theoretical knowledge acquired from Czech and foreign literature. In the work, the method of questionnaire survey was used which covered female runners in a selected amateur running organization. In total, 106 questionnaires were evaluated using Microsoft Excel and its functions. Results: Out of the total of 106 female runners, 38 were injured, representing 35.8 %. The most common injury in a selected running organisation were ankle distortions (34.2%), further, painful lower leg syndrome (23.7%) and, in the 3rd place, muscle injuries (21.1 %). Among the most common causes of injuries was stepping wrong, as well as uneven surface or a significant increase in the running distance. The key determinants of female runners' enrollment in training courses included "compelling myself to regular running", improving physical condition, improving running technique and losing weight. Keywords:...
Effect comparison of educational-movement therapy "stabilization function"of a trunk and traditional rehabilitation therapeutic approach for patients with nonspecific low back pain
Jalovcová, Miroslava ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Bunc, Václav (referee) ; Tošnerová, Vlasta (referee)
Title: Effect comparison of educational-movement therapy "stabilization function"of a trunk and traditional rehabilitation therapeutic approach for patients with nonspecific low back pain. Nonspecific low back pain is a main cause of disability and the principal cause for injury-related lost work-days. The various therapies for nonspecific low back pain have been elaborated in many studies. The recommended therapeutic guideline for primary care of patients with nonspecific low back pain is early mobilization combined with a specific rehabilitation therapeutic approach. One such specific rehabilitation therapeutic approach is "trunk stabilization" therapy. The objective of this dissertation is to compare a therapeutic approach involving "stabilization exercises" with the traditional clinical approach that has been clinically proven to be most efficacious for patients with acute nonspecific low back pain. This study compares the effects of the prescribed therapies on 24 patients with non- specific acute low back pain. The test subjects (men and women with an average age 41.2 years) were allocated into two simple randomized subgroups. The test subjects received 2 outpatient therapy sessions per week for 4 weeks. Pre-test and post-test spine shape and range of motion examination were determined using...
The Effect of Taping Applied on the Skin with the Orientation along the Muscle Fibres of Underlying Muscle on the Activity of this Muscle
Vrbová, Martina ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Bartůňková, Staša (referee) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Thesis title: The Effect of Taping Applied to the Skin with the Orientation along the Muscle Fibres of Underlying Muscle on the Activity of this Muscle Problem definition: Taping (the application of an adhesive elastic tape on the body surface) is a widely used therapeutic and preventive method in current sport, clinical and ADL practice. Previous research indicate that taping has effect on pain, proprioception, muscle activity and lymphatic or peripheral vascular circulation. One of the least objectively evaluated effect of taping is the effect on muscle activity. Although the facilitating or inhibiting effect of the tape achieved by the direction of its tension made by the application (from the muscle origin to the insertion or conversely) is commonly referred in available literature, it has not been investigated objectively enough. Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the current findings of the taping method on the base of literature research, formulate hypotheses, work out a quality methodology for the clinical study and through it to evaluate the effect of taping applied to the skin with the orientation along the muscle fibres of underlying muscle on the activity of this muscle. Methods: The evaluation of the findings of the taping method with emphasis on the quality of provided...
Developmental gross motor norms in early childhood (2-6 years): systematic review
Hojková, Klára ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Tošnerová, Vlasta (referee) ; Dvořáková, Hana (referee)
Title: Developmental gross motor norms in early childhood (2-6 years): systematic review Objectives: Motor evaluation in early childhood is necessary to detect deviations in motor control. Knowledge of developmental functional milestones could make the examination in this age group easier. Goals: Creation of motor norms survey used for gross motor evaluation in early childhood. Study is based on analysis of multiple norm reference tests. Methods: Systematic review was realised in 2007-2013. Only norm referenced test was added to the study. Tests were integrated into study on the grounds of eligibility criteria. Analysis of test items was applied by one researcher. Source of study included electronic databases and printed monographs. Results: There was eight gross motor tests integrated into study. We used to analyse Gesell Test, Laurence Vaivre-Douret Test, Denver II, Brigance Screens, CDI (Child Developmental Inventory), MMT (Maastrichtse Motoriek Test), Movement ABC a ASQ (Ages and Stages Questionnaires) Based on tests analysis we detected 87 test items evaluted in the age period 2-6 years. Conclusions: Early childhood period is distinctive of important changes in motor control quality. Motor norms describes development of motor functions dynamic in the period 2-6 years. Key words: Motor...
Influence of muscle imbalances on the pelvic position in karate trainees
Buchtelová, Eva ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Fojtík, Ivan (referee) ; Šorfová, Monika (referee)
Title: Influence of muscle imbalances on the pelvic position in karate trainees Aim: : The aim of this thesis is to contribute to the solution surrounding the problematic of the position of the pelvis. Also to compare the difference between the positions developed by the influence of muscle imbalances in a group of children aged from 11 - 13 years in sports clubs specializing in karate together with children from 5th - 6th grades in primary schools in the Ústí nad Labem district, children who do sports just for fun and occasionally. Methods: : The main method of this empirical research was that of measuring the somatometric characteristics and the body composition (%BF) in children of middle school age, the method of examination by manual medicinal techniques for discovering the pelvic positions and the lumbar lordosis (Lewit, 2003) and the method of carrying out the diagnosis of the stabilisation function of abdominal muscles according to Kolář (2009) - the diaphragm test, the test of body flexion and the test of intraabdominal pressure. Another applied method was the 3D analysis of the movement for determining the range of the pelvic movement from maximal retroversion up to maximal anteversion. The movement of the pelvis in relation to the laboratory and the lumbar spine in relation to the pelvis...
THE BIOMECHANICAL REFLEXION OF MODERATE IDIOPATHIC SCOLIOSIS IN GAIT CYCLE OF YOUNG ADULTS
Polyzos, Christos ; Kovanda, Jan (advisor) ; Pavlů, Dagmar (referee) ; Rosenberg, Josef (referee)
Introduction: Scoliosis influences the optimal posture and locomotion of the human body. Lumbar and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis has possibly an even greater impact due to the close relation with the pelvic region, a major determinant of gait. The effect of moderate idiopathic scoliosis on the gait cycle of young adults is of major interesting. Discussion-Hypothesis and aims: Young adults (20-40 years old) with MIS (lumbar and thoraco-lumbar primary curves) present kinematic modifications regarding the convex (ipsilateral extremity) or concave (controlateral extremity) side of the body as well as variations compared to non-scoliosis individuals during the gait cycle. Aim of this study was to indentify these variations on the physical quantities exerted from the major joints of the lower extremities as well as the center of gravity too and examine their significance in adult patients with MIS. Materials and methods: A cohort of twenty young adult patients (group A, 12 females- 8 males, mean age 39,7 years) having MIS with mean Cobb's angle 29o (24o to 34o ) and a control group (B) of fifteen (8 females, 7 males) of healthy individuals were submitted in clinical examination and 3-D gait analysis. Direct linear transformation (DLT) was used for analysis of linear displacement on the three axes (x, y and z) as well...
Occupational therapist's methodics of work for patients with myoelectric prosthesis
Hoidekrová, Kristýna ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Jeníček, Jan (referee)
The aim of this study was to develop methodics of occupational therapy for patients with moelectric prosthesis, which is used by patients with amputation of upper limbs as well as patients with congenital problems. In the Czech republic there are no complex methodics about occupational therapy and myoelectric prosthesis, despite the huge mount of foreign studies of this topic. Myoelectric prosthesis uses the principle of sensing myoelectrical signals which are then transformed to the motor output in the terminal portion of the prosthesis. Occupational therapy intervention begins at the preprosthetic phase, the occupational therapist assesses the general potential for the use of myoelectric prosthesis and picks up myoelectric signals from the stump. In interprosthetic phase occupational therapist is dedicated to the training of activities of daily living with myoelectric prosthesis and training residual stump on the basis of myotest. The phase after prosthetic content of occupational therapy evaluation and assessment, which focus on patients ability of myoelectric control and prosthesis involvement in activities of daily living and training of grip. Within the training of grip, occupational therapist is dedicated to training proper grip within the pace, grip strength and targeted movements. The...
Evaluation of health related physical fitness of elementary school students in Libya.
Bennanis, Shukri ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Kučera, Miroslav (referee) ; Heller, Jan (referee)
Title: Evaluation of health related physical fitness of elementary school students in Libya. Aims: Evaluating the elements of physical fitness related to health of students of elementary education of Libya, and comparing their level with students of other countries according to the availability of data. Methods: Statistical survey and comparative analysis. Results: The researcher used a set of fitness tests related to health using the presently implemented physical fitness test battery to get results to present the realistic outcomes to officials who take care of physical activity, which is one of the bases of health as we know. This research identifies the current health-related fitness levels of students in (Aljmeel, Regthaleen, Zwara) school district and suggests cultural differences that may influence that fitness status, and discussed four the evaluating of elements of physical fitness related health, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, flexibility and body composition which measured by 1 mile run, sit up test, sit and reach and skinfold caliper. The study showed that the mean and std were: height, weight, cardiorespiratory, muscular strength, flexibility and skinfold are (141.832 ± 9.405), (42.398 ±10.592), (10.957 ± 1.579), (20.045 ± 11.690), (13.865 ± 6.024), skinfold is (17.546...
Electromyographic analysis of the shoulder girdle muscles inclusion of volleyball players
Satrapová, Lenka ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Hošková, Blanka (referee)
Thesis title: Electromyographic Analysis of the Shoulder Girdle Muscles Inclusion of Volleyball Players Problem definition: Elite sport is very demanding, not only physically, but also mentally. The demands on the musculoskeletal system are often not compensated, especially in children and junior categories. The only targeted and regular compensation takes place at volleyball by the fitness training in the gym, but not always properly lead and adapted to the individual needs of athletes. The question is whether it is possible to prevent these problems. From my perspective, yes, the inclusion of appropriate compensation exercise in normal training session, which will require little equipment and time and to be functionally connected with volleyball technique that players do not lose the game performance. In the context of the thesis will be compared exercising of the second diagonal PNF for the upper extremity with an elastic resistance and simulated strike without the ball - volley lob, as an alternative fitness of exercises for volleyball players. Objectives: The aim of the dissertation is based on the available literature to outline the issues of kinesiological and biomechanical relationships of the shoulder girdle in sports especially in volleyball, which is a typical representative of the...

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1 Pavlů, Daniel
1 Pavlů, Dobromila
1 Pavlů, Dominik
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