National Repository of Grey Literature 65 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Dispensing medication to the ICU and ARU within the scope of nursing practice
Jarešová, Petra ; Hošťálková, Monika (advisor) ; Černá, Alena (referee)
v anglickém jazyce: This bachelor thesis focuses on the issue of application of infusion therapy in ICU and ARU. Infusions has become an integral part of daily routine and complex medical care of patients on the critical care unit. The objectives of the thesis included the evaluation of the level of knowledge of nurses in ICU and ARU, finding potential errors and pitfalls in the preparation of infusion and then identifying effective interventions to eliminate them in nursing practice. The theoretical part focuses on the characteristics of critical care unit and intensive demands that are placed on nursing staff. In other chapters are listed all the aspects related to infusion therapy. In the empirical part is included in the research methodology, data collection process and the final interpretation of the results of subsequent analysis and discussions. In conclusion, summarize the knowledge acquired in the bachelor thesis Keywords: infusion therapy, parenteral medications, critical care unit, indications infusion, infusion solutions, infusion complications, method and place of the infusion, the activities of nurses in the infusion
Administration of medication in hospital wards
Fuková, Tereza ; Hošťálková, Monika (advisor) ; Pavlíková, Pavla (referee)
This thesis concerns the administration of medication in hospital wards. The theoretical section describes the process followed by the nurses, the most common types of medication, and drug classification. The thesis then assesses the level of pharmacological and legal knowledge among the nursing staff, and the incidence of clinical mistakes. The data was obtained by means of a 19- question questionnaire, in a survey of 100 nurses in medical, surgical, geriatric and psychiatric wards. Key words: Nurse, medicine, medicament, administration of medication, hospital ward
Information Awarness and Experience of Common People with Food Allergy
Stropková, Romana ; Hošťálková, Monika (advisor) ; Strnadová, Alice (referee)
The bachelor thesis is focused on the problems of the food allergies. The aim was to discover how much the population is informed in this field, if the population has experienced the food allergies, having found the symptoms present on themselves or their friends, family. And finally the awareness of these allergies in a family taking care of an allergic person is studied. In the theoretical part the definitions of the food allergies and similar reactions are explained. It is followed by anatomical and physiological descriptions of digestive and immune systems which are closely related to the food allergy. The causes and symptoms of the food allergies, diagnostics, treatment and prevention are integral to the theoretical part. The importance of probiotics and prebiotics which differs in scientists' opinions and in results of scientific studies is also studied. In the end of this chapter a new antigen and the education of the general public are mentioned. In the empirical part the characteristics of research assignment and methods of the research are described. I chose a questionnaire as a method for data collection. I deal with the results of the questionnaires in this part too. Research shows that the majority of respondents knows what the food allergy is and have an idea of its causes and...
Nursing Care for Patients with Tracheostomy
Ebertová, Barbora ; Hošťálková, Monika (advisor) ; Maňasová, Taťána (referee)
The thesis is focused on nursing care of patients with tracheostomy. The work consists of two parts. The first part is theoretical. This section is devoted to anatomy and physiology of the respiratory tract, additional chapters devoted itself already the main topic and that is tracheostomy. The implementation presented here tracheostomy history, engineering design, types of procedures, types of cannulas tracheostomických, indications for the performance and possible complications. Another big part of the total nursing is where nursing care is devoted to a patient with tracheostomy and care of respiratory toilet, replacing the tracheostomy cannula and decanting. Then there is included a chapter on communication with the patient and possible alternative ways of communication and nursing diagnosis. The empirical part focuses on qualitative research, the method of data collection are two case reports of nursing. The survey was conducted at the clinic anesthesia, resuscitation and intensive care in two patients with tracheostomy. The aim of the research was to find out how the nursing care of patients with tracheostomy, method of communication with tracheostomy patients and to determine their nursing problems. Key words Tracheostomy, airway, tracheostomy tube, airway toilet, communication, nursing care
Levels of care for patients with Dementia in various medical facilities
Švarcová, Radka ; Chloubová, Helena (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Monika (referee)
Abstarct (v angličtině) This Thesis "Levels of care for patients with Dementia in various medical facilities" is about the care of patients with Alzheimer's disease and Senile dementia. Aim of the Thesis is to find the differences between state and private institutes.Thesis deals with the issue of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Senile dementia (SD) and describes care in these institutions. It is focused on nursing staff care and friendly relationship with patients and an emphasis on creating a family environment, suitable communication and activation methods. In the research part of Thesis attempts to map the specialised institutes of AD and SD in the Central Bohemian region. At the same time we find the method of interview and observation of care options for patients with AD and SD. From research resulted better level of care in terms of relationship with patients and family environment, in the state institutions because of a greater number of nursing staff on the number of patients. Communication and family environment is not enough to create in the large institutes, rather focused on the mode of care.
Readiness of healt care providers to mass disasters
Opltová, Kateřina ; Prošková, Eva (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Monika (referee)
Reception of a large number of the injured to a medical facility as a result of a mass disaster or a catastrophe puts high demands on health care. Such situations can not be dealt with the mere improvisation; it is necessary to create unified organizational procedures defining the composition of medical teams and their activities during the multiple reception of the injured to a medical facility. The theoretical part of this thesis provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of emergency preparedness in healthcare facilities. In the empirical part, I analyzed the readiness of health facilities for a mass disaster in the capital city of Prague. A structured interview with open questions was chosen as a method of data collection. Based on the survey, I concluded that the readiness of health facilities in the capital city of Prague differs. I recommend setting up a phone line while receiving patients as a result of a mass disaster in order to improve the situation in Prague. The sole purpose of such a line would be reporting emergencies. I also recommend health care facilities participate actively in exercises within the integrated rescue system and clearly identify and determine facilities where the reception of the injured takes place if a mass disaster occurs. Keywords: mass disaster,...
Quality of life of patients with degenerative disease of the spine
Čermáková, Lenka ; Hošťálková, Monika (advisor) ; Hrdličková, Renáta (referee)
The presenting project regarging 'Quality of life in patiens with degenerative disorders of the spine' is subdivided into two parts - first theoretical introduction, second the empirical part. Theoretical part consists of an anatomical and fysiological issues of the spine, description of the low back pain syndrome, degenerative disorders of the spine with it's symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment and nursing. In the empirical part I followed a cohort of patients. Each of the patient fulfilled a'Quality of life questionare' prior to spinal surgery and at least six months after spinal surgery, then the results were compared. The median age group was 60 yo, i.e. 44.12 % of all operated patients with degenerative spinal disorders. 41.18 % of the patients went to vocational school and 41.18 % were manual workers with physically demanding work. According to the results, quality of life after spinal surgery was overall improved, low back pain lessened and patients reduced using pain killers. There was s signifiant improvement in daily acivities and patients subjectively felt theirselves in better health condition.
Nursing Care of Seniors in Intensive Care Unit-ICU and Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation Unit-ARU
Svitáková, Jana ; Hošťálková, Monika (advisor) ; Mrákava, Vlastimil (referee)
General nurses in their proffesion provide nursing care to patients of different age groups. Quite frequently represented group are seniors. This fact is due to the increase in life expectancy, medical advances and polymorbidity of seniors, which is often the cause of their hospitalization. Nursing care for seniors is particularly challenging due to the occurence of many geriatric symptoms, restriction of cognitive functions and inabillity to self care. Much more difficult situation occurs, if the state of geriatric patient requires care in ARO (Department of Anesthesiology and Resuscitation) or ICU (Intensive Care Unit). Identification of problem areas in intensive nursing care for seniors leads to infer the possible measures for practice. In terms of this thesis quantitative research was carried out using a questionnaire survey. Research group consisted of general nurses from departments of intensive care, thus professional intesive care units (ICU) and department of anesthesiology and resuscitation. Out of the total number of 120 distributed questionnaires (100 %) returned 94 usable questionnaires (78,33 %). Realization of research survey was conducted in February 2012. The thesis consists of two parts, the practical and theoretical. The main objective was to map the problem of providing nursing...
Specifics of care for women with postpartum in intensive care
Kučerová, Klára ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Hošťálková, Monika (referee)
The thesis is focused on the specifics of care for women with postpartum bleeding in intensive care. Part of this work are two segments, theoretical and empirical. The first segment focuses on the theoretical part, which lists the existing knowledge from literature approaching the issue of bleeding complications accompanying childbirth, especially postpartum period, when the lack of timely solution can endanger the woman's life. This section defines the terms postpartum bleeding, hemorrhagic shock, DIC, intensive care and severe postpartum bleeding complications. The work also focuses on nursing care for women with postpartum bleeding. The theoretical part is concluded postoperative nursing care. The second segment of the work is of empirical character. The main objective of this thesis was to investigate how the care provided to the ARO / ICU for women with problems postpartum bleeding. This part of the non-standardized using an anonymous questionnaire identifies issues of bleeding complications in postpartum period. The work deals with the level of care provided in intensive care for women with severe postpartum bleeding complications, knowledge of the healthcare paramedical personnel in the care of patients with postpartum bleeding and acquiring new information on nursing care in case postpartum...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 65 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Hošťálková, Martina
2 Hošťálková, Milena
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.