National Repository of Grey Literature 16 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of the Elections to the Senate of the Czech Republic's Parliament and of related Electoral Behaviour
Malcová, Karolína ; Lebeda, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mrklas, Ladislav (referee)
The objective of the thesis is a detailed analysis of the senatorial elections on a micro-level in the following four election districts: district № 12 - the area of Strakonice, district № 15 - the area of Pelhřimov, district № 51 - the area of Žďár nad Sázavou and district № 54 - the area of Znojmo in the framework of two regular election terms in the years 1996 and 2002. In the initial theoretical part, the thesis copes with majority electoral systems, deals with their internal classification and examines in more detail the effects of a two-round voting. A separate chapter of the thesis presents the Senate of the Czech Republic's Parliament as an upper chamber in the milieu of Czech parliamentarism and brings nearer the electoral system, embodied by law, exactly for the elections to the Senate. The second practical part of the thesis focuses on the micro-analysis of - in total - eight delimited senatorial elections. In the framework of each election district, the thesis takes into account internal socioeconomic and political circumstances, monitors characteristic features of individual electoral candidates and also the distribution of the electorate among three categories of municipalities, i.e. large towns with the population over five thousand inhabitants, middle size municipalities with the population...
Democrats 66 at the Dutch Political Scene
Vorlová, Kateřina ; Říchová, Blanka (advisor) ; Mrklas, Ladislav (referee)
The Bachelor's thesis "Democrats 66 at the Dutch Political Scene" considers the political life in the Netherlands during the second half of the 20th century. The political party Democrats '66 was established in October 1966 with the view of reform the Dutch political system and democratize the Dutch society. It experienced several intraparty crises, after one of which (in 1985) the party renamed Democrats 66. It designates itself as the left-of-centre, progressive liberal party. The Bachelor's thesis is divided into two parts. The first part focuses on the party establishment and its internal development up to the present day. It examines in detail two main party requirements - a direct election of the Prime Minister and a change of the Second Chamber electoral system. Further, it contains an analysis of party election programs, its election results to the Second Chamber and a development of the party membership. The point is to ascertain a reason for the party establishment and partly its maintenance at the Dutch political scene. The second part deals with the party participation on government coalitions and especially with its formation and functioning of those governments. The particular attention is given to the representation of Democrats '66 (Democrats 66, respectively) and its policy in those...
Case study - Lobbying of the Act No. 180/2005 Coll.
Řezáč, Tomáš ; Mrklas, Ladislav (advisor) ; Opatrný, Aleš (referee)
Case study - Lobbying o f the Act No. 180/2005 Coll. (Law on Support fo r Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy Sources) is a study following legislative procedure of the Act No. 180/2005 Coll. It focuses primarily on the influence of interest groups, which were participating on law making of the particular act. The study firstly deals in general features with theoretical preconditions for lobbying in the Czech Republic, in order to set a background for a consequent case study. These theoretical conditions are partly verified and partly refuted in the case study. The theoretical part of the work firstly depicts the term of lobbying; secondly it surveys predisposition of legislative procedure to be lobbied. In the case study itself, the work pursues the ways and extent, in which lobbying is carried out. It analyses behavior of political parties, interest groups and professional associations during lobbying the Act No. 180/2005 Coll. In the end of the paper, the author looks, on basis of the case study outputs, for correlation between a lobbying subject and a type of lobbying used during influencing of the law-making. The paper is first of this kind in the Czech Republic. Because there are no analogous studies in scope of Czech political science, hence the author doesn't attempt a deep and...
The Influence of Lobbyist Groups on the Quality of Legislation
Vybíralová, Jana ; Novák, Miroslav (referee) ; Mrklas, Ladislav (advisor)
The diploma thesis "The influence of lobbyist groups on the quality of legislation" deals with processes which take place in the environment of the Czech lobbyist community. The paper works on the assumption that lobbyist groups are a relevant part of public life which has a considerable influence over the advancement of particular interests, and which can be considered a legitimate part of a parliamentary democracy. The paper is divided into four chapters. The first chapter is dedicated to the theoretical embedding of lobbying, while the second one deals with the Czech legislative process. The core of the thesis consists of selected case studies which analyse the strategy, position and argumentation fund of concerned participants. The final chapter reflects hitherto efforts to regulate lobbying.
UKIP's Position in the Party System of The United Kingdom and the Role of Party Euroscepticism
Škrobák, Zdeněk ; Lebeda, Tomáš (referee) ; Mrklas, Ladislav (advisor)
The main objective of master thesis "UKIP's Position in the Party System of The United Kingdom and the Role of Party Euroscepticism" was to evaluate party position in the party system in both first-order and second-order elections and main sources of voter support. The introductory part introduces concepts. The following part deals with european policies of the british parties after second world war and emergence of the euroscepticism as a important phenomenon in the british politics. Next part deals with the rise of the party's circumstances and it's developement. Discourse analysis will answer the question, whether party remains single issue, and analysis of the electorate will provide information on socioeconomic and geographic status of party voters and their attitudes. The following part deals with party election results in individual first-order and second-order elections. The final part summarizes contemporary situation and outlines the possibilities of its further development.
Consociationalism as a Possible Solution of Conflicts in Segmented Societies: The Case of Lebanon and Northern Ireland
Klevarová, Kateřina ; Ditrych, Ondřej (advisor) ; Mrklas, Ladislav (referee)
The Master's thesis "Consociationalism as a Possible Solution of Conflicts in Segmented Societies: The Case of Lebanon and Northern Ireland" deals with suitability of consociational model in fragmented societies. By means of the comparative studies of Lebanon and Northern Ireland the author considered possibility to apply the system in countries or regions, which experienced long lasting internal conflict or civil war. The conclusion of the essay is that consociational model is a possible solution of conflicts in segmented societies. However the analysis of the peace process in both cases revealed the importance of external factors, which can contribute to the final implementation of the model. The link between collective identities and interests revealed the requirement of sufficient motivation for elite to engage in power sharing and to take the tough decisions conducive to inter-ethnic political accommodation. This pressure should come in the form of coercive external forces. However, it is necessary to consider the dynamics of the system, which is rigid and it will need certain modifications in the future.
Political parties as one of the democracy-guarantees in the Federal Republic of Germany
Berger, Vojtěch ; Mrklas, Ladislav (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
This thesis aims to describe the consolidation process of democracy in West Germany by the example of the political parties. Firstly, it analyses historical reasons for the negative approach towards the parties in the German area and compares how two different law- and constitutional systems, the Weimar Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany, were dealing with the political parties. The main focus is put on the parties' role in the current German society and on the parties' influence on the democracy-durability in Germany. Special attention is paid to two aspects - financing of the parties and political education. The final part of the thesis summarizes arguments, which confirm the positive tribute of the parties to the German democracy. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)

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