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The statute of domestic servants in Prague's middle class households in the turn od the 20th century. Identity, social mobility and the way of their lives
Machková Prajzová, Naděžda ; Kubů, Eduard (advisor) ; Vošahlíková, Pavla (referee) ; Macková, Marie (referee)
This thesis deals with the social group of domestic servants, concretely with the maids in Prague's households at the turn of the 20th century (untill the twenties). The servants were the integrant part of the households until the recent times. This social group appeared in various kinds of forms, in various kinds of roles and settings. To have the servants was the symbol for beeing a part of prestigious level of the society. The reasons for keeping the servants could, however, be also pragmatic for many not so rich households - there was a need of employment, resp. ocupation for all the adult members of those families in the (family) trade or farming. The second half of the 19th century is the time of big changes for this social group. The progressive industrialization and the modernization and the urbanization of the society lead to the falling of traditional form of the self-supporting family, further to the restriction of the working load for women and also to the lesser need of the family servants. The domestic servant demand started to be determinated with the social status instead of the economic situation of the family. This demand defines the Maid and also her new duties. There was about one third of the Czech households and one half of the German ones in Prague keeping a housemaid around 1900....

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