National Repository of Grey Literature 48 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Alternative yield curve modelling approach : regional models
Šopov, Boril ; Seidler, Jakub (advisor) ; Baruník, Jozef (referee)
In this thesis, we focus on thorough yield curve modelling. We build on extended classical Nelson-Siegel model, which we further develop to accommodate unobserved regional common factors and principal components. We centre our discussion on central European currencies' yield curves: CZK, HUF, PLN and SKK. We propose two novel models to capture regional dynamics; one based purely on state space formulation and the other relying also on principal components of the regional yield curves. Moreover, we supplement the models with two application examples in risk management and structural break detection. The main contribution of this thesis is a creation of a complete framework that enables us to analyse yield curves, to design risk scenarios and to detect structural breaks of various types.
Yield Curve Modeling and the Effect of Macroeconomic Drivers: Dynamic Nelson-Siegel Approach
Patáková, Magdalena ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Vošvrda, Miloslav (referee)
The thesis focuses on the yield curve modeling using the dynamic Nelson-Siegel approach. We propose two models of the yield curve and apply them on four currency areas - USD, EUR, GBP and CZK. At first, we distill the entire yield curve into the time-varying level, slope and curvature factors and estimate the parameters for individual currencies. Subsequently, we build a novel model investigating to what extent unobservable factors of the dynamic Nelson-Siegel model are determined by macroeconomic drivers. The main contribution of this thesis resides in the innovative approach to yield curve modeling with the application of advanced technical tools. Our primary objective was to increase the accuracy and the estimation power of the model. Moreover, we applied both models across different currency areas, which enabled us to compare the dynamics of the yield curves as well as the influence of the macroeconomic drivers. Interestingly, the results proved that both models we developed not only demonstrate strong validity, but also produce powerful estimates across all examined currencies. In addition, the incorporated macroeconomic factors contributed to reach higher precision of the modeling. JEL Classification: C51, C53, G17 Keywords: Nelson-Siegel, Kalman filter, Kalman smoother, Stace space formulation...
Analysis of gasoline and diesel prices in the Czech Republic
Badáňová, Martina ; Krištoufek, Ladislav (advisor) ; Šopov, Boril (referee)
This thesis investigates relationship between fuel (gasoline and diesel) prices in the Czech Republic and world crude oil prices over the period from 2004 to 2011. Using daily data we estimate an asymmetric error correction model and we find that in the short-run fuel prices are adjusted upwards to the long-run equilibrium faster than they are adjusted downwards to the equilibrium. However, the difference in responses is found to be not statistically significant.
News Feed Classifications to Improve Volatility Predictions
Pogodina, Ksenia ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Červinka, Michal (referee)
This thesis analyzes various text classification techniques in order to assess whether the knowledge of published news articles about selected companies can improve its' stock return volatility modelling and forecasting. We examine the content of the textual news releases and derive the news sentiment (po­ larity and strength) employing three different approaches: supervised machine learning Naive Bayes algorithm, lexicon-based as a representative of linguistic approach and hybrid Naive Bayes. In hybrid Naive Bayes we consider only the words contained in the specific lexicon rather than whole set of words from the article. For the lexicon-based approach we used independently two lexicons one with binary another with multiclass labels. The training set for the Naive Bayes was labeled by the author. When comparing the classifiers from the machine learning approach we can conclude that all of them performed similarly with a slight advantage of the hybrid Naive Bayes combined with multiclass lexicon. The resulting quantitative data in form of sentiment scores will be then incorpo­ rated into GARCH volatility modelling. The findings suggest that information contained in news feeds does bring an additional explanatory power to tradi­ tional GARCH model and is able to improve it's forecast. On the...
Multivariate Dependence Modeling using Copulas
Klaus, Marek ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Gapko, Petr (referee)
Multivariate volatility models, such as DCC MGARCH, are estimated under assumption of multivariate normal distribution of random variables, while this assumption has been rejected by empirical evidence. Therefore, the esti- mated conditional correlation may not explain the whole dependence struc- ture, since under non-normality the linear correlation is only one of the de- pendency measures. The aim of this thesis is to employ a copula function to the DCC MGARCH model, as copulas are able to link non-normal marginal distributions to create corresponding multivariate joint distribution. The copula-based MGARCH model with uncorrelated dependent errors permits to model conditional cor- relation by DCC-MGARCH and dependence by the copula function, sepa- rately and simultaneously. In other words the model aims to explain addi- tional dependence not captured by traditional DCC MGARCH model due to assumption of normality. In the empirical analysis we apply the model on datasets consisting primarily of stocks of the PX Index and on the pair of S&P500 and NASDAQ100 in order to compare the copula-based MGARCH model to traditional DCC MGARCH in terms of capturing the dependency structure. 1
Stability of the Financial System: Systemic Dependencies between Bank and Insurance Sectors
Procházková, Jana ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Janda, Karel (referee)
The central issue of this thesis is investigating the eventuality of systemic break- downs in the international financial system through examining systemic depen- dence between bank and insurance sectors. Standard models of systemic risk often use correlation of stock returns to evaluate the magnitude of intercon- nectedness between financial institutions. One of the main drawbacks of this approach is that it is oriented towards observations occurring along the central part of the distribution and it does not capture the dependence structure of outlying observations. To account for that, we use methodology which builds on the Extreme Value Theory and is solely focused on capturing dependence in extremes. The analysis is performed using the data on stock prices of the EU largest banks and insurance companies. We study dependencies in the pre- crisis and post-crisis period. The objective is to discover which sector poses a higher systemic threat to the international financial stability. Also, we try to find empirical evidence about an increase in interconnections in recent post- crisis years. We find that in both examined periods systemic dependence in the banking sector is higher than in the insurance sector. Our results also in- dicate that extremal interconnections in the respective sectors increased,...
Extreme value theory: Empirical analysis of tail behaviour of GARCH models
Šiml, Jan ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Kocourek, David (referee)
This thesis investigates the capability of GARCH-family models to capture the tail properties using Monte Carlo simulation in framework of Conditional Extreme Value Theory. Analysis is carried out for three different GARCH-type models: GARCH, EGARCH, GJR-GARCH using Normal and Student's t-distributed innovations on four well-known stock market indices: S&P 500, FTSE 100, DAX and Nikkei 225. After conducting 3000 simulations of every estimated model, the Hill estimate of shape parameter implied by the GARCH-type models will be calculated and the models' performance will be assessed based on histograms, descriptive statistics and Root Mean Squared Error of simulated Hill estimates. Interesting results and im- plications for further research have been identified. Firstly, we highlight the Normal distribution's inappropriate nature in this case and its inability to capture the tail properties. Furthermore, GJR-GARCHT with t-distributed innovations is identified to be the best model, closely followed by other t-distributed GARCH-type models. Finally, a pattern in all Q-Q plots forecasting the simulation study results is appar- ent, with the exception of the DAX. This anomalous behaviour therefore necessitated further analysis and a significant right tail influence was recorded. Even though Hill estimates...
Analysis of stock market anomalies: US cross-sectoral comparison
Jílek, Lukáš ; Krištoufek, Ladislav (advisor) ; Šopov, Boril (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze anomalies in the US stock market. Special attention is put on Day of the week effect, January effect, and Part of the month effect. We focus on comparison of companies with low and high capitalization. We perform an analysis across 6 major industrial sectors. Then, we discuss the findings with results of past projects and finally, we try to find a speculative investment strategy. We found out that neither Day of the week effect nor January effect do not appear in US stock market nowadays. Part of the month effect was the only anomaly, which was observed in our data. Keywords Stock market anomalies, financial markets, cross-sectoral analysis, Jannuary effect, Day of the week effect, Part of the month effect Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail
Trading Volume and Volatility in the US Stock Markets
Juchelka, Tomáš ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Džmuráňová, Hana (referee)
This thesis investigates the relationship between trading volume and stock re- turn volatility using GARCH model in the framework of Mixture of Distri- bution Hypothesis. Analysis is carried out for five well-known stocks selected from the American S&P500 stock index. Our approach was to extend the vari- ance equation of the well known GARCH model on the trading volume which was split into three explanatory variables capturing different effects of volume on volatility. Apart from the relationship itself, we examined the changes of GARCH and ARCH parameters after the inclusion of volume, implicitly testing the Mixture of Distribution Hypothesis. Interesting results and implications for future research were identified. Firstly, we highlight the appropriateness of the volume decomposition into expected and unexpected volume, where all the vol- ume parameters turned out to be statistically significant. General observation was that the increase of both expected and unexpected trading volume leads to the increase of volatility. On the other hand, negative volume shocks tend to decrease it. Eventhough we performed the analysis with lagged and also contemporaneous volume, we were not able to confirm that the inclusion of volume leads to insignificance of the ARCH and GARCH parameters, thus not confirming the...
Forecasting realized volatility: Do jumps in prices matter?
Lipták, Štefan ; Baruník, Jozef (advisor) ; Šopov, Boril (referee)
This thesis uses Heterogeneous Autoregressive models of Realized Volatility on five-minute data of three of the most liquid financial assets - S&P 500 Futures index, Euro FX and Light Crude NYMEX. The main contribution lies in the length of the datasets which span the time period of 25 years (13 years in case of Euro FX). Our aim is to show that decomposing realized variance into continuous and jump components improves the predicatability of RV also on extremely long high frequency datasets. The main goal is to investigate the dynamics of the HAR model parameters in time. Also, we examine whether volatilities of various assets behave differently. Results reveal that decomposing RV into its components indeed improves the modeling and forecasting of volatility on all datasets. However, we found that forecasts are best when based on short, 1-2 years, pre-forecast periods due to high dynamics of HAR model's parameters in time. This dynamics is revealed also in a year-by-year estimation on all datasets. Consequently, we consider HAR models to be inappropriate for modeling RV on such long datasets as they are not able to capture the dynamics of RV. This was indi- cated on all three datasets, thus, we conclude that volatility behaves similarly for different types of assets with similar liquidity. 1

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