National Repository of Grey Literature 50 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Solar energy support in the Czech Republic in 2006-2016
Štěch, Martin ; Lukášová, Tereza (advisor) ; Maule, Petr (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to analyze the efficiency of solar energy support in the Czech Republic in 2006-2016. The paper shows the progressive development of photovoltaics, including economic and political impacts. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the position of the Czech Republic in the Europe 2020 program in terms of increasing the representation of renewable resources. The aim of the thesis is to find out whether there are negative externalities in supporting solar energy. In the theoretical part, the work is first devoted to the Czech Republic's energy sector, including renewable resources, energy policy and then to the development of the photovoltaic system. The practical part evaluates the efficiency of solar energy support in the Czech Republic in the chosen period. Support for solar energy seems to be economically inefficient both for the construction of large or small systems. The next part shows that the Czech Republic fulfills the criteria set by Europe 2020. The benefit of the thesis is the evaluation that solar energy support is not effective and causes negative externalities.
Comparation of The Dutch and American pension system (2015)
Němec, Lukáš ; Brabec, Petr (advisor) ; Lukášová, Tereza (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the problematic of systems of old age security pension in the Netherland and the United States of America. The theoretical part attemps to introduce the breakdown of pension systems according to the financing method, the operator, or the construction of pension benefits. The practical part deals with the brief presentation of history of pension systems, the demographic situation in the monitored countries and the analysis of the state of pension systems according to individual pillars. The aim of the thesis is to analyse and to compare the state of pension systems in selected countries and to propose changes for the pension system of the Czech Republic. This bachelor thesis concludes that the Netherlands pension system is more advantageous and better set than the system in the USA. Therefore, the outcome of the thesis is that the Dutch pension system is a convenient inspiration for the Czech pension system.
Unemployment of graduates of universities and their position in labour market in years 2013-2016
Šebestová, Nikola ; Pekárek, Štěpán (advisor) ; Lukášová, Tereza (referee)
This thesis deals with the unemployment of graduates in Czech Republic in years 2013-2016. The main target of this thesis is to confirm the hypothesis of decrease number of unemployed of graduates and evaluation of situation compared with graduates of high school in the labour market. The theoretical part represents the basic terms like unemployment, labour market and human capital. Also deals with term graduate and compares advantages and disadvantages of graduates in labour market. The practical part examines development of unemployment of graduates from three perspectives. Analyses development of unemployment of graduates in individual regions, compares unemployment of graduates of universities and graduates of high school and analyses unemployment of graduates from the point of graduated specialization. Although the rate of unemployed graduates have declined over the last 4 years, indicating favourable conditions in the labour market, the situation has steadily improved - for example by adopting certain elements of the dual education system
The analysis of the influence of pro-population policy on birth rates in the Czech Republic between 1970-2015
Zikmundová, Ivana ; Strejček, Ivo (advisor) ; Lukášová, Tereza (referee)
The topic of natality and pro-population policy is very actual. Due to the population aging and the associated change of the age structure, it is discussed not only about the lack of resources to finance the old-age pensions, that are the largest item of state social expenditure, but also other economic issues, that can the population decline or the change of the age structure cause. The main objective of this bachelor thesis is, based on a description of the influence of the selected factors on the birth rates in the Czech Republic between 1970-2015 and on the analysis of economic costs and benefits by having a child in 2015, to confirm or refute the hypothesis that the implementation of the suitable pro-population measures has a generally positive effect on the birth rate. The results of the research confirmed the hypothesis, although the influence of the individual factors on the birth rate was not completely unambiguous. The current fertility rate of the Czech Republic is far below the limit of simple reproduction and the numbers of women in the fertile age are likely to decrease in the coming years. Therefore, it is appropriate to choose a suitable pro-population policy. It could be more focused on the support of working parents with small children because the current social security system is more attractive to low-income families and can demotivate some individuals from entering or returning to the labour market.
Analysis of the development of approach to social housing in the Czech Republic in 2000 - 2017
Staňková, Karolína ; Lukášová, Tereza (advisor) ; Prudká, Šárka (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the increasingly topical question of social housing. The bachelor thesis deals not only with the current situation in the housing market, but also the development in previous years, which has influenced the present situation. The secondary topic of the bachelor thesis is the Housing First philosophy of social housing, which shows significantly better results than the Czech three-degree permeable system. The issue of social housing is crucial for the future development of the Czech population, because the number of people at risk of poverty is not decreasing and the number of people "on the street" is increasing. Based on the analysis in the bachelor thesis, it is clear that the situation of people at risk of poverty is not as much influenced by the amount of state expenditures in the housing policy, as rather by the set-up of state care in the area of housing. However, the adoption of the bill on social housing and the housing allowance in its present form brings with it many problems, such as the abuse of social partments by privileged citizens and interest groups and the pressure on the state budget. Also for these reasons, the legislative process of this act is lengthy and it is therefore a question whether the act will actually be adopted, or whether the set-up of the current housing policy in the Czech Republic will only be adjusted.
Analysis of effectiveness of changes in sickness insurance in the Czech Republic in 2010-2017
Skřivancová, Petra ; Štípek, Vladimír (advisor) ; Lukášová, Tereza (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the analysis and evaluation of the impact of changes that occurred in the system of sickness insurance in the Czech Republic between 2010 and 2017. During this period there were several legislative adjustments to the Sickness Insurance Act, especially the austerity measures adopted in 2010 and the adjustments in 2011 and 2014. The theoretical part of the thesis deals with the history and the present system, as well as the legislative changes in individual years. The end of the theoretical part characterizes sickness insurance and its benefits. The beginning of the practical part is devoted to the model example of the calculation of sickness insurance benefits, where we can observe the influence of adopted austerity measures. The second part analyzes the impact of changes to income and expenditures of sickness insurance. Expenditures have risen in recent years and are reaching the level of income, which may lead to the system´s financial incompetence. Furthermore, there is an analysis of the indicators of sickness insurance, mainly temporary incapacity for work, which shows that despite the reduction of the average length of one case, the average percentage of incapacity for work is increasing. Finally thesis analyzes the impact of changes on the circles of insured people and evaluates the impact of changes. Based on the results obtained, measures are then proposed to improve the sickness insurance system.
Analysis of the effectiveness of selected health policy measures of individual governments of the Czech Republic in the period 2005-2016
Šírková, Klára ; Lukášová, Tereza (advisor) ; Zubíková, Adéla (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse effectivity of the selected measures of health policy of the individual governments of the Czech Republic in the period 2005-2016. Special attention is paid to Policy Statements of the Government of the Czech Republic in the field of healthcare, and to comparison of these statements with subsequent government measures. The theoretical part deals with the general theory of the health policy and its influence on the economy. Furthermore, there is outlined the historical development of the health policy since its inception to implementation of the health policy in the Czech Republic. The practical part first analyses the individual program statements of the Governments and examines the subsequent measures. Then it is focused on the selected national economic indicators, such as healthcare spending and their structure or founding, and their development, which compares with the governmental measures in the given years. Finally, the work summarizes the findings and evaluate the benefits or pitfalls of various measures of health policy. This topic is very timely given the current development of the health policy in the Czech Republic.
The analysis of the development of expenses of the state social support system in the Czech Republic from 2004 to 2016
Vítková, Lucie ; Lukášová, Tereza (advisor) ; Vebrová, Ludmila (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the analysis of the development of expenses of the state social support system in the Czech Republic from 2004 to 2016. The system is one of the most crucial tools for the financial support of families with children. The relation between expenses and macroeconomic variables is the subject of examination. With the help of correlation and regression analysis, the hypothesis of linear increasing and decreasing of the state social support system expanses based on the development of GDP is also examined. No relation between expenses on social benefits and the economic cycle was confirmed in the analysis. The following section of this bachelor thesis analyses the legislation specifying the amount of expenditure of all currently paid social benefits. The measures implemented before the parliament elections of the year 2006, when the expenses reached their maximum in 2007 - almost 48 billion Czech crowns - predominantly because of this measure, are especially worthy of attention. The final part of this bachelor thesis is the author's own assessment of the issue.
Comparison of Health Care Financing System in the Czech Republic and in Singapore in the years 2005–2015
Hofmanová, Veronika ; Lukášová, Tereza (advisor) ; Zubíková, Adéla (referee)
This bachelor thesis compares health care system financing, private and public expenditures, quality of health care and demographic indicators in the Czech Republic and Singapore. The differences in financing between mentioned systems are based on different historical development. The Singaporean system of financing is based on individual responsibility to save money on their own health account and co-finance health care. It is possible to claim that this system is more effective because people do not abuse health care and protect their own health. The Czech system is based on solidarity. People pay according to their income and they use it as they need but it does not lead to effective use of health care and to responsibility for their own health and total health expenditures rise. However, both systems have the same function, they provide health care to all inhabitants. The Singaporean system guarantees health care to the poor by a fund (Medifund) which is financed by the government. This is a current topic for national economics because health care expenditures rise. This systems comparison could provide an impulse to improve the Czech financing system.
The development of marriage rate and divorce rate in the Czech Republic in 1989-2017
Šindelářová, Karolína ; Lukášová, Tereza (advisor) ; Kinský, Jiří (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the development of marriage rate and divorce rate in the Czech Republic between 1989 and 2017. In the theoretical part is defined the basic concepts and concepts connected with social and family policy, and the basic demographic indicators associated with this work are described. The practical part focuses on the development of marriage rate and divorce rate in the Czech Republic and regions. The development of the causes of the marriage breakdown and the influence of minors on divorce rate are also characterized. Considerable attention is paid to the development of birth rates and subsequent regression analysis describes the effect of marriage rate and divorce rate on the number of live births. The last part deals with development of gross domestic product in the Czech Republic and its relation to marriage rate and divorce rate. Finally, the work summarizes the findings and the development of marriage and divorce related to changes in society after the fall of the political regime in 1989.

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