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Diet impact on dental caries in adolescents
Lill, Adam ; Rambousková, Jolana (advisor) ; Křížová, Petra (referee)
The topic of the bachelor thesis is the diet impact on dental caries in adolescents. Nutrition and its components contribute significantly to the development of carious lesions and overall oral health. The study was conducted in a dental office in Planá u Mariánských Lázní with the help of a dentist and dental hygienists. The age range of 10-19 years, which meets the WHO definition of adolescence, was a condition for inclusion. The study was conducted by questionnaire survey, and a total of 52 patients (24 boys and 28 girls) participated. Patient's attitudes, nutritional knowledge, dietary habits and number of new cavities since the previous visit were collected. The data obtained were statistically evaluated by Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test for four-field tables. Statistical significance was determined as p ≤ 0,05 (5 %). Dental caries at dental check-up was 46 %, at the previous dental check-up was 52 %, 77 % of the patients performed oral hygiene twice a day, 54 % consumed sweetened beverages most often, 23 % consumed sweet foods once a day. The oral hygiene status of each respondent was assessed and only 8 % of respondents had excellent oral hygiene status. Statistical significance was not demonstrated in the groups with and without dental caries in relation to consumption of sugary...

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