National Repository of Grey Literature 98 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Understanding of the concept 'Corporate Social Responsibility' - universal vs. regional level in South America
Pavlovičová, Natália ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
This master thesis elaborates on the question whether there is a difference in the understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on the universal level and on the regional level in South America. It is built upon the dichotomy of the recent movement in the CSR field that seeks to answer both emerging transnational challenges in a coordinated way while delivering a significant impact on the local level. The analysis is performed using the method of content analysis. Two major aspects of CSR are analyzed - the way the nature of CSR is defined and the prominence of the issues that CSR should address. Based on the results of the content analysis, we identify major trends in the understanding of CSR on both levels and determine the scope of the difference between them. Regarding the differences, we find one common denominator that is dominant on both levels - institutions and governance. In other categories we observe a high variability of the prominence across analysed levels. The important trends revealed in the thesis is a high penetration of South America with foreign CSR institutions and a significant impact of a membership in a global CSR organization on how CSR is communicated by a member organization on the regional level.
Economic change in Russia: Oil dependency
Krupa, Mikuláš ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
This thesis concentrates on the case of Russian economy and assessment of its dependence on oil. Russia is often cited as an example of country suffering from resource curse as its natural wealth forms significant share of country's exports and revenues. Thesis will first concentrate on factors determining current state of Russian economy. Presence of the symptoms of Dutch disease in the Russian economy will be studied using the Vector error correction model (VECM) applied on the real effective exchange rate of country (REER). Thesis will also contain an assessment of Russian institutional environment to check for other symptoms of resource curse theory. Analysis of latest federal budget will be used to evaluate the sustainability of Russian federal finances. The thesis is concluded by discussion of results and possible paths of future development of Russian economy.
Economic diplomacy of the Czech Republic from the exporters' viewpoint
Čadil, David ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Kučerová, Irah (referee)
This masters thesis has two aims. First one is to examine and describe positions and opinions of czech exporters on economic diplomacy. For this thesis I conducted a series of elite interviews with representatives from czech top export companies. Second aim is to examine whether the czech economic diplomacy is closer to the preferences of exporters or preferences of the state. In the second part of the thesis, I am performing a content analysis of the interviews, documents of economic diplomacy and statements of main actors of czech foreign politics. The main object of the analysis is the relation of actors towards three selected teritories - Russia, China and EU. I am then comparing the positions of given actors. This thesis concludes that we cannot say for sure whether czech export strategy is based on preferences of state or preferences of exporters.
Impact of transnational advocacy networks on environmental policy and outcomes
Morin-Robinson, Thomas ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
Transnational climate governance networks, composed of sub-state and private actors, are being increasingly recognized in the international climate regime, most recently at the 2015 UNFCCC summit in Paris. Urban centres and their own networks, trans-municipal climate networks such as ICLEI and C40, have been particularly touted as a decentralized solution to climate policy collective action problems at the level of the nation-state. These networks help motivated cities acquire resources and policy guidance, as well as reframe climate policy as more universal and cities as climate leaders. But do they really improve climate output? Do cities in trans-municipal networks pass more climate policy than non-members? This study examines a sample of 190 cities in 26 OECD countries which self-reported their climate actions in the year 2017. Using a multi-level regression model, the study accounts for control variables at both the urban and state level for climate exposure, available resources, and political factors, finding that networked cities do pass more policies than their non-networked peers. It also provides more limited evidence that more networks may compound this effect. State level factors appear generally not to have a significant effect on city level policy, save for the degree of fossil fuel...
An energy-efficient Europe. Securing the energy supply of Finland
Strang, Mira Inkeri ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
This thesis focuses on analyzing the themes that arise from the Finnish energy discourse between the years of 2009-2018. Finland is completely dependent on Russian gas, but as a member state of the European Union (EU), it should consider reducing this dependence and moving towards a common energy policy as a key objective. The EU has struggled to project itself as a unified whole to the global community owing to the fragmented nature of its decision-making regarding the use and procurement of energy. This results in EU member states having bilateral energy relations with Russia. Energy policies differ depending on the member state, also the geographical location of a state plays a significant role. As energy consumption rapidly rises and climate change becomes increasingly evident, non-fossil sources of energy must be taken into use. The development of technology along with the use of renewable forms of energy will further facilitate the battle against climate change. In order for the EU to succeed in one of its major objectives becoming independent in energy matters, it requires to further increase the internal cooperation between member states and to develop an even further consistent energy strategy. With the combination of the chosen theories together with examining the collected research data...
The Role of the World Trade Organization in the Economic Crisis of 2008-2013
Fiala, Milan ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
The World Trade Organization (WTO) has sought to liberalize the international trade market and prevent the rise of protectionism. This bachelor thesis aims to test the impact of the WTO, in particular the impact of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM), on preventing the rise of protectionism in the times of economic crisis of 2008. The main assumption is the deterrent effect of the Mechanism, it means the more disputes are there in the concrete sector, the less is the sector susceptible to increased protectionism. The second objective is to test the relative change of tariff and non-tariff barriers in times of economic crisis. I expect that the non-tariff barriers have increased and the average tariff rates have decreased, while the compensatory effect is being predicted between the rise in non-tariff barriers and the decrease in tariff rates. In the case of a high increase in non-tariff barriers in one sector, there should be a sharp decline in average tariff rates. Using a simple regression analysis method, a negative relationship between the number of disputes in the sector and the increase in protectionism has been found.
Sport as a tool of International Politics: International Olympic Committee and mechanism of host city election
Králová, Kristýna ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Karlas, Jan (referee)
This thesis is focused on one of our sport diplomacy institutions, namely the International Olympic Committee. It aspires to primarily introduce the International Olympic Committee as an influential institution in international relations, whereas, also attempting to examine whether it behaves normatively and with certain political responsibility. The International Olympic Committee is introduced, based on content analysis method, in the introductory part of the thesis, whereas attention is focused on its structure, decision making process, the idea of Olympism and primarily the mechanism of host city election. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis is conducted. The analysis aspires to answer, whether the International Olympic Committee elects host cities in accordance with the principles of the ide of Olympism, or whether other factors prevail. The analysis is then supplemented with a case study, which deals with the issue of the Beijing Games. The Case study stems from the Rising Powers theory and the regression analysis results and attempts to elucidate the Beijing second success in winning the bid for the 2022 Games despite the controversy which followed the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympic Games. The Thesis comes to several conclusions. Firstly, it negates the idea of the normative function of...
The Paris Agreement: major emitters from the two-level game perspective
Janoušková, Johana ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
In December 2015, the COP 21 adopted the Paris Agreement, which aims to address the global problem of climate change. The global climate change regime has virtually oscillated between the top-down multilaterally decided formulaic arrangements and the bottom-up nationally-determined approach. The Agreement partially prevailed over the longstanding preference for bottom-up deals and was initially ratified by the "Big Four" of world's emitters: the United States, the European Union, China and India. The purpose of this thesis was therefore twofold: (1) to determine the extent to which the Paris Agreement has adopted elements that were top-down in nature, and (2) conclude whether the regime's strengthening can be explained based on the two posed hypotheses. The former was addressed by proposing a coding scheme that applied a set of indicators obtained through academic literature review. The latter was guided by the two-level game theory authored by Robert D. Putnam. The first hypothesis anticipated an overlap of negotiation positions of the largest emitters concerning the top-down elements eventually adopted in the Paris Agreement. The second hypothesis assumed these negotiation positions were compatible with the respective domestic preferences related to climate policies and cooperation. Identified Level I...
EU's Imperialism: Contemporary CSDP Missions
Šmardová, Martina ; Ditrych, Ondřej (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
The thesis focuses on the contemporary CSDP missions of the European Union from the point of view of critical literatures on imperialism, state-building and capacity-building. State-building and capacity-building gradually became dominant approaches towards weak and failing states which are associated with the exercise of power and influence in the critical literature, e.g. in David Chandler on whose argument this thesis draws on. The thesis develops Chandler's argument by means of analysis of intervention practices in the selected cases.
Social Irrationalism in the Era of Neo-liberal Crisis? The Role of Politics, Science, Agrochemical Industry, and Civil Society in the Context of the TTIP Debate
Kučera, David ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) should have been a 'game- changer' and a boost for the EU economy by creating more jobs and growth in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. By eliminating the remaining trade barriers, it would have established a transatlantic trade area connecting the two most powerful economies in the world. This Master's thesis utilizes four concepts of the neo-Marxist theory: key premises of the Amsterdam School, State theory of Bob Jessop and Nicos Poulantzas, combines Ulrich Beck's notion of risk society with Antonio Gramsci's role of intellectuals, and outlines the premise of commodification as a part of political ecology. The theoretical neo-Marxist prism facilitates the mapping of the crucial social agents functioning as the proponents of the TTIP agenda as a hegemonic project and those forces opposing the deal as a counter-hegemonic movement. This thesis reveals how the TTIP agreement was legitimized by the proponents but issues of transparency and other contradictions revolving around the deal attracted the attention of various civil society organizations (CSOs) that were concerned about TTIP's impact on public health and environment. Three empirical cases focusing on the precautionary principle (PP), endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs),...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 98 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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4 Pařízek, Martin
4 Pařízek, Michal
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