Ústav termomechaniky

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2018-07-30
11:02
Dynamics of four-planetary gearing box
Půst, Ladislav ; Pešek, Luděk ; Škuderová, Alena
Planetary gearboxes are more complicated than parallel-axis gear transmission systems and\ntherefore they need deeper dynamic analysis, which is important for reduction of noise and vibration. The main advantage of planetary gearings is the splitting of force flow into several planet wings, but it can be devaluated by unequal load sharing on planet stages. For improving, the floating sun wheal and flexible pins of planets are applied. Dynamic model of such a gearing box is derived in the paper and it is shown that the frequency spectrum contains many multiple eigen-frequencies. Examples of several eigen-modes and transfer functions of this four-planetary gearing box are presented as well. The problem of dimensional nonhomogeneous vectors and matrix is also mentioned.

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2018-07-30
11:02
The influence of permanent magnetic rings on the loss power, vibration and stability of vertical rotors
Zapoměl, Jaroslav ; Ferfecki, P. ; Sudhakar, A. ; Kozánek, Jan
Lifting the vertical rotors by permanent magnets is an advanced technological solution for\nreducing energy losses in the supports. The disadvantage of this design is the instable interaction between the magnetic rings, which may destabilize the rotor oscillations. The performed research was focused on the development of computational procedures for analysis of energy losses in the supports of magnetically lifted vertical rotors mounted in rolling element bearings and on analysis of stability of their vibration in a wide range of operating speeds. The computational simulations proved efficiency of the magnetic suspension.

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2018-07-30
11:02
Experimental investigation of acoustic characteristics of 3D human vocal tract model with nasal cavities
Radolf, Vojtěch ; Horáček, Jaromír ; Košina, Jan ; Vampola, T.
The following experiments were carried out to be later used in the verification of a complex\nmathematical model of human voice production. Acoustic resonance characteristics of a 3D human voca tract model without and with nasal and paranasal cavities were measured in two different ways: The excitation was realized by (1) self-oscillating vocal folds replica and (2) by sine-tone sweeps from an earphone placed instead of the vocal folds. The resulting resonance and antiresonance frequencies were found to be comparable for both excitation signals.

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2018-07-30
11:02
Numerical investigation of acoustic characteristics of 3D human vocal tract model with nasal cavities
Vampola, T. ; Štorkán, J. ; Horáček, Jaromír ; Radolf, Vojtěch
Acoustic resonance characteristics of 3D human vocal tract model without and with nasal and\nparanasal cavities were computed. Nasal cavities (NC) form the side branches of the human vocal tract and exhibit antiresonance and resonance properties which influence the produced voice quality. Developed FE models of acoustic spaces of nasal and vocal tract for vowel /a:/ are used to study the influence of (NC) on phonation. Acoustics frequency-modal characteristics are studied by modal analysis and numerical simulation of acoustic signals in time domain is performed by transient analysis of the FE models.

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2018-07-30
11:02
2nd Conference on Ammonia and Greenhouse Gases Emissions from Animal Production Buildings : Book of Extended Abstract
Nosek, Štěpán ; Kočí, K.
The texts of the abstracts were set individually by the authors. Any options, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this book are those of the individual authors on their own responsibility.

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2018-07-30
11:02
Synthetic Jet Characteristic Velocity Estimated nn The Basis of Momentum Flux Measurement
Kordík, Jozef ; Trávníček, Zdeněk
The paper compares two methods of evaluation of synthetic jet characteristic velocity. The first method of the characteristic velocity estimation is based on a simple measurement of the synthetic jet momentum flux (the jet thrust) by means of precision scales. The second method is a standard one, it is based on spatial-temporal integration of the velocity profile at the synthetic jet actuator nozzle exit. The velocity profile was obtained here using hotwire measurements in air. Comparison of the methods is based on dimensionless stroke length of the synthetic jet. It is confirmed that the results of both methods are nearly the same for higher dimensionless stroke length. On the other hand, if the jet regime approaches to the synthetic jet criterion threshold (i.e. to the dimensionless stroke length of 0.5) the results of both methods diverge. Using the current results a correction is suggested for the momentum-flux-based method to match the standard one.

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2018-07-30
11:02
Generation of Intermittent Jet by Pulse-Modulated Synthetic Jets
Broučková, Zuzana
An axisymmetric air jet was excited using a pair of counter synthetic jets running in opposed direction. First, the control synthetic jets were measured alone. The driving signal was pulse modulated sinusoidal signal. After an adjustment, the primary axisymmetric jet was excited to the bifurcating mode, and its behavior was studied experimentally. For comparison purposes, a reference steady (unforced) jet from the same nozzle was also measured (Reynolds number was approximately 1300). The flow visualization and hot-wire anemometry techniques were used.

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2018-07-30
11:02
The Influence of Different Geometries of Human Vocal Tract Model on Resonant Frequencies
Valášek, Jan ; Sváček, Petr ; Horáček, Jaromír
This paper presents the transfer function approach in order to determine the acoustic resonant frequencies of a human vocal tract model. The transfer function is introduced here as an acoustic pressure ratio between input amplitude at glottis position and output amplitude at mouth opening given by the solution of Helmholtz equation. This equation is numerically approximated by finite element method. The influence of different boundary conditions are studied and also different locations of excitation and microphone. \nFour different vocal tract geometries motivated by vocal tract geometry for vowel [u:] are investigated. Its acoustic resonance frequencies in range 100 - 2500 Hz are computed and compared with published results.\nFurther, the transient acoustic computation with different acoustic analogies are performed. The frequency spectra of Lighthill analogy, acoustic wave equation and perturbed convective wave equation are compared, where the vocal tract model with best frequency agreement with published results was chosen. The dominant frequencies correspond with predicted frequencies of transfer function approach.\n

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2018-05-02
16:46
Metodika pro modelování dynamických deju metodou konecných prvku - fáze II
Mochar, Dominik ; Mračko, Michal ; Gabriel, Dušan ; Kolman, Radek ; Kopačka, Ján
Zpráva navazuje na metodiku Z-1546/15 popisující základní metody, algoritmy a postupy pro numerické rešení MKP úloh rázové dynamiky pri vývoji komponent zbraní. V této práci byly testovány disperzní vlastnosti bilineárních ctyruzlových prvku s redukovanou integrací na úloze rázu dvou elastických válcu, pro které je k dispozici analytické rešení. Pozornost byla zamerena na zkoumání vlivu velikosti prvku a casového integracního kroku na presnost numerického rešení. Výsledky získané z MKP programu PMD, Abaqus a Ansys byly diskutovány a porovnány s analytickým rešením.

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2018-05-02
16:46
Experimentální a MKP analýza kompozitní hybridní hlavně
Mochar, Dominik ; Gabriel, Dušan ; Trnka, Jan ; Chlada, Milan ; Valeš, František ; Masák, Jan
Zpráva shrnuje výsledky výzkumu zamereného na posouzení konstrukce šesti ruzne vinutých vzorku kompozitních hybridních hlavní vyrobených firmou Compo Tech PLUS, spol. s r.o. pro návrh hlavne zbrane. Experimentálne byly stanoveny casové prubehy deformací na povrchu kompozitních hlavní vyvolané rázovým zatížením. Získané výsledky byly následne vyhodnoceny pomocí waveletové tranformace. V druhé cásti zprávy je popsána MKP analýza kompozitní hlavne s optimálne navrženým vinutím metodou konecných prvku v programech Abaqus a MARC.

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