National Repository of Grey Literature 43 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Screening for hypermobility and shortened muscles in professional soldiers
Veselouš, Tomáš ; Nováková, Tereza (advisor) ; Maršáková, Kateřina (referee)
Author: Bc. Tomáš Veselouš Supervisor: PhDr. Tereza Nováková, Ph.D. Title: Screening of hypermobility, shortened muscle groups and trunk stability in professional soldiers Objectives: The aim of the thesis was to determine and verify the condition of the musculoskeletal system, especially hypermobility according to Beighton, shortened muscle groups according to Janda and trunk stability according to Kolář in a specific group, namely in soldiers of the 13th Artillery Regiment of the Army of the Czech Republic. Other objectives were to verify the relationship between hypermobility and trunk stability, between hamstrings and trunk stability, and finally between shortened muscle groups and stretching before and after training. Methods: The research involved 171 soldiers of the 13th Artillery Regiment of the Army of the Czech Republic. Participants were subjected to three tests: testing of hypermobility according to Beighton, examination of shortened muscle groups according to Janda and examination of trunk stability according to Kolář. The obtained data were processed using descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square test. Results: Out of the total number of 171 participants, 24.6% were hypermobile. When examining shortened muscles groups test, the largest proportion of shortening occurred in the...
Perfluorované látky ve vodním životním prostředí
Perfluorinated and polyfluorinated substances (PFAS) are synthetic compounds with a wide range of applications due to their specific properties. PFAS are highly stable substances not subject to biochemical, chemical, thermal, or photochemical degradation. They are in most cases persistent and bioaccumulative. This work deals with detecting the occurrence of 33 PFAS representatives in benthos, juvenile fish, muscle samples of adult fish, and water using POCIS passive samplers. The 27 sites selected for sampling were profiles operated by the CHMI for surface water monitoring, located on some of the major rivers of the Czech Republic The obtained samples were analyzed using high-resolution mass spectrometry with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-HESI-HRPS). The concentrations of the monitored substances were evaluated using TraceFinder 3.3 software (Thermo Fisher Scientific, USA). The analysis detected 13 PFASs out of the 33 monitored substances, namely PFOS, FOSA, PFDoA, FHpPA, H4PFUnA, PFBS, PFHxS, PFTeDA, PFTrDA, PFHpS, 6:2FTS and PFHpA. At the Ohře - Želina site, the highest concentrations were measured in juvenile fish samples, with total PFAS concentrations reaching up to 887.7 ng×g-1, specifically 620 ng×g-1 PFHxS, 260 ng×g-1 PFOS and 7.7 ng×g-1 PFTrDA, and in benthic samples, with total PFAS concentrations of 147 ng×g-1, specifically 120 ng×g-1 PFHxS and 27 ng×g-1 PFOS. The highest concentration in the muscle samples was measured at the Elbe - Obříství site, 200 ng×g-1 sum PFAS. In the POCIS samples, the highest sum PFAS was estimated at the Elbe - Litoměřice site, with a concentration of 29 ng×g-1. The results of the analyses demonstrated the necessity of combining multiple sample types to obtain the vast range of captured compounds.
Effect of electrical stimulation on soft tissue healing
Fošumpaur, Karel ; Jeníček, Jakub (advisor) ; Angerová, Yvona (referee)
First and last name: Karel Fošumpaur Supervisor: Mgr. Jakub Jeníček, Ph.D. Opponent of the thesis: Name of the thesis: Effect of electrical stimulation on soft tissue healing Abstract of the thesis: This bachelor thesis summarizes the current state of knowledge regarding the effectiveness of electrical stimulation on soft tissue healing by providing an overview of the issue. The aim of the thesis is to describe the current level of research on the subject in terms of its completeness, current stage and limitations. Fifteen peer-reviewed, relevant articles were included and analyzed through a systematic search. Through analytical analysis and evaluation of the studies, it is determined whether and under what conditions electrical stimulation is effective for soft tissue healing. The articles presented include studies testing the effectiveness of electrical stimulation for healing structurally damaged muscle, tendon, skin and ligament. The work provides a largely positive conclusion regarding the healing effect of electrical stimulation. Key words: electrical stimulation, healing, soft tissue, muscle, tendon, skin, connective tissue, ligament, regeneration, reparation, electrotherapy
Monitoring the activity of selected groups of skeletal muscles during squats on balance pads using EMG.
Šidla, Jiří ; Bedáňová, Kamila (referee) ; Adamík, Richard (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the topic of monitoring the activity of selected groups of skeletal muscles during squats on balance pads. Thigh muscles of 21 probands (21,81 ± 2,06 years old, 184,53 ± 5,19 cm, 72,50 ± 4,75 kg) were measured using EMG when they did squats without balance pad and with five balance pads (BOSU concavely, BOSU convexly, T-bow, foam pad and Vicore). Ten of these persons was measured also with inflatable balance pod. Mean and mean of the 10 highest peaks of filtered and normalised measured signals were statistically analysed. There were some statistic differences of both parametres between measurement without balance pad and measurements with some balance pads (BOSU concavely, BOSU convexly, Vicore and balance pod) using analysis of all thigh muscles together, analysis of anterior-posterior stability and analysis of dexter-sinister stability. There were some statistic differences between these balance pads and the other two pads (T-bow, foam pad).
Influence of power precondition at leisure time athlets
Schützner, Michal ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Baláš, Jiří (referee)
Title: Influence of power precondition at leisure time athlets Objectives: The main objective of this work is compile bibliographic research, that deals with power preconditions and training requirements. Furthermore, to build a skilled work that will provide clear, concise and comprehensive information on the subject. The aim is to point out the principles of strength training, the composition of the training unit and marginally to mention nutrition and regeneration. Methods: The method of literature search used in this work was based mainly on the collection, sorting and evaluation of relevant informations. Results: Muscle strength is a prerequisite for human locomotion. Before you start strength training, it must be assessed locomotive faculties of the individual and according to create adequate training unit corresponding to his forceful options. If the strength training is properly conducted and supported by expertise follows of this work, the strength training ranks among the appropriate physical activity for sporting and non-sporting individuals. Keywords: motion, strength, muscle, muscle contraction, posture, hypokinesia, muscle hypertrophy, strength training, training unit, weight training, nutrition, regeneration
Comparative analysis of selected coordinate indicators in front crawl swiming technique and crawling
Vodička, Radek ; Sýkora, Karel (advisor) ; Kračmar, Bronislav (referee)
AABBSSTTRRAACCTT Title: Comparative analysis of selected coordinate indicators in front crawl swimming technique and crawling. Purposes: The first aim of thesis is to compare coordinate indictors of average swimming cycle and average crawling cycle. Methods: Surface electromyography of muscular activity combined with cinematography analysis used synchronized video recording. Intraindividual comparative analysis and subsequent interindividual comparison of timing muscular activation in one average swimming and crawling cycle. Results: The timing of muscular activity of m. pectoralis major and m. latissimus dorsi during swimming cycle was identical for all probands. This phenomenon was not found in crawling . Key words: Swimming technique, Front Crawl, crawling, EMG, muscle, locomotion, shoulder girdle
The role of PCr/CK shuttle in adult rat myocardium under normoxic hypoxic conditions
Honcová, Lada ; Žurmanová, Jitka (advisor) ; Novotný, Jiří (referee)
The creatine kinase (CK) is an important enzyme of cell energy metabolism in excitable tissue. It occurs in four isoforms. Two cytosolic isoforms are functional in mono and hetero dimers and two mitochondrial isoforms reach tetramer and octamer forms. Its primary function is the regeneration of ATP close to ATPases and phosphocreatine pool from creatine and ATP, which gives its posphate in places of acute requirements of high energy demand. Dysfunction of CK is connected with heart, muscle and neurological diseases and CK is often used as a clinical indicator. This work is focused to the role of CK in energy metabolism of hypoxia adapted myocardium. CK thaks to production of ADP in mitochondria decreases a membrane potential as well as production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS cause most of damage during ischemic heart disease and infarct of myocardium. That`s why cardioprotective effects and CK itself during hypoxia are investigated.

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