National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Development of CFD solver for four-way coupled particle-laden flows
Šourek, M. ; Isoz, Martin
Computational uid dynamics (CFD) simulations containing freely moving bodies are still a challenging topic. More so, if the bodies are large enough to a_ect the uid ow and distributed\ndensely enough to come in contact both with the boundaries of the computational domain and with each other. In this work, we concentrate on the topic of simulation of (i) irregular bodies\nwith ow-induced movement and contact with computational domain boundaries taken into account, and (ii) bodies entrained by the uid and coming in contact not only with the domain\nboundaries but also with each other. The developed modeling approach is based on the hybrid _ctitious domain-immersed boundary method extended by the discrete element method. The\npresent contribution is focused on presentation of simulation principles and results of initial benchmark cases.
POD-DEIM-based model order reduction for four-way coupled fluid-solid flows
Isoz, Martin ; Šourek, M.
Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and discrete empirical interpolation method (DEIM) have become established tools for model order reduction in simulations of fluid flows. However, including moving solid bodies in the computational domain poses additional issues with respect to the fluid-solid coupling and to the solution of the movement of the solids. Still, it seems that if the hybrid ctitious domain-immersed boundary method is used to include the solids in the flow domain, POD-DEIM based approaches may be extended for four-way coupled particleladen flows. The present work focuses on the construction of POD-DEIM based reduced order models for the aforementioned flows.
Geometrically realistic macro-scale model for multi-scalesimulations of catalytic filters for automotive gasaftertreatment
Hlavatý, Tomáš ; Isoz, Martin ; Plachá, M. ; Šourek, M. ; Kočí, P.
This paper is part of a research focused on simulating (i) the catalytic conversion of environment endangering gases, and (ii) trapping of the particulate matter in automotive exhaust gas aftertreatment. Historically, the catalytic conversion and the filtration of soot particles were performed in independent devices. However, recent trend is to combine the catalytic converter and soot filter into a single device, the catalytic filter. Compared to the standard two-device system, the catalytic filter is more compact and has lower heat losses. Nevertheless, it is highly sensitive to the catalyst distribution. This study extends our recently developed methodology for pore-scale simulations of flow, diffusion and reaction in the coated catalytic filters. The extension consists of enabling data transfer from macro- to pore-scale models by preparing geometrically realistic macro-scale CFD simulations. The simulation geometry is based on XRT scans of real-life catalytic filters. The flow data from the newly developed macro-scale model are mapped as boundary conditions into the pore-scale simulations and used to improve the estimates of the catalytic filter filtration efficiency.
Model order reduction technique for large scale flow computations
Isoz, Martin
Current progress in numerical methods and available computational power combined with industrial needs promote the development of more and more complex models. However, such models are, due to their complexity, expensive from the point of view of the data storage and the time necessary for their evaluation. The model order reduction (MOR) seeks to reduce the computational complexity of large scale models. We present an application of MOR to the problems originating in the finite volume (FV) discretization of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Our approach to MOR is based on the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD)\nwith Galerkin projection. Moreover, the problems arising from the nonlinearities present in the original model are adressed within the framework of the discrete empirical interpolation method (DEIM). We provide a link between the POD-DEIM based MOR and OpenFOAM, which is an open-source CFD toolbox capable of solving even industrial scale problems. The availability of a link between OpenFOAM and POD-DEIM based MOR enables a direct order reduction for large scale systems originating in the industrial practice.
Numerical simulation of flow in superpak family packings
Smutek, J. ; Isoz, Martin
The distillation is currently the most energy-intensive technology of the chemical industry. Commonly, the distillation is performed in the columns lled with a structured packing. Structured packings are complex structures used to increase the size of the interface available for the mass transfer. Because of the high complexity of both the packings and the physical phenomena occurring during the distillation, the design of the distillation columns is still based mostly on empirical data. In this work, we concentrate on modeling the gas ow in the SuperPak family of structured packings. First, we propose an algorithm for automatic generation\nof the packing geometry. Next, we construct and validate a three-dimensional computational uid dynamics (CFD) model of gas ow through SuperPak 250.Y and SuperPak 350.Y packings. The model validation is done by comparing experimental data of dry pressure losses to the values computed by our model. The obtained di erence between the CFD estimates and experiments is bellow 10 %. Finally, we present a parametric study of the SuperPak 250.Y packing geometry. The devised modeling approach may be easily automated and used for optimization of the SuperPak type packing geometry with respect to the gas ow. Furthermore,\nthe proposed CFD model may be extended to account for the multiphase ow.
DEM-CFD study of flow in a random packed bed
Šourek, M. ; Isoz, Martin
Most catalytic surface reactions as well as other industrial applications take advantage of fixed packed bed reactors. Designers of these reactors rely mostly on empirical formulas derived for various simplifying assumptions, e.g. uniformly distributed porosity. The made simplifications and especially the assumption of uniformly distributed porosity fail if the tube to particle diameter ratio goes under 10 and the „wall effect“ becomes more significant. In such a case, the complete three-dimensional structure of the packed bed has to be considered. Thanks to ongoing improvements in numerical mathematics and computational power, the methods of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) have become a great tool for comprehensive description of the packed beds with low tube to particle diameter ratio. Three-dimensional simulations of the flow through two fixed beds differing in the type of the used particle are presented and compared with available experimental and empirical results. To generate the random fixed beds, we propose a custom approach based on the discrete element method (DEM) code implemented in open-source software Blender. Thereafter, OpenFOAM tools (snappyHexMesh, simpleFoam) are used for creation of the computational mesh and solution of the governing equations describing a single-phase flow in the packed bed.
CFD study of gas flow through structured separation columns packings mellapak 250.x and mellapak 250.y
Isoz, Martin
In order to increase the size of the gas-liquid interface area and consequently the intensity of the mass transfer, the separation columns are usually lled with a geometrically complex packing. The packing highly increases intricacy of the ow in the column and also makes almost all types of hydrodynamic measurements impossible. Hence a reliable model of the ow in the complex geometry of the separation column packing is sought by the industry. We provide a CFD model for the gas ow through two types of commercial structured packings, Mellapak 250.X and Mellapak 250.Y. We validate the model on experimental data and use it to study the gas mixing capabilities of the packings.
CFD motivated applications of model order reduction
Isoz, Martin
The ongoing advances in numerical mathematics and available computing power combined with the industrial needs promote a development of more and more complex models. However, such models are, due to their complexity, expensive from the point of view of the data storage and the time necessary for their evaluation. The model order reduction (MOR) seeks to reduce the computational complexity of large scale models. We present an approach to MOR based on the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) with Galerkin projection. The problems arising from the nonlinearities present in the original model are adressed within the framework of the discrete empirical interpolation method (DEIM). The main contribution of this work consists in providing a link between the POD-DEIM based MOR and OpenFOAM. OpenFOAM is an open-source CFD toolbox capable of solving even industrial scale processes. Hence, the availability of a link between OpenFOAM and POD-DEIM based MOR enables a direct order reduction for large scale systems originating in the industrial practice.

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