National Repository of Grey Literature 115 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Ball games for overweight elementary school-aged children
Saglová, Tereza ; Suchý, Jiří (advisor) ; Bunc, Václav (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on ball games for overweight children. Its aim is to propose a set of enjoyable exercise units used by physical education teachers, coaches and parents. The work was conducted in collaboration with the national program BF24, which aims to prevent obesity in children. The theoretical part addresses the diagnosis of obesity and overweight, describing measurement methods and recommended physical activities for overweight children in the early school years. It also emphasizes the importance of play and the inclusion of balls in sports activities. Based on the theoretical foundation, the practical part selects suitable ball games for overweight children in the early school years. I have developed 15 exercise units, which are categorized by focus into 4 categories - ball handling, throwing, and catching, hitting the target and coordination skills with the ball. They all have one common goal and that is the motivation for regular sports activity for overweight children. Ball games are divided into individual parts - introductory, main, and final. The entire exercise unit is spread over 45 minutes. Each exercise unit includes objectives, recommended age range and number of children, location, and necessary equipment for implementation. The preparations were designed to be...
The role of nutrition and physical activity in breast cancer patients
Kafková, Tereza ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Tesařová, Petra (referee)
Introduction: In most countries in the world, breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer diagnosed for women. A key factor that positively influences the prognosis of patients is physical activity, ideally supported by nutritional intervention. Adequate physical activity has a beneficial effect on increasing overall fitness and prolonging life of patients in the metastasis stage, especially in the subgroup of HER2+ patients. Furthermore, physical activity also improves the mental condition of patients. Aim: The aim of this research is to describe the effect of nutritional and physical exercise intervention for generalized breast cancer patients. The effectiveness of the interventions evaluated was based on the data from body composition measurements and the physical fitness test that was performed for the patients. Methodology: Data for this research was collected as a part of the ONKO-FIT program, which was created in co-operation with the Oncology Clinic of the General Teaching Hospital in Prague and the 1st Faculty of Medicine. The duration of this program was set for 3 months. The program was executed by 24 patients. Data was completely collected and evaluated for 13 of those patients. The patient's age range was from 39 to 57 years, with an average of 47 ± 6 years and the time since...
Lifestyle, diet and hardening and viral diseases
These topics will be more detailed discussed in the theoretical part, due to their importance in the lives of each of us. Among main topics, the work includes topics related to sleep, rational nutrition, exercise and more within factors that play a significant role in influencing people's health and their lives. In the practical part, the work already deals with cases from practice - everyday life of people. In this section, reader will learn how young people perceive the view of health and its support, and whether they themselves follow the principles of a healthy lifestyle and rational, healthy eating. As a part of the research, respondent's food menus are specifically analyzed, as well as frequency questionnaires mapping the people's diet, the lifestyle and the occurrence of diseases of these people. This work shows and compares the differences in lifestyle within the two investigated groups - people who are hardening and those who are not hardening. The detected shortcomings are discussed in more detail and there are also possible individual recommendations for individuals or the whole group that can be transferred to the wider public. These recommendations are in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization, medicine, or other experts in the field.
Smoking as a maladaptive strategy in overweight and obese women
Zdeňková Kroužková, Pavlína ; Kulhánek, Adam (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Introduction: Smoking and obesity (overweight) together represent a significant risk factor for a number of diseases. So far, not much has been published about the effect of weight reduction on smoking. Aim: The aim of the work was to map the most significant risk factors that lead women, tobacco smokers, overweight and obese to maladaptive behavior based on a comparison of a series of case studies. A partial goal was to find out whether compliance with the reduction program does not affect the number of cigarettes smoked. Methods: This is a case series, prospectively followed for three months (December 2022- March 2023), in which 21 female tobacco smoking patients undergoing a weight reduction program were followed. Monitoring the effect of weight reduction on the number of cigarettes smoked was complemented by structured interviews with female respondents on the topic of the most significant risk factors leading to smoking. The results were evaluated using the rapid assessment method. By searching for common psychosocial factors between individual case studies, individual types of clients were supplemented. Sample: The research sample of 21 female smokers was selected using a simple purposive sampling method based on availability and voluntariness. The age composition of the research sample...
Family influence on the consumption of sugary drinks by preschoolers
Moravcová, Marie ; Starnovská, Tamara (advisor) ; Dusílková, Nina Borisovna (referee)
This work focus on the influence of the family on the consumption of sweetened beverages in preschool children. Due to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the population, it is necessary to find new ways to actively prevent this trend. The theoretical part of the thesis focus on the causes and effects of overweight and obesity. It analyzes uncontrollable influences, such as genetics, or racial and ethnic differences. Also influences that can be influenced, where we can include, socioeconomic status, eating habits, and the consumption of sugary drinks, physical activity, sleep, stress or family influences. The family has a great influence on the child and his life from early childhood. Positive and negative as well. Many studies have already been published, that looked at the connections between the family's socioeconomic situation, place of residence, inappropriate diet, excessive consumption of sugary drinks, little physical activity and the likelihood of becoming overweight and obese. Several of them are mentioned in this work. It is necessary to spread the results of these studies among the lay public and try to motivate them to change bad habits in the population. The experimental work focus on a questionnaire survey, in which it was determined whether there is a correlation between...
Lifestyle and quality of life of people with overweight and obesity
Overweight and obesity are a global problem. These diseases are characterized by an excessive amount of body fat in the body. The consequences of excessive body weight does not include only health effects but overweight and obesity also affect quality of life, social life and mental health of people with this disease. The basic measure of overweight and obesity is body mass index (BMI), however it may not be accurate for health risk assessment of each individual, e.g. for the development other diseases related to high weight. There are many variables associated with development of obesity such as genetic predisposition, the environment in which an individual grows up and lives, eating habits, physical activity, stress, etc. The aim of the dissertation was to determine what the quality of life and lifestyle of people with overweight and obesity is, to compare it with the quality of life and lifestyle of people with normal body weight and to describe the differences. It was choosen a quantitative research strategy to acomplish the aims. The data collection was realized by questionnaires and body composition analysis. We used a combination of standardized quality of life questionnaire WHOQOL-BREF and self administered questionnaire which was focused on lifestyle of respondents. Respondents were also measured by bioimpedance device InBody 270 for body composition analysis. The obtained data was statistically evaluated. Statistically significant differences were found between respondents with BMI <25 kg/m2 and respondents with BMI ?25 kg/m2 in individual domains of the questionnaire WHOQOL-BREF. Statistically significant differences were also found in two separately evaluated parts of the questionnaire. A higher quality of life was achieved by respondents with lower BMI in all domains as well as in two separately evaluated parts. We determined that the lifestyle is dependent on gender (positive, negative and also overall lifestyle score) with women having a healthier lifestyle than men. The negative lifestyle score was also dependent on BMI but inversely. The age had no effect in adherence to healthy lifestyle principles. We determined that people with overweight and obesity often have lower educational level. It was determined a significant association with satisfaction with health (p?0,001) and body fat percentage, amount of fat free mass, waist circumference, amount of visceral fat and waist to hip ratio. An alcohol consumption, regular physical activity or frequency of consumption of sweets and unhealthy eating also significantly affected selected body parameters. The dissertation provides a comprehensive view of the quality of life and lifestyle of overweight and obese people. It points to the fact that excessive body weight is not only health issue but it also has a negative impact in almost every aspect in the individual's life. It can point to a need of increasing awareness of all the consequences of overweight and obesity, a need to implement more preventive measures and also a complex approach for people with this disease. The dissertation can be useful for health professionals as well as other people who come in contact with overweight and obese people either in their profession or in daily life.
Diet of proffesional drivers from the perspective of nutrition therapist
The diet of professional drivers is very different from the general population. This difference is due to a number of factors. Extraordinary working hours, irregular sleep, physical inactivity and stress. Poor facilities for the actual preparation and storage of food and poorer availability of factory catering. Professional drivers therefore often suffer from a range of health complications including obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. The aim of the bachelor thesis was to investigate the diet of professional drivers in the Czech Republic. To map their diet in terms of caloric intake, macronutrient intake and sugars. And secondly, to find out whether the offer in the catering facilities they use during working hours corresponds to their demand. Quantitative research was chosen to meet the objectives. Anthropometric data such as height, weight, BMI and waist circumference were collected and evaluated. A questionnaire focusing on lifestyle and eating habits and an evaluation of the last 24 hours' diet. Data collection was conducted at motorway rest areas in the Central Bohemia region. The research population consisted of 30 professional truck drivers in the age range of 29- 60 years. The bachelor thesis revealed significantly higher values of BMI and waist circumference compared to the average values of the population in the Czech Republic. The questionnaire survey revealed the diet and lifestyle of the professional drivers on the road. More than half of the respondents were smokers, two thirds drink alcohol and most of them do not engage in any physical activity. Analysis of the menus showed that their calorie intake was on average 14% higher than their daily energy needs and their consumption of sugars was noticeably higher than the recommendations. The bachelor thesis provides a comprehensive view of the diet and lifestyle of professional drivers. It highlights the impact of improper diet and the incidence of associated complications. The bachelor thesis is intended to raise awareness in society of this issue and may be useful to health care personnel who work with patients in the driving profession.
Possibilities of using nursing model Betty Neuman in prevention of overweight and obesity.
Lifestyle, decrease in physical activity, advance in new technologies, industrialization and globalization contribute to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity. Considering the number of factors participating in their formation might be beneficial for the nurses to use the Betty Neuman's conceptual model to evaluate the involved factors and the level of their influence. In accordance with this evaluation also set the interventions in the individual stages of prevention. The aim of this thesis was to describe the possibilities of utilization the Betty Neuman's conceptual model in prevention of overweight and obesity. In the investigative part the quantitative and qualitative research were used. The quantitative research was performed by means of a non-standardized questionnaire intended for the nurses from Vysočina region and Jihočeský region. The qualitative research was implemented via a semi-structured interview with the overweight or obese individuals and nurses from the same regions. Relating to the people with overweight and obesity, no significant differences in stressors were found after the quantitative data analysis. However, the results reveal a considerable dissatisfaction with the overall appearance and health condition. They also reveal the perception of the overweight and obesity impact at work. The respondents show an interest in weight reduction, some of them try repeatedly. Equally, the qualitative data analysis implies that the overweight and obese patients percept themselves with less satisfaction. The most frequent problems are higher weight, troubles with breathing and pain in legs while walking. With regard to general nurses, it was found out that they approach the overweight and obese patients the same way as the rest of the patients. They would recommend regular and healthy diet and exercise. The gathered results reveal the necessity of communication with the individuals who suffer from overweight and obesity. For the lifestyle transformation, sufficient education supported by motivation is crucial.
Patients compliance during the process of weight reduction
ŠPAČKOVÁ, Kateřina
This bachelor thesis deals with patients compliance during the process of weight reduction. The thesis aims to chart patients compliance during the process of weight reduction. The theoretical part defines overweight and obesity and its variations, prevention, causes, diagnostic and treatment. The next chapter deals with compliance and definition of nutritional therapist and nutritional advice. The last chapter of the theoretical part describes recommendations for weight loss, specifically proportionate amount of energy, advice on nutritional and physical activities, also psychological recommendations for sleep. The practical part was founded on qualitative research, specifically case studies containing interviews, anthropometrical data, bioimpedance records and menus. In the beginning, there were eleven respondents taking part in the practical part but two of them resigned. Two research questions were raised upon the practical part. The first one tried to determine what factors are involved in patients compliance during the process of weight reduction. The second one tried to determine what is the real nutritional and energy intake during the process of weight reduction. Obtained data was later transcribed and later evaluated in the software program Nutriservis professional. Obtained data show patients abide by the recommended regime in different rates case by case as in active cooperation with it. Out of the most common factors determining patients compliance, we may highlight the support by close ones, checks up in nutritional counselling office, fear of illness or stress. Menu records show the real nutritional and energy intake of patients corresponds to the set-up reduction regime. Problems occurred case by case i.e. with fibre intake. Results of the thesis might be used as a source for education material or as a general guideline helping cooperation of patients in the nutritional counselling office.
The Impact of a dietitian guidance on a weight management of obese children
Bučková, Kristýna ; Floriánková, Marcela (advisor) ; Kosheleva, Svetlana (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the topic of childhood obesity and the impact of dietitian education on its prevention and treatment. The theoretical part defines owerweight and obesity in children and adolescents, its prevalence, causes, diagnosis, prevention and treatment. The practical part is based on data drawn retrospectively from the medical documentation of the dietitian's and obesitologist's outpatient's department of the Department of Pediatrics and Hereditady Metabolic Disorders of the General Hospital in Prague. Data for the period from 1st January 2018 to 1st February 2022 were examined in 58 patients aged 3 months to 18 years 5 months with overweight or obesity. Only patients whose overweight or obesity was caused by a positive energy balance were included in the study. The data included the pacient's anthropometric parameters at birth and during the treatment, blood pressure, uric acid levels and fasting blood glucose. The patient's parents BMI was found out at the beginning of the child's treatment. The main goal of the research was to assess the effect of dietitian guidance in long-term cooperating overweight and obese patients compared to patients who visited the dietitian's outpatient's department once or not at all (although it was offered). In particular, the effect on changes...

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