National Repository of Grey Literature 199 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of the Causes and Nature of Ethnic Conflicts
Kohout, Jan ; Plechanovová, Běla (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze factors responsible for onset of ethnic conflicts and selected characteristics. By comparing to non-ethnic conflicts it was determined, if there are any differences in onset mechanisms of these two types of conflicts and thus if there is a space for explanatory role of ethnicity as a cause of ethnic conflicts. Selection of examined factors is congruent with the relevant literature and existing analyses and reflects the context of contemporary conflict research. The influence of male unemployment rate, level of Human development index and its inequality-adjusted version, human rights and finally the influence of conflicts in neighbouring countries on the onset of conflict is tested by statistical methods in component analyses. Also the intensity of ethnic and non-ethnic conflicts, war years and HDI are also compared. The comparative style of the research helps to understand the true nature of causes of intrastate conflicts and indicates, that there is no difference between the two types. Empirical character of this thesis is also the reason for assessing it within the context of other quantitative studies of conflict, comparing the results and defining the proper level of analysis for reaching tangible contributions.
Citizens trust in international organisations
Trelle, Michael ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Sedlecká, Adéla (referee)
This master thesis explores which factors determines individual-level trust in international organizations. By using data from the new World Value Survey 7, the citizens trust in the IMF and the UN is investigated in 44 countries. First, the established association between citizens national political trust and their trust in international organizations is explored. Second, the concept of ingroup-outgroup is used to created a new theoretical model to see whether ingroup-outgroup trust has a moderating effect or a direct effect on the established association. The results show that in close to one third of the countries, there is no association between citizens national political trust and their trust in the IMF and the UN. This challenge the theoretical model from the literature and encourage to look more into country specific aspects to explain these differences. The data showed that in more than one third of the countries, ingroup-outgroup trust has a direct effect on the association between citizens national political trust and their trust in the IMF and the UN. It means that the concept of ingroup-outgroup trust can be added as a new concept into the theoretical model that explores individual-level trust in international organizations.
Changes in Taiwan-Czech Relations
Chen, Wen-Yu ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
This thesis aims to shed light on how the evolving Czech-Taiwanese relationship has been reflected in Taiwan. The research encompasses a diverse range of data sources, including governmental foreign affairs annual reports, government-funded scholarships, trade and investment flows, media coverage from selected Taiwanese news outlets, and individual movements between the Czech Republic and Taiwan. With qualitative content analysis and descriptive analysis, the study endeavors to provide conclusive answers to the research question. Given the consideration of the unavailability of research on recent developments in Czech Republic- Taiwan relations, as well as the bilateral relationship itself, this study is poised to identify and evaluate any significant changes in their ties. The research will focus on examining how these changes in bilateral relations have been manifested and perceived in Taiwan. The temporal scope of the thesis spans from 2013 to 2023, encompassing a decade of crucial developments in the Czech-Taiwanese relationship.
The instrumentalisation and weaponisation of migrants, its impacts, and how the EU responds: the case of Belarus
Škopková, Lucie ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Kazharski, Aliaksei (referee)
This diploma thesis will focus on the weaponisation of migration as a hybrid threat posed to states in an attempt to destabilise their internal systems. The case study of the Poland-Belarus border crisis will be used to examine and illustrate how the European Union can address such hybrid attacks and how this reflects on the notion of the European Union as a 'normative power'. This will be done by conducting a content analysis of relevant news articles from EURACTIV, EUobserver, and POLITICO on the case study and by holding interviews with experts and academics. The notion of the European Union as a normative power will be explored through the lens of realism and neo-realism, focusing on the role of human rights and the European Union's reliance on sanctions. This will help to explore the conclusion that the conceptualisation of the European Union should be more nuanced, making it appear as a civilian power with strong normative foundations in practice rather than a solely normative power.
Nowcasting as the new potential predicting method for the policy-makers
Chaloupka, David ; Kofroň, Jan (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
This bachelor's thesis examines the role of nowcasting as a real-time data pre- diction approach in policy-making. The study compares the informative value of macroeconomic forecasting during crises and the potential of nowcasting as an alternative. By analyzing selected forecasting and nowcasting indexes from 2019 to 2022, the research fnds that nowcasting performs well during during 2020, which was afected by COVID-19 pandemic. However, it faces limitations in terms of prediction horizon and data requirements. Although forecasting may lose its informative value during crises, nowcasting cannot entirely replace it. Instead, both approaches can complement each other, enhancing policy decisions. The thesis also highlights nowcasting's potential for policy analysis and also its use in science.
Religion in the United Nations Security Council
Formánková, Marie ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Dostál, Jan (referee)
This thesis deals with the occurrence of terms with religious significance in the meeting records of the United Nations Security Council. Religion manifests itself in the private and public spheres, in which it also intervenes in political and international affairs. As it is also present in various forms in the United Nations, the thesis aims to find out whether religion is also manifest in the Security Council and, if so, in what forms and contexts. It also tries to find an answer to the question if there was a temporary increase in the number of mentions of religion after 2001. In addition to the literature, the thesis is based on the analysis of Security Council meetings, that took place in the period 1996- 2006. A dataset was created consisting of ¼ of the meetings for the given period, which means 550 records out of a total of 1 998. Through the analysis of these documents, the thesis focuses not only on the number of religious expressions and their form, but also on the possible causes that may affect their presence. Primarily, it is the thematic focus of the UNSC meeting, which is treated as the main factor in the occurrence of references to religion. Therefore, the thesis tries to find out whether they really represent a fundamental role and in which topics religious aspects occur most...
The Argentine-Brazilian bilateral nuclear verification protocol in the light of trust-building cooperation theory
Argüello, Facundo ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Doboš, Bohumil (referee)
The Argentine-Brazilian bilateral nuclear verification protocol in the light of trust-building cooperation theory Argüello, 2023 Abstract This work aims to identify the reasons for ABACC's continued success in securing a strong reception by Argentina, Brazil, and the NSG, and well as predict the impact of Brazil signing the IAEAAdditional Protocol in its search for a nuclear submarine as part of the PROSUB. The thesis analyzes ABACC from a neo-institutionalist theoretical framework of Regime Theory, cooperation patterns, Rational Design, and studies on International Organization centralization, independence, and enforcement problems. The work concludes that ABACC is successful because, firstly, its credibility and reputation are convenient for both state members, which share similar gains of prestige from the institution's success. This is because the agency has encompassed the interests of both. Secondly, ABACC is the work of a careful institutional design that rests on centralization, independence, high-quality of information, and strictly enforced bilateral symmetry between Argentina and Brazil. Regarding the impact of Brazil's nuclear submarine project, it can be said that it threatens ABACC's success because it changes the interests of Brazil, which are no longer encompassed by the Agency. This means...
Changes in Japan-South Korea Relations in the Context of the Current Trade War
Protasevičová, Alexandra ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
This thesis examines the trade war between South Korea and Japan, which began in the summer of 2019. The dispute has a complex history that partly explains the inevitability of the conflict: Japan is still coming to terms with its colonial past, while South Korea is struggling to forgive the war crimes it committed and is waiting for an official apology. Despite the long- standing disagreements between the two countries, South Korea and Japan remain key allies of the US, which is watching the whole trade war with great concern, especially because of the potential danger from North Korea, which confirms the global impact of this trade war. It is thus in the best interests of the United States to resolve the conflict quickly. Crucially, both Japan and South Korea are using the dispute to adopt hostile historicism as a key resource in the political game: using it to legitimize their own objectives. The aim of this thesis will therefore be to answer the question of what preceded the trade war between South Korea and Japan and what are the reasons for the deterioration of bilateral relations. Another question is how the conflict can be resolved and whether the United States can directly influence it. This paper is based on the hypothesis that the trade war between Japan and South Korea is directly...
States' Compliance with Human Rights Provisions and Recommendations Stemming from UN Human Rights Mechanisms
Nevřivý, Zdeněk ; Karlas, Jan (advisor) ; Parízek, Michal (referee)
The master's thesis examines states' compliance with the UPR and UN treaty bodies by exploring pre-selected factors influencing states' compliance with human rights provisions and recommendations stemming from UN human rights mechanisms over ten years (2011-2021). The first two parts describe UN human rights mechanisms and include a literature review that provides an overview of sources focusing on the UN treaty body system and the UPR. Findings from the literature review are used to define the two opposing theories: rationalist theory and theory emphasizing states' administrative capacities and two complementing theories. Based on these theories, four hypotheses are formulated and operationalized to perform four case studies focused on the Netherlands, South Africa, Bahrain, and Honduras. Recommendations given to states are assessed from the perspective of human rights provision or recommendation per se by two sets of criteria for the UPR and UN treaty bodies. To indicate the level of compliance, assessments are assigned with five values. Afterward, findings are interpreted to answer the research question, verify, or refute hypotheses, and compare states' compliance with human rights provisions and recommendations stemming from UN human rights mechanisms.

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See also: similar author names
1 PAŘÍZEK, Matouš
6 Pařízek, Martin
6 Pařízek, Michal
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