National Repository of Grey Literature 1,161 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Možnosti fyzioterapie u syndromu panické ataky
The bachelor's thesis deals with the possibilities of physiotherapy in the context of panic attack syndrome or panic anxiety disorder. In the introduction of the theoretical part I dealt with the issue of anxiety disorders, specifically panic anxiety disorder. I tried to give the reader an overview of the characteristics, clinical course and treatment of the disorder. I also discussed studies that dealt with the possible relationship between postural and psychological state of the individual. The following part of the theoretical section is devoted to the anatomy of the spine and thorax, where I also described the pathologies I encountered and focused on during my therapy with patients. The aim of this thesis is to map postural disorders in individuals suffering from panic anxiety disorder and to propose a therapy aimed at eliminating these disorders. The research population consisted of three participants aged 21-26 years who were diagnosed with panic anxiety disorder. They were two males and one female. Seven sessions were conducted with each participant over a two-week period. In the first therapy, I conducted an initial assessment that included a kinesiological analysis. The first therapy also included an interview with the patients about the course of panic anxiety disorder. I tried to map the postural disorders that I would like to focus on in the following therapies. Each therapy I tried to influence these disorders primarily through manipulative treatment, with each proband having individually designed exercises to influence the musculoskeletal system. During the therapies, I discussed the psychological state with the probands and asked about changes in the course of the anxiety disorder. In the final session, I conducted an exit examination and recommended probands to continue the assigned exercises. The assessment was done by comparing the initial and exit examinations and using a visual analogue scale that was presented to the participants at the first and last therapy sessions. This bachelor thesis can serve as an inspiration and source of information for further research that deals with the influence of physiotherapy on the course of anxiety disorders.
The effect of therapeutic intervention on the functionality of ankle joint in long jumpers
This bachelor's thesis deals with the effect of therapeutic intervention on the functionality of the ankle joint in long jumpers. The work consists of two parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part first describes the anatomy of the ankle joint and the description of the myofascial structures of the ankle joint. Furthermore, the biomechanics of ankle joint movement are summarized here, and then the long jump itself and the training process of jumpers are described. At the end of the theoretical part, the concept of Movement Assessment Technologies (M.A.T), which was used for functional testing, is described. The practical part consists of qualitative type research. The research group consisted of 3 probands aged 18-22, who already specialize exclusively in the long jump. Therapies took place individually for two months at regular intervals. All probands completed their regular training schedule without restriction during the study. I used the technique of interview, aspect, palpation and testing to obtain data. The objectives of the work were twofold. The first goal was to propose a physiotherapeutic procedure suitable for improving the functionality of the ankle joint in long jumpers. The second goal was the proposal to implement the suggested physiotherapy of the ankle joint into the athlete's training process. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the goals of the bachelor's thesis were met. I proved that the proposed therapy is suitable for improving the function of the ankle joint and it is realistic to add it to the training process of an athlete.
Possibilities of Physiotherapy for Irish Dancers
This bachelor thesis explores the possibilities of physiotherapy for Irish dancers. Irish dance is a folkloric dance originating from Ireland. It has developed into a competitive sport where there is a strong emphasis on technical dance execution and posture (Wallace, 2020). The dance is performed on tiptoe in shoes with minimal support. Typically, there is rapid alternation of the lower limbs and high lunges with impact on the extended lower limb in plantar flexion. Starting dance positions with the right lower limb extended in front of the body and the weight on the left lower limb place high demands on the dancers' musculoskeletal system, putting them at risk of injury (Buck, 2012). The first aim of this research was to describe musculoskeletal difficulties of Irish dancers. The second aim was to design compensatory exercises based on the described difficulties and the third aim was to evaluate the results of the applied compensatory exercises on the musculoskeletal system of Irish dancers. The theoretical part summarizes the history of Irish dance, Irish dance music, types of dance and dance shoes. The specifics of Irish dance, the most common injuries of Irish dancers, and the ideal structure of dance training are described. Methods that can be used in therapy are also mentioned. The practical part took the form of qualitative research with 3 probands, non-professional Irish dancers. The results are presented in the form of case studies, where an initial kinesiological examination was performed on all probands and therapy was proposed, which took the form of 8 individual therapies and home self-therapy for 3 months. Subsequently, an exit kinesiological examination was performed and the results of the research were evaluated by comparison with the entry kinesiological examination. It was found that the most problematic parts of the Irish dancers were weakened hip stabilizers, insufficient trunk stabilization, insufficient activation of the foot muscles and weakened lower scapular fixators. The thesis can be used as an informative and educational material for dancers and trainers of Irish dance, or for the public interested in this issue.
Vliv fyzioterapie na rozvoj jemné motoriky ruky u pacientů s revmatoidní artritidou
The subject of this thesis is mainly description of rheumatoid arthritis and physiotherapeutic possibilities of precisely developing hand motoring. The first objective was to describe the current possibilities of physiotherapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, which were appropriately applied based on individual kinesiological analyses. Second goal was to build an effective exercise unit for developing fine motor skills in the hands area, based on objective and subjective information obtained from probands at the time of the research. This thesis is divided into two parts. The first theoretical part described the disease itself, epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical picture, elemental examination diagnosis, and detailed description of known types of therapy. Finally, I briefly described the anatomy and kinesiology of the upper limb plait. The second practical part I processed in the form of qualitative research. The research sample contained one man and two women aged 79 to 89. For all probands, I performed an initial kinesiological analysis, grip evaluation, and testing according to Jebsen - Taylor test. Based on the information gathered, I have set short-term goals and chosen appropriate physiotherapy methods to achieve these set goals. The practical part took place over three months. During this time, I visited patients once a week and adjusted the therapy as necessary. Finally, I performed an output kinesiological analysis, the results of which I compared with the input kinesiological analysis and performed an evaluation. Probands were advised to continue therapy by fulfilling the goals of the long-term rehabilitation plan. The information found indicates that regular therapy with appropriate exercise has a positive effect especially on increasing shoulder joint ranges, improving hand handling, pain relief, and overall psychological improvement of probands. This thesis can be used as educational material for healthcare professionals, medical students, the public, and especially for the sick or their loved ones.
Possibilities of physiotherapy for functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system in children
This bachleor thesis deals with the possibilites of physiotherapy for functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system in children, specifically in children of younger school age. The theoretical part of the thesis is devoted to ontogenetic development and description of individual periods of life from birth to younger school age. It is followed by a chapter where terms related to posture, such as postural stabilization, reactivity, centration and deep spine stabilization system are explained. Furthermore, the issue of musculoskeletal disorders, namely structural, psychogenic and functional, which is given the most space, is addressed, and the term of reflective change is also mentioned. Finally, specific possibilities of physiotherapy are described, which are possible to influence individual functional disorders. The aim of this bachleor thesis is to describe functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system in children, to map the negative factors that functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system in children cause and to describe the possibilities of physiotherapy of these disorders in children. The practical part is processed in the form of qualitative research, involving four girls of younger school age. The research was realized in the supervisor´s office and at probands home over a period of 3 months. The research part contains a research methodology, the characteristics of the research set, the individual examination methods that were used to obtain the data and the detailed case studies of the individual probands. The result of the thesis is then a comparsion of the input and output kinesiological analysis.
Pain in patients with multiple sclerosis
Paulů, Kateřina ; Novotná, Klára (advisor) ; Staníčková, Barbora (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the topic of pain in patients with multiple sclerosis. The aim of the thesis is to map the prevalence of pain among patients with multiple sclerosis, its localization, time course, triggering factors, type, character, intensity and some other aspects pain through a shortened Czech form of the standardized questionnaire of McGill University. The thesis consists of theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part deals with the issue of pain in general, but also focuses on the individual types of pain that are characteristic of multiple sclerosis. The practical part relies on data collection by means of a questionnaire survey that focuses on mapping the prevalence of pain, its location, haracter, duration, intensity and other possible related factors. To collect data, I used a shorter form of the Czech version of the standardized McGill University questionnaire. The questionnaire survey was carried out with patients of the Centre for Demyelinating Diseases, Department of Neurology 1. LF UK and VFN in Prague, who were given a paper questionnaire. The information I obtained was processed into graphs and tables. The results showed that pain is present in 60 % of respondents with multiple sclerosis, most often localized in the spine and lower limbs. The intensity of...
Physiotherapy during and after giving birth spontaneous way
Piklová, Lenka ; Aujezdská, Eva (advisor) ; Novotná, Klára (referee)
BACHELOR'S THESIS ABSTRACT Author: Bc. Lenka Piklová Supervisor: Mgr. Eva Aujezdská Title: Physiotherapy during and after giving birth spontaneous way Bachelor's thesis abstract: This bachelor's thesis deals with problems of childbirth and postpartum period of women and deviations of the musculoskeletal system occurring in connection with spontaneous childbirth and puerperium most frequently. It also deals with the possibilities of physiotherapy, which can be used to alleviate, eliminate or prevent these abnormalities. The aim of the paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of information, to describe the effect of physiotherapy on a woman's recovery after spontaneous childbirth and to compile an information booklet with therapeutic exercises. The thesis is divided into two parts. In the theoretical part, there is a description of the course and mechanism of spontaneous labour, including the anatomical structures that are most burdened by this process. Physiotherapy options suitable for obstetric care are also presented. More space is dedicated to the postpartum period and it offers a list of physiological and the most common pathological changes, including thrombophlebitis, thromboembolism, birth injuries, pelvic floor muscle dysfunction, diastasis of the abdominal muscles, weakening of the integrated...
Possibilities of physiotherapy and physical activity for patients after acute coronary syndrome and their education
Lucano, Matteo ; Pianelli Jahodová, Ivana (advisor) ; Heřmanová, Ivona (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the issue of physiotherapy in patients after acute coronary syndrome. The main aim of the bachelor thesis is to highlight the importance of physiotherapy in early hospital care not only as a prevention of complications of hospitalization and prevention of deconditioning, but also as psychological support for the patient. That is, to educate the patient about regimen measures important for preventing disease relapse and limits of physical exertion, to motivate lifestyle changes and to reduce influential risk factors so that ACS is not a disabling problem for patients. To this end, educational material designed not only for patients after ACS, but also for the general and professional public will be used. This thesis is divided into theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part summarizes the knowledge about the etiopathogenesis of ACS, including the most common cause of atherosclerosis. It also describes the diagnosis of the disease and the course of treatment including surgery, pharmacological treatment and the principles of cardiovascular rehabilitation. In the practical part, 2 case reports of patients are presented, based on a thorough methodology including the course of cardiovascular rehabilitation. The physiotherapeutic intervention includes a special...
Physiotherapy in dysphagic patients with head and neck cancer
Volfová, Michaela ; Nejezchleba, Josef (advisor) ; Bitnar, Petr (referee)
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a frequent complication of oncological treatment of head and neck cancers. It develops in up to half of these patients. Physiotherapy can greatly contribute to the treatment of dysphagia, reduce its severity and improve the quality of life. It certainly has a place in the rehabilitation of dysphagia. Early diagnostics of dysphagia is essential for the proper setting of the therapy. The interdisciplinary cooperation of the dysphagia team is also important. The thesis deals with the benefits of physiotherapy in the treatment of dysphagia. It explores the use of manual medicine, exercises on a neurophysiological basis and analytical exercises. It evaluates the effect using an endoscopy evaluated by a penetration-aspiration scale, a standardized questionnaire and physiotherapy examination. Physiotherapy enables to increase and maintain the range of movement of the mouth and cervical spine, release the hypertone of the superficial neck muscles, modify the muscle dysbalances of the mouth floor, strengthen the muscles of the tongue, mouth floor and deep throat flexors, restore the mobility of the hyoid gland, modify the posture of the head improved coordination of swallowing movements, ensuring adequate hyolaryngeal elevation and adequate muscle strength of the swallowing...
Use of electrostimulation according to Jantsche and Hufschmidt to influence triceps surae muscle spasticity and walking speed in patients with multiple sclerosis
Tichá, Simona ; Demeková, Júlia (advisor) ; Hojková, Klára (referee)
This thesis focuses on comparing the effectiveness of two types of electrostimulations, specifically electrostimulation according to Hufschmidt and Jantsche, in reducing m. triceps surae spasticity and influencing walking speed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of the thesis is to determine which type of electrostimulation is more suitable for patients with MS. The topic was chosen based on two previous theses that examined the effects of these electrostimulations individually. The theoretical part provides basic information about MS, explains the pathophysiology of spasticity and the possible influence of spinal mechanisms on it, describes the examination of spastic patients, and summarizes the possibilities of electrotherapy treatment. The practical part compares the effects of both types of electrostimulations in patients with MS who were partially randomly divided into two groups of three and evaluates short-term and long-term results using the "Five step clinical assessment in spastic paresis" examination and the subjective perception of walking questionnaire MSWS-12 (Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale). The results of the thesis do not show significant differences in the effects of both electrostimulations. The most significant improvements in both groups were observed in the...

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