National Repository of Grey Literature 75 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Biblical Grounds for Ethically Responsible Approach to the Acceptance of Strangers
Štica, Petr ; Rethmann, Albert-Peter (referee) ; Ryšková, Mireia (referee)
7 Summary The submitted rigorous thesis (Biblical Grounds for Ethically Responsible Approach to Acceptance of Strangers) describes biblical view on the question of receiving strangers. The text·is constituted by the presentation of basic biblical texts to the given topic, including their brief exegesis and interpretation, by the synthesis of fundamental biblical theological views and conclusions, and introduction of relevant biblical anthropological topics related to biblical theology of creation (above all the human dignity and the idea of "totus orbis" - i. e. the universalist idea of humankind unity). Since the presented reflection can be used in the theological ethical reflection of the phenomenon, the introducing chapter submits basic methodological notes related to the nexus ofbiblical hermeneutics and Christian social ethics. Key words: stranger alien foreigner Bible acceptance of strangers ethics 106
Media without virtue? Ethical aspects of the digital structural transformation of the public
Vizina, Petr ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Ovečka, Libor (referee)
The thesis is an attempt to capture some of the ethical and social challenges posed by the digital structural transformation of the public. In the text I develop the idea of the social doctrine of the Church, which considers media as a means of communication as a gift from God. The paper investigates whether and how this fundamental aspect of Christian social ethics can be considered in the context of the fundamental transformation of social and individual communication during digital structural change. The thesis aims to explore how and where classic norms of journalism such as impartiality, balance and factuality on the part of the media are shifting and changing in a new context, in the context of the spread and availability of digital technologies and how digital platforms have transformed the production and dissemination of media content. Questions around the economic and knowledge asymmetries associated with the development of communication technologies, and the social and ethical implications for the actions of individuals and communities are part of the consideration. Okomentoval(a): [EB1]: Nad tímto odstavcem chybí podle mě volný řádek, podobně níže u Keywords
Ethical reflection of human smuggling in the contemporary discussion
Cahlík, Jakub ; Jinek, Jakub (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The thesis deals with the phenomenon of human smuggling into the European Union and the subsequent ethical reflection on such behaviour. Human smuggling is an illegal activity, the eradication of which has become one of the main objectives of European policy to curb irregular migration in recent years. However, this has been done without reflecting on the specific acts of smuggling, which has resulted in the criminalisation of actions that are morally right and even necessary, as they help to fulfil the fundamental human rights of migrants. This thesis presents people smuggling into the EU in its entirety, provides the socio-historical context from which the phenomenon emerges, and outlines an approach to how people smuggling can be ethically evaluated in specific situations so as to avoid condemning humanitarian acts. Key words Human smuggling, human rights, state sovereignty, irregular migration, ethics
Justice and dignity in deciding on the allocation of scarce resources in the provision of medical care in a situation of scarcity.
Malý, Lukáš ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The problem of allocation of scarce resources in the provision of curative - preventive care in the period lack includes many dimensions. Human dignity and justice can be understood as central concepts, with regard to the social teaching of the Catholic Church. The aim of the work is to describe the role and mutual relationship of both concepts and to offer a basic view of the topic of the allocation of rare resources in the contemporary discussion in the conditions of the Czech Republic. In this context, the question of justice with an emphasis on human dignity appears as a central theme. In the second part, on the normative level, the work is focused on the concept of inherent and contingent dignity, as two main lines of meaning. The importance of inherent dignity cannot be questioned in the context of medical ethics and bioethics. But is the concept of dignity attributed from the outside, based on certain characteristics, abilities and skills (the so-called contingent dignity) also relevant and what role can it play in the situation of scarce resources in the framework of their allocation? How can this category be understood given the need to prioritize in a situation of scarcity?
The price of our privacy - Ethical reflection of gathering and monetization of personal data of social media users
Pošmurná, Lucie ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
Social media are inseparable part of our lives and one of main means of communication for individuals as well as companies. According to data of the Czech Statistical Office published at the end of 2021, overall majority of citizens above the age sixteen is using social media. Along with the increasing popularity of social media, the light is also shed on the accompanying risks. Excessive gathering of users' personal data poses one of main risks. The fact that they are provided voluntarily does not entitle companies to use them arbitrarily. As an example we can point out problematic decisions of Meta Platforms, Inc., which have been released by former employee Frances Haugen. Published materials prove that management of the company was aware of negative impacts of Facebook on its users (spread of disinformation, mental health deterioration of teenagers). However, they chose not to adopt any measures, which could cause reduction of profits. The goal of this thesis is to carry out ethical reflection of collection and usage of Facebook users' personal data. I will focus particularly on the ethical aspects of data monetization, i.e. an ethical tension between legitimate claim of the company to profit and possible misuse of the platform to influence the opinions of its users, which could have actual...
Theological-ethical Reflection of Corporate In-houseLobbying in the Czech Construction Industry
Havelka, Ondřej ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Češka, Roman (referee) ; Mlčoch, Lubomír (referee)
Corporate in-house lobbying is an extremely topical, widely used and largely non- stipulated and controversial political and economic phenomenon, which, moreover, has no legislative support in the form of a valid law in the Czech Republic. The non- stipulation, controversy and ignorance of the context directly call for an ethical consideration of in-house lobbying, which is still absent in the field of theological ethics. The aim of the Dissertation is to verify the moral legitimacy of instrumentalized in-house lobbying. It deals with the question of what form and degree of morally legitimate instrumentalized in-house lobbying is compatible with the bases of theological ethics. In addition to verifying the moral legitimacy of in-house lobbying, the work seeks internal constant criteria for defining the legitimacy of in-house lobbying and variable limits for specific competition in the construction industry. The summary then offers a model code of ethics for in-house lobbyists applicable to business practice. The thesis follows the three-step methodology, i.e. 1. see, 2. judge, 3. act; this three-step methodology is extended to seven internal stages. The thesis provides a theological and ethical evaluation of corporate in-house lobbying, finding this type of lobbying morally legitimate provided the...
Ethical reflection of access of undocumented immigrants to healthcare in the Czech Republic
Surová, Zuzana ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Bouma, David (referee)
The diploma thesis "Ethical reflection of access of undocumented immigrants to healthcare in the Czech Republic" deals with ethically relevant aspects of access of undocumented immigrants to healthcare and healthcare system in the Czech Republic. The thesis focuses on healthcare in relation to human rights and on the role of states as a guarantor of human rights. The diploma thesis will reflect this topic from perspective of human rights and from ethical perspective. The thesis aims to propose measures of legislation scope in area of healthcare as well as immigration politics in the Czech Republic, which should contribute to find ethically responsible and human rights-oriented solution concerning the access of undocumented immigrants to healthcare and healthcare system. Keywords migration; undocumented immigrants; human rights; health care; health care system; Czech Republic
The bioethical issue of using artificial intelligence the therapy of anxiety
Grepl, Václav ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with possible ethical problems in the use of artificial intelligence as a supportive therapeutic tool for managing anxiety states. Developments in the field of artificial intelligence are of increasing clinical importance for its use in the field of mental health care. Systems based on artificial intelligence often take over some support tasks even in the field of therapeutic interventions that were previously provided by clinical psychologists. One of the main tools of psychotherapy is the psychotherapeutic interview conducted between the patient and the therapist. The interview is important for creating a therapeutic relationship, determining a diagnosis and for the therapeutic process itself. The traditional model of psychotherapy is expanding, as part of mental health care is now starting to be provided, partly due to capacity reasons, by artificial intelligence conversational systems leading a therapeutic conversation with the recipient of the therapy. For the ethically responsible clinical use of artificial intelligence, it is necessary to identify the possible ethical consequences of the growing use of artificial intelligence in the field of mental health care and to create the basis for both decision-making about the dynamics and limits of its use, as well as the...
Economistic Paradigm and Its Impacts on the Environment
Svoboda, Zdeněk ; Kocian, Matúš (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The diploma thesis in the field of environmental ethics "The Economistic Paradigm and Its Impact on the Environment" wants to introduce the pitfalls of economically oriented behaviour of contemporary society and the effects of such behaviour on the environment. In this generally accepted model of the functioning of the world, nature plays the role of an unlimited supply of raw materials and food, and man is motivated and externally stimulated by a desire for wealth and prosperity in his actions. Boundless confidence in scientific and technological progress dominates the development of spirituality and the relationship to the environment. All this often at the expense of the poorest, who are the least involved in pollution and climate change. The work acquaints the reader with selected aspects of the ecological crisis and their impact on man and nature. It will present an interpretation of biblical anthropocentrism and other concepts of the approach to the environment, which puts different subjects at the forefront of their interest. The aim of the work is to evaluate the sustainability of the currently set functioning of the world in relation to the environment and to offer alternatives fair to future generations and leading to a harmonious relationship between man and nature.
The struggle for human dignity in the era of modern eugenics. Molecular genome editing tool CRISPR/CAS9 and its use in human genome therapy from the perspective of theological ethics
Auxt, Miroslav ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
The recent breakthrough discovery of the molecular genome editing tool CRISPR/CAS9 represents a complete revolution in the field of molecular biology, biomedicine and other related fields. It is a highly effective biomolecular tool, derived from the bacterial immune system, with which it is possible to introduce precise changes in the genomes of all organisms. The thesis is limited to the ethical evaluation of the use of CRISPR/CAS9 exclusively in human gene therapy. Thanks to its efficiency, simplicity, accuracy and low financial costs, the CRISPR/CAS9 editing tool, in compliance with ethical parameters, already has a broad spectrum of use in therapeutic procedures on somatic or body cells in the treatment of human genetically determined diseases without introducing a change into the future offspring of the given individual. In addition to great therapeutic potential, the application of CRISPR/CAS9 raises many ethical questions related to the possibilities of its further use, possibly misuse. Ethically problematic genetic procedures include: human hereditary genome editing, i.e. the targeted alteration of the genome of sex cells, progenitor cells and cells of early embryonic development stages with the therapeutic goal of eliminating a genetically determined disease associated with the...

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