Institute of Mathematics

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2019-02-13
17:43
Cosmology on Small Scales 2018: Dark Matter Problem and Selected Controversies in Cosmology
Křížek, Michal ; Dumin, Y. V.
According to the standard cosmological model, our Universe needs a significant amount of dark matter, about six times more than that of the usual baryonic matter, besides an even larger amount of dark energy. But to date, both dark matter and dark energy have remained conceptually elusive, without concrete evidence based on direct physical measurements. Yet another subtle issue is that the Friedmann equation – the cornerstone of modern cosmology – was derived from the system of ten Einstein’s equations applied to a perfectly symmetric universe, which is homogeneous\nand isotropic for every fixed time instant. So, the question is whether one can perform such excessive extrapolations and, in particular, at which scale the effect of Hubble expansion is manifested.

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2019-02-13
17:43
Analysis of the turbulence parameterisations for the atmospheric surface layer
Caggio, Matteo ; Bodnár, Tomáš
The purpose of this short communication is to present a method that aims to express the turbulent variables in the atmospheric surface-layer in function of the stability of the atmosphere. The case of very stable conditions (strong strati cation), where theoretical approaches provide conflicting results (see Luhar et al. [11]), is analysed in detail to provide some insight into the limits of applicability for some of the most popular models of turbulence. The problem of the existence of the critical flux Richardson number is also taken into account.

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2019-02-13
17:43
Artificial far-field pressure boundary conditions for wall-bounded stratified flows
Bodnár, Tomáš ; Fraunié, P.
This paper presents an alternative boundary conditions setup for the numerical simulations of stably stratifed flow. The focus of the tested computational setup is on the pressure boundary conditions on the arti cial boundaries of the computational domain. The simple three dimensional test case deals with the steady flow of an incompressible, variable density fluid over a low smooth model hill. The Boussinesq approximation model is solved by an in-house developed high-resolution numerical code, based on compact finite-difference discretization in space and Strong Stability Preserving Runge-Kutta method for (pseudo-) time stepping.

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2019-02-13
17:43
Parallel domain decomposition solver for flows in hydrostatic bearings
Hanek, Martin ; Šístek, Jakub ; Burda, P. ; Stach, E.
We perform simulations of oil flow in hydrostatic bearings. Stationary incompressible three-dimensional flow governed by the Navier-Stokes equations is considered. The finite element method is used for discretization. The arising nonlinear system of algebraic equations is linearized using the Picard’s iteration, and the Balancing Domain Decomposition based on Constraints (BDDC) method is used to solve the linear systems of equations. The solver is first validated with an experiment for the case of a bearing without motion, and it is then applied to simulation of flow in a sliding bearing.

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2018-11-15
12:39

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2018-10-02
14:38
Neglected gravitational redshift in detections of gravitational waves
Křížek, Michal ; Somer, L.
In 2016, the letter [1] about the first detection of gravitational waves was published. They were generated by two merging black holes that had approximately 36 and 29 Sun’s masses. However, the authors have not taken into account a large gravitational redshift of this binary system, which is a direct consequence of time dilation in a strong gravitational field. Thus the proposed masses are overestimated. In our paper we also give other arguments for this statement.

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2018-10-02
14:38
Classification of distances in cosmology
Křížek, Michal ; Mészáros, A.
In cosmology many different distances are defined: angular, comoving, Euclidean, Hubble, light-year, luminosity, Minkowski, parallax, proper motion, redshift, ... distance. There is not one single natural distance, since the universe is expanding, curved, and we look back in time. In this survey paper we will concentrate on geometrical interpretations of the above-mentioned distances.

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2018-03-16
15:47
Problem posing in prospective primary school teachers´ education: Case of Concept Cartoons
Hošpesová, A. ; Tichá, Marie
The presentation will discuss creation of Concept Cartoons as a possible way to support the development and refinement of prospective primary teachers' pedagogical concept knowledge.

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2018-03-09
13:20
Genus two prime form formula for vertex operator characters
Zuevsky, Alexander
We find an expression for the self-sewn genus two Riemann surface counterpart of the torus formula for for an $n$-vertex operator character for the Heisenberg vertex operator algebra an $n$-point correlation function for a vertex operator algebra module with complex parameterization of corresponding states.

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2018-03-09
13:20
Higher dimensional Robinson-Trautman spacetimes sourced by p-forms: static and radiating black holes
Ortaggio, Marcello ; Podolský, J. ; Žofka, M.
We summarize results about Robinson-Trautman spacetimes in the presence of an aligned p-form Maxwell field and an arbitrary cosmological constant in n >= 4 dimensions. While in odd dimensions the solutions reduce to static black holes dressed with an electric and a magnetic field (with an Einstein space horizon), in even dimensions 2p = n they may also describe black holes gaining (or losing) mass by receiving (or emitting) electromagnetic radiation. The Weyl type of the spacetimes is also briefly discussed in all the possible cases.

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