National Repository of Grey Literature 19 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Behaviour and ecology of leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius)
Jančúchová Lásková, Jitka ; Landová, Eva (advisor) ; Moravec, Jiří (referee) ; Sedláček, František (referee)
During evolution, the natural selection favours individuals with the best survival strategy and the highest reproductive success. From the evolutionary point of view, hybridization plays an important role in the process of speciation. Avoiding predators by choosing the most appropriate antipredator strategy increases the animal's chances of survival as well. Studying fitness consequences of hybridization and predation in Eublepharis macularius (Eublepharidae) was the main objective of this theses. Compared to other vertebrate groups, the reliable records on hybridization and its effect on the hybrid's fitness (fertility, survival) in lizards are scarce, despite their ability to hybridize between genetically distant species. These effects were examined in two species of eyelid geckos (E. macularius and E. angramainyu). We aimed to discover whether they were willing to hybridize with a heterospecific species and how the fitness of the hybrids would be affected. Similarly, were studied more genetically related forms of E. macularius species complex, the potential precopulatory barriers, and fitness cost of this hybridization. Analysis of published data has shown that the lizards hybridize between very phylogenetically distant species and are even "more successful" than birds or turtles. Surprisingly,...
Bitcoin - Legal Aspects and Regulation
Moravec, Jiří ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
in English The motivation for this thesis is to analyze Bitcoin as Bitcoin is still a new phenomenon and requires an economical, legal, and legislative evaluation. In this thesis we seek an answer to the question what is Bitcoin. This thesis is divided into three main blocks, within them we use analytical, descriptive, and comparative methods. In the first part, we aim mostly on the economic side of Bitcoin, comparing Bitcoin to money in general sense. In the second part, we argue whether Bitcoin shall be considered a thing in a legal sense under the Czech law. In the third part, we describe the current Bitcoin's regulatory situation and suggest a drafting of Bitcoin specific regulation. The conclusion of this thesis is that Bitcoin is a digital medium of exchange that cannot be considered money or currency. To the extent, Bitcoin might be interpreted in ways where it does not satisfy the legal definition of a thing in legal sense, but for regulatory purposes it shall be, at least for now, considered a thing in legal sense. We also suggest that Bitcoin shall be systematically regulated by imposing various duties on persons who's scope of business is relating to the Bitcoin.
Brontosaurus Movement as a phenomenon of leisure activities of Czechoslovak youth in the years between 1974 and 1989
Moravec, Jiří ; Havlůjová, Hana (referee) ; Hnilica, Jiří (referee)
The rigorous thesis deals with involvement of young people in nature conservation within the Brontosaurus Movement, both children under 15 years of age and teenagers. The work is primarily based on documentation of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Socialist Union of Youth, Security Services Archive and on private archives of former activists of the Brontosaurus Movement and magazine Mladý svět (Young World). Structured interviews with the former Brontosaurus Movement activists are the most important source of knowledge. One of the main goals of the work is to map the history of the Brontosaurus Movement and the extent to which the movement activities were influenced by Party and Union bodies. The work was concurrently confronted with a wide variety of personal testimonies. The work should contribute to development of civil society and environmental education. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Ecology,ethology and variability of european green lizard Lacerta viridis in Natural reservation Tiché údolí
Chmelař, Jan ; Rehák, Ivan (advisor) ; Moravec, Jiří (referee)
The European green lizard, Lacerta viridis, is in the Bohemia region stated as critically endangered species. Populations in this region are located beyond the northern border of continuous range of this species and are closely related to the "riverine phenomenon", and deeply engorged river valleys. The chosen locality in Tiché údolí is a subject to a long-term conservational management aimed to strengthen and maintain abundance of the local population. This management is a direct output of a previous study of this population performed in years 1995-1997. Main goal of the presented study is to compare current population characteristics with the older study. The locality has been visited 119 times in years from 2011 to 2014. The studied population now displays higher abundance and inhabits a larger area. The author also performed a spatial analysis of the places with presence of an observed individual in order to determine and evaluate significance of the chosen abiotic factors for habitat discrimination. The results indicate that positive discrimination is based on the presence of a rock debris and a hiding place. Strongest factors towards negative discrimination were high percentages of grass and high vegetation coverage. This study also contains and discusses ecological, ethological and...
Systematics, Phylogeny and Biogeography of the gecko genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) in Arabia and the Near East.
Šmíd, Jiří ; Moravec, Jiří (advisor) ; Kotlík, Petr (referee) ; Rehák, Ivan (referee)
(in English) Until relatively recently, the gecko genus Hemidactylus was considered to contain only several hard-to-distinguish species in the eastern Mediterranean and the Arabian Peninsula. This was mostly given by the apparent morphological uniformity of the geckos in combination with their often synanthropic lifestyle, which facilitated the dispersal of some of the species over large ranges. However, our understanding of the diversity of the genus was about to change with the onset of molecular phylogenetic methods that became extensively available and routinely applied to tackle the questions of systematics and phylogeny of all kinds of organisms. This thesis focuses on resolving the phylogeny, systematics, and biogeography of the Arabian Hemidactylus. Using an unprecedented sampling of over 500 samples of more than 40 Hemidactylus species from the eastern Mediterranean, Arabian Peninsula, Socotra, North and East Africa and Iran and sequencing up to six genes (two mitochondrial - 12S rRNA, cyt b; four nuclear - cmos, mc1r, rag1, rag2) I reconstructed the time-calibrated phylogeny of the arid clade of Hemidactylus, inferred its complex biogeographical history in the region, and detected seven potentially new species. The results of the biogeographic analyses indicate that the current...
Phylogeny of selected genera of geckos in the Mediterranean and adjacent regions
Červenka, Jan ; Kratochvíl, Lukáš (advisor) ; Moravec, Jiří (referee) ; Gvoždík, Václav (referee)
Phylogeny of selected genera of geckos in the Mediterranean and adjacent regions Jan Červenka Ph.D. thesis Abstract This Ph.D. thesis is composed of three published articles and one manuscript, and is focused on the phylogenetic relationships of selected species of geckos from the Mediterranean and surrounding areas. The group of geckos of interest shares the common characteristic of an absence of adhesive lamellas on their toes. Historically, it was assumed that these species were closely related. Molecular-phylogenetic approaches were used in order to reveal the phylogenetic relationships within this group, especially using the sequential data from mitochondrial genes. Morphological characteristics commonly used in lizards were studied in connection with the ecology of the group. This thesis provides the first more detailed view of the phylogeny of the studied species. The results show that the genus Cyrtopodion, previously considered as monophyletic, in fact is not monophyletic as the genera Bunopus and Agamura represent its inner groups. Mediodactylus, the subgenus of Cyrtopodion, forms monophylum but is not closely related to the other members of the genus and so was reclassified as the independent genus. The enigmatic and yet so far very poorly studied genus Carinatogecko was discovered to be the...
Ontogeny and evolution of body size and sexual size dimorphism in reptiles
Frýdlová, Petra ; Frynta, Daniel (advisor) ; Moravec, Jiří (referee) ; Zrzavý, Jan (referee)
Monitor lizards (Varanidae) are morphologically very uniform in body shape, but much diversified in body size along both phylogenetic and ontogenetic axes. A striking sexual size dimorphism exists in monitor lizards; they are capable of fast growth, metabolism and sexual maturation. I collected the data concerning body size of particular species and verified the validity of Rench's rule, which said that there is bigger difference in body size of a conspecific male and females growing with larger body size of the species. Males are markedly bigger than females. In the next step, I focused on the model species of monitor lizards, Varanus indicus. I monitored its ontogeny very carefully. I found that this monitor lizard has pronounced sexual size dimorphism, but there are only small differences in body shape. It is capable of rapid growth and sexual maturation. The sexual dimorphism in body shape is only poor, but still measurable right in those places where the selection pressures were expected. Blood sampling monitored biochemical and haematological parameters. The concentrations of the biochemical parameters revealed the economy of resources of particular sexes partially, the costs of body growth and reproduction. Although both sexes produce the same amount of biomass (the body growth of males vs. the...
Ecology,ethology and variability of european green lizard Lacerta viridis in Natural reservation Tiché údolí
Chmelař, Jan ; Rehák, Ivan (advisor) ; Moravec, Jiří (referee)
The european green lizard, Lacerta viridis is a critically endangered reptile species which is in the region of Bohemia present only in relict isolated populations. These populations are closely linked to slopes with a southern exposition in deeply engorged river valleys. These valleys exhibit a unique climatic effect also known as the river phenomenon which allows numerous animal and plant species to survive far beyond their standard northern range. The chosen locality in Tiché údolí is a subject to long-term conservational management and the studied lizard population seems to reflect its effectiveness. This study is aimed to evaluate variability, ecological and ethological characteristics of lizards within the locality and is focused on changes on the population level. Key words: European green lizard, Lacerta viridis, Tiché údolí, river phenomenon, variability, ecology, ethology, population characteristics Abstrakt Ještěrka zelená, Lacerta viridis, je kriticky ohrožený druh plaza, který se na území Čech vyskytuje pouze v reliktních a izolovaných populacích. Ty jsou úzce spjaty se svahy v hluboko zaříznutých říčních údolích. Tato údolí vykazují unikátní klimatický efekt, známý též jako říční fenomén, který umožňuje výskyt četných živočišných i rostlinných druhů i za severní hranicí jejich běžného...
Phenotypic and molecular approaches in the systematics of the Palearctic and Neotropic tree frogs, Hyla and Osteocephalus (Amphibia: Hylidae)
Gvoždík, Václav ; Moravec, Jiří (advisor) ; Mikulíček, Peter (referee) ; Hulva, Pavel (referee)
The systematics and taxonomy of tree frogs of the family Hylidae has undergone turbulent changes both at higher (subfamilies, genera) and lower (species) level during the last decades. The original approach used morphological characters to distinguish tree frogs. It has been completed by bioacoustics, since the advertisement calls of the males were in some cases found to represent an important behavioural reproductive barrier and therefore useful for systematic evaluations. However, a completely new impulse was given to systematics by the introduction of modern genetic methods. These methods have allowed to distinguish not only morphologically but even acoustically cryptic taxa. The most reliable method to distinguish tree frogs at present is a combination of data from the different disciplines. The present dissertation thesis aims to evaluate the systematics of tree frogs of the genus Hyla from Eastern Europe and the Middle East as well as the systematics of the Amazonian genus Osteocephalus using a combination of morphological, bioacoustic and molecular approaches. The thesis is composed of a general introduction, three published papers, two manuscripts under reviews and a conclusion chapter. The first three papers deal with the phenotypic (morphological plus bioacustic) approach in systematic...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 19 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
4 Moravec, J.
4 Moravec, Jakub
9 Moravec, Jan
2 Moravec, Jan,
1 Moravec, Jaromír
12 Moravec, Jaroslav
3 Moravec, Josef
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