National Repository of Grey Literature 41 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Users of addictive substances as victims of criminal activities - research among clients and patients of addiction services in Prague
Kosařová, Hana ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Background: The topic of crime is interconnected with substance abuse users. While most studies and statistics focus on primary criminal activities and economically motivated crimes, the chapter on criminal activities committed against clients is underrepresented. Crime victimization statistics are brief, and limited information is available about them. Victimization studies, which provide some information in this field, often exclude substance abuse users, or their substance use is not the subject of inquiry. Literature suggests that victimization of substance abuse users is a complex issue that is linked to many other problems. Objectives: The aim of this bachelor's thesis is to map the prevalence of criminal activities committed against substance abuse users and to examine the relationships between general victim characteristics and the crimes committed against them. Another objective is to determine whether and how often they report these crimes, under what circumstances, and conversely, what obstacles prevent them from reporting. A significant goal is to create at least a rough understanding of the mentioned issues, which could then serve as a foundation for further research and investigation. Methods: The research was conducted using a quantitative questionnaire in paper format. It was...
The issue of victimization of drug users through the perspective of low-threshold addictology services workers in Prague
Metlická, Tereza ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (referee)
Background: Findings from research about victimization of drug user are repeated throughout the years and the authors themselves mention insufficient clarity of the phenomenon. Moreover, most of the available research is external so insight into the issue from the standpoint of czech enviroment is lacking. Drug users are excluded from victimization studies as well so we do not have detailed information about the process of victimazition. Results from victimization studies reflect the fact, that victimization of drug users is frequent, but that it is also a part of a complicated net of additional problems. Aims: The aim of this thesis was obtaining general findings about drug users as victims of criminal offence as well as information about the process and means being used in working with these individuals. The goal was to gain insight into cooperation with other services and organizations dealing with this subject. An essential objective of this thesis was to find how the workers in question navigate in the subject matter, gather information about the issue of not reporting crime and possible limitations and complications in working with drug users in the role of a victim of crime. Methods: The research of this thesis is mostly qualitative with elements of quantitative method. The qualitative...
Needs analysis of workers of Probation and Mediation Service in Prague on further education in the addictology field
Vespalcová, Tamara ; Lososová, Amalie (advisor) ; Fidesová, Hana (referee)
Background: The Probation and Mediation Service (PMS) deals with offenders of criminal activity, some of whom also have addictive behavior. The addiction of the offender is considered as a significant risk factor for criminal recidivism. According to the PMS annual report, there has been an increase in the proportion of the drug crime by 2-3 percentage points per year since 2017, to 26 % in 2021. Working with addicted offenders requires specific knowledge and skills. Objectives: The thesis has the objective to identify and analyze the current needs of further education of probation officers of the Prague centre in the field of addictology. The partial objective is to find out how - according to respondents - the proportion of offenders of criminal activity with addiction problems is and its comparison with official statistics. Methods: The data was collected in the form of a questionnaire survey. The research sample included 32 probation officers from the Prague centre (out of 41 in total). The staff was selected by total sampling method, the return rate was 78 %. The data was analyzed using descriptive analysis method. The research was conducted in accordance with ethical principles. Results: All staff considered addictology knowledge and skills to be important for their work. They rated their...
Subjective evaluation of the life satisfaction of clients of the case management program in the organization SANANIM z.ú.
Vejrychová, Lucie ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Backgound: Case management began to develop in the Czech Republic in 1995 at the level of regional projects. Indicated clients are persons who are unable to resolve their situation on their own, persons who have experienced a social decline and persons with a dual diagnosis. Studies show positive effects of case management, and in the area of psychosocial functioning there is a need to focus on the magnitude of effects and the range of change over time. Studies further show that positive effects in people with a dual diagnosis are achieved only in the case of very intensive case management, and clinical case management has good results in the area of alcohol and drug use. The study follows on from the project "Case management for mentally ill and socially excluded persons" and its results (1st and 2nd wave of the questionnaire survey). Aim: The main aim was to describe the development of changes in subjective life satisfaction among clients of the case management program over a longer period of time. Methods: The study is designed as a quantitative questionnaire survey (this is the 3rd wave of the questionnaire survey). The Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (authors J. Fahrenberg, M. Myrtek, J. Schumacher and E. Brähler) was used in a modified version and data analysis was carried out with the help...
Compulsory drug and alcohol treatment - imposition and execution of residential and outpatient treatment
Filipová, Gabriela ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (referee)
Background: The bachelor thesis deals with the topic of compulsory treatment of alcohol and drug addiction in terms of the imposition and performance of residental and outpatient treatment. Alcohol and anti-toxicomania compulosry treatment is one of the protective measures that can be imposed on an offender if he/she has committed a crime under the influence of or in connection with the use of alcohol or another addictive substance. Objective: The aim of this thesis is to map the course of the compulsory drug and alcohol treatment within the residental and outpatient form, under what circumstances and after what period of time is the form of compulsory treatment changed, or other changes that the law allows. Lastly, the attitude of the professional staff towards this court-imposed measure is examined. Meethods: By transcribing the interview, the results were obtained by descriptive method. The final size of the research sample is six respondents. The information obtained from the semi- structured interview was first recorded on a dictaphone in a mobile device and then converted from spoken word to text form by verbatim transcription. A pattern capture method was used as part of the data analysis method. Results: The results show the varying performance of compulsory treatment for alcohol and drug...
Possibilities and limits of the work of an addictologist in the Prison Servise of the Czech Republic
Čtveráčková, Jana ; Volfová, Anna (advisor) ; Fidesová, Hana (referee)
Background: Substance use among people commiting crime has been an important issue for a long time. Since 2016, the Czech Prison Service (VSČR) has established the position of an addictionologist to provide expert addiction care in prisons using the same interventions and procedures that are used in civilian facilities. The position is classified under health services, but is expected to work closely with correctional and detention services. The conditions of work depend on each prison specifics. Aims: The research describes actual situation of addictologists employed in the Prison Service of the Czech Republic. Using sub-objectives, the author tried to find out the characteristics of people working as addictologists in the Prison Service, to describe their activities in the Prison Service system and to find out the addictologist's view on the perceived possibilities and limits of this position. Methods: The base file was selected using the total selection method. All the 10 employees who were employed in the Prison Service at the time of the research as addictocologists were contacted. The research sample consisted of 8 workers who were interested in research participation. A qualitative method of semi-structured interviews was used in order to collect data via online communication tools or by...
Needs of clients of outpatient post-release addiction treatment services from the perspective of providers
Režná, Adéla ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Svěcená, Kateřina (referee)
Background: With the development of addiction treatment services in prisons, the issue of post-penitentiary care also arises, which seeks the social reintegration of an individual leaving prison. In many cases, it is difficult for these clients to be successful in everyday life. Society is not able to respond effectively to the complex needs of these people; clients often fail due to unmet needs, they return to substance abuse and crime. In this context, it is necessary to pay more attention to the needs of clients after leaving prison. Aims: The aim of the work was to describe the needs of clients who use post-release addiction treatment services, from the perspective of providers of these services. The work tries to draw attention to the issue of reintegration of persons returning from prison in the context of addiction treatment. The following research questions were defined: What are the needs of clients after leaving prison? To what extent do the provided services meet the needs of clients? What factors limit the possibilities of meeting the needs of clients after leaving prison? Methods: The research sample consisted of 6 representatives of outpatient post-release addiction treatment services. Service managers or employees with long-term experience with this target group were purposely...
Experiences of substance users with discrimination in everyday life
Leštinová, Zuzana ; Petruželka, Benjamin (advisor) ; Fidesová, Hana (referee)
Background: Illegal drug users are often socially excluded. It is not easy for them to cope with such behaviour and they assume that they will be treated unequally. Aims: The main aim of the research is to map the experiences of illegal drug users with discrimination in everyday life. I was interested in what actions the clients themselves describe as discriminatory, regardless of whether it is actually discrimination from a legal point of view, in what areas of everyday life they encounter discrimination and whether they resolve the situation in any way. Main research questions: How do respondents understand the concept of discrimination? In what areas do respondents encounter discrimination? Whether and how have respondents dealt with the situation? Sample: The research sample consisted of 10 persons (5 men and 5 women) using addiction services. 5 respondents were clients of a low threshold facility and the remaining 5 respondents were in institutional care. The respondents had to meet the basic criterion of illegal substance use. It was irrelevant whether they had developed an addiction. Methods: Interviews were recorded on a tape recorder and then transcribed into MS Word and analyzed using thematic analysis with semi-open coding and categorization methods. Results: All respondents...
Contact restoration between mothers, former substance users, and their children in an environment of assisted contact services
Černá, Adéla ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Background: Substance addicted women face many problems such as stigmatization, discrimination or lesser social support. When addicted woman become a mother, this social-perception usually escalates. It is common that addicted women lose their status as a mother and are deprived of custody of their child, which furthermore leads to estrangement and decrease in mother-child relationship intensity. Mothers effort to regain her status tends to be more complicated in spite of her history, conflicts originating from marriage annulment, concern from childs guardians or lack of trust from the child itself. In situations like this, there are organizations that provide unbiased insight and are able to arrange assisted and monitored parent-child contact. Aims: Intent of this diploma thesis is to explore and describe the process of contact restoration of mothers, that successfully finished their addiction treatment, with their child using services of assisted contacts. Research questions aim to describe mainly the process of mother-child relationship restoration with mentioned services as a provider of environment for their meetings. Secondarily the aim focuses on exploring and describing barriers that might interfere in the process. Methods: Research was accomplished using qualitative methods with attempt of...
Traffic criminal offences incurred while intoxicated addictive substances.
Hrušková, Marie ; Fidesová, Hana (advisor) ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (referee)
BIBLIOGRAPHIC IDENTIFICATION University: Charles University Faculty: 1. lékařská fakulta Clinic of Addictology School year: 2016/2017 Autor's first name and surname: Bc. Marie Hrušková Specialization: Addictology Supervisor: Mgr. Hana Fidesová, PhD. Pages: 102 The name of thesis: Traffic criminal offenses incurred while intoxikated addictive substances. Abstract Background: Until the investigations indicate that addictive substances in transport are serious social and security problem. Studies attribute the most efficient for drivers caught several times - repeatedly with a concentration of 1.5 g / kg and higher, unfortunately, but at higher concentrations higher probability of risk of addiction, which is due to natures rehabilitation programs, counterproductive, because mastering addiction is not the goal of the course (Ferguson et. all., 2001). Goals: The aim of this paper is to explore the issue of traffic offenses where the offender is in a state of excluding fitness to drive, which brought about the consumption of addictive substances and follow-up upon return of a driving license in the period from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2015. Research questions: a) What is the age of the offenders at the time of the offense proceedings in a state that excludes eligibility? b) What is the source of livelihood...

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