Ústav termomechaniky

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2018-10-02
14:38
Experimental and finite element analysis of composite gun barrels
Mochar, Dominik ; Trnka, Jan ; Chlada, Milan ; Valeš, František ; Gabriel, Dušan ; Červ, Jan ; Vtípil, J.
In this work experimental and numerical investigation of composite gun barrels was studied. The history of the stress-induced deformations located at the center of gun barrels on the outer surface generated by impact loading was measured for six types of barrels. The obtained signals were subsequently evaluated using wavelet transformation. Finally, the finite element analysis in Abaqus and MARC software for optimum composite material M46J was performed.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Development, assessment and verification of finite element procedures for contact problems
Gabriel, Dušan ; Kopačka, Ján ; Masák, Jan ; Plešek, Jiří
A frictionless three-dimensional contact algorithm based on the pre-discretization penalty formulation was proposed. The algorithm proved to be robust, accurate and symmetry preserving—no master/slave surfaces have been introduced. It was implemented in the finite element code PMD (Package for Machine Design) for the solution of complex engineering problems. The capability of the algorithm was demonstrated in creep analysis of T-piece of the steam distributor of the CHEMOPETROL heating plant T200. Material properties were described by the probabilistic exponential model with damage. The purpose of the analysis was to compare the original version and the proposed design modification applied to one of T-pieces of the distributor when the proposed contact algorithm was employed to simulate the interaction between the collar and the pipe.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Vibration stability of a vertical flywheel lifted by permanent magnetic rings
Zapoměl, Jaroslav ; Ferfecki, P. ; Sudhakar, A. ; Kozánek, Jan
Lifting the vertical flywheels by permanent magnets is used to reduce energy losses in the support elements. Unstable equilibrium position of pairs of magnetic rings, material damping of the shaft, and nonlinear properties of the support elements can arrive at the flywheel unstable oscillations. Therefore, evaluation of the vibration stability is the essential part of the design process of flywheel devices. In the developed computational procedure the flywheel is represented by a beam-like body, to which an absolutely rigid disc (the actual flywheel) is attached. The determination of the force action between the magnetic rings is based on mutual interaction between two magnetic dipoles. The steady state response of the flywheel on the unbalance excitation is calculated by means of the trigonometric collocation method and its stability is evaluated by application of the Floquet theorem. The developed computational procedures and learning more on behaviour of flywheels lifted by magnetic rings are the main contributions of the carried out research.\n

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Self-excited oscillation properties of the profile NACA0015 in subsonic flow
Zolotarev, Igor ; Vlček, Václav ; Kozánek, Jan
Self-excited oscillations of the profile NACA0015 in subsonic flow were realized in the wind tunnel. The plunge support had the same elasticity for all experiments, the pitch support had seven different elasticity parameters. During our experiments different types of selfexcited vibration (flutter, stall flutter) were observed. Range of Mach numbers was M = 0.08–0.45, corresponding range of Reynolds numbers is Re = (1–5)·105, when the chord length is used as the characteristic dimension of the profile.\n

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Dynamical analysis of bistable mechanical oscillator
Byrtus, M. ; Půst, Ladislav
The contribution deals with analysis of dynamical properties of 1 DOF bistable mechanical oscillator. First the mathematical model is formulated. The original mathematical model is approximated by Duffing equation as it is commonly used. These two models are compared and it is shown how they differ in both static and dynamical response. The dynamical response is studied using bifurcation analysis performed by brute force numerical integration in time domain to detect area of interest from dynamical point of view. Such a bistable mechanical system can appear in many technical applications and therefore the proper modelling plays a significant role.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Running flutter waves in the model of turbine blades cascade
Půst, Ladislav ; Pešek, Luděk
This contribution is connected with the paper on the previous conference, where the origin and properties of forced running waves produced by flowing steam through cascade of stationary and rotating wheels with different numbers of blades in the steam turbine were investigated. Due to the aero-elastic forces of this steam flow, these comparatively small vibrations can excite strong flutter running waves. Presented contribution is oriented on the analysis of dynamic properties of computational model of blades cascade, where the flutter is modelled by two types of Van der Pol self-excitation forces.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Acoustic characteristics of 3D human vocal tract model with nasal cavities – preliminary experimental results
Radolf, Vojtěch ; Horáček, Jaromír ; Košina, Jan ; Vampola, T.
Acoustic resonance characteristics of 3D human vocal tract model with nasal and paranasal cavities were measured in three different ways: The excitation was realized by (1) self-oscillating vocal folds replica, (2) by a swept harmonic signal from an earphone placed instead of the vocal folds and (3) by a white noise signal from a loudspeaker located in front of the open mouth of the model. Resulting resonance frequencies are comparable for all excitation signals. These experiments were carried out to verify a complex mathematical model.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Experimentální stanovení ventilačních ztrát ozubeného kola a tepelného zatížení zubu
Kordík, Jozef ; Dobiáš, Jiří ; Hrubý, Jan
Tato zpráva je sepsána v rámci čtvrté etapy řešení výzkumného úkolu TA04011656, „Vývoj rychloběžné planetové převodovky s pružným uložením satelitů pro extrémní obvodové rychlosti”. První část zprávy se věnuje ventilačním ztrátám a jsou zde uvedeny podrobnosti k experimentům, které byly uskutečněny s testovací převodovkou “Alfa II” na zkušebním pracovišti Wikov Gear. Experimenty zahrnovaly měření ventilačních ztrát a měření teplot zubu podél šířky kola. Při experimentech byly testovány tři konfigurace obvodového krytu převodového kola, které se lišily vzdáleností mezi krytem a kolem. Mimoto byl testován i případ bez krytu. V závěru této části je navrženo rozšíření modelu ventilačních ztrát z předešlé zprávy pro reálné geometrie převodového kola s krytem, který je otevřený v místě záběru s pastorkem a v místě odtoku oleje.\nDruhá část zprávy se věnuje tepelnému zatížení boku zubu a prezentuje výsledky experimentů, které se týkaly měření teplot zubu podél šířky kola. Jsou zde rovněž uvedeny detaily k numerickému modelování tepelného zatížení boku zubu. V rámci numerické analýzy (i) byla vyvinuta metodika modelování odvalování boků zubů kola a pastorku po sobě, (ii) byl vytvořen výpočetní model, (iii) byla vyvinuta metodika určování neznámých velikostí některých parametrů výpočetního modelu a (iv) byl vyvinut algoritmus a metodika výpočtu.\n

Úplný záznam
2018-07-30
11:02
Dynamics of four-planetary gearing box
Půst, Ladislav ; Pešek, Luděk ; Škuderová, Alena
Planetary gearboxes are more complicated than parallel-axis gear transmission systems and\ntherefore they need deeper dynamic analysis, which is important for reduction of noise and vibration. The main advantage of planetary gearings is the splitting of force flow into several planet wings, but it can be devaluated by unequal load sharing on planet stages. For improving, the floating sun wheal and flexible pins of planets are applied. Dynamic model of such a gearing box is derived in the paper and it is shown that the frequency spectrum contains many multiple eigen-frequencies. Examples of several eigen-modes and transfer functions of this four-planetary gearing box are presented as well. The problem of dimensional nonhomogeneous vectors and matrix is also mentioned.

Úplný záznam
2018-07-30
11:02
The influence of permanent magnetic rings on the loss power, vibration and stability of vertical rotors
Zapoměl, Jaroslav ; Ferfecki, P. ; Sudhakar, A. ; Kozánek, Jan
Lifting the vertical rotors by permanent magnets is an advanced technological solution for\nreducing energy losses in the supports. The disadvantage of this design is the instable interaction between the magnetic rings, which may destabilize the rotor oscillations. The performed research was focused on the development of computational procedures for analysis of energy losses in the supports of magnetically lifted vertical rotors mounted in rolling element bearings and on analysis of stability of their vibration in a wide range of operating speeds. The computational simulations proved efficiency of the magnetic suspension.

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