National Repository of Grey Literature 22 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The needs of family members of patients in the terminal stage of life
Novotná, Kristýna ; Matulová, Jana (advisor) ; Mrkvičková, Petra (referee)
Name and surname of the author: Kristýna Novotná Institution: Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Department of Non-mediacal Studies Title: The needs of family members of patients in the terminal stage of life Supervisor: Mgr. Jana Matulová Number of pages: 100 Year of defense: 2023 Keywords: hospice, palliative care, dying, family members, needs The bachelor thesis deals with the needs of family members of patients in the terminal stage of life. The theoretical part focuses on palliative and hospice care. It introduces the reader to the issues of dying and death. It explains the concept of need and presents the basic needs of patients in the terminal stage of life and their family members. It specifies the needs of nurses working in palliative care and introduces therapeutic communication between nursing staff and the patient. For the empirical part, a quantitative survey was chosen in the form of a semi-structured questionnaire. The research was conducted in the Lůžkový Hospic Chrudim. The aim of the study is to define the needs that family members of patients in the terminal stage of life hospitalized in the hospice consider the most important, to assess whether these needs are met and to evaluate what helps family members to cope with the psychological burden in...
Social services for families with children with ASD
NOVOTNÁ, Kristýna
The bachelor thesis aims to analyse, what social services are used by families with children suffering from autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). The study is divided into two parts - theory and research. The initial theoretical part is further separated into four chapters. The first chapter defines ASD as it is, the second one follows with focus on the issue of ASD in the context of the family. The third chapter relates to the social services offered to these families and in the last chapter a description of the social security, which is intended for these families, is outlined. According to the theoretical framework, a qualitative research strategy, a polling method, and a semi-structured interview technique were chosen to achieve the given objective of the thesis. For the research purposes, families with children aged between 6 and 18 suffering from ASD and simultaneously using the social services, were selected. The interviews were conducted with a total of eight informants, some of whom were from the author´s wider family and others were selected using the snowball method. Subsequently, the interviews were exactly rewritten and evaluated using the open coding method and the pencil - paper technique. This bachelor thesis can be used as study material or as feedback, especially for organisations in which families with children suffering from ASD use the social services. Through the research, the thesis identifies that parents of the children suffering from ASD use five specific social services that help them either to use their free time for themselves to rest or to take care for other family members. Without social services, families would hardly imagine their day-to-day life, which is very demanding because of the ASD disease.
Action plans and protection of ground squirrels
Novotná, Kristýna ; Matějů, Jan (advisor) ; Reif, Jiří (referee)
Unfortunately, the number of endangered species is still increasing, in most cases due to the human activities. The main aim of the protection of species is to provide conditions for survival of endangered species in nature. However, for some species the common instruments of protection (such as protection of habitat) are not sufficient and it is necessary to use some special methods. For these species are organized so-called action plans. Among such species belongs the European Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus citellus). We can find also other endangered species within ground squirrels from the tribe Marmotini Pocock, 1923 as well. These species need the special protection methods, like captive breeding, repatriation and translocation of individuals or special management of the habitat. In this work are processed data about protection of genera Cynomys, Marmota and Spermophilus, especially White-tailed Prairie Dog (C. leucurus), Utah Prairie Dog (C. parvidens), Alpine Marmot (M. marmota), Vancouver Island Marmot (M. vancouverensis), Idaho Ground Squirrel (S. brunneus), European Ground Squirrel (S. citellus), Franklin's Ground Squirrel (S. franklinii), Speckled Ground Squirrel (S. suslicus) and Washington ground squirrel (S. washingtoni). Actual status and cause of endangerment are given for each...
Advances in treatment of human trypanosomiasis
Novotná, Kristýna Klára ; Mach, Jan (advisor) ; Grekov, Igor (referee)
Sleeping sickness is a human disease found in sub-saharan Africa, and is caused by a parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei. Trypanosoma brucei species infects various mammals, however, only Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense subspecies are resistant to trypanolytic factors found in human blood serum. This work briefly summarizes known operating mechanisms of trypanolytic factors and resistance mechanisms of trypanosomes to these factors. The work covers mainly description and summarization of current diagnostic methods of sleeping sickness and used trypanocidal drugs. Majority of introduced methods shows high levels of sensitivity and specificity, however, for poor, disease affected areas they are often way too expensive. Prescribed drugs are expensive as well, and what's more, they are often ineffective against both subspecies and have severe side effects. Last part of the work is dedicated to potential development of new medicaments.
Outpatient delivery from the point of view of a midwife and child nurse
NOVOTNÁ, Kristýna
This thesis deals with outpatient childbirth, and the opinions of midwives, pediatric nurses and women on this topic. The first goal was to find out the opinions of midwives and pediatric nurses on outpatient birth and the second goal was to find out the reasons that women choose for outpatient delivery. This work is divided into two sections, the theoretical and the practical part. The theoretical part describes the competencies of midwives and pediatric nurses, the process of childbirth from admission to the delivery room, ultimately to the fourth stage of labor. Furthermore we describe the first treatment of the newborn, room-in neonatal care, examination of the newborn by a doctor and neonatal screenings. Furthermore, the theoretical work focuses on outpatient childbirth itself, following the law, and addressing outpatient childbirth complications from the perspective of both the mother and the newborn. The practical section consists of the methodology, results and discussion. The method of data collection was a semi-structured interview, whereby the research included midwives, pediatric nurses, and motherswho experienced an outpatient delivery. Interviews took place in March 2019. If the informant agreed, the interview was recorded, but in case of disagreement, spoken responses were recorded on paper. To maintain anonymity, the informants were designated as DS, PA, and Ž. Based on the obtained data categories and subcategories were created. Two categories were created for midwives and pediatric nurses (Outpatient Childbirth, Care during Outpatient Childbirth), which were subsequently developed into subcategories. Women after outpatient delivery had data divided into four categories (Previous births, Outpatient delivery, Postpartum care, Reactions of neighbors). Two goals were set for this bachelor thesis, on the basis of which three research questions were created. The first question dealt with the view of midwives on outpatient birth. Research has shown that none of the midwives took a negative attitude and are certainly not trying to change women's decisions about having an outpatient delivery. In this case, they are glad that women did not choose to give birth at home, this way the woman is under trained supervision in case of unexpected complications. The second research question examined the opinion of pediatric nurses on outpatient delivery. The research showed that more than half of nurses do not take a negative attitude towards this decision, and only one pediatric nurse doesn't recommend outpatient delivery even in a case of physiological pregnancy. Pediatric nurses educate women about the care of the newborn, necessary post-partum examinations, and where to go and what to do in case any complications occur. The third research question deals with the reasons for women to decide for outpatient delivery. Research has shown that women are most often led to this decision for the need of a more peaceful and their domestic environment, or negative prior experience that involved lack of communication or lack of sufficient information. The women also suffered from frequent staff interference, loss of privacy and the alienating regime of the delivery room, and therefore opted for outpatient delivery. The research showed that the majority of medical staff do not show a negative attitude towards outpatient births and try to reach a certain compromise related to hospitalization and dismissal. It also showed that the interest in outpatient births is risingslightly.
Possibilities of innovation in selected cultural object
NOVOTNÁ, Kristýna
The first part of the thesis is focused on the description of the specifics of business in culture, the division of types of innovation and the possibilities of financing cultural activities. In the second part of the thesis, the cultural object Kino Ševětín, its history, marketing communication, potential customers are introduced. Furthermore, there is described the situational analysis, which results in technical, strategic and product innovation. Subsequently, the possibilities of financing these innovations are described.
Long-term residence permit for the purpose of study in the Czech Republic
Novotná, Kristýna ; Kryska, David (advisor) ; Rajchl, Jiří (referee)
Long-term residence permit for the purpose of study in the Czech Republic Abstract Long-term residence permit for the purpose of study is permitted by the Ministry of the Interior to the third-country nationals who intend to stay in the Czech Republic for more than 1 year. The fundamental legal regulation governing long-term residence isact No. 326/1999 Coll., On the Residence of Foreign nationals in the Czech Republic and on amendment of certain acts, that is transposing Directives of the European Union on which is this residence based. The case law of the Czech administrative courts, the Constitutional Court and the Court of Justice of the European Union cannot be omitted since it is important source. Firstly, is the master's thesis devoted to the concept of foreigners, in order to clearly specify for which category of foreigners is the long-term stay intended to and what area of law deals with it. Subsequently, the Directive 2004/114/EC, which is the basis of a valid and effective regulation of the study stay, is being analysed along with the Directive 2016/801, which will be transposed into the Czech legal system by an amendment to act No. 326/1999 Coll., which is at the time of submitting the master's thesis at the stage of the government's draft, waiting for the first reading in the Chamber of...
Kácení dřevin v zahradní a krajinářské tvorbě
Novotná, Kristýna
The bachelor thesis deals with an important topic of A Tree felling in an area of garden and landscape design. Although, the tree felling is completely usual process, it is a neglected and very marginal topic from the point of view of garden and landscape design. In literary sources we can find especially the tree felling from a forestry viewpoint. That is the reason why goals of my thesis are to summarize available information and do an overview of the current state legislation. In the methodical part the thesis is focused on a survey of catalogue price from price lists Areas and landscaping: 823-1, Restoration: 823-2. The catalogue of descriptions and target price of construction works from years 2004-2016. Second part of the thesis analyses differences in prices from current price lists of 2016 with prices from practice which have been obtained from arborists and arboristic companies.
The war conflits coverage in the czech press
Novotná, Kristýna ; Nečas, Vlastimil (advisor) ; Trampota, Tomáš (referee)
Bibliografický záznam NOVOTNÁ, Kristýna. Zpravodajství o válečných konfliktech v českém tisku. Praha, 2016. 86 s. Diplomová práce (Mgr.). Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta sociálních věd, Institut komunikačních studií a žurnalistiky. Katedra mediálních studií. Vedoucí diplomové práce Mgr. Vlastimil Nečas, Ph.D. Abstract The final thesis is focused on selected aspects of foreign news, which might subject to new trends and tendencies in the context of the digital technology evolution and communication paradigm change. Attention is given to five areas: news actors, sources of information, domestication, personalization and framing. The research work is carried out on the example of Czech media coverage of the conflicts in Ukraine and Syria. It is a combination of quantitative and qualitative analytical procedures. The investigation showed that official actors, above all the political elites, dominate in the Czech media. News is created by editorial staff mostly, the share of domesticated news is small and personalization is insignificant. In regards to the framing research, the investigation revealed that Czech media emphasize the frame of the devil from the East and daemons identically in both conflicts. Keywords News, Foreign News, Actors, Sources, Domestication, Personalization, Framing, Ukraine, Syria
Advances in treatment of human trypanosomiasis
Novotná, Kristýna Klára ; Mach, Jan (advisor) ; Grekov, Igor (referee)
Sleeping sickness is a human disease found in sub-saharan Africa, and is caused by a parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei. Trypanosoma brucei species infects various mammals, however, only Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense subspecies are resistant to trypanolytic factors found in human blood serum. This work briefly summarizes known operating mechanisms of trypanolytic factors and resistance mechanisms of trypanosomes to these factors. The work covers mainly description and summarization of current diagnostic methods of sleeping sickness and used trypanocidal drugs. Majority of introduced methods shows high levels of sensitivity and specificity, however, for poor, disease affected areas they are often way too expensive. Prescribed drugs are expensive as well, and what's more, they are often ineffective against both subspecies and have severe side effects. Last part of the work is dedicated to potential development of new medicaments.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 22 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
10 NOVOTNÁ, Karolína
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25 NOVOTNÁ, Klára
1 NOVOTNÁ, Kristina
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1 Novotná, K.
3 Novotná, Kamila
10 Novotná, Karolína
88 Novotná, Kateřina
25 Novotná, Klára
20 Novotná, Kristýna
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