National Repository of Grey Literature 52 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Spray Cooling at High Temperatures
Chabičovský, Martin ; Čarnogurská, Mária (referee) ; Hajduk, Daniel (referee) ; Raudenský, Miroslav (advisor)
Spray cooling of hot surfaces is used in the metallurgical industry during continuous casting, hot rolling or heat treatment. The water is sprayed on the cooled surface by the nozzle which transforms the water stream to droplets. The spray cooling of hot surfaces can be characterized as forced convection with the presence of the boiling. This physically complicated process is influenced by many factors, such as impurities and contaminants in the water, water temperature, water flow rate, droplet size, droplet impact velocity, surface temperature, surface roughness or the presence of oxides (scales) on the cooled surface. The dominant factor that affects the heat transfer during the spray cooling is the water impingement density. Other factors have a smaller but also significant effect. This doctoral thesis deals with the influence of the water temperature, surface roughness and the presence of oxides on the intensity of the spray cooling. These factors are investigated by laboratory experiments in which the hot steel surface is spray cooled. Effect of the oxide layer is also investigated by the numerical simulation. The experimental results are theoretically explained and generalized using mathematical methods.
Advanced Inverse Heat Conduction Methods
Komínek, Jan ; Čarnogurská, Mária (referee) ; Hajduk,, Daniel (referee) ; Raudenský, Miroslav (advisor)
Numerical simulations of thermal processes are based on known geometry, material properties, initial and boundaries conditions. The massive use of these simulations in the metallurgical industry (for example for simulation of heat treatment of steel) is limited by the knowledge of precise boundary conditions, which are not easy to determine in compare to other input parameters. Empirical formulas are not sufficiently accurate for most non-trivial processes. Therefore, it is necessary to obtain the boundary conditions by experimental way. Boundary conditions can not be measured directly. The boundary conditions are determined by solving inverse heat conduction problem based on the measured temperature records. This doctoral thesis focuses on two types of the inverse heat conduction problems, which are poorly solved by existing methods. The first type are tasks that contains sharp increase/decrease in the values of the boundary conditions. Two new approaches are proposed and compared in this thesis for this type of tasks. The second type are tasks with non-stationary and non-homogeneous cooling. Three new methods were developed for this case. They are applied for the case of water cooling of vertical aluminum sample. The base characteristics of the current task is inhomogeneous cooling. One part of the surface is cooled intensively by flowing water in contrast to the other part of surface which is cooled only with low intensity since it is protected from direct contact with water by the vapor layer (Leidenfrost effect). The positions of these two part of surface are not stationary (they change during the experiment). The newly developed methods are compared to each other.
Minimization of residual stresses for rolled long products
Kubík, Petr ; Raudenský, Miroslav (referee) ; Petruška, Jindřich (advisor)
This thesis deals with simulation of cooling of rail during its passing through cooling device which has been designed by the heat transfer and fluid flow laboratory. Inputs of the computational model have been set up to get best possible correspondence between outputs of the computational model and results of experimental measurement. The solution with using of model of austenitic stainless steel is provided in first part of the thesis. The solution with considering model of carbon steel is performed in next part. Using of model of carbon steel allows including evolution of latent heat during phase changing. A fields of residual stress has been calculated for different cooling conditions in the last part of this thesis.
Study of the thermal and light conditions in the automobile headlamp with built-in light source of the new generation
Zachar, Martin ; Černý,, Pavel (referee) ; Černý, Pavel (referee) ; Raudenský, Miroslav (advisor)
This thesis deals with automotive headlamps, focusing on layout of temparature field and its influence on thermal stress of used materials, describes their history, kinds and ongoing research. Thesis shortly describes light and its characteristics, heat and heat transfer and means of temperature measurement. Main part of the tesis is dedicated to measuring front headlamp serving as a fog light, concretely measuring temperature field and illuminance depending of ambient temperature. Thesis contains everything from the first preparations, creation of measuring circuit, programming of measuring to processing acquired data. Thesis also compares cooler used for cooling luxmeter sensor, the comparision is between measured values and created simulation.
Preparation of flight plan for cross-country flight from LKTB to OMDB by Zlin Z-143 Airplane
Pískatý, Slavomír ; Raudenský, Miroslav (referee) ; Imriš, Pavel (advisor)
The objective of this study is the submission of entire flight plans of chartered routes, including risk analysis and necessary equipment for flights in the middle eastern region.. The paper describes rules for IFR flights, which must be followed when flying into these areas and also focuses on the meteorological situation, legislation and general geographical characteristics of the mentioned states. The flight to UAE is divided into several stages which makes the planning easier when searching for a specific locality. All the available information is according to AIP and AIC.
The implementation of new JAR-FCL 1 requirements on the air transport pilots theoretical training in operational procedures and communications.
Minařík, Petr ; Raudenský, Miroslav (referee) ; Marek, Filip (advisor)
This bachelor thesis process with an outline of legislative changes regarding the requirements for pilot´s preparation training in Operational procedures and Communication. It concerns itself with changes in sylabus and contains adjustments which must be realised in the current teaching material.
The Development of Inverse Heat Conduction Problems Focused on Very Fast Processes in Microscales
Bellerová, Hana ; Jaroš, Michal (referee) ; Dohnal, Mirko (referee) ; Raudenský, Miroslav (advisor)
The inverse heat conduction task is solved to determine boundary condition of the heat equation. This work deals with the ways how to increase the accuracy of the results obtained by solving inverse task based on the Beck sequential algorithm. The work is focused on the boundary condition changing very fast. This boundary condition is determinable with difficulty. It is shown that the placement and the type of the thermocouple play major role in accuracy of the calculation. The frequency of measuring and the discriminability of used devices also play a role as well as the setup of parameters in the inverse task. The election of mentioned parameters is described with regard to the speed of cooling. Knowledge from the theoretical part of the work is applied in the experimental part. The cooling intensity is investigated during spraying of the steel sample by water with nanoparticles Al2O3, TiO2, Fe and MWNT at three different concentrations. The experiments were carried out for three spray heights (40, 100, 160 mm), three flow rates (1, 1.5, 2 kg/min) and two types of the nozzle (full cone and solid jet). Surprisingly, the cooling intensity by using nanofluids is lower about 30% in comparison to the cooling intensity of pure water. But there was an exception. The cooling intensity of 1 wt.% of carbon nanotubes in water falling from the full cone nozzle placed in distance of 100 mm from the steel surface was higher about 174%. Finally, the reasons of the behavior of nanofluids are discussed.
Optimization of Slab Concasting Via Numerical Model of Temperature Field
Mauder, Tomáš ; Čarnogurská, Mária (referee) ; Pyszko, René (referee) ; Raudenský, Miroslav (referee) ; Kavička, František (advisor)
The thesis deals with optimization of the continuous slab casting process. The thesis summarizes the basic analytical and empirical findings concerning to the solidification process, the numerical modeling and the selected optimization techniques. Physical conditions and factors that affect the quality of steel including their relationships are also described. The basis of the solution strategy is the original numerical model of the temperature field in its off-line version. The numerical model was verified by the real historical data. The optimization part is based on the fuzzy logic implemented above the numerical model. The optimization algorithm is used for the optimal control of the casting process. The universal usage of the optimization model is demonstrated on several cases, e.g. the finding of optimal casting parameters that ensure the high quality of products, the optimal reactions on breakdown situations, the determination of an optimal relationship between casting parameters, etc. Based on optimization results, the suitable caster modification to increase the surface temperature at the unbending point was proposed. The whole concept of the numerical and optimization model is general and it can be applied to arbitrary slab or billet continuous casting.
Flight record of Frantisek Novak Brno - Kulunda from the year 1956
Petr, Jan ; Raudenský, Miroslav (referee) ; Imriš, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is devoted to a record flight of Frantisek Novak from Brno to Kulunda in 1956 and planning of the stage flight to the same destination. The first part of thesis describes the actual record flight including the description of the aircraft M-1C Sokol. Following part is focused on the planning of the stage flight from Brno to Kulunda by the aircraft Zlin Z 126. Individual stages of the flight are planned with the respect to the performance characteristics of the above mentioned aircraft and the legislation of each country on the route from Brno to Kulunda effective in 2016. The final part of the thesis deals with the determination of the optimal period for implementing the flight on the basis of geographical, meteorological and climatographical analysis.
Zahradník, Radek ; Hajduk, Daniel (referee) ; Čecho, Ladislav (referee) ; Toman,, Zdeněk (referee) ; Raudenský, Miroslav (advisor)
The Ph.D. thesis is focused on a surface degradation mechanisms under combined heat and mechanical load. The objects of examination are work rolls from hot rolling mill which suffer such a load. In first chapter, the hot rolling process, the design, the manufacturing process and present materials of work rolls are described. The state-of-the-art study of work roll surface degradation mechanisms – wear, oxidation, thermal and contact fatigue are described in the second chapter. The characterization, the formation, the mechanisms of progression and the effects of each surface degradation mechanism is described step by step. The state-of-the-art study of analytical and numerical models which are related to hot rolling process is described in third chapter together with their limitations and flaws. The next chapters contain design of an analytical, an optimized macroscopic and a microscopic model for study of the work roll stress state. The macroscopic and the microscopic model is based on finite element method and they are implemented in ANSYS Programming Design Language. The models are used to process several case study which are based on previous experimental work of the Heat transfer and fluid flow laboratory. The results from case studies specify and expand the knowledge of work roll stress state. The results show the portion of each loading factor on the whole stress state. In addition, time and depth depended distribution of stress state is presented. The results from macrosferic model illustrate the cause of spalling and a rupture of the work roll. The results from the microsferic model show the cause of creation of the to-surface-parallel cracks within carbides of high chromium irons. Last chapter summarized of all results gathered from case studies together with the goals for further research definition. The necessary steps for further cognition are stated. The thesis contains a large set of appendixes with deeper discussion of several related topics. These appendixes represent the one third of whole the thesis.

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