National Repository of Grey Literature 25 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The reflection of priest celibacy in contemporary theology and culture.
Švecová, Petra ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Bouma, David (referee)
Reflection of priest celibacy in contemporary theology and culture Abstract The Bachelor's thesis describes the reflection of priest celibacy in contemporary theology and culture. This topic is part of a wider discussion about human sexuality in theology and history. A part of the thesis includes a historical review which is connected to the current systematic reflection. The identity of priests and the way of speaking about celibacy and priesthood in present theology is very different, the text examines the experience of sexual abuse in the church. The thesis takes notice of the different approaches and possible consequences of them, e.g. the image of women in texts that discuss the celibate way of life. It also observes the possibility of a better connection to the present culture and social sciences. Keywords celibacy, priesthood identity, theological reflection of celibacy in history and today, celibacy and relationship to women
Justice and dignity in deciding on the allocation of scarce resources in the provision of medical care in a situation of scarcity.
Malý, Lukáš ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The problem of allocation of scarce resources in the provision of curative - preventive care in the period lack includes many dimensions. Human dignity and justice can be understood as central concepts, with regard to the social teaching of the Catholic Church. The aim of the work is to describe the role and mutual relationship of both concepts and to offer a basic view of the topic of the allocation of rare resources in the contemporary discussion in the conditions of the Czech Republic. In this context, the question of justice with an emphasis on human dignity appears as a central theme. In the second part, on the normative level, the work is focused on the concept of inherent and contingent dignity, as two main lines of meaning. The importance of inherent dignity cannot be questioned in the context of medical ethics and bioethics. But is the concept of dignity attributed from the outside, based on certain characteristics, abilities and skills (the so-called contingent dignity) also relevant and what role can it play in the situation of scarce resources in the framework of their allocation? How can this category be understood given the need to prioritize in a situation of scarcity?
The price of our privacy - Ethical reflection of gathering and monetization of personal data of social media users
Pošmurná, Lucie ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
Social media are inseparable part of our lives and one of main means of communication for individuals as well as companies. According to data of the Czech Statistical Office published at the end of 2021, overall majority of citizens above the age sixteen is using social media. Along with the increasing popularity of social media, the light is also shed on the accompanying risks. Excessive gathering of users' personal data poses one of main risks. The fact that they are provided voluntarily does not entitle companies to use them arbitrarily. As an example we can point out problematic decisions of Meta Platforms, Inc., which have been released by former employee Frances Haugen. Published materials prove that management of the company was aware of negative impacts of Facebook on its users (spread of disinformation, mental health deterioration of teenagers). However, they chose not to adopt any measures, which could cause reduction of profits. The goal of this thesis is to carry out ethical reflection of collection and usage of Facebook users' personal data. I will focus particularly on the ethical aspects of data monetization, i.e. an ethical tension between legitimate claim of the company to profit and possible misuse of the platform to influence the opinions of its users, which could have actual...
Dealing with the guilt of persons serving a sentence.
Doskočilová, Veronika ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Mohelník, Tomáš (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the ethical topic of guilt and its processing in persons serving a sentence. The paper elaborates with the topic of guilt on a practical and theoretical level. The theoretical framework deals with concepts related to guilt (morality, good, evil, conscience, sin), then presents the concept of guilt and the possibilities of its processing. Based on the description of the theory, the theoretical part formulates questions, which are used in the practical part. It describes three case studies of persons serving a sentence. The research is devoted to their individual perception of guilt and subsequently to ways of coping with it. Special attention is paid to Christianity and its influence on the perception of guilt, as two persons believe in God. Research shows that guilt is a fundamental issue for people in prison, whether it is in its negative or positive manifestations. The research confirms the fundamental theoretical starting point that there is a line from the negative effect of guilt to its positive contribution. As all three convicts confirm, guilt is the path to awareness, acceptance, and finally to the correction. Although there are many ways how to deal with guilt, the key is willingness to be opened to cope with guilt. Though there are a number of shortcomings in...
The bioethical issue of using artificial intelligence the therapy of anxiety
Grepl, Václav ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with possible ethical problems in the use of artificial intelligence as a supportive therapeutic tool for managing anxiety states. Developments in the field of artificial intelligence are of increasing clinical importance for its use in the field of mental health care. Systems based on artificial intelligence often take over some support tasks even in the field of therapeutic interventions that were previously provided by clinical psychologists. One of the main tools of psychotherapy is the psychotherapeutic interview conducted between the patient and the therapist. The interview is important for creating a therapeutic relationship, determining a diagnosis and for the therapeutic process itself. The traditional model of psychotherapy is expanding, as part of mental health care is now starting to be provided, partly due to capacity reasons, by artificial intelligence conversational systems leading a therapeutic conversation with the recipient of the therapy. For the ethically responsible clinical use of artificial intelligence, it is necessary to identify the possible ethical consequences of the growing use of artificial intelligence in the field of mental health care and to create the basis for both decision-making about the dynamics and limits of its use, as well as the...
The struggle for human dignity in the era of modern eugenics. Molecular genome editing tool CRISPR/CAS9 and its use in human genome therapy from the perspective of theological ethics
Auxt, Miroslav ; Štica, Petr (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
The recent breakthrough discovery of the molecular genome editing tool CRISPR/CAS9 represents a complete revolution in the field of molecular biology, biomedicine and other related fields. It is a highly effective biomolecular tool, derived from the bacterial immune system, with which it is possible to introduce precise changes in the genomes of all organisms. The thesis is limited to the ethical evaluation of the use of CRISPR/CAS9 exclusively in human gene therapy. Thanks to its efficiency, simplicity, accuracy and low financial costs, the CRISPR/CAS9 editing tool, in compliance with ethical parameters, already has a broad spectrum of use in therapeutic procedures on somatic or body cells in the treatment of human genetically determined diseases without introducing a change into the future offspring of the given individual. In addition to great therapeutic potential, the application of CRISPR/CAS9 raises many ethical questions related to the possibilities of its further use, possibly misuse. Ethically problematic genetic procedures include: human hereditary genome editing, i.e. the targeted alteration of the genome of sex cells, progenitor cells and cells of early embryonic development stages with the therapeutic goal of eliminating a genetically determined disease associated with the...
Virtues according to Pieper
Tomiczková, Hana ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Jinek, Jakub (referee)
1 Bibliografická citace Ctnosti podle Piepera [rukopis]: bakalářská práce / Hana Tomiczková; vedoucí práce: MUDr. Jan Fošum, Dr. theol. -- Praha, 2022. -- 59 s. Abstract This bachelor thesis deals with the virtues and their concept of the 20th century German philosopher of Josef Pieper. This study question why the virtues are the basis of ethics and why they are necessary precondition for good life in the sense with full human being. The first part will describe in separate chapters the seven principal virtues, their principles and perception by Pieper. This is followed by a reflection of other authors both in history and contemporary. The final part of the work elaborate on what the virtues offer to the world today and how they can be attractive for a modern human. Keywords Virtues, prudence, justice, courage, temperance, faith, hope, love, beatitude.
Ethicotherapy in the concept of Ctibor Bezděk. Problems of human moral life and health.
Holcová, Katarína ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Sousedík, Prokop (referee)
Ethicotherapy in the concept of Ctibor Bezděk. Problems of human moral life and health. Abstract The aim of the diploma thesis is to point out the connections between the moral life of a person and his state of health. This is a current topic of applied ethics, which deals with the relationship between ethical behavior and its consequences in health and disease therapy. The work deals with the life and work of Ctibor Bezděk, who is considered by the professional public to be the founder of ethics therapy. The diploma thesis introduces the concepts of ethics therapy and tries to bring the meaning of his work to the present day with an understandable approach. The diploma thesis also points out the importance of moral balance in various areas of our lives, the role of faith in God and the trust we place in him in the dynamics of health and disease. The method used in the diploma thesis is the analysis of Ctibor Bezděk's texts, the systematic arrangement into the topic of the thesis and the updating of his legacy. Key words: ethics, ethicotherapy, prayer, morality, illness, suggestion, healing, evil Počet znaků (včetně mezer): <111 295>
The Ritual Dimension of Midwives' Work
Tresa, Marek ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Fošum, Jan (referee)
of the rigorous thesis The ritual dimension of midwives' activity: Norms for administering baptism to infants in danger of death in childbirth in english The thesis The Ritual Dimension of Midwives' Activity treats the tasks and functions of this profession in the history of its existence. However, it pays special attention to the spiritual, religious and ritual dimension of this activity. It examines the extent to which this dimension has been automatically associated with this activity throughout history and the extent to which it has been required by society. The civil and ecclesiastical hierarchy, especially since the Council of Trent, has issued various instructions offering a way to validly administer baptism to children in extraordinary circumstances where the death of a child is imminent. The thesis thus examines the historical significance and function of midwives, as well as the extent of the Church's concern for the formation of midwives, through an examination of the various instructions. Keywords Baptism in danger of infant death, history of the midwifery profession, guidelines for midwives' activities, liturgical and legal instructions for baptism in danger of death
Ethical Aspects of Uterine Loss or Surogate Motherhood
Huruglicová, Monika ; Fošum, Jan (advisor) ; Štica, Petr (referee)
The diploma thesis "Ethical Aspects of Uterine Loss or Surrogate Motherhood" summarizes the historical development and present in the field of surrogate motherhood. It focuses on ethical aspects and pitfalls of this institution. Surrogacy is the only option for many couples to conceive a child of their own. We have to take into account aspects that can disrupt the lives of everyone involved. Ethics, law and psychology play a major role here. Should a woman accept that one cannot have everything in life? How does the Church and theologians in general view this situation? The child is between two mothers and bears the psychological and psychiatric consequences of finding out that the mother who gave birth to them will give "her" child to another mother after birth. Is it ethical to tell the child the truth? This and many other ethical questions arise in the institution of surrogacy and I will address some of them. Keywords Rental of uterus, surrogate motherhood, infertility, surrogate mother, conscience, hope, non- acceptance, altruism

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