National Repository of Grey Literature 163 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Czech national identity in Israel - between past and present
Pošvářová, Viktorie ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
This master thesis examines the Czech identity of the inhabitants of Kibbutz Sarid in Israel. The theoretical part of the text introduces the concepts of diaspora identity by Rogers Brubaker, long-distance nationalism by Benedict Anderson, collective memory by Maurice Halbwachs and Jan Assmann, and lieux de mémoire by Pierre Nora. These theories are applied to the specific case of Czechoslovak immigrants in Palestine and their descendants. This thesis aims to answer the questions of what the diasporic identity of Czechoslovak immigrants looked like and how it is now constructed by their descendants. The material examined is approached in a critical discoursive analysis.
War conflict in Afghanistan in 2001 through the optics of Just War Theory
Velková, Terezie ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The thesis focuses on the war conflict in Afghanistan in 2001 in the context of the United States administration`s declaration of a war on terror as a result of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It examines the initiation and conduct of the war conflict through the lens of the just war theory based on its criteria, namely through jus ad bellum (especially the criteria of just cause, right intention and legitimate authority) and jus in bello (the criteria of proportionality of means and discrimination). The thesis applies the criteria of a just war in relation to the conflict in Afghanistan and seeks to answer whether the initiation of the conflict as well as the conduct of the war by the United States was compatible with the just war theory. The work also analyzes the approaches of theorists dealing with the moral and legitimate evaluation of the war conflict (Fiala, Crawford, Elshtain). Key words: Afghanistan, War on terror, The Just War Theory, jus ad bellum, jus in bello
African Union as an institution of "secondhand" integration in International Relations
Kodada, Martin ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The thesis will focus on the African Union as an institution of the integration process of African states and its position in international relations. In the first part, the thesis will trace this process through the prism of Wendt's teleology of international relations, where decolonization can be seen as an example of Hegel's struggle for recognition. The thesis will attempt to show how the African experience develops Wendt's argument. The second part of the thesis will focus on the discussion of weak statehood in the African context, and an empirical look at the African Union as an institution that brings together mostly weak states. In the third part, African realities will be examined through the lens of Bhabha's mimicry (mimicking European integration), and also from the perspective of Wallerstein's world system theory. Keywords: African Union, African integration, struggle for recognition, teleology, world state, world- system, mimicry, mimesis, hybridity, weak state
Emancipation of Kazakhstan from the hegemony of Russia after the annexation of Crimea
Alimova, Danagul ; Hesová, Zora (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The topic of the bachelor thesis is the emancipation of Kazakhstan from the hegemony of Russia in the period following the annexation of Crimea. The annexation of Crimea seriously damaged the global security architecture, because of which Kazakhstan began to worry about its position on the international political scene. Among the Central Asian states, it is Kazakhstan that is most oriented towards Russia. Then, since 2014, Russia's aggressive rhetoric regarding Kazakhstan's legitimacy and pro- Russian claims on the issue of border disputes between Russia and Kazakhstan began. Specifically, this is happening in the northern part of Kazakhstan, where these disputes continue to this day. It is this rhetoric that is perceived in Kazakhstan as a threat and a warning to the Russian world. For at least the last five years, Kazakhstan has been trying to build its international policy and build relations with world powers such as the US, the EU, China, and Turkey. The bachelor thesis will therefore subsequently examine the research question: Is it possible for a multi-vector foreign policy to lead to Kazakhstan's emancipation from Russia? As announced, the thesis will examine Russian-Kazakh relations in the period after the annexation of Crimea, up to the present. During my thesis, I will gradually...
Populism and the Covid-19 pandemic in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Fryšová, Veronika ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
(in English): The aim of the thesis is to analyse populism and populist rhetoric during the coronavirus pandemic in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. First, the thesis will define the differentiated types of populism in Central Europe in the last 10 years. Based on this foundation, it will be possible to analyse how the governments of the Czech and Slovak Republics responded to the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis and how they responded to its developmental stages. The main question posed in this thesis will be how and in what ways populism manifested itself in the two countries during the crisis period. Additionally, the thesis will examine the differences between the governments of the Czech and Slovak Republics, the specifics of their handling of the pandemic, and the potential specifics of their populist rhetoric. Another question that will be reflected in the thesis is the factor of nationalism and its impact on populist or non-populist decisions of these governments. Methodologically, the thesis will be based on theories of populism and discursive analysis of open primary sources.
Postsecular turn in contemporary feminist theory
Ort, Jakub ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Kobová, Ĺubica (referee) ; Spalová, Barbora (referee)
(English) The text elaborates on the discussion of the so-called post-secular turn in contemporary feminist theory. In doing so, it follows primarily the texts and thought of Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, Joan Wallach Scott, but also William Connolly and Talal Asad. The discussion is first set in the political context of the debates on Islam and women's rights that have gained momentum since September 11, 2001 and have divided the feminist movement not only in Europe. I also explain the theoretical context of the debate, which involves a revision of some aspects of the secularization thesis, but also a critical examination of the seemingly self-evident and universal assumptions associated with the concept of secularity. I first analyze the relationship between feminism and secularity through the theme of progress and secular time and then through the theme of emancipation and the autonomy of the subject. I show the role that these basic Enlightenment elements play in contemporary discussions of religion and human rights, and how the authors reveal the limits and risks of their use in the contemporary context. I show that the actual willingness to step outside these frames of thought varies from author to author. Finally, I confront the authors with a critique of the post-secular turn and. I also ask...
On the anti-liberal turn in the Czech politics
Jetmar, Jakub ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Hesová, Zora (referee)
The second decade of the new millennium brings a political upheaval known as the "anti-liberal turn." Its proponents respond to the crisis of liberal globalisation and question liberal constitutionalism. This paper focuses on how the end of the long 1990s is manifesting itself in the Czech Republic, where the post- revolutionary consensus has long remained stable. This is no longer true. Instead of following the "backsliding paradigm", it draws on theories of post-democracy to try and reconstruct how different political discourses see the problem of the existing system, where they seek legitimacy, and how they work with post-revolutionary developments. The paper defines four political groups: liberal '89s, technocratic populists, new statists, and national conservatives.
The Death of Woman and the Impossibility of Feminism: Epistemological Conflicts in Western Feminist Thought
Trochtová, Kristýna ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Ort, Jakub (referee)
The presented bachelor's thesis introduces a hypothesis of "the death of woman", which designates the condition of a radical epistemic and existential crisis in relation to the conventional subject of feminism, i.e. woman, which has happened as a result of exclusionary practices in the feminist movement and theory, as well as of the disintegration of the modern political subject. The thesis employs several selected conflicts that occured in Western feminist thought from the 1970s onwards and uses them as an illustration of feminism's inherent tendency to contradict and overcome itself. The following speculative thesis of "the impossibility of feminism" then reveals yet another layer of contradiction within the feminist project, namely the affective and libidinal limits of women's becoming-subject.
Hegel and Postcommunism
Korda, Tomáš ; Karásek, Jindřich (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee) ; Matějčková, Tereza (referee)
The submitted dissertation interprets the history of the "totalitarian" century as the 'world's court of judgement' that decided which philosophy is topical based on its ability to reconcile with the given reality. I argue that it is Hegel's philosophy that proves to be topical, since (1) it is necessary to deal with the philosophy of Marx, which was behind the Communist experiment that divided and formed the 20th Century, (2) it was Marx's philosophy that, by diverting from Hegel, succumbed to Spinozism, (3) the "one and only instance of disproving Spinozism" was provided by Hegel, as he stated himself. The dissertation discusses these three theses, thus creating a framework for the application of Hegel's genuine refutation (Widerlegung) of Spinozism on Marx. By such act of refuting we arrive at the state as a self-knowing (immanent) end of the capital. Only in the state does the capital know that it is an end in itself instead of being a tendency (instrument) of achieving an external (higher) end, as was the case with Communism. Emancipated from Communism, capital becomes the state and as such opens up to inter-state relations and creates history by their means.
Di natsionale frage: Vladimír Medem and the concept of national-cultural autonomy
Englišová, Sára ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
The thesis deals with Vladimir Medem, one of the leading theorists of the national question in the Jewish Bund, and his concept of national- cultural autonomy. The first part of the thesis focuses on answering the question of why it was necessary to create a specifically Bundist concept of national-cultural autonomy. Therefore, in addition to the important milestones in the development of the Bund's national program - from the proto-Bundist circles in Vilna in the 1890s to its split in 1917 - the context of the emergence of this concept is also provided. Naturally, the debates on the national question did not take place in isolation from the great debates of that time, and therefore the Bundist program was a synthesis of the discussions of Marxism, socialism, and the national (Jewish) question during that period. The second part of the thesis focuses on Medem's texts and his conception of national-cultural autonomy. This concept was meant to solve the problem that the Jewish minority faced as a nation "without territory". As this concept was developed in dialogue with Austro-Marxism and the Bolsheviks, my thesis concludes with an attempt to compare the national policies of all three currents.

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