National Repository of Grey Literature 70 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Influence of physical intervention on the musculoskeletal system in patients before and after planned bariatric surgery
Cibulková, Natálie ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Angerová, Yvona (referee) ; Větrovský, Tomáš (referee)
Title: Influence of physical intervention on the musculoskeletal system in patients before and after planned bariatric surgery. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of three months physical intervention on the development of static postural stability, musculoskeletal pain, health-related quality of life and physical fitness of obese individuals before and after bariatric surgery. Methods: This is a monocentric prospective non-randomized study. The study included 25 patients of both sexes aged 40 to 57 years (BMI 36-49 kg/m2 ). The patients were divided into an intervention and a control group. The intervention group (INT, n = 7; age 48.9 ± 5.6 years; BMI 40.6 ± 5.5 kg/m2 ) underwent a 3-month resistance aerobic exercise program with a frequency of exercises 3 times a week. The control group (KON, n = 18; age 46.8 ± 12.7 years, BMI 44.2 ± 6.4 kg/m2 ) was not subjected to the exercise program. The level of static postural stability, perceived musculoskeletal pain, health-related quality of life and the level of physical fitness in the periods before and 3, 6 and 12 months after bariatric surgery were assessed. Results: The study showed that resistance aerobic physical intervention improves musculoskeletal pain and health-related quality of life in obese patients...
Obesity and cancer
Maděřičová, Jarmila ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Svačina, Štěpán (referee)
Obesity is a chronic multifactorial disease that is becoming a serious problem for world health. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in most countries continues to rise, not only in adults but especially in children and adolescents. The Obesity is also a demonstrable risk factor for at least fourteen cancers, including a female breast, colorectal, endometrial or pancreas tumour. The aim of the Bachelor thesis was to evaluate the diets of cancer patients who are overweight or obese. Assess the effect of nutritional intervention on body weight and menu composition. Specifically, I focused on the intake of total fat and saturated fatty acids. The work is divided into two parts. The first part, theoretical, contains information on obesity, there are described possible mechanisms of tumour formation from adipose tissue, individual cancers related to obesity or the relationship of obesity to cancer recurrence. The second part, practical, describes research that consisted of a questionnaire survey of 40 patients and a menu calculation of 12 patients. The intake of total fats and saturated fatty acids was calculated 14 days prior to intervention and 14 days at the end of intervention. The research group included patients with breast cancer and BMI above 25 kg/m2 . Saturated fatty acids were most...
Obesity in the Czech media
Burdová, Lucie ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Svačina, Štěpán (referee)
The growing prevalence of obesity, both in adults and children, not only in developed countries, is perceived as a global problem due to the associated health risks. This study quantifies the media content in the selected period 01.07.2019-30.06.2020, it identifies which media and with what reach communicates the obesity most often, as well as verifies whether this finding correlates with the sources of information most often used by obese people. In addition, it finds a correlation between the use of the term obesity in the title and the complexity of the information contained therein. The aim of this study is to analyze media content as a source of information on obesity and to verify in this context whether media content supports the stereotype in terms of depicting obesity as a disease and health risk associated with individual responsibility at the level of etiology and therapy, including appropriate stigmatizing visualization. Furthermore to verify, whether the authors of media content related to obesity, as this is perceived as a disease, most often mediate the views and perspectives of doctors, respectively obesitologists, and are a means for government communication of strategies in the field of health and health literacy of the Czech Republic's population. There was used quantitative...
Obstructive syndrom apnoe and its impact of weight change
Žihalová, Šárka ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Káňová, Marcela (referee)
Background: Sufficiently long and high-quality sleep is necessary for the daily renewal of brain and cognitive activity as well as for the maintenance of the whole organism. Apnea is defined as complete cessation of respiration or reduction of respiratory flow by more than 90% continuously for at least 10 seconds. The repeated respiratory arrest comes in repeated series. They are caused by episodes of upper airway obstruction, caused by an increased tendency of the airway walls to collapse. Sleep is an important lifestyle factor that needs to be addressed along with diet and physical activity. Short sleep leads to greater desire for food and sweets high in fat. Aim: The aim of this work was to determine the eating habits of patients with sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and to compare the data with patients with simple ronchopathy. Methodology: Data collection took place in a specialized ENT clinic for sleep disorders at the University Hospital Ostrava for three months. A questionnaire was completed with newly arrived patients with regard to the eating habits of patients and anthropometric indicators, and physical activity. After that, the patients were clinically examined, and a limited polygraphy was performed, according to which the patients were divided. The collected data were statistically...
Evaluation of postural stability and strategy in obese people
Ančincová, Kateřina ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Vilikus, Zdeněk (referee)
Thesis title: Evaluation of postural stability and postural strategy in obese people Objectives: The main objective was to evaluate postural stability using computer posturography in obese people and assess whether three-month exercise training with a focus on sensorimotor stimulation has an effect on postural stability. Methods: This is a cross-sectional experimental study. The research group consisted of 20 probands aged 30 to 62 years with BMI values of 31.1-53.5 kg / m2, from which the general posturography was evaluated. The effect of sensorimotor training was subsequently assessed of 13 probands, who were divided into two groups - interventional (n = 6) and control (n = 7). The measurement was performed using static computer posturography and computer goniometry processed by the freeStep software system. To compare the effect of sensorimotor training, measurements were performed twice in the intervention and control groups, over a period of approximately three months. Postural stability was evaluated based on the Sway test. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 24 software. Statistical significance was determined at the level of α = 0.05, the result where p <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: General posturography in the research group showed a...
Transfer of information on healthy lifestyles from experts to the general public
Gorčíková, Michaela ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Hejlová, Denisa (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the transfer of information from the professional to the general public through the web media obesity-news.cz and it summarizes the issues of health and lifestyle, which is currently discussed more and more in the mass media. The work is divided into two parts, the main goal is to mediate the articles from experts and professionals in the Internet space in order to increase website traffic, increase views, involve more authors in content creation and connect the site with the social network Facebook. The second part finds out through questionnaires, where the public most often looks for information about a healthy lifestyle and has become a basis for mediating the transmission of information. The questionnaire survey was attended by 25 respondents who were randomly selected in a nutritional counseling center in Prague and during a reconditioning stay for obese patients in Serbs under the auspices of VŠTJ Medicina Praha. All collected data were then statistically evaluated in the form of graphs and charts. The transfer of information lasted 4 months from February to May 2020 and consisted of participation in the creation and organization of an editorial plan, communication between authors, editors and proofreading, and the provision of all materials for publication....
Obesity and type 1 diabetes mellitus
Zábranská, Klára ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Sadílková, Aneta (referee)
Even though patients with the diabetes mellitus type 1 disease were considered slim individuals, the occurrence of overweight and obesity is a more common issue which is not given enough attention. Thus, the topic of obesity, diabetes mellitus, the unheatlhy obese individuals with the diabetes mellitus dissease is becoming more current. The goal of the bachelor thesis is to collect basic data, evaulate compensation of diabetes mellites and to compare BMI of tracked patients with the mellitus type 1 diagnosis, who visited the diabetic department in the span of one month: 1. - 30. November 2019 versus general population. The data were collected from doctors' documents of the patients. One of the monitored parameters was the presence of overweight and obesity with the patients. The theoretical part of the thesis provides basic information about the diabetes mellitus following information about obesity. The final chapter connects these two diseases. The practical part of the thesis consists of a provision of the basic information of the group of patients, a comparison of BMI between the followed sample and general population, a compartion of t HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin) between patients with CGM/FGM (a sensor for continual monitoring of glycemia) and those without it, a comparison of medial BMI (body...
Nutritional and movement intervention with breast cancer patients
Andrášková, Věra ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Tuka, Vladimír (referee)
Breast cancer the second most common cancers in women. A weight gain, higher amount of adipose tissue and lower physical activity are risk factors for breast cancer in terms of nutritional status. Recent studies document a negative effect of adipokines, adipose tissue hormones on the development and prognosis of cancer. Likewise, the positive effect of myokines, hormones of muscle tissue, has been increasingly discussed in recent years. Influencing the amount of adipose and muscle tissue in the body is possible through nutritional and physical intervention. A cooperation with a dietitian was offered to 81 patients in the Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute. The offer of nutritional and physical intervention was accepted by 25 patients and 19 patients completed 3 months of therapy. The aim of the study was to analyze the development of weight in patients before and after the diagnosis of breast cancer, and futher to perform a nutritional intervention in the form of a 3 - month program using personal visits and online monitoring of diet and physical activity and to characterize the diet in patients with breast cancer after the intervention. From the obtained data it was not possible to perform an analysis of weight development in patients. The performed evaluation of eating habits based on a comparison...
Knowledge of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus about nutrition and physical activity
Valentová, Lucie ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Hásková, Aneta (referee)
This diploma thesis is focused on the knowledge of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus. The main aim of this work is to determine how well these patients are educated about type 2 diabetes mellitus depending on both the duration of the disease and whether they attend a nutritional therapist. The work is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part provides general information about diabetes mellitus. There is a marginal description of pancreatic function and the history, definition and classification of diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes mellitus, its pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnosis, screening, therapy and associated complications, both acute and chronic, are discussed in more detail. As part of type 2 diabetes therapy there is the most discussed non-pharmacological treatment, which includes dietary measures and physical activity. The practical part was formulated on the basis of quantitative research, which was carried out using a questionnaire survey. Data were collected from November 2019 to March 2020. 150 questionnaires were distributed to different inpatient departments and clinics in Jičín Hospital. 106 completed questionnaires were returned, but 24 of them had to be rejected due to incomplete or incorrect completion. The research sample...
Influence of Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization Approach on Maximum Kayak Paddling Power
Davídek, Pavel ; Kobesová, Alena (advisor) ; Kolář, Pavel (referee) ; Matoulek, Martin (referee)
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this thesis is to identify the effect of trunk stabilization training based on Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) on maximum kayak ergometer power output and reported self-disability in the shoulder girdle area. METHOD: Thirty flatwater kayakers of both genders (17 - 25 years old) were randomly divided into two groups. Crossover design was used for this study. Subjects in the experimental group (group A) integrated DNS exercises into standard flatwater training during the first phase. The control group (group B) conducted only common flat water training at the same time. After 6 weeks, the groups were switched. Then group B underwent the same DNS exercise with the same intensity and the same time. The intervention was the same for both phases and took 6 weeks. Group A performed only standard off-season training during the second phase. The maximum power output on kayak ergometer was measured three times (before study, after 6 weeks and after 12 weeks). Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) were analyzed at the same time. RESULTS: Initially, no significant differences in maximum power output on kayak ergometer and the DASH questionnaire score were identified between the groups. During the first phase the experimental group (group A) improved the maximum...

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