Ústav termomechaniky

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2017-11-08
17:03
On Finite Element Approximation of Flow Induced Vibration of Elastic Structure
Valášek, J. ; Sváček, P. ; Horáček, Jaromír
In this paper the fluid-structure interaction problem is studied on a simplified model of the human vocal fold. The problem is mathematically described and the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian method is applied in order to treat the time dependent computational domain. The viscous incompressible fluid flow and linear elasticity models are considered. The fluid flow and the motion of elastic body is approximated with the aid of fininite element method. An attention is paid to the applied stabilization technique. The whole algorithm is implemented in an in-house developed solver. Numerical results are presented and the influence of different inlet boundary conditions is discused.

Úplný záznam
2017-11-08
17:03
Explicit dynamic finite element analysis of a firing pin assembly
Mochar, Dominik ; Gabriel, Dušan ; Masák, Jan ; Kopačka, Ján ; Kolman, Radek ; Plešek, Jiří ; Hynek, P. ; Vtípil, J.
In this paper, explicit dynamic finite element analysis of a firing pin assembly was performed. Two different geometries of the firing pin were considered using the finite element software PMD and Abaqus. For both variants there was evaluated a stress distribution at the critical point of a tested component, that is going to be later used for a fatigue analysis of the firing pin.

Úplný záznam
2017-11-08
17:03
A short wave limit of the frequency equation for plane-stress nonaxisymmetric disc motions
Červ, Jan ; Valeš, František ; Adámek, V.
It is proved that the general frequency equation for plane-stress nonaxisymmetric disc motions tends for the first mode of propagation and for wavelengths very short when compared with the disc radius to the secular equation for Rayleigh waves.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Měření tepelné vodivosti izolačních materiálů
Čenský, Miroslav
Cílem této práce bylo zjištění tepelných vodivostí dvou typů izolačních materiálů dodaných firmou Škoda Auto. Za pokojové teploty byly naměřeny tepelné vodivosti izolačních materiálů EKV/2 a EPA/1.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Analysis of non-harmonic excitation of synthetic jet actuators
Kordík, Jozef ; Trávníček, Zdeněk
Axisymmetric synthetic jet actuator based on a loudspeaker was tested experimentally. The actuator was driven by a voltage waveform, whose shape was derived from a pulse-width modulated signal. While the duty cycle and frequency of the excitation signal were varied the outlet velocities were measured by a hot-wire probe. Integral quantities such as characteristic velocity, momentum flux, and kinetic energy flux were evaluated from the outlet velocities. Their maxima were located as functions of frequency and the duty cycle. The found maximal values were compared with results obtained for harmonic excitation. The highest improvement (about 18%) was achieved for kinetic energy flux.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Reduction of the energy losses by application of controllable squeeze film dampers
Zapoměl, Jaroslav ; Ferfecki, Petr ; Kozánek, Jan
The unbalance induces lateral oscillations of rotors and forces transmitted to the rotor casing. The squeeze film dampers with integrated rolling element bearings represent a technological solution, which enables to reduce their magnitude, and consequently the resistance against the rotor rotation. To achieve optimum performance of the damping devices, their damping effect must be adapable to the current rotor speed. This paper reports a proposal of a controllable squeeze film damper, the damping effect of which is controlled mechanically by shifting its outer ring in the axial direction. The developed mathematical model of the damper is based on assumptions of the classical theory of lubrication and is completed with implementation of a gas cavitation. The results of the computational simulations show that an appropriate control of the damping force enables to reduce the energy losses in a wide range of operating speeds.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Some energy relations of the self-excited profile vibration in flowing fluid
Vlček, Václav ; Zolotarev, Igor ; Kozánek, Jan ; Šidlof, Petr ; Štěpán, M.
The aeroelastic measurements on the oscillating NACA0015 profile vibrating as the dynamic system with two degrees of freedom (pitch and plunge) were realized within the interval of Mach numbers M = 0.08 to 0.45 and Reynolds numbers Re = (1 – 5) 105 in the wind tunnel of the Institute of Thermomechanics of the CAS. Frequency and amplitude characteristics of the vibrating profile and values of elastic strain energy corresponding maximum pitch and plunge displacements of the studied profile were detected.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Proposal of hyperelastic proportional damping as dissipated energy model of hard rubbers
Šulc, Petr ; Pešek, Luděk ; Bula, Vítězslav ; Košina, Jan ; Cibulka, Jan
The paper deals with a stress analysis of hard rubber under large torsion deformations. This study was motivated by effort to find the dependency the dissipated energy on the deformation energy. Based on the results of an experiment, a function of dissipation energy of hard rubbers for finite strains using the theory hyperelasticity was proposed herein analogically as a proportional damping for elastic theory. Samples of hard rubber of different hardness (EPDM, Silicone) were dynamically tested on the developed torsional test-rig at different frequencies, amplitudes. First the Mooney Rivlin model (MRM) for a shear case of loading was analytically developed and then MRM constants were attained by fitting of the MRM to the experimental torsion-deformation curve. These constants were used to obtain the deformation energy of the MRM models. The coefficients of hyperelastic proportional damping relating a dissipated energy to a strain energy were evaluated for tested rubbers on the basis of experimental results.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Running flutter waves in blades cascade
Půst, Ladislav ; Pešek, Luděk
The simplified mathematical model of dynamic properties of bladed cascade excited by wakes of flowing steam from the stationary cascade is derived. Interaction of this kind of forced excitation with aero-elastic self-excitation described by Van der Pol formula causes origin of flutter and its. running waves. It is shown that the velocity, direction of flutter running waves and mode of vibration depend on the blades’ number ratio and on kind of self-excitation forces on individual blade or on inter-blade distance.

Úplný záznam
2017-08-31
14:50
Tvary vlastních kmitů čtyř-planetové převodovky
Půst, Ladislav ; Pešek, Luděk ; Radolfová, Alena
Zpráva je věnována vlivu poddajnosti planetových čepů na frekvenční spektrum vlastního kmitání a rozboru vlastností modálního spektra. Matematický model planetové převodovky vychází z předpokladu tuhých těles ozubených kol, lineárních tuhostí planetových čepů i čepu centrálního kola. Kontaktní poddajnosti v ozubení jsou modelovány střední hodnotou se zanedbáním periodické proměnnosti, Centrální kolo i všechna planetová kola konají rovinný pohyb Ve frekvenčním spektru matematického modelu se 16ti stupni volnosti se vyskytují i vícenásobné frekvence. Výpočet frekvenčního a modálního spektra je realizován v programovém prostředí Matlab.

Úplný záznam