National Repository of Grey Literature 47 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Transformation of Šumava Mountains at the time of industrialization: Forgotten Traces of Woodworkers
Blažková, Tereza ; Matoušek, Václav (advisor) ; Semotanová, Eva (referee) ; Krajíc, Rudolf (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to show the changes and the development of the landscape and the settlement of the region of central Šumava mountains due to industrialization in the 19th century. The thesis is based theoretically and methodologically in the field of anthropology of landscape and industrial archeology. It combines archive written and cartographic sources with non-destructive field research of anthropogenic relics. The industrialization of the area of interest meant the woodworking expansion that was caused by the lack of firewood in Prague and its surroundings and was realized as a business plan by the noble Schwarzenberg family. Schwarzenberg forest exploatation and timber floating system for firewood transport have brought significant landscape changes to hitherto almost untouched mountaneous forested areas. The field research has identified elements of the floating timber system, such as water reservoirs, watercourse troughs or the Vchynicko-Tetovský floating canal, as well as traces of both, permanent and seasonal settlement of woodcutters. The work divides the area into four zones, depending on how they were used, settled and transformed during the 19th century. The greatest attention is devoted to zone no. I, the remote forest area, which has become a major resource area for the Schwarzenberg...
Unrealized Prague. Historical development of unrealised regulation and urbanizaion of Prague and related projects in the 1st half of 20th century
Drnek, Kryštof ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Semotanová, Eva (referee) ; Ira, Jaroslav (referee)
The aim of the dissertation is an overview of the historical development and work carried out on the never realized regulation and the construction of the city of Prague. This development is described thematically on the basis of the different areas of the proposed regulatory plan. At the same time, several long-term construction projects are selected, in which the process of designing the project, its assessment and subsequent implementation into the regulatory plan is shown in detail in the form of a historical probe. The work is planted between the two world wars, ie. between 1919 and 1939, with a thematic overlap over both set dates. Keywords: Regulation, Urbanisation, Prague, State commission for regulation of Prague and suburbs, New Town, Main railway station, Masaryk Railway station, Nusle bridge, Petřín communication, Letná plains, Invalidovna, Water treatment plant, Water plant for undrinkable water.
Representation of the world in early maps
Jílková, Petra ; Bayer, Tomáš (advisor) ; Semotanová, Eva (referee)
Representation of the World in Early Maps Abstract The thesis deals with an analysis of the representation of the world in early small scale maps in the 16th - 18th centuries. The theoretical framework consists of the outline of the historical context of the given period with emphasis on the representation of the world in connection with the progress of the discoveries and the expansion of the geographical horizon. The development of navigation methods and technical means used to determine the latitude and longitude that had a direct impact on the positioning accuracy of topographic map elements are depicted, too. The practical part of the thesis is focused on the cartometric evaluation of selected map works of European cartographers of the period of 16th - 18th centuries, which consisted of the analysis of cartographic projection and the analysis of the positional accuracy of topographic content. The geometric accuracy of the maps is assessed mainly by the value of the positional deviations in the north-south and west-east directions. Based on the results of the cartometric evaluation, the evolution of the topographic content positioning is determined and the approximate time process of expanding the image of the known world on the contemporary maps is captured. The graphical outputs of the thesis are...
Inner Peripheries of contemporary Prague in the archives documents - trends and sonds
Nedbalová, Zuzana ; Semotanová, Eva (advisor) ; Novotný, Michal (referee)
This diploma thesis, entitled Inner Peripheries of contemporary Prague in the archives documents - trends and sonds, deals with changes originally separated urban areas located outside Prague, which went through significant transformations during last 150 years. For this thesis three studies were selected: city districts Karlín, Libeň and Vysočany. All three peripheries were originally separated areas of rural type which were located near centre of Prague. With the arrival of industry in the middle of 19th Century they turned into heavily industrial areas, in the beginning of 20th Century merged with the capital city, thus creating Great Prague. Many changes took place also with river Vltava regulations. During last 25 years the capital city is being modernized. This modernization is connected with additional changes in peripheries: old and unused factories are demolished and new buildings are built on their places or they are converted for other purposes. Because of this there are another impacts on the surrounding landscape. This issue also concerns industrial herritage: its main purpose is preservation and protection of former industrial buildings. The main goal of this thesis is description of these changes and their impact on the landscape with using maps, pictorial and written sources.
Transformation of cultural landscape in metropolis background: Dolní Břežany territory from 16th till 19th century
Kucrová, Veronika ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Semotanová, Eva (referee) ; Koumar, Jiří (referee)
1 Veronika Kucrová: Proměna kulturní krajiny v zázemí hlavního města: Dolnobřežansko v 16. - 19. století Abstract Transformation of the cultural landscape in the vicinity of the capital city: Dolnobřežansko in 16th-19th century This study is dealing with the development of cultural landscape in the Dolní Břežany Estate in the early modern times, specifically from late 16th century to the middle of 19th century. The focal points of the study are three important elements: the development of the built-up areas of the selected villages, the monitoring of the transformation of the landscape out of the built-up and uninhabited areas (forests in particular), and finally the detection of agricultural and other objects in the landscape - the reason of their origin, use and potential downfall. The Dolní Břežany Estate is located 16 km south of Prague, it was established gradually starting in 14th century but its biggest growth was during the beginning of 17th century. Minor aristocratic owners were replaced by influential representatives of the Czech state (the Želínský family of Sebuzín, Michna of Vacínov) until the Prague Archbishopric became the new owner in 1713. Thanks to that, most historical written sources come from the Prague Archbishopric Archive, alternatively from the manor farm estate archive. Using the...
The town of Opočno in topographic sources of the 18. and 19. centuries
Tůmová, Martina ; Semotanová, Eva (advisor) ; Chromý, Pavel (referee)
TŮMOVÁ, M., The town of Opočno in topographic sources of the 18. and 19. centuries, diploma thesis, The Faculty of Arts of Charles University in Prague, 2014, 191 p., 11 app. The topic of the diploma thesis is to capture the town of Opočno and its landscape in selected significant topographic sources of the 18th and 19th century. The main aim is to compare relevance and value of the selected significant sources and to assemble a picture of the town's landscape in the past. An introduction integrates the topic of the diploma into various historic regionality and covers a brief history and description of a state of the town of Opočno. The thesis is divided into several chapters according to the selected sources. We paid particular attention to cadastral documentation of the first Military Survey and to Stable cadaster that includes written and cartographical materials of the town. These sources are comparable because of the diverse time interval and the different purposes of origin. In order to provide thorough understanding of the studied sources and the region, the thesis includes picture elements, supplements and samples of historic and contemporary maps. Keywords: Opočno, topography, 1st Military Survey, Stable cadaster, urban area
The Historical topography of Kostelec nad Černými lesy town
Mrvík, Vladimír Jakub ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Semotanová, Eva (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
English abstract The aim of my thesis is to use usual methodologies and above all finding new ways of historical urban topography, applied to a representative of a small town, which since the 16th century has evolved from agrarian center seat for a wide area - Kostelec nad Černými lesy. Kostelec is one of the smaller Czech towns located in the district Prague-East and currently has about 3,500 inhabitants. In particular, there exists relatively rich and complex source material preserved from the 16th century (primary a series of cadastral and urban books and an extensive aristocratic-domain archive). 1. Topics of historic urban topography: A) Problems associated with urban planning or development of the oldest cities in the absence of the written sources 1. Evaluation of the position of town/city. 2. Before-location situation. 3. New location in town, depending on upgrade- privilege in comparison with analogous cases. 4. communication scheme over the centuries. B) Problems associated with individual objects or their architecture and typology 1. Overview of all owners and house prices in a specific year and season, depending on economical or physical condition of the building. 2. Whether the house was wooden, stone, brick, or whether it had the attic floor, the approximate number of habitable rooms and...
Memoirs, historical-geographic source and the image of region (for example, the memoirs of FJ Vavák turn of the 18th and 19th centuries)
Svobodová, Zuzana ; Semotanová, Eva (advisor) ; Hojda, Zdeněk (referee)
This thesis is a contribution to the still not fully explored historical-geographical aspect of regional chronicles - Memories of F. J. Vavák, neighbour and mayor of Milčice. The main goal of the thesis was analysis of the image of the region which Vavák presented in his memoirs. As a reference source was used First Military Mapping - mapping and text supplement - as a historically appropriate source. The content of the first two chapters is Vavák's bibliography and introduction of the most important domestic and international contemporary events and affairs for easier understanding of the conditions and circumstances of the genesis of both main sources. Main chapter then presents the image of the region pictured both in Vavák's Memoirs and the First Military Mapping. As the memoirs is the very extensive source, it was necessary to choose "the overarching aspects," whereby is observed the image of the region. Based on the significant features of the memoirs was chosen following terms historical-geographical, social-topographical, economic, cultural, climatological and historical. Individual aspects were sequentially analyzed and documented by examples from Memories or the text part of the First Military Mapping. Comparing the mentioned sources was found, that those at first sight very different...
Holešovice, landscape changes in 19th and 20th Century
Nedbalová, Zuzana ; Semotanová, Eva (advisor) ; Šouša, Jiří (referee)
This bachelor's thesis, entitled Holešovice, landscape changes in 19th and 20th Century deals with the development of city district Holešovice in Prague. The main period of research was narrowed down to period from 1820s to the end of 1970s because of the accessibility of sources. This bachelor's thesis is divided into ten main chapters which describe urban and housing development of this city district. Chapter one contains information about all sources and literature that was used here and second chapter is about methods of processing. Chapter three describes basic information about Holešovice and their administrative development. Chapter four is about historic development of this district from its beginning to 1820s, which is the turning point. Next chapters deal with progressive changes of the district from 1823, when the first factory in Holešovice was built and because of it Holešovice started to change from agricultural village into industrial district. Chapters five to ten represent particular periods of development defined according to important events or construction of important buildings and other compounds. Big attention is devoted to industry, factories and other compounds because the change of Holešovice into the industry district had large influence on transformation of the whole area and its...

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