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La Queste del Saint Graal in the context of the High Middle Ages spirituality
Smetanová, Zuzana ; Suchánek, Drahomír (advisor) ; Nejedlý, Martin (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the legend of the Holy Grail, namely on its high version La Queste del Saint Graal, and tries to put it into the context of the historical, cultural and spiritual process in the western Europe of the 11th - 13th century. The thesis firstly describes the general political and social situation in the western Europe's High Middle Ages, then it pays attention to the contemporary spiritual and intellectual process, after that it characterizes the chivalric culture and literature and finally it concerns itself with the developement of the very legend of the Holy Grail and the analysis of La Queste del Saint Graal. The symbolism and spirituality of this high work from the Arthurian legend field is linked with the monastic and particulary cistercian spirituality of the 12th century, but it is also pointed out, that it grows as well from the specifics of the chivalric spirituality. The thesis tries to find a place, which La Queste del Saint Graal occupies in the medieval christian cultural tradition.
The monasteries of Cistercians in Tuscany: filiations of San Galgano founded in 13th century
Tylová, Kateřina ; Suchánek, Drahomír (advisor) ; Picková, Dana (referee)
The topic of the diploma thesis is the activity of the Cistercian monastic order in the area of Tuscany. During the main wave of founding the Cistercian monasteries in Italy, the area of Tuscany, whose medieval boundaries roughly correspond to its current ones, was under major political influence of Florence, Siena, Pisa and Lucca. Most monasteries in the region were founded in the vicinity of these cities. This work aims to contribute to the discoveries about the influence of these cities and their elites on the establishing of foundation of the white monks in Tuscany. The goal of this work is an analysis of circumstances and causes of the arrival of the Cistercians in the Tuscany region, where they arrived relatively late, compared to other Italian regions. The work focuses on the specificities of the Cistercian movement of the foundation of monasteries. The fist Cistercian foundation in Tuscany was the monastery San Galgano. Most of the Cistercian abbeys in the region predominantly from the 13th century was affiliated with San Galgano. The diploma thesis aims to describe the development of the Cistercian order and its monasteries in the area by exploring specific Cistercian foundations in Tuscany. Possibly the most important monastery in the region was San Galgano, which served as the maternal monastery...
Empire of Nicaea - basileus ton Romaion and his Empire after
Průšová, Tereza ; Picková, Dana (advisor) ; Suchánek, Drahomír (referee)
The present thesis deals with the Byzantine Empire at the beginning of the 13th century. The text concentrates on events following the conquest of Constantinople by the crusader army in 1204 and the response of Byzantine elites to the new political reality. The main attention is paid to Theodore I Laskaris and his actions concerning the emerge of Empire of Nicaea. The Nicene Empire is compared to the Empire of Trebizond and the Despotate of Epirus. The purpose of the thesis is to analyze differences of these state units and their relation to the political and cultural tradition of the Byzantine Empire as well as to determinate main elements of the Byzantine statehood. The significant amount of both continuity of social processes and cultural traditions within the Byzantine society is emphasized. The Empire of Nicaea is evaluated as an integral and important part of the history of the Byzantine Empire.
Monsters in Medieval Imagination of British Isles
Roček, Martin ; Suchánek, Drahomír (advisor) ; Drška, Václav (referee)
(anglicky) The main question of this thesis is whether the Christian church used stories containing monster beings with the aim of converting the Anglo-Saxon society to the new faith. This question is looked at through interpretative and content analysis of several Old English texts from the Nowell Codex. These are: the heroic-elegiac poem Béowulf, the travelogue The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle, the hagiographic text The Passion of St Christopher and the bestiary Liber Monstrorum, which is the only afore mentioned text not included in the Nowell Codex. The first chapter of this thesis provides a basic summary of the perception of monster beings from the prehistoric times to the Middle Ages. The next chapter analyses the role of the hero, nature and the distance of the British Isles from the centre of the World as perceived at the time. This chapter ends with the analysis of the pagan elements in the poem Béowulf. The last chapter focuses on the interpretations of monster beings in Christian settings and analyses the chosen Old English texts on a Christian interpretative level. The thesis arrives at the conclusion that the Church of the 6th to 10th century didn't use the motifs of various monsters on purpose. On the contrary, it seems that Germanic and Christian elements freely converged, and...
Christianization of Great Moravia as part of the cultural-disintegration processes between the Byzantine Empire and the West.
Šenk, Martin ; Suchánek, Drahomír (advisor) ; Bakyta, Ján (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on christianization of Great Moravia, which puts it in the context of culturally disintegration processes between East and West. This thesis first maps the beginnings of the cultural and political division of Europe. It also describes the origin of Great Moravia and its christianization. Special attention is paid to the activities of Constantine and Methodius. For the East-Franconian environment, the arrival of the Thessaloniki brothers Constantine and Methodius represented the first direct contact with the Byzantine cultural sphere. Thus, using primary sources and secondary literature, the thesis explores whether, in the context of previous cultural and political developments in Europe - particularly the iconoclasm and the rule of Empress Irena - the work of Constantine and Methodius could influence the formation of negative stereotypes about Byzantium in the Latin West. Especially interesting is the contrast between the sources of Rome and the East-Franconian Empire. At the end of the thesis there is a description of the Cyril and Methodius legacy on the cultural disintegration of Europe.
Richard III. and his Nephews: an Attempt at an anthropological analysis
Sýkorová, Karolína ; Drška, Václav (advisor) ; Suchánek, Drahomír (referee)
After the death of the English king Edward IV. in the year 1483, his oldest son Edward was supposed to become king. Due to various circumstances the twelve year old boy never ascended to the throne. With his younger brother Richard of Shrewsbury he disappeared behind the mighty walls of the Tower of London, where he was originally to wait for his coronation. Instead of him his uncle, Richard III. became king, even though Edwards mother and his supporters tried to make his road to power as difficult as possible. Richard ruled England only for two years, but he has left an unforgettable mark on history and all know him as the usurper. But a situation like this hasn't happened for the first time on the British Isles. When the king of Wessex Aethelred died in the year 871, instead one of his sons Aethelhelm or Aethelwold becoming king, his younger brother Alfred took the crown, and history now knows him as Alfred the Great. Here though the situation was completely different to the one of Richard III. and his nephews. Aethelred and Alfred met before the formers death at Swinburg, where both brothers agreed, that after Aethelred's death Alfred will succeed as king of Wessex and Aethelred's children will be well looked after. Because of this the transfer of power in 871 proceeded without incident, because...
Barlaam of Calabria and the efforts towards rapprochement of the East and the West
Tříska, Pavel ; Suchánek, Drahomír (advisor) ; Picková, Dana (referee)
The following bachelor thesis Barlaam of Calabria and the efforts towards rapprochement of the East and the West in the 14th century pursues the work of Barlaam, which deals with the contemporary attempts to reunite the eastern and the western church. On the background of the development of mutual relationship between both churches since the Great eastern schism up to the beginning of Barlaam's activity and the most important events of Barlaam's life, his writings from every phase of his unionist efforts are being analyzed in this thesis. The aim of the thesis is to present the basic ideas behind his writings, discuss their qualities and drawbacks and to show the main reasons for his failure to contribute to achievement of a church union. Attention will also be focused on the development of Barlaams personality. Based on the knowledge of his life and the analyzed unionist writings of his there will be attempts to seek the main causes of Barlaam's conversion to the Roman church. Key words: Barlaam - Church union - Byzantium - Great schism - Filioque - Ecumenism
Origin of heretical expressions in selected areas of the southern Netherlands in the early fifteenth century
Mrázek, Cyril ; Suchánek, Drahomír (advisor) ; Drška, Václav (referee)
In this thesis I emphasize on heterodox and non-conform movement, which was persecuted by ecclesial authority on the beginning of fifteenth century in so- called French Flanders. Exponents of this movement were in contact with Hussites and they allegedly adopted their beliefs. One of those non-conformists was scribe of braiders guild and cloth cutter Gilles Mersault. Mersault was from Tournai, city which was at the time of his life in turmoil of riots. The city was as many other Flemish towns heavily oriented on textile production and commerce and was often the scene of politic struggle between textile workers and rich patriciate. Mersault for two times tried to convince inhabitants of the city to resistance against ecclesial and secular authority by pamphlets describing Hussite Bohemia and evangelical ideas. He was executed in Tournai in 1423, but his pamphlets were preserved in copies. Mersault wasn't the only one convicted heretic in then Flanders. Large inquisition records were preserved, which contains large number of trials in which were Flemish non-conformist judged for being Hussites and of others heretic beliefs. Other important source of interaction between Hussites and Flemish heterodox non-conformists is a mention in Hussite chronicle by Vavřinec z Březové. Utraquist, master of the...
Ethnogenesis in the Carpathian Basin in the beginning of the Middle Ages in reflection of Archaeology and narrative sources. To the question of the late Avar population and its relation to Hungarians.
Luby, Viktor ; Drška, Václav (advisor) ; Suchánek, Drahomír (referee)
The geopolitical area of the Carpathian Basin was situated on the boundaries of the classical Greek and Latin literacy in the 9th century. There are no internal written sources dating back to the mentioned period characterizing the societies inhabiting the area. That is the reason why the political and social situation can be observed indirectly only via external written sources and archeological methods. The Avar Khaganate was completely annihilated by the wars between the Avars and Franks and the campaigns of the Bulgars from the hypothetical political map of the 9th century Europe. Nevertheless, the internal political crisis undoubtedly contributed to the swift disintegration of Avaria, vaguely described in the primary sources. The evidence of narrative texts and archeology, however, suggest that these processes did not bring dramatic changes in the "ethnic" composition of the Carpathian Basin population. The introductory chapters of this thesis give an overview on a set of written sources and tendencies in modern archaeological research. The research part of the thesis investigates not only the possible concepts of the continuous presence of Avars in the 9th century Central Europe, but also the questions about the chronology of the Carpathian Basin settlement by the Magyar tribes. Taking into...
Earl and his kings: representation of Godwinsons in primal sources
Laučíková, Rebeka ; Drška, Václav (advisor) ; Suchánek, Drahomír (referee)
We can find many records concerning the Godwine family in primary sources of the period in between the reign of Knut the Great (1066) and William the Conqueror's famous conquest of British Isles (1066). Even though autors of the primal sources mention this noble house in conection with key political and war events of 11th. century, significance of Godwinson's is usualy suppressed at the expense of contemporary "pro-norman" theories, which are defending William the Concueror's rights to anglo-saxon throne. Main purpose of submited diploma thesis is to introduce reader to complex and truthfull image of how and why did Godwinson's bacame as powerfull as they were, and to show their influence and importance in history of "pre- norman" England.

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See also: similar author names
4 SUCHÁNEK, David
1 Suchanek, Daniel
4 Suchánek, David
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