National Repository of Grey Literature 102 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Non-discrimination and equal treatment in Employment relationships in the Czech Republic and in selected EU countries
Hájková, Michaela ; Bělina, Miroslav (advisor) ; Fischerová, Iva (referee) ; Štefko, Martin (referee)
Non-discrimination and equal treatment in Employment relationships in the Czech Republic and in selected EU countries Abstract Principles of equality, respectively equal treatment and prohibition of discrimination, are prominent in public discourse as well as in practical life, specifically in relationships between employees and employers. It is typical that these principles and their precise content and scope may vary in accordance with cultural, local and historical contexts. In the Czech Republic, arguments relating to equal treatment and prohibition of discrimination in employment relations are not very often heard and resolved by courts; that however does not mean that problems relating to unequal treatment or discrimination would be absent. Employment laws are in many respects driven and influenced by European Union law; ban on discrimination is subject to regulation by a number of Directives, which each Member State must transpose into its national legal framework. When these national laws are interpreted and applied, the primary concern must rest in maintaining consistency with the original regulation while considering any relevant case law passed down by the Court of Justice of the European Union. For the same reasons, it may be interesting to compare, from legislative standpoint and in application...
Legal regulation of accident insurance of employees
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Bělina, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pichrt, Jan (referee)
77 Záv r Systém odpov dnosti zam stnavatele za pracovní úrazy a nemoci z povolání na našem území funguje již více než 40 let. V následujících letech by eskou republiku v tomto sm ru m la ekat velká zm na, která bude spojena nejen se zavád ním nových institut úrazového pojišt ní, ale i s finan ními náklady. Systémy úrazového pojišt ní zam stnanc nalezneme ve v tšin vysp lých evropských zemí. Fungují zde dlouhou dobu, bez v tších zm n a ot es . Na našem území došlo po roce 1948 k p erušení kontinuálního vývoje v oblasti sociálního pojišt ní a navazovat po tak dlouhé dob na tradice v oblasti úrazového pojišt ní bude jist velmi náro ným úkolem. První krok tímto sm rem byl u in n v roce 2006 v podob vydání zákona o úrazovém pojišt ní. Druhým krokem bude pak p enesení tohoto právního p edpisu do praktického života. Odp rci zákona o úrazovém ešení mohou namítat jeho rozpornost, nekoncep nost a nejasnost, jak se m žeme do íst i v d vodových zprávách. V legisvakan ní lh t by tyto problémy m ly být diskutovány a vy ešeny, aby ú innost již nemusela být dále posunována. Odpov dné osoby by si m ly uv domit, že by eská republika v d sledku neustálého odkládání ú innosti mohla velmi výrazn sankcionována ze strany Evropské unie a že je pot eba tento problém co nejd íve vyjasnit. A už n jakým provizorním ešením nebo novým...
Notice of employment
Homolková, Simona ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Bělina, Miroslav (referee)
The Notice of Employment The main reason I have chosen this topic for my diploma thesis is that we have to deal with questions of labour law in our everyday lives. Generally speaking it is a common issue and I believe that it is therefore very important to understand it correctly. The notice of employment can bring serious economic and social consequences into the life of every employee and at the same time have an impact on his family members. On the other hand the employers should be able to terminate employment with such employees who are irresponsible or incompetent. Hence, the aim of this thesis is to analyse the regulation of the notice of termination of employment in the legal order of the Czech Republic, explain the essential principles of this regulation and point out various options of its interpretation. The paper is divided into seven chapters. First, there is a general outline of the examinated issue followed by chapters dealing with the historical evolution of legal regulation and the European Communities` regulation of the notice of employment. Further passages are in regards to a closer analysis of the notice of employment in general, notice given by the employee, notice given by the employer and their legal reasons. Relevant judicial decisions were also incorporated in each of...
Liability for damage regarding occupational accidents and illness
Ptáková, Dagmar ; Bělina, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pichrt, Jan (referee)
Employer's liability due to workplace injuries and occupational diseases. Summary The topic of my work is employer's liability in cases of workplace injury or occupational disease. I chose this topic because I believe that almost every one of us has experienced or will experience an injury or a disease associated with their occupation whether directly or indirectly. The issue of workplace injuries and occupational diseases in the Czech Republic is regulated by the law # 262/2006 Coll.; the Labor Code with its temporary and final regulations. This way of placement is chosen in such way because the legislative counted on the acceptance of the new bill that would contain a complete modification of this filed. This law is now the valid but still ineffective law #266/2006 Coll.. about the accidental insurance of employees. The law is supposed to bring major changes mainly in the transition from a mandatory insurance to a system of allowances or benefits that will become part of the Czech Republic's social security system. However, the law has been delayed until 1.1.2013. In my work, I explain terms such as liability, workplace injury, occupational disease, or causal relationship. I also describe various arrangements provided to the affected employee or their beneficiaries. Next, I provide different situations in...
A comparison of the termination of employment in selected EU countries (with special focus on the notice in the Czech Republic and Germany)
Reindl, Martin ; Pichrt, Jan (advisor) ; Bělina, Miroslav (referee)
The purpose of my thesis is to analyze the ways, how the employment contracts are terminated in the European Union. The method of my research is to briefly analyze the labour codes (statutes) of the particular european countries dealing with the termination of employment contracts and then compare them, determine conclusions and emphasize the differences. During my research I worked mostly with the original statutes/regulations of the particular countries and also with the relevant professional literature. Among the kinds of labour contract terminations I always prefer the notice of termination and I focus on it. I have chosen these countries to compare : Austria, Czech republic, France, Germany, Slovakia and Sweden. I focused my research on the comparison of Germany with Czech republic, which is actually the main part of my thesis. The thesis is composed of six chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of the termination of employment. Chapter one is introductory and defines basic terminology used in the thesis and also its structure. Chapter two examines the most important international/european legislation and documents concerning the subject of employment termination. The chapter is dealing with the international labour standards, especially how the employers are secured by these...
The liability of the employee for the damage caused to the employer
Drahovzal, Jaroslav ; Bělina, Miroslav (advisor) ; Drápal, Ljubomír (referee)
The rigorosum thesis is focussed on the responsibility of an employee for damages caused to the employer. The work firstly describes the problem of the law responsibility in general and then responsibility for the damage. The main part of this work is shaped by the description of individual kinds of the responsibility of an employee for the loss and by the question of the extend of compensation. Attention is also paid to the prevention of the damage, labour law of the European Union and the options of the employee to insure against liability for any material damage caused to the employer.
Leave legislation in Czech republic, and Slovak republic Poland
Niemiec, Iveta ; Bělina, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pichrt, Jan (referee)
Title: Leave Legislation in Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland Author: Iveta Niemiec Abstract: There are three neighbouring states in the spotlight of this thesis: Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. Approach of the annual leave legislation in those countries and mutual comparison could be defined as a main goal. Adumbration of annual leave as a significant part of labour law legislation and its purpose definition, which consists mainly in creating space for recovery and longer rest, is followed by short excursion into the history of legislation development. In this regard the year 1918 is found to be a breakthrough, which opened up the possibility of own legislation in Czechoslovakia and Poland. Getting closer to the leave legislation of particular states is preparation for a comparison of particular institutes and sub-institutes of leave of each labour code. Subsequenlty stated judicature provides an overview of application of legal rules related to the leave. Investigation is concluded by impact of the EU legislation on the particular institutes of the leave. The thesis is finalized by adumbration of inspirational parts of slovak and polish leave legislation. Key words: labour code, leave, recovery, leave entitlement, comparison, inspiration

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