National Repository of Grey Literature 26 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The analysis of the influence of pro-population policy on birth rates in the Czech Republic between 1970-2015
Zikmundová, Ivana ; Strejček, Ivo (advisor) ; Lukášová, Tereza (referee)
The topic of natality and pro-population policy is very actual. Due to the population aging and the associated change of the age structure, it is discussed not only about the lack of resources to finance the old-age pensions, that are the largest item of state social expenditure, but also other economic issues, that can the population decline or the change of the age structure cause. The main objective of this bachelor thesis is, based on a description of the influence of the selected factors on the birth rates in the Czech Republic between 1970-2015 and on the analysis of economic costs and benefits by having a child in 2015, to confirm or refute the hypothesis that the implementation of the suitable pro-population measures has a generally positive effect on the birth rate. The results of the research confirmed the hypothesis, although the influence of the individual factors on the birth rate was not completely unambiguous. The current fertility rate of the Czech Republic is far below the limit of simple reproduction and the numbers of women in the fertile age are likely to decrease in the coming years. Therefore, it is appropriate to choose a suitable pro-population policy. It could be more focused on the support of working parents with small children because the current social security system is more attractive to low-income families and can demotivate some individuals from entering or returning to the labour market.
Analysis of the effectiveness of labor intermediation by the Labor Office in Pardubice in 2011-2016
Purkertová, Pavlína ; Štípek, Vladimír (advisor) ; Strejček, Ivo (referee)
The bachelor thesis uses the metod of analysis to determine the efficiency of labor intermediation through issued job recommendations in the town of Pardubice. It has turned out that issuing job recommendations is more effective for detection of voluntary unemployment than as a tool to help mediate suitable employment for the applicant. Successful mediation of work is realized in only 20 % of cases. In this context, the thesis also analyzes the motivation of candidates for voluntary unemployment. This motivation has been found in low-educated applicants where the amount of social security benefits exceeds their available salary. On the basis of the analysis, economic policy recommendations have been formulated to improve the system of issuing job recommendations.
Analysis of the unemployment compensation system in the Czech Republic between years 2011 and 2017 with the model of individual unemployment insurance
Weinberg, Tomáš ; Štípek, Vladimír (advisor) ; Strejček, Ivo (referee)
Bachelor thesis examines the influence of social reform on the social insurance system in connection with unemployment compensation in Czech Republic between the years 2011 and 2017. The partial aim of this thesis is the presentation of my own design of unemployment insurance system together with its impacts on the national economy. The thesis uses the method of analysis to determine the effectiveness of state labour market policy, pension system and individual unemployment insurance. According to the results social reform has been only half successful because it brings effectiveness only to the active labour market policy and not to the passive labour market policy. Following this analyses the thesis detects the inefficiency in the unemployment compensation system, growing deficit of state labour market policy and in connection with demographic analysis the unsustainability of pension system. Because of these reasons the individual unemployment insurance model is introduced, which aims to increase merit of unemployment compensation, minimalize unemployment and ensure decent pensions for future generations.
Analysis effectiveness of ESF subsidy means and its influence on unemployment rate in Usti Region in 2007-2015
Cruz, Vladimír ; Strejček, Ivo (advisor) ; Barák, Vladimír (referee)
The main goal of this bachelor thesis is to evaluate effectiveness of ESF subsidy means and its influence on unemployment rate in Usti Region in 2007-2015. Often unconvincing results of project activities that were subsidized from ESF means, which are meant to be used to lower unemployment, give rise to negative criticism and the opinion that these projects and thereby the subsidies are inefficient. The main hypothesis of this bachelor thesis is that subsidies from European Social Fund to lower unemployment in Usti Region are not used efficiently considering the difference between planned and real output. Research results in this thesis support this hypothesis, because the efficiency could be provably higher. The theoretical part is focused on defining of basic terms that are related to this topic including terminology of subsidies, funds, unemployment, labor market and public choice. The practical part consists of analysis of unemployment rate in Usti Region in 2007-2015, which is compared to situation in the Czech Republic and European Union and of analysis of efficiency of projects subsidized from ESF regarding labor market.
Catching-up effect: analysis of chosen institutional factors and their influence on economic growth in the countries of the Visegrad Group in a period 2004 - 2014
Šincl, Jan ; Procházka, Pavel (advisor) ; Strejček, Ivo (referee)
This bachelor thesis examines the impact of catching up effect onto the Visegrad group countries in the period of 2004 to 2014 and the speed of their convergence to the economic level of the old member countries of EU. In the theoretical part the thesis focuses on the origin and development of both groups of countries as well as particular approaches to the economic growth itself, institutional economy and the catching-up effect. The main focus of the practical part is to perform a comparative analysis of five institutional factors with the aim to find out if the countries are getting closer or further to the level of EU 15 countries and what impact does it have on their economic development. This thesis results in statement, that on the macroeconomic level the entrace of the Visegrad group to the European Union positively affected their economic development a brought them closer to the level of EU 15.
Vliv ropných šoků na ekonomiky USA a Venezuely od 70. let do současnosti
Pavlíček, Vojtěch ; Pikhart, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Strejček, Ivo (referee)
This paper attempts to define the impact of the oil price shocks on the economy. In the theory paper examines the general impact of the changes in the oil prices on the economy and the possibility of the central bank to respond to these changes, which proves to be quite difficult due to the time lag in the effectiveness of monetary policy. The practical part includes, inter alia, the development of the oil shocks of the 70s, with a focus on the latest crisis of 2014 the economy of the United States and Venezuela. In the US case is detected dual impact. Despite the negative impact on the individual segments of the economy, however, it can be argued that the low price of oil for the US is positive stimulus. On the contrary, the Venezuelan economy is experiencing within the low prices as export economy clearly negative shock, which uncovered nonfunctional economic system.
Analysis of the EU regulations in the field of Information and Telecommunication technologies and their effect on the single market
Hart, Ludvík ; Procházka, Pavel (advisor) ; Strejček, Ivo (referee)
The bachelor thesis describes the EU regulations in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT), particularly the Digital agenda for Europe strategy. These regulations are then tested for their influence on the European single market. The major question answered here is whether the EU regulations in field of ICT have a positive impact on the EUs single market. Answer to this question helps us evaluate the ongoing Digital agenda strategy. The impact of the regulations is analysed by induction of the following indicators, international trade, ratio of population buying online, DESI index and NRI index. With this method it is possible to tackle the wide range of fields the Digital agenda covers. I conclude this work with the statement, that European ICT regulations do have a positive impact on the single market, although are problematic due to the slow legislative process and low efficiency in addressing the regulated issue.
Analysis of real and nominal convergence of the Visegrad Group in the years 2000-2015
Wikturna, Jan ; Strejček, Ivo (advisor) ; Zamrazilová, Eva (referee)
This Bachelor thesis is focused on a macroeconomic analysis of the process of the real and nominal convergence of the Visegrad Group countries to the old member states of the European Union, called EU-15 during the period of 2000-2015. The objective of the analysis is to confirm or disprove the hypothesis that in the selected period there is a convergence of the economically backward V4 countries with the advanced EU-15 countries and to highlight the factors that are behind the narrowing of the gap in economics and price levels. The theoretical part deals with the ways in which we measure and compare the economic performance and economic level, and explains the different approaches of the problem of economic growth and the subsequent catching up effect. The practical part is focused on a comparison of elected macroeconomic indicators and reference is made to the selected factors to determine whether, and for what reasons, the economic convergence of these selected countries made towards the developed countries of the EU-15. The analytical part confirms the ongoing process of the real and nominal convergence throughout the period, but its course is varied during different times of the period. In conclusion, it is found that the rate varied by the convergence processes and in fact positively affected the V4 countries, that joined the European Union. The incoming dynamics of the convergence, especially the prices, were significantly disrupted by the economic crisis.
Applying of Behavioural Economics to Economic Policy: Experiments in years 2000-2016 and proposals for implementation in the Czech Republic
Rückl, Josef ; Procházka, Pavel (advisor) ; Strejček, Ivo (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on applying of behavioural economics to economic policy. The thesis introduces behavioural economics as a school of economic thought and an idea of libertarian paternalism, which supports applying of behavioural economics to economic policy. Theoretical findings are applied to two fields - pension systems and environmental policy. I research behavioural factors that affect these two fields of economic policy. Furthermore I suggest alternatives how to eliminate some of these factors and how to increase efficiency of chosen systems.
Fiscal rules in selected EU countries between 2004-2015: sensible method for consolidation of public finances or fad of politicians?
Veselý, Lukáš ; Strejček, Ivo (advisor) ; Chmelová, Pavla (referee)
The subject of fiscal rules is very topical issue. The rise of public debt in certain developed countries resulted in what is sometimes called "debt crisis". Debt of those countries which is higher than their annual gross domestic product is viewed as unpayable by some economists. The main objective of this thesis has been to prove or disprove hypothesis that the fiscal rules studied in this paper are an effective solution for public finance consolidation. This verification was based on the analysis of fiscal rules functioning in selected countries between 2004 and 2015. As per results of analysis the paper aims to give recommendations for the Czech financial constitution proposal. The actual results of inquiry proved the hypothesis. Well-chosen fiscal rules are the right way towards fiscal consolidation, provided they are observed. Fiscal rules making thus requires an emphasis to be placed on the well-formulated exit clauses altogether with prospective sanctions. The current Czech financial constitution proposal is built on the correctly picked fiscal rule type, although the reference value lacks economic sense and it would not lead, with a high degree of probability, towards fiscal consolidation.

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