National Repository of Grey Literature 183 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Voseo as a characteristic feature of contemporary Argentine Spanish
Jankotová, Sandra ; Čermák, Petr (advisor) ; Kratochvílová, Dana (referee)
This bachelor's thesis focuses on one of the most noticeable features of contemporary Argentine Spanish: voseo. It introduces the phenomenon from a theoretical and practical point of view. It defines its role in the language system of Spanish and briefly describes its origin and the development of its use. The work concentrates on its typology and extension among the Spanish speaking countries, which is closely related to it. It deals with geographical and social aspects of its use. After this general examination of the phenomenon, the work analyses the role of voseo in Argentine Spanish, primarily from the synchronic point of view, yet it still strives to give an overview of the origin and the development of its use in the region. It also considers geographical and social aspects associated with its usage in the context of Argentine Spanish. The work portrays its contemporary use, as well as the evaluation that voseo receives from the linguistic norm. The practical part of the thesis is covered by a case study conducted by the author which analyses the use of Argentine voseo in a contemporary cinematographic work.
Portuñol/portunhol as a language phenomenon
Čengelová, Ema ; Čermák, Petr (advisor) ; Kratochvílová, Dana (referee)
This work addresses a linguistic phenomenon called portuñol, which arose from the contact between Spanish and Portuguese. The aim of this work is to outline the current state of the described phenomenon, which we understand on the one hand as a linguistic unit on the border of the Spanish and Portuguese speaking territories and on the other as a communication tool between their speakers. The evaluation was carried out on the basis of a literature research, which was processed mainly from foreign professional literature. The content of the work is divided into five parts, in which I will deal with the historical, political or geographical dimension of the problem and then its characteristics and spread.
Depiction of Plants in Spanish and Czech Phraselogy and Idiomatics
Fučíková, Kateřina ; Čermák, Petr (advisor) ; Krinková, Zuzana (referee)
The topic of this bachelor's thesis is Spanish phrasemes and idioms which contain a designation of plants, and also their equivalents in the Czech language. The theoretical part is dedicated to delimitation of crucial concepts from the field of phraseology and idiomatics, and comparison of their conception in the Spanish and Czech linguistic theory. The practical part consists of forming a collection of Spanish phrasemes and idioms containing the designation of plants and their following subjection to a semantic and syntactic analysis. The practical part is followed by a case study which, with the help of a corpus, investigates the frequency of the researched phrasemes and idioms and their Czech equivalents.
Superlative Prefixes in Contemporary Spanish
Trousilová, Adéla ; Čermák, Petr (advisor) ; Krinková, Zuzana (referee)
(in English): The objective of this paper is to present the superlative prefixes in contemporary Spanish, which form a very productive part of Spanish word-formation. In my thesis, I address five prefixes in particular: super-, ultra-, archi-, hiper-, requete-. In the theoretical part, the basic terms and conceptual starting points are defined, the superlative prefixes are classified into the typology of Spanish prefixes and the potential Czech equivalents are mentioned there as well. The practical part consists of two studies of superlative prefixes in language corpora. The first study was executed in the Aranea comparable web corpus where I observed the frequency of the prefixes as well as the type of word they attach to. In the second study, executed in the InterCorp parallel corpus, I focused on the most frequent way the superlative prefixes are being translated into Czech.
Magnetic properties of Ce compounds studied by specific heat
Čermák, Petr ; Javorský, Pavel (advisor)
Materials containing the 4f (rare earth) or 5f (actinides) exhibit a large variety of interesting physical properties. The Ce-based compounds have a special place among the rare-earth compounds. The Ce atom contains only a single f-electron that is responsible for the magnetic behavior. The 4f states in compounds with the heavy rare earths have a well localized character, whereas many Ce-based compounds are on the borderline between the localized and itinerant behavior. These compounds show large variety of the magnetic ground states what is a result of the competition between the long-range order of the RKKY type and the screening of the localized moments by conduction electrons. We observe nonmagnetic states with a mixed valence (between Ce3+ and Ce4+), metallic systems with a long-range order of the Ce moments (ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic or more complex structures). To analyze the electronic properties, the heat capacity data, and namely their low-temperature part, play an indispensable role. This diploma work comprise the sample preparation of selected cerium compounds, their phase characteristics and the heat capacity measurements at low temperatures (0.4 - 300 K). The main part is focused on the data analysis and comparison with theoretical models.
Aspects of the Judeo-Spanish linguistic variety of Thessaloniki
Garcia, Kateřina ; Zavadil, Bohumil (advisor) ; Nosek, Bedřich (referee) ; Čermák, Petr (referee)
The aim of this study is to offer a complete insight into the current situation of the Judeo- Spanish linguistic variety of Thessaloniki, a language that evolved within the community of Sephardic Jews that settled in the city from 1492, as a direct consequence of their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula. This study is divided into three parts, each of them dedicated to a different aspect of this specific Judeo-Spanish variety. The first part examines Judeo-Spanish as a language of the Jewish Diaspora, in the broader context of the general theory of evolution of Jewish languages. Judeo-Spanish is depicted here as a distinctive language which, although based largely on Medieval Castillian and other Romance varieties spoken by the Jews prior to their expulsion from the Peninsula, consequently evolved after their transfer to the Eastern Mediterranean into a specific linguistic system. An extensive chapter is dedicated to the history and characterisation of the term Sepharad, which I consider of great importance not only for the elucidation of the circumstances of birth and evolution of the Judeo-Spanish language, but also for a better understanding of its current critical situation. This is followed by an introduction into the different functional and geographical varieties of Judeo-Spanish, as well as of...
Spanish gerund and its Czech equivalents
Vavroušová, Petra ; Čermák, Petr (advisor)
in English The purpose of this thesis was to analyse the Spanish gerund and its Czech equivalents. The thesis is divided into two parts: the theoretical one and the empirical one. We mainly drew from Spanish grammar books and Czech linguistic works. The gerund and its translation equivalents were compiled from the parallel Czech-Spanish corpus InterCorp. The excerpts were analysed from the linguistic point of view in order to provide a contrastive description of the Spanish gerund and its Czech equivalent expressions. The objective of the study was to describe the different types of Czech translation equivalents and their frequency. The results of the study also reveal that translation of the Spanish gerund into Czech is closely related to the conversion of the analytic language structure into the syntactic one. Therefore, some of the specific characteristics of translation of the gerund into Czech might be assigned to the concurrence of two typologically different languages.
Spanish Modality from the Point of View of Relationships among Modal Meanings
Kratochvílová, Dana ; Čermák, Petr (advisor) ; Zavadil, Bohumil (referee) ; Aurová, Miroslava (referee)
Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy nám. Jana Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1 IČ: 00216208 DIČ: CZ00216208 Tel.: (+420)221 619 111 http://www.ff.cuni.cz Jedná se o rigorózní práci, která je uznanou diplomovou či disertační prací. Děkujeme za pochopení.
Verb infinitive and gerund as a means of expressing the nature of the verbal action in contemporary Spanish
Pešková, Jana ; Zavadil, Bohumil (advisor) ; Černý, Jiří (referee) ; Čermák, Petr (referee)
The thesis does not include an abstract in English The thesis does not include an abstract in English The thesis does not include an abstract in English The thesis does not include an abstract in English The thesis does not include an abstract in English The thesis does not include an abstract in English
Contrastive research in English and Spanish passive based on the corpus
Lukáčová, Katarína ; Čermák, Petr (advisor) ; Zavadil, Bohumil (referee)
The analysis that was accomplished in this thesis concerning a contrative comparison of the passive frequency in English and Spanish languages was supposed to confirm several hypotheses stated in the introduction. The hypotheses were about the agent of the passive constructions, its frequency and obligation of it being expressed according to the style of the text. Thanks to the analysis it was discovered that the agent is often unexpressed in neither of the styles - scientific or novelistic. If the agent is explicitly expressed it is often due to the practical reasons; otherwise the possibilty not to express it explicitly - one of the main advantages that the passive voice offers - is used abunadantly. Nevertheless, the texts representing the novelistic style are evidently using more instances of the reflexive type of the passive. Mainly, when the agent is not relevant or unknown. In the scientific texts, there is a great tendency towards using a personal pronoun or a general noun and the verb in active voice. The problem connected with this practice is the narrow number of possibilities and therefore lack of elegance in the text. The reasons for using the influence of the functional sentence perspective are also different according to the style of the text. The sentence dynamics and the order in which the...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 183 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
13 ČERMÁK, Pavel
31 ČERMÁK, Petr
1 Čermák, Patrik
13 Čermák, Pavel
3 Čermák, Peter
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