
Dynamics of a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sensor: Parameter identification
Cimrman, Robert ; Kolman, Radek ; Musil, Ladislav ; Kotek, Vojtěch ; Kylar, Jaromír
The piezoelectric materials are electroactive materials often applied for realtime sensing or structural health monitoring, both important research topics in dynamics. Mathematical models of such structures have to allow also for the external electrical circuits and contain several material parameters that need to be identified from experiments. We present a model of a simple experiment involving dynamics of a cantilever beam with an attached piezoelectric sensor excited by a suddenly removed weight. The external circuit can be taken into account as having either a finite or infinite resistance. We also outline the parameter identification procedure based on automatic differentiation and present the experimental and numerical results.


Dynamics of a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sensor: Experimental study
Kolman, Radek ; Kylar, Jaromír ; Kotek, Vojtěch ; Cimrman, Robert ; Musil, Ladislav
Online and realtime sensing and monitoring of the health state of complex structures, such as aircraft and critical parts of power stations, is an essential part of the research in dynamics. Several types of sensors are used for sensing dynamic responses and monitoring response changes during the operation of critical parts of complex systems. The piezoelectric (PZ) materials belong to one group of electroactive materials, which transform mechanical deformation into an electrical response. For example, PZ ceramics or PVDF foils are employed for online sensing of the time history of mechanical deformation. Experimentally obtained response of a cantilever beam structure with a glued PZ sensor is the case of interest in this contribution. During the transient problem of the beam loaded by suddenly interrupted load due to the weight of a mass at the end of the beam, the time history of normal velocity at a point on the beam surface has been measured by a laser vibrometer and parallely, the output voltage on the PZ sensor has been measured by an electric device. The experimental data in the case of the first eigenfrequency is in good agreement with the value given by the formulae from the theoretical modeling of free vibration of a linear beam.

 

Direct construction of reciprocal mass matrix and higher order fininite element method
Cimrman, Robert ; Kolman, Radek ; González, J. A. ; Park, K. C.
When solving dynamical problems of computational mechanics, such as contactimpact problems or cases involving complex structures under fast loading conditions, explicit timestepping algorithms are usually preferred over implicit ones. The explicit schemes are normally combined with the lumped (diagonal) mass matrix so that the calculations are efficient and moreover dispersion errors in wave propagation are partially eliminated. As an alternative to lumping with advantageous properties, the reciprocal mass matrix is an inverse mass matrix that has the same sparsity structure as the original consistent mass matrix, preserves the total mass, captures well the desired frequency spectrum and leads thus to efficient and accurate calculations. In the contribution we comment on the usability of the reciprocal mass matrix in connection with higher order FEM.


Inverse mass matrix for higherorder finite element method in linear freevibration problems
Kolman, Radek ; González, J.G. ; Cimrman, Robert ; Kopačka, Ján ; Cho, S.S. ; Park, B.G.
In the paper, we present adirect inverse mass matrix in the higherorderfinite element method forsolid mechanics. The direct inverse mass matrix is sparse, has the same structure as the consistent mass matrixand preserves the total mass. The core of derivation of the semidiscrete mixed form is based on the Hamilton’s principle of leastaction. The cardinal issue is finding the relationship between discretized velocities and discretized linear momentum. Finally, the simple formula for the direct inversemass matrix is presented as well as thechoice of densityweighted dual shape functions for linear momentum with respect to the displacement shape functionwith achoice of the lumping mass method for obtaining the correct and positive definitive velocitylinear momentum operator. The application of Dirichlet boundaryconditions into the direct inversemass matrix forafloating system is achieved usingthe projection operator. The suggested methodology is tested on a freevibration problem of heterogeneous bar for different ordersof shape functions.
