National Repository of Grey Literature 52 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The relationship between Véle-test results and results of instrumented evaluation of postural stability
Dvořáčková, Terezie ; Šorfová, Monika (advisor) ; Tlapáková, Eva (referee)
Title: The relationship between Véle-test results and results of instrumented evaluation of postural stability Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between a clinical tool for measuring postural stability, Véle-test and instrumented evalution of the same modality. The observed parameters are COM movement, range of motion in hip joints and in the functional complex of ankle and foot. An additional pedobarographic measurement was performed to define the relationship between Véle-test results and foot loading assymetry. The characteristics of this study suggest that our objective is also to find an approppriate aproach to further objectivization and stardardization of the Véle-test. In the first part of this thesis, I define the theoretical background for the experiment. Also, the current insight of physical therapy and biomechanics on the functional complex of the ankle and foot is described. Methods: The subjects (n=15, mean age 24y) were divided into two groups (S1, n1=7; S2, n2=8) according to the results of Véle test. Further, they underwent instrumented testing by pliance-x® sensing system, a 60s pedobarographic measurement was held in quiet standing. After, the Xsens MVN Link suit for 3D kinematic analysis was applied and the subjects were measured in two different...
Shape changes in the axial system during respiration
Slawiková, Eliška ; Šorfová, Monika (advisor) ; Dudová, Agnieszka (referee)
The name of the work: Shape changes in the axial system during respiration Goal of the work: the main objective is to perform a case study of brass parameters and changes the shape of the trunk during the ventilation maneuver, prepare the correct methodology of research and to conduct separate measurements. The thesis will be divided into two parts, the first will contain the theoretical background to the subject, in the second part will then be described by the research, where I measured the change in the volume of the lungs in relation to time, assess the impact of implemented ventilation maneuver on the individual probands and examine the respiratory dynamics in selected ventilation maneuver. Methods: in the framework of the fulfilment of the tasks of this work have been carried out experiments with the use of 3D kinematic record with Qualisys and spirometric measurement. The experiment involved three probands aged 20 to 40 specific common features. Each of the proband performed during the measurement of quiet breathing, maximum inhalation and exhalation and ventilation maneuver. Measurements were carried out in one day under standard conditions, measurements made on the day of probands quiet breathing, maximum inhalation and exhalation and ventilation maneuver (5 min total). Data records were...
Possibilities of the Therapeutic Use of the Singing Technique in Physiotherapy
Kopečková, Hana ; Otáhal, Stanislav (advisor) ; Šorfová, Monika (referee)
Název: Možnosti využití pěvecké techniky jako terapie ve fyzioterapii Possibilities of the Therapeutic Use of the Singing Technique in Physiotherapy Cíle práce: Poukázat na možnost využití zpěvu jako terapeutické techniky ve fyzioterapii. Poukázat na zvláštnosti mechaniky dýchání při zpěvu měřením průtoku a sledováním topografických změn ventrální části trupu. Metoda: Zvláštnosti mechaniky dýchání při zpěvu byly analyzovány na základě literární rešerše v teoretické části a v části experimentální byly zkoumány změny průtoku vydechovaného vzduchu a sledovány topografické změny trupu při dvou odlišných pěveckých úkolech, u kterých se předpokládaly velmi rozdílné nároky na dýchání. Pro provedení experimentu byla zvolena metoda průtokové spirometrie a metoda slfnového moiré. Výsledky: Teoretická část práce přinesla užitečné informace k otázce vzájemných vztahů mezi respirační mechanikou a pěveckou technikou. Z výsledků experimentu je zřejmá značná variabilita dechových strategií při provádění zvolených pěveckých cvičeni, což dokazuje možnost terapeutického využití zpěvu u respiračních onemocnění. Klíčová slova: pěvecká technika, dýchání, terapie, spirometrie, stínové moiré
Influence of intra-abdominal pressure on stability of the lumbar spine
Fridrychová, Dagmar ; Šorfová, Monika (advisor) ; Nováková, Tereza (referee)
Title of thesis: Influence of intra-abdominal pressure on the stability of the lumbar spine Definition of the problem: This thesis addresses the problem of the stabilization mechanism of the lumbar spine and the influence of intra-abdominal pressure on the stability of the lumbar spine. Objectives: The aim of my thesis is to locate, evaluate and process all available resources and to bring up the issue of IAP and its influence on the lumbar spine. The work should provide the widest possible insight into the problems of IAP effects on the stability of the lumbar spine, summarize differing opinions, and allow easier orientation in the isme. Method: The work is treated as a search, focusing on the processing and retrieval of literature concerning the issue. Studies included range from 1953 to present. To which I will use a variety of sources of literature, internet and consultation with the head of my thesis. Results: The increase in IAP, which is provided by a synchronous contraction of the diaphragm, pelvic floor muscles and m. transversus abdominis, can effectively stabilize the spine. But you can not determine with certainty whether this mechanism to support the stability of the lumbar spine is indeed used or the stability is provided by contraction of muscles, leading to an increase in IAP, and...
Detection of rheological changes in the axial system of pregnant women using the TVS method.
Plačková, Veronika ; Jelen, Karel (advisor) ; Šorfová, Monika (referee)
Title: Detection of rheological changes in the axial system of pregnant women using the TVS method. Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to evaluace the effect of pregnancy on the biomechanical properties of the spine. Methods: TVS vibration diagnostic methods were applied to six pregnant women twice during pregnancy. It was investigated ability of axial system to dampen vibration spreading through out the spine. The ability of every single segment to damp vibrations were compared with each other at the beginning and during pregnancy. Results: TVS method used for purpose of this paper has been proved adequate to provide information about the resonant frequencies and the total attenuation of the spine with sufficient accuracy, so that the biomechanice changes of axial system during pregnancy could be decidly identified. Comparison of the frequency dependency and total attenuation of spine indicated increase of total attenuation of the spine and also increase of flexibility of the spine in all investigated probands. Keywords: gravidity, pregnancy, axial system, vibrations, TVS, spine
Postural stability of elite sportswomen - cross-sectional study
Pradáčová, Lucie ; Zahálka, František (advisor) ; Šorfová, Monika (referee)
Title: Postural stability of elite sportswomen - cross-sectional study Objectives: The aim of this work is to describe and evaluate postural stability in elite women's categories of selected sports specializations. a partial goal is to find out and compare selected parameters of static postural stability of football and volleyball players, both from the perspective of different age categories and from the point of view of the given sports specialization. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving a total of 278 female athletes (67 volleyball players, 211 football players) aged 14 and over. Footscan Balance desk (RSscan International, Belgium) was used to measure static postural stability. Tests were used: narrow stand open eyes, narrow stand closed eyes, stand on right lower limb, stand on left lower limb. The results of individual tests were statistically processed and compared. Statistical evaluation was performed using two way ANOVA test, type III and post-hoc Scheffe test. Statistical significance was determined to be p ≤ 0.05. Results: The results of the study showed that footballers have a better level of postural stability compared to volleyball players, and a significant difference was found in all four tests (p < 0.05). In terms of age category, youth players generally have better...
Influence of a rupture and reconstruction of an anterior cruciate ligament on the postural activity of an individual
Mináriková, Jitka ; Šorfová, Monika (advisor) ; Malá, Jitka (referee)
Name: Influence of a rupture and reconstruction of an anterior cruciate ligament on the postural activity of an individual Aim: The aim of my thesis is to find out whether a rupture and the following rupture recinstruction of an anterior cruciate ligament has an influence on the postural activity of an individual namely after a longer period ( at least one year) from the undergone operation. Methods: The thesis has been worked out by a form of an analytical comparative study where it deals with measuring of two groups of probands - healthy and those after anterior cruciate ligament operation. The postural behaviour of individuals was tested after deflection by impact of a pendulum at a free standing position with and without visual control and also when standing on one leg. Results: The results of the measuring denote that when a person after anterior cruciate ligament rupture and following rupture recinstruction is deflected by an external impact while standing on both legs he/she will rather rely on the leg without surgery but the side difference will not be very distinctive. This fact will not change much even without visual control. While standing on one leg though the individual after surgery will have a more serious problem to stabilize his/her position (the period of time to stabilize will...
The relation of the function of the pelvic floor to respiration
Matějková, Andrea ; Šorfová, Monika (advisor) ; Tlapáková, Eva (referee)
Author of the Thesis: Bc. Andrea Matějková Supervisor of the Thesis: doc. Ing. Monika Šorfová, Ph.D. Title of the Thesis: Relation of function of the pelvic floor to respiration Year of the presentation of the thesis : 2016 Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Comparison of the evaluation of selected functional tests by physiotherapists and the OpenPose system
Turna, Matyáš ; Nováková, Tereza (advisor) ; Šorfová, Monika (referee)
1 ABSTRACT Title: Comparing physiotherapist's functional test assessments with OpenPose kinematic data Objectives: Assess wether is OpenPose (OP) system able to detect parameters of poor performance in the Single Leg Squat Test and Step Down Test. Presence of these parameters was indicated by consensus process among 3 physiotherapists. Methods: 48 healthy volunteers participated on the research. Each volunteer demonstrated 3 repetitions of Single Leg Squat Test and Step Down Test on each leg. Repetitions were recorded on video and at the same time evaluated by 3 physiotherapists (PT) using 15 binary parameters. Consensus process indicating presence of a parameter involved agreement of at least 2 of the raters while the inter-rater reliability coeficient for all 3 raters had to be κ ≥ 0,41. Changes in angles and relative distances of observed body segments were calculated using OpenPose keypoint detection model. Therefore each execution of the functional test was described by OP data and PT data. Statistical analysis was performed to assess wether was OpenPose able to detect significant differences between poor and good execution of a functional test in the 15 rated parameters. Results: OP was able to reliably assess following parameters: Loss of balance, Excessive upper extremity movement and Lateral...
Analysis of the movement of upper extremity during offensive stroke in female badminton players.
Prausová, Lucie ; Šorfová, Monika (advisor) ; Nováková, Tereza (referee)
Title: Analysis of the motion of dominant upper extremity during offensive stroke in badminton performed by elite female players Objectives: Objective of my master thesis is to analyse movement of a dominant upper extremity during offensive stroke in badminton and to point out possible risk factors for injuries and soft tissue overload problems in the region of the upper limb. Methods: The theoretical part deals with anatomical and kinesiological description of upper extremities. Then there is a description of the motion on the court and upper strokes in badminton and movements of upper extremity during the strokes. The practical part deals with measuring of rotations in shlouder joints and with analysis of motion of upper extremity during offensive stroke in badminton. It is focused on measuring the range of motion, angular velocity and angular acceleration in joints of dominant upper extremity. The Xsens MVN was used to record motion. Results: The results showed that the internal rotation in the shoulder joint on the dominant upper limb during active movement examination is reduced in elite female badminton players. When an offensive strike is played, the players come to the extreme inner rotation in the shoulder joint. Next we found out that the risky movement during the offensive stroke is...

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1 Šorfová, Martina
3 Šorfová, Michaela
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