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Problems of Identity and Aculturation of Croatian Inmigrants in Southern Cone
Filipovic, Izabela ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
THE ABSTRACT The subject of this thesis is the issue of Croatian identity and their acculturation after having left their homeland and arriving to the South Cone states, with the emphasis on Argentina and Chile - the countries which host the biggest number of Croats. The aim of this thesis was to find out if Croatians accustomed to living in the new continent, what were the difficulties which they encountered, whether they contributed to the society in any way, and how the descendants of the immigrants are doing today. The emigrational phases from the territory of today's Croatia are analyzed chronologically - beginning with the first, mostly individual, emigrations in the 15th and 16th century to other European countries, and continuing with the first mass migrations in the late 19th century, towards the mostly political ones in the first half of the 20th century. Despite the great distance, very different language, and distinct traditions and customs, Croats in Argentina and Chile gradually accustomed since first migrations until today, passed through almost all phases of getting used to their new lives - they started by living on the margins and in their so- called colonies, but continued adapting and acclimatizing until they have slowly assimilated (which is the mostly visible in the subtle...
Immigration from Cuba, Venezuela, and Brazil to the Czech Republic from the year 1993 to the present
Nováková, Zuzana ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Opatrný, Josef (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is immigration from Venezuela, Brazil and Cuba to the Czech Republic from the year 1993 to the present. Political events in Venezula in recent years have increased migration to the neighboring states in region. Therefore, we could expect also increase in immigration from Venezuela to the Czech Republic. Even though the increase did really occur, the population of Venezuelans in the Czech Republic is not so large (mainly due to geographical distance and language barrier) in this diploma thesis will also appear immigration from Brazil and Cuba. Brazil was chosen mainly because the population of Brazilians living in the Czech Republic is the largest of all Latin American countries. Another difference between Venezuela and Brazil is the different mother tongue of immigrants. The last nationality represented are Cubans, whose immigration history to the Czech Republic or originally to the Czechoslovakia differs. During the socialist era, many Cubans lived here due to intergovernmental agreements of Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Which cannot be said about Venezuelans and Brazilians at that time. According to statistics, even in the mid 1990's, only dozens of Venezuelans and Brazilians lived in the Czech Republic. While at this time lived hundreds of Cubans in the Czech...
Evo Morales and his political strategy
Sabolová, Ema ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the political strategy of the former Bolivian President Evo Morales (2006-2019). After successfully running in the 2005 presidential election, he became the first Bolivian president of Indian descent. Many authors believe that during the three election periods that Morales served in the country, there was a reversal in his political strategy, after he deviated from his original agenda of indigenous nature and began to pursue a tough extractivist policy focused on the development model of the state. The paper explores key concepts such as Indigenism, Indianism, and Katarismo and their development and influence in Bolivia. The work also tries to define the term developmentalism (development theory), which is of fundamental importance in the study of this issue. Closer attention is also paid to the personality of Evo Morales and his political activity. Based on both primary and secondary sources, we tried to define and explain the political turnaround that was to take place. The work deals with four key areas of Morales policy, the role of gas extraction, the president's relationship with exports, building infrastructure, and the autonomy of Native American movements. Based on the analysis of these areas, we examine whether there has been a political turnaround, which...
Public Education and Its Role in the Construction of Uruguayan National Identity
Líbalová, Olga ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
In the end of the XIX century Uruguayian elite, influencluenced by the positivism and darwinism and the educational reform in the United States carried out by Thomas Mann, decided that the social reality of Uruguay needed a radical change and the tool to transact it was an establishment of the public obligatory education system. The protagonists of the reform - Jose Pedro Varela and the generation 78 decided what would be the symbols to represent Uruguayian nation and what historical events should be taught through the historical textbooks. The narratives created by Francisco Bauzá, so called "first uruguayian historian" created the model that the historians in the XX century followed and this work, using the cualitative method is showing the evolution of the historical narrative in the school textbooks of Barreiro y Ramos, Alberto Zum Felde, Alfredo Traversoni and Gerardo Caetano. The analisis shows how the national mythology of Francisco Bauzá continued to influence the school textbooks till the second part of the XX century and the change that the last decades of the XX century brought. The thesis also includes the analisis of the interviews made in public high schools in Montevideo partially reflect the national identity of uruguayians now. The results showed that in Uruguay the public...
Independent lists in local politics in the context of anti-party sentiments, non-political politics and cartelization of political parties
Drahokoupil, Štěpán ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee) ; Bubeníček, Václav (referee)
The dissertation thesis focuses on independent local lists (ILLs) in local elections in the Czech Republic. The research approaches the issue from various views. It studies formation of independent local lists in five specific towns, cities: Brno, Brno, Mnichovo Hradiště, Praha 10, Prachatice a Vodňany. It is related to ILLs: To Live Brno, We Live for Hradiště, the coalition Vlasta, Living Prachatice and the Vodňany for Change. Beside this five case studies, the research is dealing with topic of rising electoral support for ILLs in 27 statutory cities. The dissertation thesis is working with several theoretical concepts such as phenomenon of the cartel party, anti-party sentiments, non-political politics and development of political participation. The thesis is answering the question of how are the ILLs formed in relation to engagement of their representatives in civil society. According to my thesis, organization of civil society are more inclusive and open for participation than political parties. But this participation, outside political institution has its limits. These limits are reasons for forming independent local lists and pursuing political office. The paper also presents a typology of lists that allows for more in depth research and distinction between ILLs and political parties. It is...
Juan Bosch and his critique of the Trujillo dictatorship
Kotuľáková, Lívia ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
This work is an analysis of criticism of the dictatorial regime of Rafael Trujillo in articles, letters, speeches and lectures produced by Juan Bosch during the period of dictatorship, that is in the period 1930-1961. Its aim is to show which manifestations of the regime were criticized by Bosch and for what reason or what purpose the author observed with his criticism. In the theoretical part of this work, attention is paid to the historical issues of dominican politics and economics and the elements that influenced the dictatorship as well as the analysis of Rafael Trujillo's dictatorship in Dominican Republic and the basic pillars of its functioning in political, economic, social and ideological sphere (the functioning of the regime, the monopolization of economic life, the introduction of social reforms, anti-Communist and anti-Haitian attitudes) as well as various forms of oppression and censorship; these aspects were criticized by Bosch. In the analysis of texts by Juan Bosch, some space is also dedicated to the author's interpretation of the dictatorship contained in the larger texts. Many analyzed articles from that period relate to the resistance activity of the dominican exile, so space is also devoted to the description of its political and propagandistic activities in exile associated...
Imigration from the Czech lands to Brazil in the 19th century
Polakovič, Petr ; Binková, Simona (advisor) ; Janská, Eva (referee) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
This dissertation on the History of Emigration from the Czech Lands to Brazil in the 19th century focuses on the evidence of Czech nationals in Brazil in a much deeper and more extensive scope than can be found in existing works and research. The topic of this paper describes in detail the life stories of individuals as well as whole families whose origins are Czech, yet whose awareness of "being Czech" has partially or completely faded over time. Czech emigrants left for Brazil (regarding the period my work deals with) as citizens of Austria, or Austria-Hungary, as the union came into existence in 1867. Moreover, many of them were ethnic Germans living in Czech, who later mostly joined German colonies in Brazil. The vast majority of papers concentrates on the issues of emigration in the context of countries where German was spoken, without elaborating further on the countries themselves, despite Austria, later Austria-Hungary, being a multinational state. The country covered a territory comprising several nations of various cultures as well as various official languages. The aim of the dissertation is to single out individuals from the "German group" whose origins can be clearly proved by birth in the Czech Kingdom, or to be more precise, in the territory of today's Czech Republic. In addition,...
The image of Czechoslovakia after the coup d'etat of 1973 in Chile and the Czechoslovakian propaganda against the Chilean military regime
Hartman, Matouš ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
The following thesis deals with the question of ideological conflict between the Eastern Bloc and the Chilean military junta. The author of the thesis investigates the media portrayal of Czechoslovakia in Chile and analyses the Czechoslovak media propaganda against the Chilean military government. The qualitative analysis is accompanied by the memories of four Czechs who lived in Chile during the period. The main focus is on the years 1973, 1988 and 1989. The first year marks the beginning of the military dictatorship, the year of the biggest shock. The years 1988 and 1989 mark the end of the nondemocratic governments in both countries, Chile and Czechoslovakia. The daily journals chosen for the analysis were the most important newspapers in the countries of interest. These were El Mercurio and La Segunda in Chile, and Rudé právo and Mladá fronta in Czechoslovakia. The media analysis is accompanied by interviews with Milan Syruček, the foreign editor at Mladá fronta (1973), and Bohuslav Borovička, a Rudé právo reporter in Havana who travelled to Chile in 1988. The thesis offers a theoretical part with a summary of modern Chilean history and the question of ideologies in the Latin American state. There was conservative anticommunism with roots already at the beginning of the 20th century. On the...
Vietnamese Political Power, Authority and Legitimacy in the Context of Emulation Movements
Homutová, Lada ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Klimeš, Ondřej (referee) ; Strašáková, Mária (referee)
This dissertation thesis centres on the stability and instability of the Vietnamese communist regime, and how to understand this topic today. This problem was explored with the help of an imported political tool, which Vietnam adopted from the USSR, through China, in the late 1940s, and which experienced a revival in modern economically liberalised Vietnam: emulation movements. This thesis assumed that historic and current emulation movements were designed to control, but also to bring legitimacy or a 'legitimacy effect' (and the related stability), through their different functions. It asked how they succeeded in this task comparatively, in their historic and current incarnations. The framework of functions of emulation movements in Vietnam combined with the theoretical concepts of David Beetham, Max Weber and Robert Lamb served as basic theoretical tenets. The thesis concluded that emulation indeed helped create foundational regime legitimacy and offered possible links to a new communist doctrine. The thesis showed that a predominance of successful legitimization, combined with legitimacy effect and Ho Chi Minh's charisma, helped stabilize the DRV regime, especially until 1954. The analysis of present-day emulation movements, however, showed the weakness of the VCP as it struggles to fulfil the...
The Impact of the Peace Corps on Colombia's Development Between 1964-1981
Mizzau, Carla ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
The purpose of this paper is to describe the work of the Peace Corps during its first period of volunteer activity in Colombia. To put it into perspective, the relations between Colombia and the United States throughout the XIX and XX centuries are analyzed in the first chapter. The second chapter offers a description of the American government's policies during the Cold War, with emphasis on the influence and scope of the Alliance for Progress in Latin America. The third chapter deals with the origin, operation, and development throughout the world of the main programs of the Peace Corps, as a semi-independent federal agency linked to the Presidency of the United States. The fourth and last chapter refers to specific areas of activity, objectives, as well as the positive and negative impacts of the Peace Corps in Colombia. Also included are the reasons for which this program of cooperation came to an end in 1981, its repercussion throughout Colombia, and its return in 2010. Keywords: Peace Corps - United States - Colombia - development - Cold War

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