Název: Professional survey forecasts and expectations in DSGE models
Autoři: Rychalovska, Y. ; Slobodyan, Sergey ; Wouters, R.
Typ dokumentu: Výzkumné zprávy
Rok: 2023
Jazyk: eng
Edice: CERGE-EI Working Paper Series, svazek: 766
Abstrakt: In this paper, we demonstrate the usefulness of survey data for macroeconomic analysis and propose a strategy to integrate and efficiently utilize information from surveys in the DSGE setup. We extend the set of observable variables to include the data on consumption, investment, output, and inflation expectations, as measured by the Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF). By doing so, we aim to discipline the dynamics of model-based expectations and evaluate alternative belief models. Our approach to exploit the timely information from surveys is based on re-specification of structural shocks into persistent and transitory components. Due to the SPF, we are able to improve identification of fundamental shocks and predictive power of the model by separating the sources of low and high frequency volatility. Furthermore, we show that models with an imperfectly-rational expectation formation mechanism based on Adaptive Learning (AL) can reduce important limitations implied by the Rational Expectation (RE) hypothesis. More specifically, our models based on belief updating can better capture macroeconomic trend shifts and, as a result, achieve superior long-term predictions. In addition, the AL mechanism can produce realistic time variation in the transmission of shocks and perceived macro-economic volatility, which allows the model to better explain the investment dynamics. Finally, AL models, which relax the RE constraint of internal consistency between the agents’ and model forecasts, can reproduce the main features of agents’ predictions in line with SPF evidence and, at the same time, can generate improved model forecasts, thus diminishing possible inefficiencies present in surveys.
Klíčová slova: adaptive learning; expectations; survey data

Instituce: Národohospodářský ústav AV ČR (web)
Informace o dostupnosti dokumentu: Dokument je dostupný na externích webových stránkách.
Externí umístění souboru: https://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp766.pdf
Původní záznam: https://hdl.handle.net/11104/0347346

Trvalý odkaz NUŠL: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-537104

Záznam je zařazen do těchto sbírek:
Věda a výzkum > AV ČR > Národohospodářský ústav
Zprávy > Výzkumné zprávy
 Záznam vytvořen dne 2023-12-06, naposledy upraven 2024-04-15.

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