National Repository of Grey Literature 104 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Examining United States' Presidential Perception of the Energy Security in Period 2001-2017: A Content Analysis
Mazač, Jan ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Karlas, Jan (referee)
Unprecedented expansion in U.S. shale oil and gas production since the mid-2000s, alias known as "shale revolution", has triggered a transformation of global energy markets and has altered many decades lasting geopolitical paradigms. However, whether and how such phenomenon affected U.S. governmental perception of energy security has not been addressed yet. With focus on the executive branch, this master's thesis attempts to do so and presents comprehensive and systematic descriptive account of perception of energy security and its evolution in 17-year period. Conceptualizing the perception of energy security in four measurable indicators, two quantitative methods, a humanly conducted and dictionary-based computer aided text analysis are exploited herein. Both analysis suggests that the U.S. presidential perception of energy security has been positively affected by this phenomenon and four decades long paradigm regarding the security of supply as a threat to national security has become obsolete. Furthermore, the number of statements, portraying the energy security negatively dropped by one fifth, and vice versa, the positive perception of the energy security augmented by factor four. The author anticipates that used methodological framework, especially the computer aided text analysis, serving as a useful...
Influence of foreign private actors on political decision-making in the Czech Republic: case study of Japanese and German economic actors
Barták, Petr ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Kučerová, Irah (referee)
Influence of non-state transnational actors on decision-making of sovereign states is one of the most important topics in the international relations discipline. Some academic approaches consider this influence as quite important. Others perceive it as only secondary. Economic actors are a specific case because they on one hand bring know-how, employment and economic growth. On the other hand, they decrease sovereignty of the host states. This thesis tries to uncover influence of the two strongest non-state transnational economic actors in the Czech Republic - German and Japanese Chambers of Commerce. The topic of lobbying of these actors in the case of lack of labor force in the Czech Republic was chosen because of its good empirics. The text also aims to test assumptions according to which bargaining power of such actors is influenced by geographical distance between the host state and home country of the transnational actor. This thesis also wants to address the general topic of influence of the transnational actors on states in the international relations, based on the findings of this case study.
Outcomes of the operation of the international commission CICIG in the fight against corruption and organized crime in Guatemala
Melíšek, David ; Krausz Hladká, Malvína (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
The thesis examines the results of the international commission against impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), founded in 2006 by an agreement between the government of Guatemala and the UN. It represents a unique tool of UN, connecting in its mandate national and international elements, whose singular goal is a fight against contemporary national crimes, in contrast to a more classical model of UN, which focuses predominantly on international or past crimes. The thesis tries to answer whether the level of corruption and presence of organized crime in the state institutions was lowered during the mandate of CICIG, whether the level of impunity was lowered at the national courts and how big of a role could be attributed to CICIG. The analysis is diveded into two parts. In the first one, based on a few key indicators, the institutional situation in crime prosecution in Guatemala is evaluated before and after the mandate of CICIG. In the second one, with the use of a process-tracing method, the role of CICIG in 3 key cases is analysed, especially concerning the power of its influence in Guatemala. A short discussion about the good and bad characteristics of the CICIG model concludes the thesis.
Cyber Security in the United States of America: Assessing the Role of the Department of Homeland Security
Hofmanová, Lucie ; Csernatoni, Raluca (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
As one of the major players in cyber security, the United States (U.S.) holds a specific, national security-focused approach towards this field. The most prominent actor in the U.S. within this discipline is the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which has released its own cyber security strategy four months prior to the overall national strategy. Based on its position in this domain and the specific relationship with the president of the U.S., the thesis aims to explore the DHS and its agenda-setting powers that were used to push its discourse onto the national level. This thesis examines the cyber security strategy of the U.S., specifically the position of the DHS in cyber security, and attempts to determine if this federal department used its influence to mainstream its discourse in the national cyber security strategy. The thesis further analyzes what is the cyber security strategy of the U.S., and if there has been a securitization of this field after 9/11. It draws on a variety of theories and analytical tools, including Hansen and Nissenbaum's securitization theory and agenda setting theory, as well as various methods of political discourse analysis, Fairclough's critical discourse analysis, historical analysis, and process tracing. Ultimately, the thesis reveals the securitizing...
The US withdrawal from UNESCO - sign of politicization of the agency?
Dostál, Jan ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Knutelská, Viera (referee)
This thesis is focused mainly on the case of US withdrawal from UNESCO, which was announced in October 2017 and took effect in December 2018, especially on finding the motives for this move. In order to identify them, it introduces in the first section the legal and historical overview of withdrawals from international organizations (IOs) in general. This paper gives attention to examples of departure from UN specialized agencies, respectively from UNESCO. Further it presents the Principal-Agent theory, as applied to relationship between States and IOs, and the issue of politicization of IOs, for a better understanding of reasons for the US decision to leave UNESCO. The main method for detecting them used in the following section consists of a content analysis of statements of US officials, other governmental documents and media outputs from 2003 to 2018, in which the USA levelled any criticism towards UNESCO. The analysis distinguishes between the accusations of technical organizational mismanagement and politicization. It also differentiates between the two levels of its occurrence, concretely the supranational (in the independent bodies with delegated authority) and intergovernmental (in the bodies with pooled authority) level. The connection of the any supposedly politicized issue to Israel is...
Influence school legislation from 2016 to process Primary School Práčská
Gregarová, Jana ; Pařízek, Michal (advisor) ; Ortová, Marie (referee)
This bachelor work deals with problematics of Czech modern education. It describes a new scholastic legislation and its influence on the operation of a primary school, established along §16 par. 9 Education Act. This work acquaints with history and development of special education. It work highlights an important role of school advisory institutions, which have a fundamental importance for assessment of support measures and placing pupils to educational institutions. The bachelor work describes the most common diagnoses of pupils with special educational needs and the most important points of the current scholastic legislation. The practical part of the bachelor work introduces the primary school Práčská, on which the research was made. I used a method of document analysis, for which was used a technique of long-term report, and a method of qualitative research with a technique of semi-structured interview. The final part of this work is dedicated to evaluation of the new scholastic legislation's influence and its impact on the primary school Práčská.
Understanding of the concept 'Corporate Social Responsibility' - universal vs. regional level in South America
Pavlovičová, Natália ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
This master thesis elaborates on the question whether there is a difference in the understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on the universal level and on the regional level in South America. It is built upon the dichotomy of the recent movement in the CSR field that seeks to answer both emerging transnational challenges in a coordinated way while delivering a significant impact on the local level. The analysis is performed using the method of content analysis. Two major aspects of CSR are analyzed - the way the nature of CSR is defined and the prominence of the issues that CSR should address. Based on the results of the content analysis, we identify major trends in the understanding of CSR on both levels and determine the scope of the difference between them. Regarding the differences, we find one common denominator that is dominant on both levels - institutions and governance. In other categories we observe a high variability of the prominence across analysed levels. The important trends revealed in the thesis is a high penetration of South America with foreign CSR institutions and a significant impact of a membership in a global CSR organization on how CSR is communicated by a member organization on the regional level.
Economic change in Russia: Oil dependency
Krupa, Mikuláš ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
This thesis concentrates on the case of Russian economy and assessment of its dependence on oil. Russia is often cited as an example of country suffering from resource curse as its natural wealth forms significant share of country's exports and revenues. Thesis will first concentrate on factors determining current state of Russian economy. Presence of the symptoms of Dutch disease in the Russian economy will be studied using the Vector error correction model (VECM) applied on the real effective exchange rate of country (REER). Thesis will also contain an assessment of Russian institutional environment to check for other symptoms of resource curse theory. Analysis of latest federal budget will be used to evaluate the sustainability of Russian federal finances. The thesis is concluded by discussion of results and possible paths of future development of Russian economy.
Economic diplomacy of the Czech Republic from the exporters' viewpoint
Čadil, David ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Kučerová, Irah (referee)
This masters thesis has two aims. First one is to examine and describe positions and opinions of czech exporters on economic diplomacy. For this thesis I conducted a series of elite interviews with representatives from czech top export companies. Second aim is to examine whether the czech economic diplomacy is closer to the preferences of exporters or preferences of the state. In the second part of the thesis, I am performing a content analysis of the interviews, documents of economic diplomacy and statements of main actors of czech foreign politics. The main object of the analysis is the relation of actors towards three selected teritories - Russia, China and EU. I am then comparing the positions of given actors. This thesis concludes that we cannot say for sure whether czech export strategy is based on preferences of state or preferences of exporters.
Impact of transnational advocacy networks on environmental policy and outcomes
Morin-Robinson, Thomas ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
Transnational climate governance networks, composed of sub-state and private actors, are being increasingly recognized in the international climate regime, most recently at the 2015 UNFCCC summit in Paris. Urban centres and their own networks, trans-municipal climate networks such as ICLEI and C40, have been particularly touted as a decentralized solution to climate policy collective action problems at the level of the nation-state. These networks help motivated cities acquire resources and policy guidance, as well as reframe climate policy as more universal and cities as climate leaders. But do they really improve climate output? Do cities in trans-municipal networks pass more climate policy than non-members? This study examines a sample of 190 cities in 26 OECD countries which self-reported their climate actions in the year 2017. Using a multi-level regression model, the study accounts for control variables at both the urban and state level for climate exposure, available resources, and political factors, finding that networked cities do pass more policies than their non-networked peers. It also provides more limited evidence that more networks may compound this effect. State level factors appear generally not to have a significant effect on city level policy, save for the degree of fossil fuel...

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4 Pařízek, Martin
4 Pařízek, Michal
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