National Repository of Grey Literature 491 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Does monetary policy reinforce the effects of macroprudential policy?
Livorová, Barbara ; Geršl, Adam (advisor) ; Ehrenbergerová, Dominika (referee)
This thesis examines whether the efects of macroprudential policy on credit and house price growth difer across diverse phases of the monetary policy cycle. The dataset covers 33 advanced and 39 emerging market countries in the period 1990-2019. Using the GMM estimation method, the results for individual types of macroprudential policy instruments and their cumula- tive efect represented by macroprudential policy index show that tightening of monetary policy does on average reinforce the efects of macropruden- tial policy on credit and house price growth. Furthermore, the efects of various types of macroprudential policies on credit and house price growth difer depending on the monetary policy cycle phase. The results suggest that macroprudential policies are efective in curbing house price growth in advanced countries but less so in emerging markets. The efects of macropru- dential policy tools on credit growth are somewhat larger in emerging market economies than in advanced economies. The thesis contributes to the growing literature on the efectiveness of macroprudential policy on credit and housing markets and on the interaction between macroprudential and monetary poli- cies. JEL Classifcation E52, E58, G21, G28, E32 Keywords Macroprudential Policy, Monetary Policy, Credit Growth,...
Annual Report - Czech national bank 2021
Česká národní banka
The annual report summarizes the CNB's activities for the year 2021. It is focused on the activities of the CNB, the management and the organization of the CNB, and even on its relations with the public.
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Annual Report - Czech national bank 2020
Česká národní banka
The annual report summarizes the CNB's activities for the year 2020. It is focused on the activities of the CNB, the management and the organization of the CNB, and even on its relations with the public.
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Annual Report - Czech national bank 2019
Česká národní banka
The annual report summarizes the CNB's activities for the year 2019. It is focused on the activities of the CNB, the management and the organization of the CNB, and even on its relations with the public.
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Annual Report - Czech national bank 2018
Česká národní banka
The annual report summarizes the CNB's activities for the year 2018. It is focused on the activities of CNB, the management and the organization of the CNB and even on its relations with the public.
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Independence and Transmission of Monetary Policy in Small Open Economies: The Case of Canada and the Czech Republic
Budinský, Jan ; Havránek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Buliskeria, Nino (referee)
The question of whether a small open economy (SOE) with highly integrated financial markets can shield itself from the influence of foreign monetary policy and preserve its monetary independence has been the subject of extensive research over the last decades. The growing integration of world economies owing to globalization, the impacts of recent global pandemic on them leading to the use of unconventional monetary policies, and the consequent high levels of inflation across the globe have highlighted the importance of further study of this problematic. This thesis focuses on two small open economies from different currency areas, Canada and the Czech Republic, and evaluates the monetary policies of their central banks, concentrating primarily on their independence, secondarily on the transmission mechanism of the respective policies, and also on their foreign exchange reserves. A comparative analysis of these two countries and their monetary policies on such scale and complexity has not yet been made before. The results of cointegration testing of vector autoregression models consisting of three-month interbank interest rates representing the monetary policies of the countries under investigation revealed that both Canada and the Czech Republic exhibited a considerable degree of monetary...
Annual Report - Czech national bank 2017
Česká národní banka
The annual report summarizes the CNB's activities for the year 2017. It is focused on the activities of the CNB, the management and the organization of the CNB, and even on its relations with the public.
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European Central Bank Digital Currencies: Lessons from Central Bank Experiments and Scenario Analysis
Pramod Kumar, Kumar Chandrakamal ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Havránek, Tomáš (referee) ; Ramesh, Sangaralingam (referee)
The dramatic increase in popularity of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin has motivated central banks to research central bank digital currencies (CBDC). The key central bank R-CBDC experiments are reviewed. It is found that central banks of advanced economies like the Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and Swiss National Bank are relatively less motivated to issue R-CBDC. This is because current retail payment systems and settlements are already fast and efficient and the advantages of R-CBDC may not be as large as initially expected. Financial inclusion and need for traceable payment systems is less attractive in advanced economies and central banks would lose credibility if CBDC were implemented unsuccessfully. A scenario analysis is used to explore the implications of R-CBDC on financial stability and monetary policy. The results show that CBDC implementation in all scenarios is expected to positively impact financial stability and monetary policy. Results from the scenario analysis are more optimistic than the literature and urges central banks to continue their research. Finally, it is found that ECB's ability to issue CBDC is uncertain. The risks to traditional monetary policy tools and banking system should encourage both to become more efficient and focus on the needs of users.
How Much of the Macroeconomic Variation in Ukraine Originates From External Shocks?
Fedorova, Alona ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
iv Abstract In this thesis, we investigate the relative importance of foreign shocks in the Ukrainian economy by estimating a small-scale SVAR model with block exogeneity restriction over the period 2003:2 - 2016:12. We find that external shocks from the EU and Russia account for a significant share of the macroeconomic variation in Ukraine. In particular, external shocks account for up to 97 % of variance in Ukraine's output and 85 % in inflation. Remarkably, foreign monetary policy shocks (both from the EU and Russia) account only for a tiny share of variance in all Ukrainian macro variables. Finally, we show that the inclusion of Russia in the 'foreign' block is important to achieve correct model specification. Without accounting for the effects of the Russian economy, Ukrainian variables over-react to shocks originating from the EU. We conclude that the National Bank of Ukraine should closely track external developments to achieve inflation targets. JEL Classification E52, F41, F42 Keywords vector autoregression, foreign shocks, monetary policy, Ukraine Author's e-mail alonafedorova0@gmail.com Supervisor's e-mail jaromir.baxa@fsv.cuni.cz
Stock Price Bubbles: Identification and the Effects of Monetary Policy
Koza, Oldřich ; Matějů, Jakub (advisor) ; Ryska, Pavel (referee)
This thesis studies bubbles in the U.S. stock market and how they are influenced by monetary policy pursued by the FED. Using Kalman filtering, the log-real price of S&P 500 is decomposed into a market-fundamentals component and a bubble component. The market-fundamentals component depends on the expected future dividends and the required rate of return, while the bubble component is treated as an unobserved state vector in the state-space model. The results suggest that, mainly in recent decades, the bubble has accounted for a substantial portion of S&P 500 price dynamics and might have played a significant role during major bull and bear markets. The innovation of this thesis is that it goes one step further and investigates the effects of monetary policy on both estimated components of S&P 500. For this purpose, the block- restriction VAR model is employed. The findings indicate that the decreasing interest rates have a significant short-term positive effect on the market-fundamentals component but not on the bubble. On the other hand, quantitative easing seems to have a positive effect on the bubble but not on the market-fundamentals component. Finally, the results suggest that the FED has not been successful at distinguishing between stock price movements due to fundamentals or the price misalignment.

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