National Repository of Grey Literature 71 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Inorganic analysis of microwave pyrolysis products from sewage sludge
Šintajová, Kristína ; Doležalová Weissmannová, Helena (referee) ; Komendová, Renata (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of risk elements found in the sewage sludge of wastewater treatment plants and the issue of contamination caused by sludge deposition in soils. Extractions of sewage sludge samples before and after pyrolysis treatment were implemented according to the sequential extraction of BCR and also using aqueous leaching. The determination of the selected element was performed on an atomic absorption spectrometer. A literature research on the use of modified sewage sludge after pyrolysis to increase fertility, improve soil properties and improve their quality was also processed.
Distribution of the Organic Matter in a Sample of Biochar
Novotný, Maximilián ; Enev, Vojtěch (referee) ; Kalina, Michal (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis is focused on characterization of the content and distribution of organic matter in a sample of biochar. For these purposes, the organic matter from a biochar sample was isolated using two procedures, specifically sequential chemical fractionation, and alkali extraction. Prepared samples were characterized by elemental analysis and thermogravimetry. Analysis results showed that sequential chemical fractionation brings higher yields than alkali extraction, moreover, it provides more detailed image of organic matter in biochar thanks to obtained separated fractions according to their linkage to the original biochar matrix. Secondly, studied biochar has a great potential as soil supplement, it contains almost 70 % of organic carbon, whilst isolated amount, which is available represent only small amount, the rest is strongly bound. On the other hand, the study showed that this specific biochar has rigid structure, which brings benefits in the context of using biochar in agriculture in long-term consideration.
Preparation and basic chemical and physical characterization of biochar from wheat bran
Zouharová, Kamila ; Diviš, Pavel (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
At present, the extraction of biochar and its use is a much-discussed topic in the chemical and research fields. The use of biochar is very often declined in the areas of agriculture, waste management, environmental improvement and the fight against global warming. In addition to these sectors, the topic of biochar is also addressed in the production of bio-diesel and bio-oil. Due to the current use of secondary products during biotechnological processes, the presented theoretical and practical study focused on the issue of obtaining biochar from bran by pyrolysis at different temperatures. Part of the practical part was the extraction of biochar from bran and its subsequent analysis, which could be used to characterize biochar obtained from bran by pyrolysis physically and chemically. The characterization of bran biochar was solved by various analytical methods. These techniques yielded, for example, pH, conductivity, particle distribution, elemental composition of biochar, porosity and content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Thanks to this study, the properties of biochar and its possible applications in everyday life were characterized in detail. Given the very promising use of biochar obtained from bran, it can be said that this will be a very desirable topic for the future.
Laboratory Pyrolysis Experiments of Pelleted Digestate (PS) and Extracted Sunflower Scrap (ES).
Pohořelý, Michael ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Hartman, Miloslav
In the report, there are results of laboratory pyrolysis analysis of pelleted digestate and extracted sunflower scrap.\n
Torrefaction Influence on Biomass Structure
Kojecký, Dalibor ; Sitek, Tomáš (referee) ; Elbl, Patrik (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis is focused on the properties of fuels arising from torrefaction. The opening chapter is dedicated to general research into biomass. This chapter is made for familiarisation with biomass and types of its thermal treatment. The following chapters are dedicated to the torrefaction process. Specifically, a description of this technology and its influence on biomass. The last chapter documents how the individual parameters affect the torrefaction process.
Utilization of waste from processing of industrial hemp for production of carbonaceous adsorbents.
Šrámek, V. ; Staf, M. ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Beňo, Z.
Utilization of waste biomass for production of carbonaceous adsorbents would be a suitable substitution of comercially available activated carbon. This work focuses on a two step preparation in two separate apparatus of own construction operated at UCT Prague. The first step involves pyrolysis of the hemp hurd at temperature range 450–850 °C and the second step is based on activation of the pyrolysis residue via steam at temperatures 740 and 800 °C. The prepared activated material was examined for key sorption parameters: specific surface are by BET equation, total specific pore volume and pore size distribution. The results were compared to comercially available activated carbon produced also via the steam activation.
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Influence of pyrolysis temperature on the quality of biochar.
Sedmihradská, Anežka ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Farták, J.
Biochar is a solid residue from biomass carbonization processes that ca be further used in agriculture. Parameters influencing quality of biochar are pyrolysis temperature, heating rate, residence time, type of the reactor and type of feed biomass. This work addresses the influence of pyrolysis temperature.
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Laboratory Pyrolysis Experiments of Pelleted Sunflower Harvesting Residues and Grain Harvesting Residues.
Pohořelý, Michael ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Hartman, Miloslav
In the report there are results of laboratory pyrolysis analysis of pelleted sunflower harvesting residues and grain harvesting residues.
The processing of stabilized sewage sludge by high-temperature slow pyrolysis and gasification
Bičáková, Olga ; Čimová, Nikoleta ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Náhunková, Jana ; Řimnáčová, Daniela
One of the most challenging type of waste is sewage sludge, which is a heterogeneous suspension containing organic and inorganic substances and pathogenic organisms. This work focuses on an effective application method for the sewage sludge, which is usually deposited in landfills or co-incinerated in power plants. High temperature pyrolysis and gasification at 700–900 °C were applied to the samples of stabilized sewage sludge. The samples with a constant weight of 100 g were heated in a stationary bed, with the rate of batch heating being monitored. During the heating process, volatile products were released and the composition of the gaseous products developed during the heating was analyzed. Afterwards, the mass balance of the resulting products was evaluated. The elemental and textural analyses of the products were performed. Furthermore, it has been found that the solid residue has a porous texture and properties suitable for the removal and capture of pollutants. \n
Composition and Energy Use of Municipal Waste
Anisimov, Valerii ; Sitek, Tomáš (referee) ; Elbl, Patrik (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with composition and energy use of municipal waste. Properties of municipal waste are described in the first chapter. The second chapter compares composition of waste in different municipalities. There is description of waste to energy technologies in the third chapter. The last chapter describes incineration plants in Czech Republic.

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