National Repository of Grey Literature 247 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The GIUK's gap Geopolitical Importance
Prášil, Matěj ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Romancov, Michael (referee)
The following thesis is focusing on the geopolitical as well as geostrategic significance of the GIUK Gap. In addition to an overview of the realist theories of international relations used in the analysis as such, the thesis includes a section devoted to the historical development of the geopolitical and geostrategic significance of the GIUK Gap, but above all an analysis of the current geopolitical and geostrategic significance of the once mentioned specific North Atlantic region. The analysis of the current geopolitical situation is written with an emphasis on the increasing importance of the area for NATO and the Russian Federation, whose interests have increasingly clashed in recent years, not only in this region. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate a causal relationship between the generally deteriorating relations between NATO and the Russian Federation following the annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the growing importance of the GIUK Gap.
How the World Views the Israeli and Hungarian migration policies
Piletskaya, Vera Nika ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Landovský, Jakub (referee)
The vitality of study of migration and its outcomes has become one of the red flags of the century. Since the years 2014-2015 western countries have become the destination, but how does the world see migration policies of Hungary and Israel - the two very far from each other states that, with a detailed analysis of their regulations, laws, detentions, and facilities for those purposes, appear to have a number of correlations. Badly equipped detention centres and/or camps, long-time application procedures, attempts to relocate refugees, and built-up fences form the common ground of the two countries. Robert Cooper's theory from "The Breaking of Nations" (2004) on the state formation is meant to differentiate the world into three categories, pre-modern, modern, and post-modern. Those would have different opinion on Israeli and Hungarian migration policies, but how does that perception vary? Three focus states would be the representatives for those types of state formation. Libya is for pre-modern states, those are unstable and face the risk of falling from the uneven, usually military, order to chaos; the United States of America comes as a representation of the modern states, which focus on the balance of power, and national security and privacy of their affairs prevails over other matters; and the...
Augmentation of a State's power in Kautilya's Arthashastra, The case of India
Pandey, Shubhang ; Doboš, Bohumil (advisor) ; Riegl, Martin (referee)
Abstract- Western thoughts and thinking dominate international relations theories. Kautilya's Arthaasatra is a text written on political statecraft and governance almost 2300 years ago. Utilising this text, the research question of how India can augment its state power is answered. Two hypotheses are employed to answer these questions. One is if India can be an alternative to the Chinese monopoly in rare earth elements. The second is if India can lessen its dependence on semiconductors, which comprises 100% imports. This thesis finds that both the hypotheses are valid and recommends that the present government ensure that the mines remain in government control It also recommends that for the next decade, the government maintains control over the semiconductor industry or even if it's privatised, the government retains the facility, in order to generate revenue from it. This thesis demonstrates that the Indian state's power can be augmented by augmenting its economy. Západní myšlenky a způsob myšlení dominují teorie mezinárodních vztahů. Kautilyna Arthaastra je text napsaný o státnictví a vládnutí téměř před třemi tisíci lety. Pomocí tohoto textu můžeme zodpovědět otázku výzkumu jak může Indie rozšířit svou státní moc. Pro zodpovězení těchto otázek zapojíme dvě hypotézy. Jednou je, zda Indie může být...
Analysis of Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic Communication During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Voldřich, Adam ; Bahenský, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Riegl, Martin (referee)
The Czech Republic was hit by Covid-19 in several waves similarly to what other countries around the world have been experiencing. Crisis and risk communication are essential in such perilous times. In the Czech context risk and emergency communication had several significant properties, there were several Health Ministers that changed during a very short time, communication proved to be ill-prepared and without unified vision and failed to systematically improve. This study uncovers those shortcomings using content analysis of official statements made by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic and effective comparison of each Health Minister against CDC methodology for risk and emergency communication. The technocratic populism enabled the communication to be framed in a quick response manner while bypassing institutionalized channels, which led to the creation of an illusion of somewhat successful risk communication. The most important underlying issue is the lack of unifying concept of risk communication and inconsistency which led to general confusion and increasing distrust in institutions that ultimately hampered the government's efforts in resolving the situation.
Explanation of Czech Republic's Position Towards the De Facto States in Frozen Conflicts a Case of Taiwan
Mrklas, Vojtěch ; Ludvík, Jan (advisor) ; Riegl, Martin (referee)
This thesis focuses on the position of the Czech Republic vis-à-vis de facto states in the extended concept of frozen conflicts. The thesis divides de facto states into three categories according to the nature of this position and Taiwan is identified as the only member of the positively perceived category. The aim of the thesis is to find out why the position of the Czech Republic towards Taiwan is different from that towards other de facto states in frozen conflicts. Specifically, the thesis examines the positive perception of Taiwan in the Czech Republic and the dynamics of the relationship between the two actors. The thesis first justifies the overall distinctiveness of Taiwan from other de facto states and then justifies the rapprochement between the Czech Republic and Taiwan. Václav Havel's value politics, Taiwan's assertive diplomacy, and the unified perception of Taiwan and anti-China policies in domestic discourse are identified as the main factors behind the actors' rapprochement. The paper also highlights the lack of direct influence of economic relations on the dynamics of mutual relations and the irrelevance of the concept of frozen conflicts on the mutual perception of both actors.
The Securitization of Migration in the European Union during 2015. An analysis of the discourse in Germany, Hungary and the Czech Republic
Martínez Carreño, Laura ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Landovský, Jakub (referee)
This study seeks to analyse how migration has been constructed into a security question in the European Union during 2015. As denoted by the Copenhagen School, something is a security problem when elites declare it to be so, and securitization legitimises extraordinary measures beyond the political established norms. Migration has been portrayed as a potential threat for the continuity of the cultural identity, the preservation of the public order as well as for the economy stability of the Member States, and consequently it has been securitized. The implication of the European integration process in the construction of the concept of migration into a security question, with the creation of common migration strategy, an increased in surveillance and a reinforcement of border control will be developed. From this standpoint, during 2015 the Union has attended to the biggest refugee influx since the end of the Second World War, and the current research aims to analyse how the Member States have responded to it. To that end, the political discourse of three selected countries: Germany, Hungary and the Czech Republic, is going to be examined and compared. Key Words: European Union, securitization, refugee crisis, migration, asylum-seeker
Economic regionalism on the example of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Ponomarenko, Anastasia ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Romancov, Michael (referee)
In the work on the example of Shanghai Cooperative Organization we try to discover what impact execute globalization and regional integration on the world policy, how such associations promote the economic environment of the involved countries and what benefits could be obtained through such cooperation in the view of safety. Region of Central Asia has its peculiarities because of the differences in culture, mentality and economic development that should be taken into consideration at planning of the joint activities. The potential of SCO is defined, first of all, by participation in it of such countries as Russia and China. Both of these states are interested in stable political and economic development of the Eurasian region, and ensuring its safety.
Russian patronage to unrecognized states since the annexation of Crimea: A cross case study of the Republic of Abkhazia and the PMR
Koelle, Heidi ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Doboš, Bohumil (referee)
Abstract: This master's thesis focuses on the obstacles of state building for the defacto states Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic ( Tranistria) and the Republic of Abkhazia. Both of which are break-away states from former soviet republics: Moldova and Georgia. The purpose is to give a cross country comparison of factors which hinder state building. Both states have their unique sets of challenges to integrating into a fully recognized state yet share many of the same obstacles. The factors that will be analyzed are relations to their Patron states; The Russian Federation and how this patron state contributes to these de facto states inability to democratize and gain outside recognition with other member state. These challenges for integration as full dejure states and participation within international institutions are a result of ethnic tension, corruption, authorities and complete dependence on Russia as a parent state. The other factors that will be analyzed is the Foreign policy of the Russian within its near abroad and their soft power tactics towards their compatriots.
Globalization, military power and the state
Fendrych, Luboš ; Novotný, Josef (advisor) ; Riegl, Martin (referee)
The diploma thesis aims to verify the validity of neorealism, institutional neoliberalism, and critical geopolitics about consequences of the economic globalization for the structure of Finnish and Swedish defence forces. For this purporse, the author primary used the method of congruence. The next step led to the comparison of congruence between observance implications and theories predictions. Based on the results of the Finnish defence forces, the theory of neorealism was confirmed because there is no significant shift in the scope/structure of defence forces in the favor of expeditionary/reconnaissance units. Moreover, there is no evidence to waive the balance of power reasoning even in the geopolitically-low-intesive region. Last but not least, it was shown that difference between the Finnish and Swedish geografic location is one of the key factor for its distinct approach towards potentional threats and instruments how to resolve them. Key words: economic globalization, security, defence forces, Finland, Sweden

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