National Repository of Grey Literature 26 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Legal position of the Order of the Knights from Malta
Závurka, Milan ; Hrdina, Antonín (advisor) ; Buben, Milan (referee)
Milan Závurka - bakalářská práce Právní postavení Suverénního řádu Maltézských rytířů Resumé Řád Maltézských rytířů, resp. řád sv. Jana, má zárodky ve starším bratrstvu italských kupců z Amalfi, kteří kolem roku 1040 založili v Jeruzalémě při kostele sv. Jana Křtitele špitál. Špitál sloužil hlavně poutníkům, kteří putovali k božímu hrobu. Oficiálně se toto bratrstvo osamostatnilo roku 1099 a v roce 1113 papež Paschal II. bullou vložil řád pod přímou ochranu Svatého stolce zároveň s právem svobodné volby velmistrů bez vměšování jakýchkoliv světských nebo církevních autorit. Zakladatelem a prvním velmistrem řádu byl bratr Gérard, který zemřel v roce 1120. Po pádu Jeruzaléma řád přesídlil nejprve do Akkonu, později na Kypr a ještě později na Rhodos. Původní špitální zaměření společenství bylo z důvodu ochrany poutníků a jiných osob proti Turkům rozšířeno i na zaměření vojenské. Svůj současný název řád odvozuje od ostrova Malty, na kterém sídlil až do obsazení ostrova Napoleonem v roce 1798.V současné době je sídlo řádu v Římě. Během tohoto dějinného vývoje se vyvíjela suverenita řádu, která byla uznávaná většinou civilizovaného světa, a to bez ohledu na to, zda řád držel nějaká území či nikoliv. V současné době je nadále řád považován za suverénní. Je sice autonomní součástí katolické církve, ale bez ohledu na...
Development of Bohemian Arms in the Middle Ages
Valecký, Štěpán ; Buben, Milan (advisor) ; Kuthan, Jiří (referee)
Development of Bohemian provincial Arms in the Middle Ages Summary A coat-of-arms is an integral part of noble representation in medieval times. The beginning of using coats-of-arms is based on historical traditions, but first of all on practical needs growing up from the war experience. That's why heraldry has strict and firm rules, which are only consequences of combat experience. In terms of feudal system medieval lord becomes an owner of certain country. The coat-of-arms of certain country unites in time with the sign of ruling dynasty. That is also the way, how it happened in Bohemia. The beginning of the use of the coats-of-arms is classified usually into 12th century, the time of second crusade. In relation to vassal oath with Roman Empire the Bohemian principality takes over these principles and perhaps its first coat-of-arms - the eagle. A lion figure with one tail as well appears in Bohemian coat-of-arms very early. In this period both figures are used by the sovereigns. Subsequently, the lion coat-of-arms, the dynastic sign of the Premyslid dynasty, came to the forse. The eagle is the sign of st. Vaclav, patron and eternal monarch of Bohemian country. We can deduce the origin of the lion's figure from the coat-of-arms of the imperial Stauf dynasty; its origin could also come from other sources....
Coronation of images of Virgin Mary in Central Europe in 17th - 18th century
Vrabelová, Dana ; Royt, Jan (advisor) ; Kořán, Ivo (referee) ; Buben, Milan (referee)
1 Summary The thesis, Imago gratiosa - Crowned Madonnas in Central Europe in the Baroque Period presents original research results primarily focused on the Madonne Coronate collection in the Archivio Capitolo di San Pietro at the Vatican Library, which was realised as part of Charles University grant project no. 356911 Coronation of Merciful Marian Imagos in Central Europe in the 17th and 18th Century. To become merciful (imago gratiosa) or miraculous (imago miraculosa) a Marian imago must demonstrate divine mercy (save lives during a disaster, cause miraculous recovery from illness, conception, etc.). The greatest expression of veneration and devotion to a merciful or miraculous imago or statue of the Virgin Mary is its coronation. The theological basis of this liturgical ceremony is the coronation of the Virgin Mary on her assumption to heaven. On earth, the Virgin Mary was crowned with imitations of the crowns of worldly monarchs and her crowned imago placed on a royal throne or altar, usually made especially for this occasion for greater honour and glory. This was always the exquisite work of goldsmiths and silversmiths, which if not preserved until today, we can see in numerous manuscripts, prints and engravings specially published to mark the coronation. The nature of the coronation ceremony developed...
Encyclopaedia of Orders, Congregations and Religious Societies of the Catholic Church in Bohemian Lands. Canons Regular.
Buben, Milan ; Kuthan, Jiří (advisor) ; Kořán, Ivo (referee) ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee)
The work deals with the orders of canons regular that operated or still operate in our country (Canons Regular of St. Augustine, Premonstratensians, Order of St. Anthony). Attention is paid not only to the origin and history of paticular orders in the world and in Bohemian Lands but also to their representatives, saints or regular houses as well as to the works of art we are obliged to mentioned orders for their origin.
The History of the Capuchin Monastery in Žatec
Frýba, Luboš ; Buben, Milan (advisor) ; Čepelák, Jiří Augustin (referee)
This work aims to present the Capuchin Monastery's history in Žatec, from its foundation in 1676 to its abolition in 1950. The monastery history itself is preceded by a presentation of the Capuchin order and a brief history of Žatec with a focus on the development of religion in the town. Within monastic history, important personalities connected with this monument are also presented. The next part deals with the artistic decoration of the Monastery Church of the Coronation of the Virgin Mary and the works of art of the monastery itself, which have been preserved in other institutions. At the end of the work is shown the current state of the whole monastery complex and its future plans.
Charles I the Emperor of Austria - art connected with his personality and his relationship to the Lands of the Bohemian Crown
Adamec, Petr ; Buben, Milan (advisor) ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee)
The theme of this bachelor thesis is our for the time being last king Blessed Charles I the Emperor of Austria. The work describes artworks linked to the Emperor. It deals with orders, decorations and medals he established. It gives an account of the postage stamps and the coins where he is portrayed. It also focuses on Charles' portraits, coronation mintages and memory medals connected with his Imperal and Royal Majesty and compares them with selected coronation and jubilee mintages of the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, Wilhelm II, Germany Emperor, and George V, the King of the United Kingdom.The bachelor thesis is also supplemented by a brief biography of Charles.
Why is Arabic the language of Christian Malta? Oriental heritage in the forming of Maltese culture
Kolek, Michael ; Mikulicová, Mlada (advisor) ; Buben, Milan (referee)
Bachelor's work "Why is Arabic spoken in Christian Malta? The heritage of the Orient on the formation of Malta's culture first solves with in the Phoenician colonisation of the Mediterranean island of Malta. In addition, the information on the Christian-Jewish communities on the island is briefly outlined. Following the subsequent Arab government in the Mediterranean, the work focuses on the recatholicization of the island through the Inquisition. There will also be reference to the action of Jesuits, which paradoxically supported the Oriental heritage. The next part of the work is about Maltese, Semitic. The conclusion of the work looks at the current relationship of the Maltese to the Arab heritage, the effect of Arabic on the Maltese Catholic liturgy, and the attitude towards the Arab and Islam in general. Keywords Arabic, history, Islam, Christianity, Malta, Orient
The Role of Women during the reign of the Tudors
Burgerová, Dominika ; Buben, Milan (advisor) ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee)
The Role of Women During the Reign of the Tudor Dynasty The purpose of this writing is to introduce some rather interesting circumstances concerning the history of Tudor England and the lives of the queens of the famous dynasty. First off, the subject of the royal family's ascension to the throne shall be discussed, as well as the woman who estabilished this new dynasty and greatly influenced subsequent generations. Secondly, the fate of the Tudor queens shall be examined, in chronological order, recounting their lives before and after their ascendancy to the throne. We shall then compare how they were viewed in the eyes of their contemporaries with today's modern viewpoint. The end of my bachelor thesis is devoted to the prejudice of the power of women in a world dominated by men. Keywords Womens, the Tudors, England 15.-16. century, queens, succession, power, history Počet znaků (včetně mezer): 313 094

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1 Buben, Marek
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