National Repository of Grey Literature 460 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Polish and Greek reparation claims from Germany after 1990
Husák, Jim ; Kučera, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Králová, Kateřina (referee)
This thesis deals with reparations from Germany after World War II. The issue of post- war reparations has again become relevant in recent years, mainly due to Poland and Greece, two states occupied by the Third Reich during the war. Today, these states express dissatisfaction with the ration of reparations they received as dictated by the victorious powers after 1945. Moreover, since 2018, the Polish and Greek Reparation Commissions are cooperating in an effort to exert joint pressure on Germany. The subject of research of this bachelor thesis are the differences in the way in which states proceed with their reparation demands, what arguments they use and how the legitimacy of these claims is viewed by objective international law. Furthermore, the position of the government of Germany on this issue is briefly mentioned. In its first, theoretical part, the thesis contains a thorough description of the concept of reparations and describes the establishment of the reparation system after 1945, in order to clarify some important aspects of reparations after the Second World War. Emphasis is placed on developments in Poland and Greece. These examples also show differences in the two separate reparation mechanisms of East and West. The author presents essential information and knowledge from literature...
The Nazi ideology in relation to persons with mental disabilities
Kučerová, Zuzana ; Marková, Alena (advisor) ; Vávra, Martin (referee)
Diploma thesis "Nazi ideology in relation to mentally ill people" focuses on starting points and ideas of this ideology, which in its consequences led to social exclusion and subsequent systematic extermination of people with a certain handicap. Although the thesis is limited in time from 1933 - 1945, it also follows development line of selected scientific disciplines, which were significantly reflected in the Nazi ideology. Primarily it concerns historical science, medical disciplines, genetics, racial hygiene, eugenic origins and other related disciplines. The thesis also takes into account the economic situation of that time with its many social problems which arose as a result of the new geopolitical arrangement after the World War I and the changes in the social world of that period and it also captures the process of changes in the social status of mentally ill people in the course of history. Last but not least, it describes the practical consequences of these changes, which were "forced sterilization" and "euthanasia" of both children and adults. The Nazi ideology is viewed in this regard from three perspectives: legal, theoretical with a broader historical context and on the practical level in the form of the consequences of the two previous perspectives. Key words: nazi ideology, mental...
Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch in 1923 in the Then Czech Press
Procházková, Žaneta ; Šmíd, Marek (advisor) ; Petráček, Tomáš (referee)
Master thesis Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch in 1923 in the Czech period press focuses on the reception of the Hitler's putch atempt on 9th and 10th of November 1923 in czech and slovak written political press of the 1920's. The preliminary part of the thesis is dedicated to the political and the economical developmnet in the postwar Germany between 1918 and 1923. The following two chapters are dedicated to the Hitler's youth and early polical career and the München putsch. The second half of the thesis evaluate the reaction of the press to the Hitler's putch. It focuses on to the reaction of legitimate bavarian goveremnt and the legitimate german goverment. The press also follows the overlapt of the Münich revolution ant its suppor between some of German nationals in Czechoslovakia. In the analysis will be used daily party's newspapers as well as small regional newspapers. Keywords Adolf Hitler, Beer Hall Putsch, Germany, 1923, Czechoslovakia
Project DEAL: plans, challenges, results
Grötschel, Martin
DEAL is an initiative of the Alliance of Science Organizations in Germany with the goal to conclude nationwide licensing agreements for the entire portfolio of electronic journals from major academic publishers. The intention is to bring about significant change to the status quo in relation to negotiations, content and pricing in the process and to achieve wide-scale, lasting improvements in open access to scholarly literature. The first agreement with a major publisher was signed on January 15, 2019 – after a long series of negotiations. I am a member of the DEAL negotiation team and will report on the whole range of plans and challenges as well as my expectations for future development.
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Radicalization in Prison: Approaching the Issue
Dotlačil, Filip ; Ditrych, Ondřej (advisor) ; Aslan, Emil (referee)
In recent years Europe experienced several terrorist attacks on its soil. Some of these were committed by Jihadists radicalised in prisons. An issue already identified by scholars has thus become publicly known and attracted attention of policy makers. The combination of Islamic propaganda with jails imprisoning substantial amount of vulnerable inmates and incarceration of returning foreign fighters create a mixture threatening to produce more violent extremists. The aim of this thesis is to describe how Germany approaches the issue and connect its solution with existing radicalisation models and prison regime concepts. Because of the federal structure of Germany, this description is based on analysis of three levels: institutional analysis of the German framework (macro); comparison of state projects tackling the issue (meso); and a case study of practitioners of one federal state (micro). The thesis comes to a conclusion, that the German strategy is strongly decentralised, still not in its final form, applies the concept of dynamic security as its prison regime and approaches the issue from a holistic perspective, involving also non-state actors and other areas of radicalisation.
European migration crisis and its implications for the security of the Czech Republic
Maňák, Jiří ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the topic of the European migration crisis in the period of 2013- 2018. The main goal is to determine, to what degree does the securitisation discourse in Germany meets the objective reality. The central part of the thesis is represented by the analysis of data about crime in German states. It is focused just on the data regarding the violent crime, that is because of the higher clearance rate a more significant impact of these crimes on the general mood in the society. The data are separated according to the borders of former eastern and western Germany. The result is a comparison of ongoing trends concerning the overall amount of crimes commited and the share of foreigners among the suspects. In the second part, the thesis focuses on comparing the data from the previous part with the development in the Germanys political landscape. Most notably in the case of developments of AfD, as this party is often referred to as an anti-system party. Again, the focus is on the regional differences between the former eastern and western Germany. In the last chapter, the thesis is trying to use the experience learned from eastern Germany and apply them to the Czech Republic. Eastern Germany was chosen for its relative similarities to Czechia given its history in the eastern bloc, similar...
Germany as "dividual actor" on the case of Nord Stream project
Bundová, Klára ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Handl, Vladimír (referee)
This Master thesis examines the German foreign energy policy with focus on the German- Russian energy cooperation and the pipeline projects Nord Stream I and II. It seeks to analyze inconsistencies or even contradictions in the German foreign policy regarding the Nord Stream project. Both strategic and business interests on one hand and value based policy on the other are present and observable. Therefore this paper works with Jakub Eberle's concept of Germany as "dividual actor" which enables us to work with the already mentioned inconsistencies. Furthermore, this approach allows us to observe "geo-economic power" aspects in German actions (favoring strategic and mostly business interests) as well as "civilian power" aspects (value based policy) and eventually to see Germany as an actor in the international relations in its complexity. This thesis therefore aims to contribute to a broader debate about German actorness and its roles in international system. Moreover, German domestic energy policy will be analyzed in order to provide us with the basis for German foreign energy policy. The main focus of this paper is on natural gas and its importance in the German energy mix as well as on German dependence on its imports. The import routes and primarily the pipeline routes Nord Stream I and II are...
Fortress Europe? Evaluation of Ideas for the Future of the EU
Putensen, Jan ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Mičko, Branislav (referee)
Bibliographic note Putensen, J., 2019. Fortress Europe? Evaluation of Ideas for the Future of the EU. Master's thesis. Charles University, Prague. Abstract This thesis explores the use of the symbolic term Fortress Europe by political parties and move- ments in Austria, Germany, and Italy who are in favor of establishing a Fortress Europe and their ideas for what a Fortress Europe should look like. While the use of the term by left-wing critics of European immigration policies has been well covered in the literature, no author has yet analyzed the use of the term by political parties and movements that have started to demand a Fortress Europe since 2015. Based on an analysis of the appearance of the term Fortress Eu- rope in European media coverage conducted via the Factiva database, three countries with a relatively high use of the term in their media were selected for in-depth case studies. In partic- ular, the ideas of the following three extreme right groups were analyzed and compared: the Identitarian Movement Austria (IBÖ), the National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD), and Fortezza Europa (literal translation from Italian: Fortress Europe). It was found that their vi- sions of a Fortress Europe are very similar and aim to prevent any type of foreign immigration on a large scale in order to preserve...

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