Ústav fyziky materiálů

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2019-03-14
15:59
Estimation of mechanical parameters of thin films using finite element analysis
Tinoco Navaro, Hector Andres ; Holzer, Jakub ; Pikálek, Tomáš ; Buchta, Zdeněk ; Lazar, Josef ; Chlupová, Alice ; Kruml, Tomáš ; Hutař, Pavel
This study shows a methodology to estimate mechanical parameters of thin films by means of a bulge\ntest and a numerical approach. The methodology is based on the combination of finite element analysis with a\nclassical analytical method. Finite element modelling was conducted for monolayer (Si3N4) membranes of 2x2mm\nwith the aim to approximate both the load-deflection curves experimentally measured and the classical loaddeflection\nanalytical model. Error functions were constructed and minimized to delimit a coupled solution space\nbetween Young’s modulus and Poison’s ratio. In a traditional bulge test analysis only one of the elastic properties\ncan be determined due to that there is not unique solution in the estimations of these parameters. However, both\nelastic parameters were determined through the proposed numerical procedure which compares the deformed\nsurfaces for a specific set of optimal elastic parameters computed. Results shows that the estimated elastic\nproperties agree with corresponding values determined by other methods in the literature

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2019-02-13
17:43
HIGH - TEMPERATURE CREEP BEHAVIOUR OF CAST COBALT-BASE SUPERALLOYS
Dvořák, Jiří ; Král, Petr ; Kvapilová, Marie ; Hrbáček, Karel ; Sklenička, Václav
Two cast and heat-treated NbC and TaC – strengthened cobalt superalloys have been developed for a precision casting of spinner discs for glass wool industry. In this work constant load creep tests in tension were carried out in argon atmosphere at three testing temperature 900, 950 and 1000 °C and at the initial applied stresses ranged from 40 to 200 MPa. All the tests were continued until the final fracture. The results of creep testing were combined with microstructural and fractographic examinations by means of light and scanning electron microscopy. A mutual comparison of creep characteristics of the investigated superalloys under comparable creep loading conditions showed that NbC-strengthened superalloy exhibited longer creep life than TaC-strengthened one. Further, it was found that carbide precipitation is the primary strengthening mechanism in both cobalt-base superalloys under investigation and the amount, morphology\nand type of carbides have the decisive effect on the creep properties including creep damage and fracture processes. By contrast, NbC-superalloy exhibited a more brittle character of creep fracture mode than TaCstrengthened superalloy. This study was initiated to investigate in more details creep deformation processes and the effect of the creep microstructure and damage evolution on both investigated superalloys. The different behaviour and properties of studied superalloys were explained based on the received results of this study.

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2019-02-13
17:43
Estimation of equilibrium hydrogen pressure - A new method
Čermák, Jiří ; Král, Lubomír
A new method is proposed to estimation of hydrogen pressure in equilibrium with hydride phase in a hydrogen\nstorage material. It is applicable both for hydrogen absorption and desorption in cases where the hydride phase\nis formed by nucleation and growth mechanism. The proposed method saves considerably the experimental\ntime replacing the conventional time consuming measurement of pressure-composition isotherms, the so\ncalled PCT curves. The proposed evaluation procedure is illustrated using hydrogen chemi-sorption at\ntemperatures 623 K, 573 K and 523 K in chosen hydrogen storage alloys Mg-Si-C, Mg-Li-C and Mg-Na-C.

Úplný záznam
2019-02-13
17:43
Study of mechanical properties of nanolayered Ti/Ni coatings
Zábranský, L. ; Václavík, R. ; Přibyl, R. ; Ženíšek, J. ; Souček, P. ; Buršík, Jiří ; Fořt, Tomáš ; Buršíková, V.
The aim of the present work was to study the dependence of mechanical properties of Ti/Ni multilayer thin films on the thicknesses of constituent Ti and Ni layers. The multilayer thin films were synthesized by deposition of Ti and Ni layers alternately on single crystalline silicon substrates using direct current magnetron sputtering method. Thicknesses of Ti and Ni layers varied from 1.7 nm to 100 nm. The micro-structure of the multilayer films was studied using X-ray diffraction technique, scanning electron microscopy with focused ion beam technique and transmission electron microscopy. Mechanical properties obtained from nanoindentation experiments were discussed in relation to microstructural observations.

Úplný záznam
2019-02-13
17:43
Quantum-mechanical study of magnetic properties of superalloy nanocomposite phase Fe2AlTi
Slávik, Anton ; Miháliková, Ivana ; Friák, Martin ; Všianská, Monika ; Šob, Mojmír
The L21-structure Fe2AlTi intermetallic compound is one of the two phases identified in Fe-Al-Ti superalloy nanocomposites. Experimental data related to low-temperature magnetic properties of this Heusler compound indicate that magnetic moment is about 0.1 Bohr magneton per formula unit. In contrast, previous quantum-mechanical calculations predicted Fe2AlTi to have much higher magnetic moment, 0.9 Bohr magneton per formula unit. In order to solve this discrepancy between the theory and experiment we have performed a series of quantum-mechanical fix-spin-moment calculations and compared our results with those for non-magnetic state. It turns out that the total energy of the non-magnetic state is only by 10.73 meV/atom higher than that of the magnetic state. When applying Boltzmann statistics to this very small energy difference we predict that the non-magnetic state appears at non-zero temperatures with significant probabilities (for instance, 22.36 % at T = 100 K) and reduces the overall magnetic moment. As another mechanism lowering the magnetization we studied selected shape deformations, in particular trigonal shearing. Fe2AlTi exhibits a compression-tension asymmetry with respect to these strains and, for example, the strain 0.08 destabilizes the spin-polarized state, leaving the non-magnetic state as the only stable one.

Úplný záznam
2019-02-13
17:43
First-principles study of interface energies in Fe-Al-based superalloy nanocomposites
Miháliková, Ivana ; Slávik, Anton ; Friák, Martin ; Všianská, Monika ; Koutná, N. ; Holec, David ; Šob, Mojmír
Fe-Al-based nanocomposites with a superalloy-type of microstructure constitute a very promising class of materials. They possess a great potential as an alternative to the currently used steel grades in high temperature applications. Intermetallics-containing nanocomposites, such as those with the Fe3Al compound being one of the phases, may open a way towards future automotive and energy-conversion technologies with lower fuel consumption and reduced environmental impact. We employ quantum-mechanical calculations to analyze relations between ordering tendencies of Al atoms in the disordered Fe-18.75at.%Al phase on one hand and thermodynamic, structural and magnetic properties of Fe-Al-based nanocomposites on the other. When comparing supercells modeling disordered Fe-Al phase with different atomic distribution of atoms we find out that the supercell without 1st and 2nd nearest neighbor Al-Al pairs has a lower energy than that mimicking a perfect disorder (a special quasi-random structure, SQS). Further, coherent interfaces with (001), (110) and (1-10) crystallographic orientations between Fe3Al compound and SQS Fe-Al phase have higher energies than those exhibiting atomic distribution without 1st and 2nd nearest neighbor Al-Al pairs.

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2019-01-07
14:42
Fatigue crack initiation and growth in 316L steel in torsional cyclic loading
Karol, Michal ; Chlupová, Alice ; Mazánová, Veronika ; Kruml, Tomáš
Fatigue crack initiation and growth study in 316L austenitic stainless steel was made in cyclic\ntorsion. The experiments on hollow cylindrical specimens were performed at room temperature using fully reversed shear strain controlled cycles. The specimens used were polished mechanically and electrolytically to enable surface damage and crack propagation observation using optical light microscope, SEM. It was found that high density of extrusions and intrusions are formed on the specimen surface due to cyclic loading. TEM observations revealed that dislocation arrangement in well-known ladder-like structure is responsible for the localization of cyclic plastic deformation and for the origin of surface roughness in which the fatigue crack nucleate. The path of fatigue cracks leading to failure was observed, too. The crack path\nwas found to be dependent upon the applied shear strain amplitude.

Úplný záznam
2018-11-26
14:31
PILOT ANALYSIS OF CHEVRON NOTCH LIGAMENT AREA FOR APPLICATION\nON QUASI-BRITTLE MATERIALS
Seitl, Stanislav ; Růžička, P. ; Miarka, P. ; Sobek, J.
Specimens for the bending tests with the chevron notch are standardized for the\nevaluation of the fracture toughness of various materials. The main advantage of this test\nset-up is that no sharp pre-crack has to be introduced, because a sharp crack is formed\nduring loading at the beginning of the test. Furthermore, no crack length measurement is\nrequired, and a stable crack growth can be reached due to geometry of the notch. In this\ncontribution a difference of the ligament area of the specimens with the straight through\nnotch and the chevron notch was investigated

Úplný záznam
2018-11-26
14:31
DISPLACEMENT FIELD ANALYSIS IN WEDGE SPLITTING TEST\nSPECIMEN BY ODM METHOD
Seitl, S. ; Miarka, P. ; Růžička, V. ; Malíková, Lucie ; Merta, I.
Multi-parameter fracture mechanics is nowadays quite extensively applied when cracked\nstructures/specimens are investigated. The reason is that it has been shown that it can be\nhelpful and bring more accurate results when fracture processes happen in a larger\nregion around the crack tip, what can be typical for material like concrete or other\nmaterials with quasi-brittle behaviour. Various relative crack length configurations have\nbeen chosen in order to investigate the importance of the higher-order terms of the\nWilliams power expansion on the crack-tip stress field distribution in Wedge splitting\ntest specimen. The higher-order terms are calculated by means of the over-deterministic\nmethod from displacements of nodes around the crack tip obtained by a finite element\nanalysis in different radial distances from the crack tip. The effect of the constraint level\nis investigated. Although the third and higher terms of the Williams series are very often\nneglected, their influence on the opening stress values is investigated.

Úplný záznam
2018-11-15
12:40
HYDROGEN SORPTION BEHAVIOR OF CHOSEN BINARY MAGNESIUM-CONTAINING INTERMETALLICS
Čermák, Jiří ; Král, Lubomír ; Roupcová, Pavla
Hydrogen absorption in chosen binary Mg-X (X-Al, Ga, In, Si and Sn) intermetallics was studied. These compounds are prospective as additives in other Mg-based hydrogen storage materials. From this point of view it is desirable to know the hydrogen solubility in Mg-X and their resistivity against hydride formation. The present study was carried out at temperatures up to 623 K.

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