National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.02 seconds. 
The processing of stabilized sewage sludge by high-temperature slow pyrolysis and gasification
Bičáková, Olga ; Čimová, Nikoleta ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Náhunková, Jana ; Řimnáčová, Daniela
One of the most challenging type of waste is sewage sludge, which is a heterogeneous suspension containing organic and inorganic substances and pathogenic organisms. This work focuses on an effective application method for the sewage sludge, which is usually deposited in landfills or co-incinerated in power plants. High temperature pyrolysis and gasification at 700–900 °C were applied to the samples of stabilized sewage sludge. The samples with a constant weight of 100 g were heated in a stationary bed, with the rate of batch heating being monitored. During the heating process, volatile products were released and the composition of the gaseous products developed during the heating was analyzed. Afterwards, the mass balance of the resulting products was evaluated. The elemental and textural analyses of the products were performed. Furthermore, it has been found that the solid residue has a porous texture and properties suitable for the removal and capture of pollutants. \n
Adsorption study of waste materials as potential adsorbents for pollutant removal and storage
Řimnáčová, Daniela ; Vorokhta, Maryna ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Borecká, Lenka ; Bičáková, Olga
The study shows how changing the experimental conditions during carbonization of a waste material such as sewage sludge influences textural properties and the CO2adsorption capacity of final carbonized productsin their potential use for removaland storage of pollutantssuch as carbon dioxide. The CO2adsorption measurements were done with gravimetric and manometric sorption devices in a wide range of pressures and temperatures. Further, CO2adsorption capacities of other materialssuch as activated carbon prepared from black carbon and a Czech Silurian shalewere compared toadsorption capacities of the studied carbonized sewage sludge. These two compared materials were chosen according to their compositionsand porosity.The porosityof the studied materials was determined from the N2sorption isotherms and measurements of their skeletal density with He.The adsorption capacity depended on the ratio of micropores and mesopores in the carbonized sewage sludge, because CO2fillsmicropores and mesopores at lowand highpressures, respectively, and was decreasing with the temperature increase atconstant pressure.The adsorption capacity of the carbonized sewage sludgewas increased by increase inthe carbonization temperature.The obtained adsorption capacities showed that the carbonization of sewage sludge can lead to preparation of perspective adsorbents for CO2capture and storage.
Material and Energy Utilization of Dry Stabilized Sewage Sludge – Production of Biochar by Medium-Temperature Slow Pyrolysis.
Pohořelý, Michael ; Moško, Jaroslav ; Zach, Boleslav ; Šyc, Michal ; Václavková, Šárka ; Jeremiáš, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Brynda, J. ; Trakal, L. ; Straka, Pavel ; Bičáková, Olga ; Innemanová, P.
The article summarizes the main properties of biochar produced by medium-temperature slow pyrolysis of anaerobically stabilized sewage sludge.
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Plný tet: SKMBT_C22017071208540 - Download fulltextPDF
Application of a rotary kiln for the treatment of carbonaceous materials of the selective waste polymer and biomass type
Kříž, Vlastimil ; Bičáková, Olga ; Náhunková, Jana
In the rotary kiln, samples of polypropylene and sawdust in model mixtures with bituminous-coal coke at a temperature of 900°C were pyrolyzed. The composition and features of the pyrolytic gas and solid product were observed.
The use of mixed waste polymers in thermal treatment with brown coal
Kříž, Vlastimil ; Bičáková, Olga ; Machač, P.
Samples of brown coal from Jiří Mine alone and its mixtures with waste plastics were gasified on a laboratory scale. Using a thermal-degratation module, inserted in the stream of volatile products of pyrolysis and gasification, energetic gas with with higher hydrogen content was obtained.