Ústav fyziky materiálů

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2018-11-26
14:31
PILOT ANALYSIS OF CHEVRON NOTCH LIGAMENT AREA FOR APPLICATION\nON QUASI-BRITTLE MATERIALS
Seitl, Stanislav ; Růžička, P. ; Miarka, P. ; Sobek, J.
Specimens for the bending tests with the chevron notch are standardized for the\nevaluation of the fracture toughness of various materials. The main advantage of this test\nset-up is that no sharp pre-crack has to be introduced, because a sharp crack is formed\nduring loading at the beginning of the test. Furthermore, no crack length measurement is\nrequired, and a stable crack growth can be reached due to geometry of the notch. In this\ncontribution a difference of the ligament area of the specimens with the straight through\nnotch and the chevron notch was investigated

Úplný záznam
2018-11-26
14:31
DISPLACEMENT FIELD ANALYSIS IN WEDGE SPLITTING TEST\nSPECIMEN BY ODM METHOD
Seitl, S. ; Miarka, P. ; Růžička, V. ; Malíková, Lucie ; Merta, I.
Multi-parameter fracture mechanics is nowadays quite extensively applied when cracked\nstructures/specimens are investigated. The reason is that it has been shown that it can be\nhelpful and bring more accurate results when fracture processes happen in a larger\nregion around the crack tip, what can be typical for material like concrete or other\nmaterials with quasi-brittle behaviour. Various relative crack length configurations have\nbeen chosen in order to investigate the importance of the higher-order terms of the\nWilliams power expansion on the crack-tip stress field distribution in Wedge splitting\ntest specimen. The higher-order terms are calculated by means of the over-deterministic\nmethod from displacements of nodes around the crack tip obtained by a finite element\nanalysis in different radial distances from the crack tip. The effect of the constraint level\nis investigated. Although the third and higher terms of the Williams series are very often\nneglected, their influence on the opening stress values is investigated.

Úplný záznam
2018-11-15
12:40
HYDROGEN SORPTION BEHAVIOR OF CHOSEN BINARY MAGNESIUM-CONTAINING INTERMETALLICS
Čermák, Jiří ; Král, Lubomír ; Roupcová, Pavla
Hydrogen absorption in chosen binary Mg-X (X-Al, Ga, In, Si and Sn) intermetallics was studied. These compounds are prospective as additives in other Mg-based hydrogen storage materials. From this point of view it is desirable to know the hydrogen solubility in Mg-X and their resistivity against hydride formation. The present study was carried out at temperatures up to 623 K.

Úplný záznam
2018-11-15
12:40
Development of the bulge test equipment for measuring mechanical properties of thin films
Holzer, Jakub ; Pikálek, Tomáš ; Buchta, Zdeněk ; Lazar, Josef ; Tinoco, H.A. ; Chlupová, Alice ; Kruml, Tomáš
The bulge test apparatus designed for the measurement of mechanical material properties of thin films was constructed and tested. The principle of the test is to apply pressure on a free-standing membrane, to measure the membrane shape and to analyse the results. Commercially available silicon nitride (Si3N4) thin films were used for the testing. It is shown that interferometric set-up designed and assembled for the apparatus enables precise determination of 3D shape of the whole membrane, which allows more precise determination of materials parameters compared to measurement of the height of the center of the membrane only. Fit of an analytical formula gives values of Young modulus and residual stress with very good agreement with the literature data. Moreover, FEM model of the bulged membrane was developed. The main aim of the effort is to enable measurement of plastic properties of a thin film of interest, that will be deposited on the Si3N4 membrane with known properties and bulge test will be performed on the bilayer specimen. Subsequently, the material properties of the thin film will be obtained using FEM analysis.

Úplný záznam
2018-11-15
12:39
Nehomogenita mikrostruktury a creep ECAP hliníku
Sklenička, Václav ; Král, Petr ; Ilucová, Lucia ; Saxl, Ivan ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Svoboda, Milan
Vysoce čistý (99.99%) hliník tvářený technikou ECAP byl zkoumán v rámci ECAP mikrostrukturní nehomogenity a jeho creepového chování. Výsledky ukázaly, že nehomogenita ECAP mikrostruktury v mezoskopickém měřítku může ovlivňovat creepové chování tvářeného materiálu

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
LOW CYCLE FATIGUE BEHAVIOR AND FATIGUE CRACK INITIATION IN MAR-M247 AT 700 °C
Šulák, Ivo ; Obrtlík, Karel ; Hrbáček, K.
The second generation nickel-based superalloy MAR-M247 offers a satisfying combination of fatigue and creep properties and oxidation and corrosion resistance that are required for application at elevated temperatures in hostile environments. The microstructure consists mainly of the face centred cubic γ matrix and ordered γ´ strengthening precipitates (L12 crystal structure). The present work focuses on low cycle fatigue (LCF) behaviour of polycrystalline nickel-based superalloy MAR-M247 at high temperature. LCF tests were conducted on cylindrical specimens in a symmetrical push-pull cycle under strain control with constant total strain amplitude and strain rate at 700 °C in ambient air. Cyclic stress-strain curves and fatigue life curves in the representation of plastic strain amplitude vs. stress amplitude and stress amplitude vs. the number of cycles to failure, respectively, were plotted and compared with data obtained on Inconel 713LC. Special attention was paid to the investigation of crack initiation in MAR-M247 during low cycle fatigue. Crack initiation sites were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in dual beam microscope TESCAN LYRA 3 XMU FESEM equipped with focus ion beam (FIB). Specimens’ surface observations revealed the formation of pronounced surface relief indicating localisation of plastic deformation. Observations in transmission electron microscope (TEM) confirmed localisation of cyclic plastic deformation in persistent slip bands along {111} slip planes. Fractographic analysis revealed fatigue crack initiation sites. Fatigue crack propagation in stage I was typical of smooth facets up to 500 μm long.

Úplný záznam
2018-03-09
13:20
Application of the Williams expansion near a bi-material interface
Malíková, Lucie ; Seitl, Stanislav
A simplified model of a crack approaching a bi-material interface is modelled by means of the finite element method in order to investigate the significance of the higher-order terms of the Williams expansion for the proper approximation of the opening crack-tip stress near the bi-material interface. The discussion on results is presented and the importance of the higher-order terms proved.

Úplný záznam
2018-03-09
13:20
Comparison of calibration functions for short edge cracks under selected loads
Seitl, Stanislav ; Miarka, Petr ; Malíková, Lucie ; Krejsa, M.
Attention to the fatigue cracks in steel structures and bridges has been paid for long time. In spite to efforts to eliminate the creation and propagation of fatigue cracks throughout the designed service life, cracks are still revealed during inspections. Note, that depending on location of initial crack, the crack may propagate from the edge or from the surface. The theoretical model of fatigue crack progression is based on linear fracture mechanics. Steel specimens are subjected to various load (tension, three- and four-point bending, pure bending etc.). The calibration functions for short edge cracks are compared for various load and the discrepancies are discussed.

Úplný záznam
2018-03-09
13:20
Effect of the load eccentricity on fracture behaviour of cementitious materials subjected to the modified compact tension test
Seitl, Stanislav ; Ríos, J. D. ; Cifuentes, H. ; Veselý, V.
Fracture properties of quasi-brittle cementitious composites are typically determined from the load–displacement response recorded during a fracture test by using the work-of-fracture method or possibly other relevant fracture models. Our contribution is focused on a set of experimental tests which are used to study the fracture behaviour on notched dog-bone-shaped specimens made of cementitious materials. These specimens are subjected to modified compact tension (ModCT) test under a specific range of eccentricity of the tensile load. This type of test generates a stress state in the specimen ligament which combines a direct tension with a defined level of bending due to eccentricity of the tensile load. Several values of relative notch length are also considered. While the crack propagates, a variety of stress states, resulting in variations in the crack-tip stress and deformation constraint, appears in the ligament zone because of the changes in the eccentricity of the applied load, which influences the fracture behaviour of the investigated specimens. The K-calibration, T-stress, CMOD and COD curves for ModCT specimens are introduced and variations of these curves with varying load eccentricity are discussed.

Úplný záznam
2018-03-09
13:20
Fatigue Crack Initiation in Nickel-Based Superalloy MAR-M247 at High Temperature
Šulák, Ivo ; Obrtlík, Karel
The present work is focused on the study of crack initiation during low cycle fatigue (LCF) loading of the second generation nickel-based superalloy MAR-M247 treated with hot isostatic pressing. LCF tests were conducted on cylindrical specimens in symmetrical push-pull cycle under strain control with constant total strain amplitude and strain rate at 800 °C in air atmosphere. Selected specimens were electrolytically polished to facilitate surface relief observations. Crack initiation sites were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in dual beam microscope TESCAN LYRA 3 XMU FESEM equipped with focus ion beam (FIB). The microstructure of the material is characterised by coarse dendritic grains with numerous carbides and small casting defects. The average grain size was 2.1 ± 0.3 mm. Fractographic analysis revealed the fatigue crack initiation sites and their relation to the casting defects and material microstructure. Casting defects, carbide inclusions and interdendritic areas were found to be important crack nucleation sites. Specimens’ surface observations revealed the formation of pronounced surface relief with short worm-like markings. Fatigue crack initiation in these places is documented and discussed.

Úplný záznam