National Repository of Grey Literature 251 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Characteristics of alcohol use among adolescents in secondary and higher vocational schools in Most Region
Pospíšilová, Kristýna ; Barták, Miroslav (advisor) ; Mičíková, Lucia (referee)
Background: The use of alcohol beverages in adolescent group is a social problem. Teenagers are more likely to be exposed to alcohol as something worth experimenting on. They will neglect the side effects and warnings for alcohol in long term and that is potentially great issue. Also, in Czech society we mostly consider the not drinking of alcohol as antisocial behavior. The peer pressure of the teenager groups on not-drinking individuals to be not antisocial is even more urgent after use of alcohol with short-term effect as feeling fearless or boosted self-confidence. Aim: Describe and analyze the characteristics of alcohol use among adolescents at secondary and higher vocational schools in Most Region. Methods: Data were collected in the spring of 2022 by questionnaire inquiry. Population consisted of 697 students of secondary and higher vocational schools in Most Region. The sample was 680 respondents. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and the results displayed using tables and graphs. Results: 91.3 % of respondents tasted alcohol at some point in their lives. The average age of first experience with alcohol is 13.2 years. The most common alcohol among respondent sis hard liquor 36.2 %. It is mostly used in the club by 27.1 %. Consumption with friends was reported by 58.7 %....
Thematic composition of school primary prevention programs of risky behavior: research among certified school prevention providers
Svobodová, Karolína ; Kulhánek, Adam (advisor) ; Šejvl, Jaroslav (referee)
Background: The topics of general primary prevention are strongly associated with the concept of nine basic types of risky behavior in professional publications and methodological recommendations. Providers of primary prevention programs may offer topics beyond the basic ones, but previous research does not pay much attention to them. Aims: The aim of the diploma thesis is to map what topics are offered by certified providers of general primary prevention of risky behavior in the Czech Republic and what are the most frequently provided goals of these topics. Next, find out according to what criteria the topics are selected and to what extent the organizations implement programs according to the basic nine types of risky behavior. Methods: This is a quantitative research among certified providers of general primary prevention of risky behavior, which was carried out in two phases. First, a content analysis of the offer sheets took place. The data from the first phase of the research were processed using clustering and simple enumeration. There was also a questionnaire survey among executives. The data collection tool consisted of an online questionnaire created in the Survio platform. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and visualized through graphs created in Microsoft Excel. Results:...
Preventive program at selected primary school, analysis and specific utilization
Tomečková, Iveta ; Richterová, Magdalena (advisor) ; Linková, Marie (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with a preventive program at a selected primary school. The theoretical part consists of a description of the creation of a school prevention program and concepts related to prevention in schools in the context of the legislative framework to which primary prevention in school facilities falls. Emphasis is placed primarily on the definition of the concept of risky behavior and its definition in the context of school primary prevention, whose horizontal and vertical level of management is also specifically described in this work. The practical part is focused on the analysis of the selected preventive program of a particular school. Special attention is paid to its historical development, the process of creation and the causes of changes that have taken place in the creation of PPŠ during the last 5 years. Part of the analysis of the selected PPŠ is also the analysis of specific primary prevention programs Nekuřátka and Digital well-being, which were implemented in the school year 2020/2021 and 2021/2022 in the 4th and 5th classes of the selected elementary school. The aim of both analyzes is to indicate the possibilities that a specific PPŠ of a selected primary school provides and to find out how it is accepted by its users. A summary of the results of these analyzes is...
Psychological Aspects of Prevention of Sexual Risk Behavior with Attention to Attitudinal Changes in Adolescents
Goláňová, Ivana ; Čáp, David (advisor) ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (referee)
Sexual risk behavior is a phenomenon affecting physical and mental health of an individual. In this paper, the psychological aspects of specific types of sexual risk behavior with attention to its causes as well as its consequences are presented. It is focused on a developmental period of adolescence in the context of the risk behavior syndrome in adolescents. Furthermore, effective approaches to preventive activities are discussed. As for the objectives of programs, the main aim is to influence the attitudes of adolescents. These changes should be reflected in their behavior and can be measured. The paper projects a questionnaire for attitudes towards sexual risk behavior of adolescents entitled Inventory SP-20 that is also used in a research design. In the experiment, changes in attitudes within the preventive programs are measured. The change can be an indicator of effectivity of the programs. Keywords: adolescence problem behavior theory risk behavior sexual risk behavior effective prevention preventive programs sexual education attitudes attitudinal changes
Comparison of primary prevention at the second level of elementary schools in Most and Prague
Müllerová, Petra ; Felcmanová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šotolová, Eva (referee)
The diploma thesis Comparison of primary prevention at the second level of elementary schools in Most and Prague discusses the implementation of primary prevention at the second level of elemetary school in these two selected locations. The diploma thesis is thematically divided into six chapters. The first part defines the basic terminology related to the topic of primary prevention. This section also contains information about particular topics of risky behavior and counsulting services of elementary schools. The second part follows a survey among school prevention methodologists in Most and Prague. The objective of the following practical part is to identify and compare what form and under what conditions is implemented primary prevention of risky behavior among pupils of the second level of elementary schools. For the survey was used quantitative method, in the form of a questionnaire divided between school prevention methodologists in both cities. In the final part there are interpreted the data obtained in the survey, which confirmed that in both areas there are different approaches to the implementation of primary prevention at the second levels of elementary schools. KEYWORDS: Primary prevention, risky behavior, the second level of elementary school, school advisory department, minimal...
College students and hazardous behavior in relation to addictive substances
Demčáková, Silvia ; Marsová, Jana (advisor) ; Svobodová, Dana (referee)
The work deals with the relationship of a young man to drug addictions, what high school student is the term "addiction" and "drug", or coming into contact with drugs, and so as to be able to resolve the issue and how to cope with it. At first I was writing about risky behavior in different areas of life factors, and not least addictive drugs, and dividing their effects on the body. In the second part, I analyzed the questionnaire focused on the relationship young people to drug addictions and to compare students with medical and paramedical focus. The last part is devoted to various proposals for improving the prevention against drugs and the end of the dissertation.

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