National Repository of Grey Literature 53 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
UNCLOS and the role of the United States in the South China Sea
Kaňková, Michaela ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Pondělíček, Jiří (referee)
This Master's thesis is focusing on why the United States of America never ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. It is analysing the prevailing arguments which were used in 1982, which led to President Ronald Reagan never ratifying the Convention. As well as why the same thing happened in 1994 when the United Nations agreed on an Update to the Convention. Then the thesis is focusing on crucial parts of the Convention, which are part of the arguments for or against the ratification of the Convention, as well as those which have a great influence on the American approach to the high seas. Furthermore, this thesis is trying to offer a current insight into the problematic of why the United States still did not ratify the Convention, despite the fact that they used the Convention as an explanation why they patron the high seas as well as the right of innocent passage. At the same time, the findings are then looked at from the perspective of the South China Sea, which is a region the United States monitor. This last part is attempting to do several things. First, it is explaining the issue of the South China Sea and the interest of the United States in it. Then it is looking at the way by which the United States try to promote their interests in the region on how the fact them...
War on Terrorism Through the Prism of the US: The Case Study of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Heleta, Nataša ; Žíla, Ondřej (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The main goal of this paper is to examine the perceptions related to Bosnia and Herzegovina as a country that fosters terrorism. The concepts of radicalization, extremism and terrorism are examined as separate entities in the context of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the confusion of these contexts is particularly harmful, prompting negative attitudes and conclusions. It includes a review of the origins of Jihad in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the 1992-1995 war and transformation into the Salafi Movement after it. Some theoretical concepts consider the popular perspective on the Salafi community, relations between the Salafi Community and the Islamic Community the responses of media who propagate both the valid and stereotypical information, the motivations that drive the Salafist community, but also the motives of Bosnia and Herzegovina's society for the exploitation of this community. Other focuses are the changes that take place after the September 11th terrorist attacks, and their effect on Bosnia and Herzegovina are discussed in the context of the fight against terrorism and the re-examination of the intentions of the Salafi communities. Finally, conclusions are drawn about the perception of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a terrorist threat. In addition, the relationship between the Salafi...
Comparison of NATO and EU Decision Making Processes about Intervention in Libya
Černá, Marina ; Čížek, Martin (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the comparison of preparedness and the ability of NATO and EU organizations to decide whether to participate in the intervention on the example of the crisis in Libya. The aim is to investigate why the EU has failed to develop a joint plan for intervention in Libya, and what on the other hand has made NATO differently in order to take over the intervention later. Within these two organizations, the work focuses on their member states and how they have influenced the decision-making process. In the EU, I focused on France, Great Britain, and Germany. The first two countries are being explored as actors promoting intervention and I am focusing on their joint cooperation and different attitudes to NATO-led work. While UK officials welcomed the unification of the operation under the command of the Alliance, representatives of France were reluctant to do so. Germany is examined in the work as an actor with a different outcome of the decision-making process that led to the rejection and criticism of intervention. The German refusal is described as one of the factors why the EU did not participate and did not lead the intervention. Within NATO, I focus on the United States, their decision-making process and their influence on the takeover of alliance intervention. I analyze...
Russian-Western Relations in the context of the Ukrainian crisis
Beran, Jiří ; Horák, Slavomír (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
This thesis aims to find out the causes of the Ukrainian crisis that started at the end of 2013 with demonstrations in Ukrainian cities against the president Yanukovych's regime. This crisis later escalated into the seizure of the Crimean Peninsula by the Russian federation and led to the war in the eastern Ukraine. Moreover, the crisis is closely linked to a broader crisis between Russia and the West, represented mainly by NATO and the European union. This work also attempts to find the possible reasons for the crisis. Furthermore, this thesis searches for an answer to the question whether the Ukrainian crisis could be resolved by Ukraine's acceptance of its neutral status, and whether this would improve the relations between the West and Russia. Since they were in similar situation during the cold war, Austria and Finland are used as examples of possible solution for the crisis by declaring the neutral status.
Presidential Directives as Instrument of President's Obama Policy-Making
Bui Thuy, Hanh ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The recent usage of presidential directives by President Barack Obama and President Donald Trump initiated debates around limits of presidential power. Research on the presidential power has shown lack of focus on the presidential directives, misinterpretation and wrong terminology which resulted in false accusations of presidential overreach and abuse of power. This thesis argues that the political gridlock and increasing passivity of Congress have contributed to a shift between the executive and legislative power of government. This thesis will trace the extent to which Congress has become resistant to pass two of the key priorities of President Obama's political agenda - immigration reform and gun regulation, after which the President had to act on the issues unilaterally. The main aim of the thesis is to show that presidential directives of President Obama were not issued in a vacuum and that there were debates, persuasion and negotiations preceding the executive actions in an attempt to advance President's agenda in a form of bipartisan legislation rather than unilateral presidential directive.
The United States and the strategic triangle of China-India-Pakistan
Hrabcová, Klára ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Sehnálková, Jana (referee)
This thesis called "The United States and the strategic triangle of China-India-Pakistan" examines how the states balance mutual threats. It also focuses on the aspect of U.S.-Pakistani relationship which is a key factor for the further development of the relations in the region. Strategic triangle relations can be defined by Sino-Pakistani alliance, Sino-Indian differences and Indian-Pakistani rivalry. The work is based on a realist concept of the balance of power theory with further focus on the Stephen M. Walt's concept of balance of threat. Based on the theoretical framework, the main threats of the triangle states and the ways they balance these threats are analysed. The growing economic and military power of China and India has resulted in intense balancing, with China using an alliance with Pakistan and strengthening its economic strategies, and with India strengthening the ties with the U.S. and other countries in the region. This ignites a significant security dilemma between China and India, further leading to a potential conflict. The paper further argues that the relationship between the U.S. and Pakistan is key for maintaining regional balance. Therefore, to maintain the strong ties with Pakistan, a setting of long-term U.S. strategy in Pakistan is crucial for increasing the...
The United States and Russia: The Return of the Cold War?
Levý, Jakub ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Litera, Bohuslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis addresses current subject of tense and conflicted relations between the United States and the Russian Federation, which are the worst since the end of the Cold War and are remiscent of that confrontational time period. The state of relations has deteriorated in particular since the events in Ukraine in 2014 and most recently demonstrated by reciprocal suspension of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty from February 2019. The main aim of this thesis is therefore the attempt to answer the question whether the current relations between these powers can really be characterized as a return of the Cold War. And since the Cold War is not only an abstract concept, but also had some specific features (causes, its own characteristics and a certain balance of power), this bachelor thesis, in order to answer the above question in the form of a complex comparison, first analyzes these features and then applies them to the present period.
The percetion of equality in the US
Černochová, Johana ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Klvaňa, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis analyses the perception of equality in the United States in the context of today's high economic inequality. The main characteristic feature of this perception is the emphasis on the equality of opportunity. According to this ideal, America is the land of equal opportunity to achieve success, which depends on hard work and talent, not on family wealth. This concept is often considered as the opposite of the so-called equality of outcomes, which demands more even distribution of wealth, and which is usually perceived as foreign to American values. However, the large economic inequality, which is even much higher in America than in other advanced countries, has provably negative impacts on the general possibility of fair equal opportunity. Hence, the aim of this thesis is to verify the assumption that in the context of today's high and rising economic inequality, these negative impacts on the real state of equal opportunity must also find expression in the actual American perception of equality. Based on the analysis of an extensive set of public opinion surveys, it concludes that a certain change in the perception takes place. The emphasis on the equality of opportunity is still crucial, but the findings of the thesis do not support the notion that larger equality of outcomes is...

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