National Repository of Grey Literature 49 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Removal of micropollutants from wastewater by adsorbtion.
Trávníček, Jakub ; Macsek, Tomáš (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The aim of the thesis is to create a research on the issue of adsorption of micropolutants with a subsequent focus on biochar. The first part therefore deals with the micropolutants themselves, the origin of their formation in wastewater and their negative impact on the health of organisms. It also deals with adsorption technology, discusses its basic knowledge necessary to grasp the topic and describes known adsorbents and their use. It pays special attention to biochar. The second part of the thesis deals with practical filter tests of adsorption abilities of biochar on wastewater from tunnel maintenance and treatment carried out in the laboratory of the AdMaS centre.
Utilization of wastewater sluge to green infrastructure
Kozová, Barbora ; Ševčík,, Jan (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
This bachelor thesis discusses the issue of use of wastewater sludge in green infrastructure in relation to the circular economy. Firstly, it summarizes wastewater treatment technologies and specifications of green infrastructure such as green roofs, walls, and others. Secondly, the thesis compares the affordability of different types of green roofs and green parking. The paper concludes with a final evaluation of the findings.
Removal of selected medicines from waste water by oxidation processes
Úterský, Michal ; Rusník,, Igor (referee) ; Kučerík,, Jiří (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
A concept of removing of pharmaceuticals from a wastewater is become more important topic. Currently we can see the increasing consumption of pharmaceuticals worldwide and an increasing effective doses of pharmaceuticals due to the resistance of microorganisms. Generally, a medicine means an active substance or their mixtures. The medicine is used for positive influencing of human’s and animal’s health. Nevertheless, a long term presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment leads to chronic toxic aquatic organisms, possibilities of multiplication of multi-resistant pathogenic bacterial strains, deterioration of reproduction of animals and their endocrine system. My dissertation is focused on a removing of pharmaceuticals from the wastewater via advanced oxidation processes. Results of research showed that the advanced oxidation processes are able to reduce concentration of pharmaceuticals. Mainly priority of this problem is other cleaning level of the wastewater which flows away from urban WWTP to river. Wastewaters consist of large volume of pharmaceuticals due to excrements, urination and flushing of outdated pharmaceuticals. An efficiency of advanced oxidation processes on the removal selected types of pharmaceuticals is a part of practical selection of the dissertation.
Preprocessing of sewage sludge for pyrolysis process
Ševčík, Jan ; Rusník,, Igor (referee) ; Bodík,, Igor (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The concept of sludge management at the level of sludge treating technology of sewage treatment plants, as well as at national, continental or world level, requires fundamental improvement in the interest of sustainable development. Sewage sludge production is continuously increasing. Sewage sludge contains a number of pollutants but also a significant renewable resource for material transformation and / or energy recovery. Sewage sludge is composed of an inorganic mineral part and organic components. Its organic part is a source of energy and nutrients, but also contains harmful pollutants for exapmple heavy metals. However, there are technologies that offer the possibility of neutralizing pollutants while using other sludge components in terms of recycling energy, nutrients and other attractive sludge components. The mentioned technologies include mainly thermal methods of sewage sludge treatment and one of them is pyrolysis. Thessis focuses on sewage sludge prepartation for pyrolysis process, which includes mixing with additives and peletization of prepared mixture for purposes of agricultural or energetical utilisation. Technology for material transformation and energy utilization of sewage sludge, in particular the mentioned pyrolysis or torrefaction, require an insignificant degree of detailed research in order to expand it in the field of sludge management. Indeed, it is not only research that will enable direct correct use of this technology in practice. The results of such research are the basis for the drafting of the relevant legislation, which will subsequently enable the deployment of pyrolysis technologies in practice.
Removal of antibiotics from wastewater by advanced oxidation technologies
Macsek, Tomáš ; Rusník,, Igor (referee) ; Bodík,, Igor (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
Antibiotics are substances that inhibit the growth of microorganisms and are widely used in modern medicine. High consumption of antibiotics correlates with their elevated occurence in sewage systems, from where they are further released into the environment. The threat of their occurrence in the environment is in triggering the formation and spread of antibiotic resistance. This thesis focuses on the removal of selected antibiotics and partly on the antibiotic resistance from wastewater by advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). AOPs are based on the creation of highly reactive hydroxyl radicals, which are able to oxidize even highly persistent substances. The thesis focuses on the purification of effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), which are identified as the main source of pharmaceutical pollution in the environment, by AOPs mainly based on ozonation. These processes were tested under laboratory conditions on model water as well as under real conditions as the tertiary stage of the treatment at Brno-Modřice WWTP under various operating states. As the results of the performed experiments show, it could be concluded that the studied AOPs are capable of effective degradation of studied antibiotics from the treated medium. Under real conditions, the antibiotics sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, azithromycin and clarithromycin were monitored. Output concentrations in each operational state were achieved to be below the limit of detection for all four antibiotics. The application of AOPs based on ozonation as the tertiary step of the treatment also had a positive effect on the reduction of microbial contamination and antibiotic resistance. Within the pilot plant experiments, a reduction of up to 4 orders of magnitude of E.coli, coliform microorganisms and a reduction of their resistant strains in the range of 1.4 - 4.0 logs were observed, compared to the effluent from the WWTP.
Assessment of hydraulic reliability of drainage system in urban area and solution of extra-urban storm water.
Šebek, Josef ; Macsek, Tomáš (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
This diploma thesis presents the topic of urban drainage systems. The first theoretical part contains methods and options for urban drainage systems, stormwater management, blue-green infrastructure (BGI) in urban areas and introduction of numerical modelling of sewerage systems. The application of modelling platforms is further described in the feasibility study in the practical part of this thesis. By using the simulation model, the study assesses the hydraulic reliability of the drainage system in the city of Jedovnice in the Czech Republic, identifies hydraulic issues and their causes on the urban drainage system. The second part of the study assesses extra-urban stormwater inflow from fields around the city caused by heavy rainfalls, which causes local flooding in the urban area. The identification as well as proposed solutions and capital expenditures, their comparison and recommendation of the optimal solution are included in the study.
Stormwater management in frame of green infrastructures of cities.
Novotný, Michal ; Raček, Jakub (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to create an evaluation and recommendation of measures in the field of water management within green infrastructures of cities according to appropriate size. These measures apply to typical urban buildings managed by cities of this size. The first part of the diploma thesis deals with a research focused on the current state of stormwater management within the green infrastructure of cities. The legislative aspect is also outlined and measures and technologies for stormwater management are described. The practical part of the diploma thesis deals with a case study for the design of stormwater management within the green infrastructure of the city of Třešť. Stormwater management methods for various buildings owned by the city of Třešť are designed and economically assessed.
Stormwater management in commercial centers
Bekmukhambetova, Nuriia ; Velikovská, Kristýna (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
This diploma thesis is devoted to a rainwater management in commercial and administrative buildings. The goal of this work is to describe rainwater management system with a focus on its later usage. The work is divided into theoretical and practical parts. The first part examines the binding conditions, as well as the individual technologies and devices that must be included in the implementation of a rainwater management system. The practical part of the work is an analysis of the possibility of using rainwater for the needs of the fire brigade in Havlíčkův Brod. The result of this work is a calculation of the approximate payback period of the proposed system.
Removal of selected pharmaceuticals from the treated wastewater by oxidation processes
Radetzká, Hana ; Macsek, Tomáš (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The aim of the work is research and summarize the currently available information about micropollutants with a focus on drugs and pesticides. The first part deals with the description, occurrence of micropollutants and their effects on organisms. The second part deals with the possibility of removing selected drugs from wastewater and the application of such methods in practice, and evaluates the effectiveness and economic aspects of O3, O3 + H2O2, O3 + UV and O3 + H2O2 + UV.
Harvesting of materials from wastewater and sludge
Boubínová, Marie ; Chorazy, Tomáš (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the issue of recycling raw materials from wastewater and sewage sludge with emphasis on phosphorus. The first part of the thesis deals with the problems associated with resources of phosphorus, the use of the legislative and recycling of phosphorus. Then, physico-chemical and biological methods of phosphorus recycling from wastewater and products of their further processing at WWTPs are discussed. Phosphorus recycling is also described in terms of the circular economy, which is explained at the end of the first part of this thesis. The second part of this thesis is a technical-economic research for a specific WWTP over 50 thousand. PE in the Czech Republic. The available technologies for recycling phosphorus from wastewater, sewage sludge and sewage sludge ash are described alsonhere. Then, the technologies are compared and evaluated.

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