National Repository of Grey Literature 69 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Development and characterization of new dairy products with increased fiber and protein content
Smatana, Igor ; Punčochářová, Lenka (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
The bachelor thesis was focused on the production and characterization of new dairy products with increased protein and fiber content. Ground wheat bran was used as the fiber source and wheat bran protein extract was used as the protein source. From an ecological point of view, it would be ideal if 100% of the raw material was used and nothing was left as waste. We tried to approach this by using the waste (by-product) that arises during the production of flour as an additive to dairy products. The theoretical part focused on the characterization of fermented and unfermented dairy products and their production, the nutritional value of proteins and fiber and the composition and benefits for human health of wheat bran, protein isolation from wheat bran and common analytical methods to determine rheological properties, viable cell numbers. water binding and sensory acceptability. Two basic dairy products were created, one fermented and one unfermented, and subsequently fortified with a source of fiber (wheat bran) and a source of protein (protein concentrate from wheat bran). All products were subsequently characterized for characterization. Water binding, rheological and sensory properties were determined. The fermented dairy product was also subjected to cytometric analysis to determine the number of viable cells. The experimental part describes the methods we use to prepare and characterize new products. After evaluating the measured data, options for optimizing the acceptability of products by consumers were proposed. The results showed that the organoleptic properties were negatively affected by the addition of wheat bran and protein concentrate.
Measurement of viscosity of suspensions during wheat bran processing
Koukal, Jan ; Slavíková, Zuzana (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the assessment of the viscosity evolution of wheat bran suspension during alkaline hydrolysis. Wheat bran is a widely produced low-cost by-product of the milling industry. Due to its composition, bran is a suitable substrate for biorefining and involvement in the circular economy. However, during processing, viscosity development occurs, which greatly affects the energy requirements for processing. The temporal evolution of viscosity during alkaline hydrolysis was determined using a rotational rheometer at constant shear rate. Viscosity was assessed as a function of NaOH concentration, temperature and bran ration. Furthermore, the evolution of viscosity was measured during alkaline extraction of proteins. The highest viscosity was measured in a 0.2 M NaOH system at 30 °C with a bran to hydroxide ratio of 1:10. Its value was 0.991 ± 0.010 Pa.s. Based on the theoretical part and the data obtained from rheological measurements, the design of a stirred reactor for wheat bran processing on an industrial scale was carried out. It is a vertical cylindrical vessel with a total volume of 10 m3. The vessel is equipped with three Chemineer HE-3 hydrofoil impellers mounted on a vertical shaft. The power input of the agitator was calculated at 2.8 kW and compared to a conventional 4-blade, 45-degree pitched blade turbine, the chosen design was four times more efficient.
Pretreatment of hops for further processing in beer technology
Tichá, Anna ; Štursa, Václav (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with pre-treatment of hops for further processing in beer technology. In the experimental part of the work, the effect of low temperatures, as pre-treatment of hops, on the monitored parameters was observed. Three types of cold pretreatment were used. In two cases, the hop material was frozen using a freezer at -25 ° C and in the second case at -70 ° C. In the third case, the hop material was treated by contact with liquid nitrogen in combination with mechanical treatment. The variety of hop materiál was Žatecký poloraný červeňák, which were in the form of pellets or pressed hop cones. The total bitterness of the samples, the total content of phenolic substances, the total content of flavonoids, the antioxidant activity and the concentration of essential oils, specifically myrcene humulene and geraniol, were examined. The effect of pre-treatment was investigated during conventional worth boiling as well as dryhopping. The experimental part includes descriptions of the hopping process, descriptions of individual analytical methods. A parallel measurement was performed on each sample. Significant advantages or disadvantages of some of the pretreatments were not demonstrable, however, the most significant differences were observed in samples hopped with hops pretreated by freezing at -70 ° C, which had a positive effect on the amount of extracted essential oils during cold hops.
Study of the effect of fertilizer containing wheat bran on lettuce growth
Smrčková, Kamila ; Pořízka, Jaromír (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
The aim of the work was to perform growth experiments on a laboratory scale with soil, which was enriched with 2,5 vol. % of wheat bran/coffee grounds/biochar and to study soil and growth characteristics on Lactuca sativa L. The coffee grounds were added raw or modified by oxidation/extraction. Phytotoxic properties of coffee grounds were confirmed by germination tests, although there was an effort to reduce the content of phenolic substances by oxidation /extraction. Soil additives caused an increase in content of organic matter, water capacity, pH and conductivity of all mixtures compared to the control soil. Elemental analysis of soils before cultivation did not show any positive effect on the content of mineral elements compared to the control soil. On the other hand, higher mineral (P, Mg, Ca, K, Mn, Fe, Cu and Al) content compared to soil was recorded cultivation experiments. Chlorophyll a was the most abundant in cultivated plants and reached the lowest concentration in plants grown in a mixture with EXKS. Salads differed in mineral content, too. Salads with the highest content of phosphorus were growed on the mixture BU+OT+PŮDA. On the contrary, content of potassium is salads was negatively affected by mixture with EXKS. Microelements (Fe, Zn, Al, Cu, Cr and Mn) were most affected in the salad by the addition of raw coffee grounds and OXKS2.
Activation of biochar from wheat bran
Sauchanka, Katsiaryna ; Kalina, Michal (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This graduation work is devoted to the issue of biochar production from wheat bran and ways of its surface activation. The theoretical part summarizes information about biochar, its physico-chemical properties, production methods and surface modification options. It also contains description of EBC certificate, that sets requirements for biochar which is placed on the market. The practical part of the work focuses on activating of the biochar surface and comparing the results with the available literature and European biochar certificate.
Quantification of food waste in municipal waste and the possibility of processing this waste
Orságová, Marie ; Pořízka, Jaromír (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
The theoretical study of anaerobic digestion is designed to predict the amount of biogas in food waste. The theoretical part characterizes the processing of biodegradable waste as well as the use of biogas and the calculation method for determining biogas production. In the experimental part, the analytical technique of inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used to determine minerals (K, Ca, P, Mg, Na, Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn) in food waste, as well as elemental analysis for carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen determination. This thesis provides a simplified model that predicts the amount of produced biogas and could be used for further feasibility studies, such as bioreactors dimensioning. The method can be used for different starting materials and repeated for other similar applications in an effort to extend anaerobic digestion systems as a source of clean energy.
Bioflavouring of beer using new Czech hop varieties
Ondruch, Petr ; Diviš, Pavel (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on bioflavouring of beer using new czech hop varieties. Dry hopping is a phenomem, that contributes to the attractiveness and diversity of beer and is nowadays gaining in popularity. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of dry hopping on sensory profile and analytical parametrs of dry-hopped beers using czech hop varieties. Sensory evaluation and chemical analysis of these beers were taken. The chemical analysis included determination of the basic beer characteristics, total phenolic a flavonoid content, antioxidant activity and the concentration of selected organic acids and chemical elements. It was found out that dry-hopped beers compared to the reference beer presented higher bitterness, antioxidant activity and contained higher amount of flavonoids. Also an increase in pottasium, manganese, copper, calcium and malic acid levels was reported. The pH of beer samples was not affected by dry hopping. Sensory evaluation showed that dry hopping had a positive influence on the overall enjoyment of the beer, which was mainly determined by the higher aroma and more intense bitterness. By summaring all the data, it is obvious that dry hopping of beer using new czech hop varieties has a positive effect on the quality of the final beer and these hop varities are suitable for further use in the beer industry.
Preparation and Characterization of Biochar - the Effect of Pyrolysis Conditions and the Source of Used Biomass
Novotný, Maximilián ; Pořízka, Jaromír (referee) ; Kalina, Michal (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on preparation of biochar samples, which were characterized to reveal influence of preparation conditions on biochar properties physical-chemical properties. Preparation conditions covered temperature range of 400 °C to 700 °C and 2 different residence times were used. Biochars from each source biomass has its own characteristics, however the similiarities between biochars from different sources were found. Biochar yields were specified and the minimum yield was at least 24 %. Analysis on content revealed, that oat brans, mixed wood and corn residue contain a lot of organic matter, relatively, and also contains a lot of organic carbon. Results of structural analysis confirmed individual structural properties, porosity and content of function groups in particular. Influence of higher pyrolysis temperature results in slightly lower yields, however it provides products with higher content of organic carbon and higher surface area, in majority of cases. Subsequently, it was found out that short residence time of 10 minutes does not have to be enough for all used biomasses. On the basis of gained data, the preparation or production can be optimalized in effort to make usage of residue biomass more effective in different application, not only in agronomy sector.
Production and characterization of fresh cheese analogues with the addition of nut oils
Lovásová, Kristína ; Pořízka, Jaromír (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with the production and characterization of fresh cheese analogues with added nut oils (walnut, hazelnut, and almond oil). The purpose of the thesis was to prepare cheese samples with an improved nutritional value and better sensory quality. The experimental part deals with the characterization of the prepared samples in terms of fatty acids, volatile substances, content of fat in dry matter, antioxidant activity and sensory quality. Fatty acids were determined using the gas chromatography with a flame-ionization detector after the conversion to methyl esters by the acid esterification with boron trifluoride. The determination of the volatile compounds was performed through the solid-phase microextraction with the gas chromatography separation and the mass spectrometry detection. After the extraction and drying the samples, the dry matter and fat content in the dry matter was determined. Antioxidant activity was determined by the Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity method and the sensory quality was assessed by the evaluators. In the comparison of fat in the dry matter there was a difference between the standard sample and the analogues. The samples with the added oil were higher in fat content that the standard sample without oil. All samples can be classified into the category of half-fat cheese. A total of 17 fatty acids were identified. The total content of fatty acids did not differ significantly. With the addition of nut oils, the amount of saturated fatty acids decreased and the amount of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids increased. A total of 40 volatile (aroma) compounds were identified in all samples. 22 compounds were identified in the standard sample; 25 compounds in the sample with walnut oil; 26 with hazelnut oil and 27 with almond oil. Alcohols, acids, and ketones were present in the largest amounts. The measured antioxidant activity of the analogues was higher that the activity of the standard sample. The highest activity was measured in the sample with walnut oil. From the sensory perspective the sample with hazelnut oil was evaluated as the best. The sample with walnut oil was evaluated as the worst. Added oils influenced the taste and the odour of the analogues but they also had an impact on the texture and the hardness of the samples. The obtained results indicate that the addition of nut oils influences the properties of cheese. It increases the nutritional value (lower amount of saturated fatty acids and higher amount of unsaturated fatty acids, higher antioxidant activity) and, except for the sample with walnut oil, even the sensory quality and the acceptability were evaluated as better.
Effect of the dry hopping of the stability of beer foam
Benda, David ; Štursa, Václav (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the influence of dry hopping on the stability of the beer foam. It was observed how this effect affected general characteristics of beer, the content of hop bitter acids, proteins, phenolic compounds, selected micro- and macro elements, organic acids and the stability od the beer foam. Theoretical part characterises raw the materials for beer production, the substances affecting the stability of beer foam and the beer brewing process. Furthermore the beer foam is described froam a physical point of view together with the steps of its formation and drainage as well as other phenomena that lead to its disappearance. A detailed description of used analytical methods is included. The experimental part illustrates the preparation of the model beer and the implementation of dry hopping with the Czech hop variety called Kazbek. Dry hopping was carried out on day 3, day 5 and day 10 with a 3 g/l and a 6 g/l hop dose. The prepared beer was subsequently analysed for general characteristics, the beer foam stability, bitter hop acids, phenolic compounds, protein, selected micro- and macroelements and organic acids. Based on the measured data, there were found correlations between the observed beer parameter and the stablity of the beer foam. The results revealed that dry hopping in beer increases the content of the phenolic compounds and bitter substances, but its effect on the beer foam stability is negative.

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